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Zamkatimu

Mlandu wosamutsira ndi chinthu chosasinthika chomwe chidayikidwa ma SUV ndi magalimoto ena. Chifukwa cha iye, axles zam'mbuyo ndi zakumbuyo zimalumikizana, zomwe zimathandiza kuthana ndi zopinga. Kenako, tiwona mapangidwe ake, cholinga chake, ndikuwona momwe bokosi logawira limagwirira ntchito.

Kodi nkhani yosamutsa galimoto ndi chiyani

Chosinthira gearbox ndi gawo lomwe limagawira makokedwe pakati pama drive oyendetsa ndi oyendetsa, kapena ma axles angapo. Komanso, kesi yosamutsira imakulolani kuti muzimitse chitsulo choyendetsa, kutsitsa ndikuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa zida, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ili ndi kusiyanasiyana kwake, komwe kumatha kutsekedwa mwamphamvu. Ntchito yayikulu ndikuwonjezera kutha kwa galimoto komwe kulibe misewu konse. 

Chifukwa chiyani galimoto yathandizidwa? 

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Nkhani yosamutsira ndiyofunikira makamaka panjira. Potseketsa masiyanidwe apakati, imagwirizanitsa ma axles, ndikugawa makokedwe chimodzimodzi pama axles. Kuti ichitepo kanthu pamilatho, imagwiritsa ntchito loko kosiyanako. Razdatka yosavuta imagwira ntchito mwanjira yoti kugawa zoyesayesa kumapangidwa molingana ndi mfundo "pomwe pali katundu wambiri pagudumu". 

Pamagalimoto amasewera okhala ndi magudumu onse, inali nkhani yosamutsa yopanda chiwongolero chomwe chidayikidwapo kale, chomwe chimalumikiza ma axles awiriwo, ndikugawa makokedwe 50:50 kapena muyeso ina. M'magalimoto amakono otere, m'malo mopitilira muyeso wamagwiritsidwe pamanja, amagwiritsa ntchito "kutsanzira" ngati mawonekedwe amagetsi, omwe amadzetsa kusintha kapena kusintha kwakuthwa kwa magudumu. Pamagalimoto amphamvu, pamafunika magudumu anayi kuti agwire mwamphamvu komanso kupititsa patsogolo mwamphamvu, ndipo pokhapokha RCP ikagwiritsidwa ntchito, chitsulo chimodzi chimatha kulumikizidwa.

Chotsani chida chamlanduwu

kugawa mamba

Nkhani yaposachedwa kwambiri yosunthira pansi ili ndi izi:

  • thupi lachitsulo lomwe limalumikizidwa ndi thupi kapena subframe kudzera pamakhushoni;
  • galimoto shaft - imatumiza makokedwe kuchokera ku gearbox kupita kumayendedwe;
  • masiyanidwe apakati, omwe amagawa makokedwe pakati pama axles;
  • masiyanidwe loko - amakonza makokedwe a ma gearbox;
  • unyolo kapena zida;
  • chipinda chamafuta;
  • gudumu yamagiya yamagiya ochepetsera komanso cholumikizira, chomwe chimalola kuyambitsa "kutsitsa" poyenda;
  • ulamuliro limagwirira (levers, servo pagalimoto, pagalimoto hayidiroliki);
  • magiya kutsinde kufala makokedwe.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Chip ikukonzekera kuti ndi chiyani komanso chimadyedwa ndi chiyani

Wogulitsa amagwira ntchito ngati iyi:

  • kuchokera pa giya yamagiya, makokedwewo amapititsidwa ku shaft yolowera ya gearbox, kenako kupita kwa iwo apakatikati chifukwa chophatikizira magiya awiri nthawi zonse;
  • zida, zomwe zili pamphika wamphongo, zimasunthika, chifukwa chake ikamayenda, magudumu anayi amayatsidwa;
  • magalimoto anayi amayendetsa.

