Kodi kanasonkhezereka galimoto thupi: kufotokoza ndi mndandanda wa zitsanzo

Zamkatimu

Dzimbiri limatengedwa moyenera ngati mdani wamkulu wazitsulo. Ngati chitsulo sichimatetezedwa, chimagwa mwachangu. Vutoli ndilofunikanso pamatupi amgalimoto. Chovala cha utoto chimateteza, koma sichokwanira. Chimodzi mwazothetsera izi ndikulimbitsa thupi, komwe kumakulitsa nthawi yayitali pantchito yake. Iyi si njira yophweka komanso yotchipa yotetezera, kotero opanga ali ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zopezera galvanizing.

Kodi galvanizing ndi chiyani

Ndondomeko ya okosijeni imachitika pazitsulo zopanda chitetezo. Oxygen imalowa mkati mwachitsulo, ndikuwononga pang'onopang'ono. Nthaka imapanganso mpweya m'mlengalenga, koma kanema woteteza amakhala pamwamba. Firimuyi imalepheretsa mpweya kulowa mkati, kutseka makutidwe ndi okosijeni.

Chifukwa chake, maziko okutidwa ndi zinc amatetezedwa bwino ku dzimbiri. Kutengera njira yogwiritsira ntchito, thupi lokulitsa limatha kukhala zaka 30.

Thandizo. AvtoVAZ idayamba kugwiritsa ntchito kukulira kwa thupi kokha mu 1998.

Technology ndi mitundu ya galvanizing

Chikhalidwe chachikulu cha galvanizing ndi malo oyera komanso osalala omwe sangakhudzidwe ndi zovuta. M'makampani agalimoto, njira zingapo zogwiritsira ntchito zimagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • otentha kuviika kanasonkhezereka (matenthedwe);
  • galvanic;
  • kuzizira.

Tiyeni tione ukadaulo ndi zotsatira za njirayi mwatsatanetsatane.

Kutentha

Uwu ndiye mtundu wabwino kwambiri wa galvanizing. Thupi lamagalimoto limamizidwa kwathunthu mu chidebe cha zinc chosungunuka. Kutentha kwamadzi kumatha kufika 500 ° C. Umu ndi momwe zinc yoyera imagwirira ntchito ndi mpweya kuti apange zinc carbonate pamwamba, yomwe imasiya kutentha. Nthaka imaphimba thupi lonse kuchokera mbali zonse, komanso malo onse ophatikizika. Izi zimalola opanga makina kuti apange chitsimikizo cha thupi mpaka zaka 15.

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M'madera ena, magawo opangidwa motere amatha zaka 65-120. Ngakhale utoto utawonongeka, nthaka yosanjikiza imayamba kusungunuka, koma osati chitsulo. Kutalika kwazitsulo zoteteza ndi ma 15-20 ma microns. M'makampani, makulidwe ake amafikira ma microns 100, ndikupangitsa kuti ziwalozo zikhale zamuyaya. Komanso, zokopa zikagwira ntchito yotentha zimadzilimbitsa.

Audi anali woyamba kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulowu pa Audi A80. Pambuyo pake njirayi idagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Volvo, Porsche ndi ena. Ngakhale kukwera kwamtengo wa galvanizing kotentha, njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito osati pamayendedwe apamwamba, komanso pamitundu ya bajeti. Mwachitsanzo, Renault Logan kapena Ford Focus.

Kusankha zamagetsi

Pogwiritsa ntchito magetsi, zinc imagwiritsidwa ntchito pazitsulo pogwiritsa ntchito magetsi. Thupi limayikidwa mu chidebe chokhala ndi zinc-electrolyte. Njira imeneyi imagwiritsira ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo, chifukwa nthaka imakutira chitsulo mosanjikiza konsekonse. Kukula kwa nthaka yosanjikiza panthawi yamagalasi ndi ma microns a 5-15. Opanga amapereka chitsimikizo mpaka zaka 10.

Popeza electroplating siyoteteza kwenikweni, opanga ambiri amasintha chitsulo, amachepetsa nthaka wosanjikiza, ndikuwonjezera chosanjikiza.

Njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ma Skoda, Mitsubishi, Chevrolet, Toyota, BMW, Volkswagen, Mercedes ndi ena ena.

Thandizo. Kuyambira 2014, UAZ imagwiritsa ntchito galvanic galvanizing pa Patriot, Hunter, Pickup models. Gulu makulidwe 9-15 microns.

Ozizira

Ndi njira yosavuta yotchipa yotetezera thupi ku dzimbiri. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamitundu yambiri ya bajeti, kuphatikiza Lada. Poterepa, ufa wa zinc wofalikira kwambiri umagwiritsidwa ntchito kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa. Zinc zomwe zili pa zokutira ndi 90-93%.

Cold galvanizing imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi opanga magalimoto aku China, Korea ndi Russia. Kutentha pang'ono pang'ono kumagwiritsidwanso ntchito, pokhapokha mbali imodzi yokha ya mbalizo kapena mbali imodzi yokha ikukonzedwa. Dzimbiri likhoza kuyamba, mwachitsanzo, kuchokera mkati, ngakhale galimotoyo imawoneka bwino kunja.

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Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa njira zopangira galvanizing

Njira iliyonse yomwe ikufotokozedwa yogwiritsa ntchito zoteteza nthaka imakhala ndi zopindulitsa komanso zoyipa zake.

  • Hot-kuviika galvanizing amapereka chitetezo chabwino, koma ngakhale wosanjikiza sangathe akwaniritse. Komanso mtundu wa zokutira ndi wotuwa ndi matte. Makristali a zinc amatha kuganiziridwa.
  • Njira ya electroplating imateteza pang'ono, koma gawolo ndi lowala komanso lofanana. Zimapindulitsanso pakuwona zachuma.
  • Komanso njira yozizira yozizira ndiyotsika mtengo, koma izi ndi zabwino kwa opanga okha, ngakhale zimakupatsani mwayi wotsika mtengo wamagalimoto.

Momwe mungadziwire ngati thupi limakulungidwa kapena ayi?

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa ngati thupi lili lokutidwa ndi zinc kapena ayi, chinthu choyamba kuchita ndi kuyang'ana zolemba za galimoto. Ngati simunawone mawu oti "zinc" pamenepo, ndiye kuti palibe chitetezo ku dzimbiri. Ngakhale opanga magalimoto ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito zokutira za zinc, funso lokhalo ndilo njira ndi gawo la mankhwala. Mwachitsanzo, pa Lada Priora mpaka 2008, 28% yokha yamthupi idakulungidwa, pa VAZ 2110 ndi 30% yokha ya thupi yomwe idaphimbidwa. Ndipo izi ndi njira yozizira yochitira. Nthawi zambiri, opanga aku China amasunga mankhwala a zinc.

Muthanso kufufuza zambiri pa intaneti pazinthu zovomerezeka. Pali matebulo ambiri omwe angapezeke. Mutha kuwona chimodzi mwa izi kumapeto kwa nkhaniyi.

Mukawona mawu oti "kanasonkhezereka kwathunthu", ndiye kuti izi zimayankhula za galvanic kapena njira yotentha yosinthira thupi lonse. Maziko oterewa amatha zaka zambiri popanda kutentha.

Mitundu ina yotchuka yokhala ndi thupi lokutira

Monga tanenera kale, kugwiranso ntchito kwathunthu kumagwiritsidwanso ntchito pamitundu yambiri ya bajeti. Tikuwonetsanso mitundu ina yamagalimoto okhala ndi zokutira dzimbiri zomwe ndizotchuka ku Russia ndi kumayiko ena.

