woteteza

Zamkatimu

Kupondaponda matayala kumatchedwa chinthu chakunja chokhala ndi mawonekedwe ake, omwe adapangidwa kuti azitha kulumikizana ndi misewu ndi mitundu yamagalimoto. Komanso, mtetezi amateteza ku mabala, kuphulika ndi kuwonongeka kwina mukamakwera.

Kupondaponda kumasiyanasiyana pamapangidwe, mayendedwe, makulidwe, mtundu wazida zopangira - izi ndizomwe zimapangitsa kuti tayala liyambe nyengo, mtundu wa msewu womwe umapangidwira komanso mtundu wa galimoto.

Kodi kuya kwa matayala ndikutani

matayala

Kutsika kwa tayala ndi mtunda kuchokera pansi pamiyeso yamadzi mpaka pamalo okwera kwambiri olumikizirana ndi mseu. Pogwira ntchito, mphirawo umatha chifukwa cha kugubuduza mphamvu ndi mikangano, motsatana, kutalika kwa matayala kumachepetsanso. Matayala otsogola kwambiri ali ndi chovala cholemba mitundu kuti chikuthandizeni kudziwa momwe mungapondereze. Komabe, matayala ambiri samakhala ndi ntchito yofunikira, yomwe imafunikira kusinthanso kwa kutalika kwa matayalawo, mwatsatanetsatane:

  • zimawerengedwa kuti mtengo wofotokozera wocheperako umachokera ku 1.5 mpaka 1.7 mm. Pachifukwa ichi, ndizotheka kugwiritsa ntchito mphira, koma zida zake zimawonongeka kwambiri, kutsogolera kwa mphira, mtunda wa braking ukuwonjezeka. Ndikutsala kwa millimeter 1 kapena kuchepera, ndizowopsa kukwera matayala oterowo, chifukwa samagwiranso ntchito ndi 80%, yomwe imawonekera makamaka mvula. Avereji ya moyo wa matayala - zaka 5;
  • matayala zabwino yozizira ndi spikes, chopondera kutalika ndi 11 mm, koma ngati zoposa 50% ya spikes wagwa, ndi zoopsa kugwiritsa ntchito matayala amenewa, chifukwa gwero lalikulu la nsinga odalirika pano ndi spikes;
  • Kwa matayala azaka zonse, kutalika kwa projekiti kosachepera ndi 2.2mm.

Kutsika kocheperako

Chifukwa chake, kutsika kopondera ndi komwe matayala angagwiritsidwire ntchito. Malinga ndi malamulo amsewu, ndalama zochepa zimaperekedwa pamtundu uliwonse wamagalimoto:

  • zoyendera zamagalimoto - 0.8mm;
  • magalimoto ndi zoyendazi zolemera kwambiri kuposa makilogalamu 3500 - 1mm;
  • magalimoto okwera mpaka 3500 kg - 1.6mm;
  • Mabasi (mipando yopitilira 8) - 2mm.
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Kumbukirani kuti mukamagwiritsa ntchito tayala lomwe lili ndi zotsalira zochepa za mtunduwo, simumaika pachiwopsezo moyo wanu komanso thanzi lanu, komanso ogwiritsa ntchito ena mumsewu. Ndi kuvala kotere, ndikofunikira kudziwa malamulo awa:

  • malire liwiro pazonse pomwe muli ndi nthawi, ngati kuli kotheka, kuti muthe kuswa bwino;
  • mtunda wa mabuleki wawonjezeka, chifukwa chake konzekerani kusanja;
  • osadzaza katundu mothithikana ndi galimoto.
kukwera gauge

Njira zoyezera kuya kwa matayala

Lero pali njira zingapo izi:

  • ndi ndalama, yomwe imapereka chithunzi cha makulidwe otsalira. Pachifukwa ichi, ndalama zama kopecks 10 zimatengedwa ndikuyika poyambira;
  • wolamulira - amathandizanso kuyeza kuya kwakunyumba, pomwe mutha kupeza manambala oyera komanso kumvetsetsa bwino kwamatayala;
  • Kuyeza kwakuya ndi gauge ya digito yomwe imawonetsa kutsika koyenera. Ngati mulibe chipangizochi pafupi - lemberani malo oyikira matayala kapena malo opangira matayala.

Mitundu yoponda matayala

ponda chitsanzo

Msika wamatayala amakono umapereka zosankha zingapo, chifukwa chake muli ndi mwayi wosankha matayala aliyense payekha pazosowa zanu. Njira yolowera sikuti imangokhala yokongola, koma imagwira ntchito zofunika komanso maudindo. Tiyeni tiganizire mwatsatanetsatane mitundu ya otiteteza.