Zosiyanasiyana zamapepala

chain transfer case

Mwa mtundu wa ntchito, pali mitundu 4 ya zotumiza pamanja:

  • RCP yokhala ndi shaft shafts - dongosololi limagwira ntchito kwambiri, chifukwa limalola kugwiritsa ntchito komaliza komaliza;
  • ndi shaft yosagundana ndi axial - imasiyanitsidwa ndi kudalirika, kusowa kwa flush, chifukwa cha kufalitsa kwa bukuli ndi kokwanira;
  • ndi kutsekereza pagalimoto - zabwino panjira yopita kwina, komabe, padzakhala zovala zowonjezerapo za labala panjirayo chifukwa chazembera mbali imodzi yamagudumu mukamayang'ana pakona, kuti tipewe izi, chitsulo chakutsogolo chimalemala;
  • Kutumiza vuto ndi masiyanidwe - kumalola magudumu kuti azungulira mosiyanasiyana mosiyanasiyana, kuwonetsetsa kuyendetsa bwino pamsewu wa asphalt mumayendedwe a 4WD.

Mitundu ya masiyanidwe apakati

Malinga ndi kutseka, mlandu wosamutsira wagawika m'magulu angapo:

  • Haldex friction multi-plate clutch - imagwira ntchito modzidzimutsa imodzi mwamagudumu akazemba, pakadali pano ziphuphu zimapanikizika komanso kutsekemera pang'ono kumachitika, gawo lina limasamutsidwira kumbuyo kapena kutsogolo. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa ma SUV ndi ma SUV;
  • coupling viscous ndi kapangidwe kophweka koma kodalirika, kokhala ndi ma disc angapo ndi madzi a silicone. Ma disks amalumikizidwa ndi milatho, ndikusiyana pakuzungulira kwawo, madziwo amakhala owoneka bwino ndikuwalumikiza, zoyendetsa matayala anayi zimaphatikizidwa. Chosavuta chachikulu ndikutentha komanso kuchitapo kanthu mwadzidzidzi;
  • Torsen - amagwiritsidwa ntchito pama SUV athunthu, pomwe magiya a nyongolotsi amathandizira. Amatsika pang'ono, koma samapitilira 80% ya makokedwewo, kusiya 20% pachitsulo chololedwa. 

Tumizani zowongolera

transfer case lever

Ndi kulumikizana kolimba kwa mlatho wa Parttime, monga lamulo, pali lever yokhala ndi njira zinayi zogwirira ntchito:

  • 2H - galimoto kutsogolo kapena chitsulo chogwira matayala kumbuyo;
  • 4H kapena 4WD - magalimoto anayi;
  • N - ndale, ntchito kutsika;
  • 4L - momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito polemetsa panjira, pomwe amafunikira kuti muchepetse makokedwewo, ndikupatsanso magudumu abwinoko.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi njira yobisalira ndi chiyani - bwanji mukufunikira gudumu lopumira pagalimoto

Mitundu ya Shift yokhala ndi magudumu anayi okhazikika:

  • H - zinayi gudumu pagalimoto, mphindi anagawira basi malingana ndi katundu pa mawilo kapena axles;
  • HL - zinayi gudumu pagalimoto + pakati masiyanidwe loko;
  • L0 kapena LL - zida zazing'ono zotchinga;
  • N - osalowerera ndale.

Pa ma SUV amakono, chiwongolero chosinthidwa chasinthidwa ndi washer, ndipo servo ili ndi udindo woyambitsa ma modemu, ndipo gawo loyendetsa milandu yolumikizira limathandizira kusankha njira yomwe mukufuna, kutengera zinthu zambiri.

Zovuta zazikulu

Popeza nkhani yosamutsirayi imakhala ndi katundu wambiri poyenda kwamagalimoto, zinthu zawo zimatha kutha kwambiri ngati sizisamalidwa bwino.