  • Renault logan... Thupi la mtundu wotchukawu limagonjetsedwa kwambiri ndi dzimbiri. Kuyambira 2008, idakulungidwa bwino.
  • Chevrolet lacetti... Galimoto yotsika mtengo, koma yokhala ndi zokutira zotupa kwathunthu. Electroplating idagwiritsidwa ntchito.
  • Zolemba za Audi A6 (C5)... Ngakhale magalimoto azaka 20 m'kalasi muno amawoneka bwino zikomo makamaka chifukwa cha galvanization yonse. Zomwezo zitha kunenedwa pagalimoto zonse za Audi. Wopanga ameneyu amagwiritsa ntchito makina otentha.
  • Ford Focus... Galimoto ya anthu enieni yotetezedwa ndi dzimbiri. Matupi onse amtunduwu akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito kotentha.
  • Mitsubishi lancer... Galimoto yolimba komanso yodalirika, yomwe imakondedwa ku Russia ndi kumayiko ena. Silichita dzimbiri chifukwa cha zokutira zake za 9-15 micron zinc.
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Kanasonkhezereka tebulo lamagalimoto ndi njira zopangira

Zambiri pazokhudza njira zokulitsira thupi la mitundu yotchuka yamagalimoto zitha kupezeka patebulopo:

Mtundu wamagalimotoKanasonkhezereka mtundu
Audi 100 C3 1986, 1987, 1988Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi 100 C4 1988-1994 (zosintha zonse)
Audi A1 8x 2010-2019Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi A5 8t 2007-2016 ndi 2 2016-2019
Zithunzi za Audi Allroad C5 2000Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Galimoto ya Audi Allroad C5 2001-2005Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi Q3 8u 2011-2019
Audi R8 (zosintha zonse)
Audi Rs-6 (zosintha zonse)
Audi s2Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi S6 C4 ndi C5
Audi S6 C6 ndi C7Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Omvera Tt 8nKutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Zolemba za Audi Tt 8j и 8sKutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi A2 8z 1999-2000Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi A2 8z 2001-2005Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi A6 (zosintha zonse)
Audi Cabriolet B4Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi Q5Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi Rs-3
Audi Rs-7
Zolemba za Audi S3 8lKutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi S3 8vKutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi s7
Audi 80 B3 ndi B4Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Zolemba za Audi A3 8l
Zolemba za Audi A3 8p, 8pa, 8vKutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi A7
Audi Coupe 89Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi Q7Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi Rs-4, Rs-5
Audi Rs-q3
Zolemba za Audi S4 C4 и B5Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi S4 B6, B7 ndi B8Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Zolemba za Audi S8 D2Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Zolemba za Audi S8 D3, D4Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi 90Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Audi A4Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Audi A8
Audi Q8
Audi Quattro pambuyo pa 1986Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Zolemba za Audi S1, S5, Sq5Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
BMW 1, 2, 3 E90 ndi F30, 4, 5 E60 ndi G30, 6 pambuyo pa 2003, 7 pambuyo pa 1998, M3 pambuyo pa 2000, M4, M5 pambuyo pa 1998, M6 pambuyo pa 2004, X1, X3, X5, X6, Z3 pambuyo pa 1998 Z4, M2, X2, X4Full galvanic (mbali ziwiri)
BMW 8, Z1, Z8Kusankha pang'ono pang'ono (mbali ziwiri)
Chevrolet Astro pambuyo pa 1989, Cruze 1, Impala 7 ndi 8, Niva 2002-2008, Suburban Gmt400 ndi 800, Chiwombankhanga asanakapumuleKusankha pang'ono pang'ono (mbali ziwiri)
Chevrolet Captiva, Cruze J300 ndi 3, Impala 9 ndi 10, Niva 2009-2019, Suburban Gmt900, Chiwombankhanga atapumulaFull galvanic (mbali ziwiri)
Chevrolet Aveo, Epica, Lacetti, Orlando, Blazer 5, Cobalt, Evanda, Lanos, Camaro 5 и 6, Kuthetheka, Trail-blazerFull galvanic (mbali ziwiri)
Chevrolet Blazer 4, Camaro 4
Chevrolet Corvette C4 ndi C5Kutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Chevrolet Corvette C6 ndi C7Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Fiat 500, 600, Doblo, Ducato, Scudo, Siena после 2000 года, StiloKusankha pang'ono pang'ono (mbali ziwiri)
Fiat Brava ndi Bravo mpaka 1999, Tipo 1995Maulalo ozizira amtundu ozizira
Ford Explorer, Focus, Fiesta, Mustang, Transit mu 2001 года, Fusion, KugaKutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Ford Escort, Scorpio, SierraKutentha pang'ono (mbali imodzi)
Honda Accord, Civic, Cr-v, Fit, Stepwgn, Odyssey kuyambira 2005Full galvanic (mbali ziwiri)
Hyundai Accent, Elantra, Getz, Grandeur, Santa-fe, Solaris, Sonata, Terracan, Tucson pambuyo pa 2005Kuzizira pang'ono
Hyundai GalloperMaulalo ozizira amtundu ozizira
Infiniti Qx30, Q30, Q40Full galvanic (mbali ziwiri)
Infiniti M-mndandanda mpaka 2006Kuzizira pang'ono
Jaguar F-mtundu Coupe, RoadsterKutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Mtundu wa Jaguar S pambuyo pa 2007, Xe, E-mayendedweFull galvanic (mbali ziwiri)
Land Rover Defender, Freelander, Range-rover pambuyo pa 2007
Mazda 5, 6, Cx-7 pambuyo pa 2006, Cx-5, Cx-8
Mercedes-Benz A-class, C-class, E-class, Vito, Sprinter minibus pambuyo pa 1998, B-class, M-class, X-class, Gls-class
Mitsubishi Galant, L200, Lancer, Montero, Pajero с 2000 года, Asx, Outlander
Nissan Almera kuyambira 2012, Marichi, Navara, X-trail kuchokera 2007, Juke
Opel Astra, Corsa, Vectra, Zafira kuyambira 2008
Porsche 911 kuyambira 1999, Cayenne, 918, Carrera-gtKutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Porsche 959Kusankha pang'ono pang'ono (mbali ziwiri)
Renault Megane, Wokongola, Duster, KangooZitsulo zosakanikirana
Renault loganFull galvanic (mbali ziwiri)
Mpando Altea, Alhambra, Leon, Mii
Skoda Octavia kuyambira 1999, Fabia, Yeti, Mofulumira
Toyota Camry kuyambira 2001, Corolla kuyambira 1991, Hilux ndi Land-cruiser kuyambira 2000
Volkswagen Amarok, Gofu, Jetta, Tiguan, Polo, Touareg
Volvo C30, V40, V60, V70, V90, S90, Xc60Kutentha kwathunthu (mbali ziwiri)
Lada Kalina, Priora, Vaz-2111, 2112, 2113, 2114, 2115 kuyambira 2009, Granta, LargusKuzizira pang'ono
Vaz-Oka, 2104, 2105, 2106, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110 kuyambira 1999Maulalo ozizira amtundu ozizira