Njira yopondera yopanda yolowera

Ichi ndi chimodzi mwazithunzi zojambula kwambiri. Zithunzi zomwe zili kutsogolo zimayang'ana wina ndi mnzake, ndiye kuti zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mofananamo, ndipo izi zimapangitsa kukhazikitsa mbali zonse ziwiri, kutanthauza kuti, tayala lilibe gawo lakunja kapena lamkati. Kuphatikiza pa magalasi, matayala otere ali ndi mawonekedwe oyenera kwambiri, omwe ndi: chiyerekezo chabwino kwambiri cha kuyenda bwino kwa kuyenda, komanso phokoso lochepa, mtengo pamsika wama tayala ndiolandiridwa kwambiri. 

Matayala okhala ndi mayendedwe ofananira bwino

Mtundu wamtunduwu umapereka ngalande yabwino kwambiri yamadzi, zomwe zikutanthauza kuyendetsa pamadontho ndi misewu yonyowa, zomwe zikutanthauza mwayi woti "mugwire" aquaplaning (pamene tayala likhudza madzi osati msewu, galimoto ikuwoneka kuti ikuyandama) imachepetsedwa. Nthawi zambiri matayala otere amakhala ndi kuthamanga kwambiri, liwiro la 300 km / h, koma apa chitsogozo ndi cholozera, monga zikuwonetsedwa ndilemba la Rotation. Matayala awa ndi abwino kwa magalimoto othamanga kwambiri mpaka 300 km / h, komanso madera amvula. Zimasiyana pamitengo yayikulu komanso magwiridwe antchito.

Matayala okhala ndi mawonekedwe apadziko lonse lapansi

Tayala lotereli limakhala ndi mawonekedwe amacheke, zisa ndi nthiti. Iwo ndi abwino pamikhalidwe yopanda msewu, ali ndi mawonekedwe amisala, ndipo kupondaponda kumakhala kozama kwambiri. Yoyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamtundu uliwonse wamisewu, choyambira, mchenga ndi matope. Imaikidwa pamagalimoto ambiri monga magalimoto otayira, mutha kuwapezanso pamabasi a PAZ-32054, Soviet GAZ-53, ZIL-130.

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Matayala okhala ndi nyengo yonse yoponda

Mtundu wamagalimoto wamagalimoto uli ndi mawonekedwe osakanikirana. Izi zimapangitsa kuphatikiza njira ziwiri zazikulu - kudalira kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira komanso kusamalira bwino nthawi yotentha. Mbali yamkati yopondaponda imakhala yolimba, ndipo gawo lakunja liri ndi nthiti yolimbitsa. 

Apadera a matayala amenewa ndi kuti makhalidwe zonse kunachitika mu kutentha osiyanasiyana -10 mpaka +10 madigiri. Ponena za zotsalazo, matayala awa ndi "apakatikati", osatha kupereka zonse zomwe zikufunika munthawi zina za chaka: nthawi yotentha padzakhala phokoso lowonjezeka komanso kuvala mwachangu, m'nyengo yozizira padzakhala kuthekera koopsa panjira ndi kusamalira.

Matayala okhala ndi mawonekedwe osakanikirana

Pali mitundu iwiri ya mphira wotere: wotsogola komanso wosakhazikika. Omnidirectional ndiyabwino kwambiri pomwe galimoto yomwe imathamanga kwambiri imamangidwanso mofulumira ndipo imatenga ngodya zazitali. Pachifukwa ichi, khoma lammbali lidalimbikitsidwa, chifukwa chake kutonthozedwa chifukwa cha phokoso kumachepetsa. Matayala ali ndi kolowera, monga zikuwonetsedwa ndi zolemba pakhomopo: Kunja (kunja), Mkati (mkati).

Njira yosakanikirana ndiyotsogola kwambiri, chifukwa tayala limatsukidwa pomwepo ndi madzi ndi dothi, kuwonetsetsa kuti mwayendetsedwa bwino ndikutonthoza.

Gulu la nyengo

nyengo ya matayala

Mwa zina, matayala amgalimoto amagawidwa ndi nyengo, ndiye kuti, chilimwe, dzinja ndi nyengo yonse. Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti muzisunga nyengo, zomwe mtsogolomu zidzawonjezera moyo wa mphira, pomwe kupondaponda kumatha bwino komanso mofanana, chitetezo ndi kuyenda kwa ulendowu kumakhalabe pamlingo wapamwamba.

