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Zamkatimu

SUV ndiye galimoto yofunika kwambiri mzindawo, komanso kwa iwo omwe samayendetsa kawirikawiri mumsewu wamtunda. SUV ndi ngolo ya crossover yomwe imawoneka ngati crossover. Galimoto iyi imaphatikiza mawonekedwe oyendetsa bwino, mkati mwake, kuthekera kopitilira malire, komanso kuchitapo kanthu. Kwa zaka zoposa 15, ma SUV akhala akugulitsa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo chinsinsi chake - werengani.

Chinsinsi cha dzinali ndi chiyani?

Yankho lafunso lofunsidwa kwambiri, chifukwa chiyani ma "SUV" amatchedwa choncho - ndi losavuta. Popanga mtundu wopepuka wa SUV yoyendetsa magudumu onse, akatswiri adaganizira zingapo:

  • Ma SUV nthawi zambiri amagulidwa pamakalata;
  • kuyendetsa pagalimoto, "jeep" imagwiritsa ntchito mafuta ambiri;
  • Si ma SUV onse a XNUMXWD omwe ali omasuka panjira.

SUV yachikale idatengedwa ngati maziko, mainjiniya adachepetsa kukula kwake, adachotsa ntchito zingapo zosafunikira (kutambasula pakati, loko pakati, kapena kuyendetsa kwamagudumu okhazikika), amakonda kuyendetsa kutsogolo kwa magudumu, thupi lidanyamula katundu, chifukwa, dzina logwira ntchito lagalimoto yotere ndi SUV. Mwa njira, m'malo mwanjira yoyendetsa magudumu onse, ngolo zambiri zapamsewu zimakhala ndi zida zamagetsi zamagetsi, zomwe zimasunthira gawo lina la torque kumbuyo chakumbuyo mokakamiza kapena poterera. 

Zotsatira zake, timapeza mini-SUV, yaying'ono, yothandiza komanso yotsika mtengo kuyendetsa. 

Mfundo Zazikulu

Bmw

Ku America, ma SUV amatchedwa CUV Crossover Utility Vehicle (SUV crossover). Zimafotokozedwa ndikuti gulu ili la galimoto limaphatikiza magwiridwe antchito a sedan yonyamula ndi chidziwitso chakunja cha SUV. Denga lakumtunda lamtunda ndi choyambira, ndipo ngakhale pamenepo si onse.

Chifukwa chiyani ma SUV amafunikira kwambiri?

  • Thupi lonyamula katundu ndi lopepuka komanso lophweka;
  • Kulumikiza kwamagetsi kwamagudumu onse, ngati kuli kofunikira, komwe sikukhudza kuwonjezeka kwa mafuta. Chowongolera choyenda chamagudumu onse sichimatenga malo othandizira ndipo sichichepetsera chilolezo cha galimoto;
  • kuyimitsidwa kodziyimira pawokha kumakupatsani mwayi woti musunthe bwino pamisewu ina iliyonse, yomwe ili yofunikira mzindawo komanso msewu wafumbi wamayendedwe adziko. Kuyimitsidwa kwakukulu kumathandizanso kuti pakhale malo otetezedwa pomwe kulipira mphamvu yokoka yayikulu;
  • chilolezo, chomwe ndi chokwanira kuchitira m'tawuni. Mini-crossover sichiwopa zotchinga ndi zopinga zina, kuphatikiza apo, magalimoto ambiri amakhala ndi zotchinjiriza zoteteza kumunsi kwa thupi (zokulitsa);
  • mtengo wa galimoto, kuisamalira ndi kuyendetsa. Chifukwa cha kapangidwe kosavuta kopatsirana komanso kuyimitsidwa kosavuta, komanso kuchuluka kocheperako, magwero azigawo zazikulu ndi misonkhano ndi yayikulu kwambiri;
  • zothandiza. Ma SUV amawerengedwa kuti ndi magalimoto apadziko lonse lapansi: onse mabanja ndi nyumba zazing'ono zanyengo yotentha, zosankha zina zimakhala ndi zizolowezi zamagalimoto (mwachitsanzo, BMW X3 M).
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  EWB (Pakompyuta Mphero Ananyema)

Mbali zoyipa:

  • sikulimbikitsidwa kukwera mopitilira minda ndi zoyambira pa SUV;
  • poterera mwakhama, kutenthedwa kwa gudumu lamagudumu onse ndizotheka, zomwe zimabweretsa kulephera;
  • Kuopsa kwakumunsi (mapadi apulasitiki, mapaleti, mapaipi omwe ananyema pachiwopsezo podutsa zovuta zina)

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa SUV, crossover ndi SUV

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa SUV, crossover ndi SUV

Ma SUV nthawi zambiri amasokonezedwa ndi ma crossovers chifukwa cha kufanana kwawo, koma mwaukadaulo ndi magalimoto osiyana kwathunthu, mwachitsanzo, BMW X3 ndi SUV, ndipo X5 ndi crossover, ngakhale imawona molakwika ngati SUV.

magawoSUVCrossoverSUV
Kuyendetsa magudumukutsogolo / kutsanzira kuyendetsa kwamagudumu onse chifukwa chamagetsi yamagetsi yamagetsichoyendetsa kutsogolo, cholozera, chotengera chakumbuyo cholumikizidwa ndi cholumikiziraokhazikika magudumu anayi, kupezeka kwa malo osamutsira (nthawi zambiri amakhala awiri), masiyanidwe apakati
Kutsegula, mm150-180180-200200-250
Thupichonyamulirachonyamulirachimango / chimango chophatikizidwa
Kuyimitsidwa kutsogolo / kumbuyokudziyimira pawokha / kudziyimira pawokhakudziyimira pawokha / kudziyimira pawokhawodziyimira pawokha / wodalira (mlatho wopitilira)
Voliyumu ya injini, lmpaka 21.5-3.02.0-6.0

Makhalidwe apamwambawa akuwonetsa momwe mitundu itatu yamagalimoto imasiyanirana. Potengera magwiridwe antchito, mutha kuwonjezera izi:

  • CUV ndi SUV ndizothamanga kuposa SUV yachikale chifukwa cholemera;
  • SUV ndi "yowopsa kwambiri";
  • Mawilo anayi ndi okhwima masiyanidwe loko - okonda mtheradi pa msewu, ndi ngozi poyendetsa liwiro pa phula;
  • malinga ndi chitonthozo, SUV yachikale imapindula ndi kuyimitsidwa kwaulendo wautali komanso kupitirira;
  • kusamalira jipi yathunthu ndiokwera mtengo.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi galimoto yanji ya SUV? Iyi ndi galimoto yofanana ndi SUV (thupi lalikulu ndi chilolezo chowonjezeka cha pansi), koma ndi makhalidwe a galimoto yamtundu wamba. dzina lina la SUV ndi crossover.

N'chifukwa chiyani crossover amatchedwa SUV? Kwa magalimoto oterowo dzina losavomerezeka "parquet SUV" limakhala lokhazikika, chifukwa mitundu yambiri sinapangidwe kuti ikhale yopanda msewu, ndipo imagwira ntchito m'mizinda.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa SUV? Imasiyana ndi ma SUV pamapangidwe opepuka komanso zosankha zochepa zogonjetsera kunja kwa msewu. Nthawi zambiri amasiyana ndi galimoto wamba kokha mawonekedwe a thupi.

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