Nazi zolakwika zazikulu ndi zosankha pamavuto:

WonongekaZimawoneka bwanjiMomwe mungasinthire
Magiya asinthidwa molakwika, mafuta pang'ono, kuvala zidaKulira kosiyana kumamveka pamene mukuyendetsa galimoto kwambiriBweretsani mphamvu yamafuta, konzani kutsogolo kapena kumbuyo
Pakatikati pa bokosi losamutsira ndi bokosilo lasokonekera, kusandulika kwa ma bolts kapena ma flanges a couplings, kumangika kokhwima kwamatumba osunthira ndi kuthandizira kwa ma gearbox, kulephera kwa cholumikizira cha cardan, shaft yake ndiyosagwirizana, zomangira zomangirira zamkati zamkati zamoto zili zotayirira, kutsogolo kapena kumbuyo kwa cardan kulibe vuto, kusiyana kwapakati sikunafananeGalimoto ikamafulumira kapena kuyamba kuyenda, kunjenjemera kumamvekera pansi (koyambitsidwa kuchokera munkhani yoyendetsa)Dziwani chifukwa chomwe chikugwira ntchito pakadali pano; sinthanitsani ziwalozo, konzani bwino makina amathandizira, ikani magwiridwe antchito a gearbox ndi ma hand-out
Masiyanidwe masathelayiti amazungulira mwamphamvu, magiya akupanikizika pakati masiyanidwe, kuwonongeka kwa magwiridwe antchito a mapulaneti azisiyanasiyana, mbale yosiyaniranayo yatopaPhokoso mukasunthira kapena pomwe gudumu loyendetsa likuzunguliraSinthanitsani ziwalo zobvala, onani kusiyana kwa zida
Kusiyanitsa kumavalidwa kapena kusinthidwa molakwika pambuyo pokhazikitsa, kanyumba kapena kanyumba kanyumba kamatengedwa, foloko kapena kupindika kwa tsinde, cholembera chofufutira cholakwika chimapunduka kapena kulandidwaCholekanitsa masiyanidwe loko kumachitikaOnetsetsani mafuta, sinthani makinawo, sinthani magiya obvala
Kukula kwa zikopa ndi magiya pamano, kasupe wazomenyerazo wasweka kapena wataya katundu wa kasupe pama clamp, zoyendetsa zimapunduka kapena kusweka, kutaya kumapangika pamatumba kapena magiya a bokosilo, mipata yolumikizira yolumikizira idakulirakulira, kufalitsa kwa gudumu kunavalidwa kapena kusintha kwake kunaphwanyidwaPali kutseka kosasunthika kwa magiyaOnetsetsani ngati cholembera chosunthira chili pazinthu zakunja m'chipindacho, pezani, sinthani magiya obvala, sinthani makinawo
Zidindo zomata ndi mafutaMafuta akutulukaBwezerani gasket ndikusindikiza zida ndi zisindikizo

Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti kuwonongeka kwakukulu kumachitika chifukwa chophwanya malamulo osinthira mafuta, komanso kugwiritsa ntchito molakwika bokosi la zida. Kuphatikiza pa kukonza komwe kumachitika, ngakhale zitakhala zochepa bwanji, ndikofunikira kuwunika kumangiriza kwa ma bolts othandizira ndikupita ndi galimoto kwa katswiri kuti matenda onse athe kuchitika.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kudziyimira pawokha pakuwonongeka pambuyo pangozi

Kuphatikiza apo, za ntchito ndi zovuta zomwe zapatsidwa, onani kanemayo:

Kuwerengera zolemba za Niva Vaz 21214.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa transfer case ndi gearbox? Gearbox imayikidwa m'magalimoto onse. Wogawayo amaikidwa m'magalimoto oyendetsa magudumu anayi okha kuti athe kugawira ma traction pamodzi ndi ma axles.

Kodi ntchito ya transfer case ndi yotani? Kutengera mtundu wa magudumu onse, chotengeracho chimagawira makokedwewo pama axles ndikuchiwonjezera kuti chigonjetse mikhalidwe yapamsewu.

Kodi mlandu wosinthira wayikidwa kuti? Chombo chosinthira chimayikidwa pambuyo pa gearbox. Mphepete imatuluka mmenemo, kupita kumalo ena oyendetsa galimoto. Chotengera chosinthira mothandizidwa ndi downshift chimatha kukulitsa kukopa pa chitsulo.

Ndi mafuta amtundu wanji oti mudzaze muchotengera chosinthira? Zimatengera mtundu wa kufala. Mabaibulo amakina amagwiritsa ntchito mafuta opatsirana. Ngati kufalikira kwadzidzidzi kumayikidwa, ndiye kuti ATF imatsanuliridwa mu dispenser.

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