Kusiyana pakati pa matayala a dzinja ndi chilimwe

Matayala a chilimwe amapangidwa ndi gulu lapadera lomwe limalola kuti lizigwira ntchito kutentha kwambiri. Kuphatikiza pa kutentha kwa phula, matayala amatenthedwa poyendetsa kuchokera kuma disc otentha komanso chifukwa cha kukangana. Mosiyana ndi tayala lozizira, tayala la chilimwe ndilolimba, chifukwa limathandizira kuti kukangana kukhale kovuta, komanso kumathandizira kulumikizana bwino.

Potentha kwambiri pansi pa zero, tayala lotere limakhala "thundu", palibe mawonekedwe, mawonekedwe a galimoto nthawi yomweyo amatumphuka, ndikuwongolera ma braking.

Tayala lachisanu limakhala lopondaponda kwambiri ndipo limatha kusungunuka nthawi yayitali kwambiri. Kufewa kwa tayala kumapereka chitonthozo, pomwe ma spikes, Velcro ndi kupondaponda kwakukulu kumathandizira kwambiri chisanu ndi ayezi, kumachepetsa ma braking mtunda ndikuchepetsa mwayi wothamanga.

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Gawo la Turo la SUV

matayala amsewu

Matayala a magalimoto amsewu amasiyana ndi ena pamakhalidwe ambiri: mawonekedwe a mawonekedwe azitali ndi oyenda, miyeso, kukhazikika. Kuwonjezera pa makhalidwe muyezo matayala kuchokera msewu ndi matanthauzo awo, amene ali pansipa.

A / T (ZONSE-MANKHWALA) - choyambira. Matayala amtunduwu amatha kuchita zambiri, amakulolani kuyendetsa misewu ya asphalt, nthaka komanso msewu wamba. Matayala otere amatchedwanso matayala othamangitsira. Chifukwa cha chingwe cholimbikitsidwa, matayala samayenda pakapanikizika. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito All-Terrain pa phula mpaka 90 km / h, pomwepo padzakhala kusapeza kwakukulu pakuuma ndi phokoso. Ndi matayala amtunduwu omwe amalimbikitsidwa kuti muyambe ulendo wanu wopita ku "off-road".

M / T (MUD-TERRAIN) - dothi. Ndimasinthidwe abwinobwino a A / T chifukwa chazithunzi za chimango. Kuchuluka kwamatawuni / misewu ndi 20/80. Ndibwino kuti mugwiritse ntchito mphira wotere panjira, popeza kuti phula limatha msanga.

X / T (ZOCHITIKA-ZOPHUNZITSIRA) - pazovuta kwambiri zapanjira. Ali ndi kuthekera kwakukulu komwe kulibe misewu, komanso kuthekera koyendetsa galimoto phula. Imapereka magwiridwe antchito abwino kwambiri m'matope, mchenga, nthaka, madambo ndi matalala. Kugwiritsa ntchito mphira wambiri kumawonjezera mafuta komanso kumawonjezera katundu pama wheel wheel.

Momwe kuponda matayala kumakhudzira braking mtunda

ma braking mtunda

Mtundu wa matayala, kukula kwa mayendedwe ake ndi mtundu wake wamtundu zimakhudza kwambiri mtunda wama braking. Ubwino wazinthu zopangidwazo umadalira mtunduwo, komanso magwiridwe antchito, momwe mphira "ungakhalire wolimba" phula, ndikupereka chigamba cholumikizirana. 

Kutsika kwa kupondaponda, zikafika povala, kumatalikiranso chifukwa chantchito yocheperako, yomwe imakupatsani chitetezo. Chitsanzocho ndichofunikira mofananamo kuti mvula kapena matope, iyenera kusunthira chilichonse kutali ndi tayala kuti tipewe "khushoni" pakati pamsewu ndi gudumu. 

Sankhani matayala molingana ndi malingaliro a wopanga galimoto yanu, komanso musagwiritse ntchito matayala mpaka kuvala kovuta!

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi choteteza matayala ndi chiyani? Ichi ndi gawo la tayala lomwe, choyamba, limalepheretsa kuphulika kwa gawo lalikulu la tayala, ndipo kachiwiri, limapereka chigamba chokhazikika cholumikizana ndi msewu, ngakhale mvula.

Ndi kuponda kotsalira kotani komwe kumaloledwa? Kwa galimoto - 1.6mm. Kwa magalimoto - 1 millimeter. Kwa mabasi - 2 mm. Kwa magalimoto (mopeds, scooters, njinga zamoto) - 0.8mm.

Kodi mipata ya matayala imatchedwa chiyani? Sipes zodutsa ndi zotalika zimapanga chitsanzo chopondapo. Izi zimatchedwa grooves ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kukhetsa madzi ndi dothi kutali ndi patch yolumikizana. Mipata yaying'ono pamapondedwe - sipes.

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