Vidiyo yosangalatsa

Onani njira yolimbikitsira thupi ndi manja anu mu msonkhano muvidiyo ili pansipa:

Kulimbitsa thupi kumapereka chitetezo chabwino chotsutsana ndi dzimbiri, koma pali kusiyana ndi njira yokutira. Thupi silingakhale lalitali popanda chitetezo, zaka 7-8. Chifukwa chake, pogula galimoto, muyenera kumayang'ana panthawiyi.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi Chevrolet yokhala ndi malata ndi chiyani? Aveo, Blazer (3,4,5), Camaro (2-6), Captiva, Malibu, Cruze (1, J300 2009-2014, 3 2015-2021), Lacetti (2004-2013), Lanos (2005-2009) , Niva (2002-2021)…

Kodi kudziwa ngati thupi kanasonkhezereka kapena ayi? Ngati n'kotheka, mukhoza kuyang'ana nambala ya VIN (opanga ambiri amasonyeza chizindikiro cha thupi lopangidwa ndi malata). Pamalo a chip - njira yotsimikizika yowonera kukhalapo kwa malata.

Ndi ma SUV amtundu wanji okhala ndi malata? Pano pali zopangidwa amene zitsanzo galimoto angathe kutenga kanasonkhezereka thupi: Porsche, Audi, Volvo, Ford, Chevrolet, Opel, Audi. Chitsanzo chomwecho m'zaka zosiyanasiyana za kupanga chikhoza kusiyana ndi mtundu wa chitetezo cha thupi.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
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