Universal_Kuzov0 (1)

Zamkatimu

Galimoto yamagalimoto ndi mtundu wamagalimoto. Iwo ndi sedani yachikale yokhala ndi malo owonjezera katundu. M'malo moyimira payekha, chitseko chowonjezera chimayikidwa kukhoma lakumbuyo kwa thupi. Makina amenewa amaphatikiza mtundu wonyamula okwera komanso katundu wambiri.

Kwa nthawi yoyamba, magalimoto athunthu anayamba kupanga kumapeto kwa ma 1940. Makampani oyamba kugwiritsa ntchito mtundu wamtundu uwu muzogulitsa zawo ndi Plymouth ndi Wyllis. Idadziwika kwambiri kuyambira nthawi ya 1950s mpaka koyambirira kwa ma 1980 ku America. Anthu amafunikira magalimoto, koma nthawi yomweyo magalimoto otakasuka.

Universal_Kuzov1 (1)

Kutengera mtundu wa injini, kufalitsa ndi kuyimitsa, magalimoto otere amatha kunyamula anthu 5 (kuphatikiza dalaivala) ndikulemera kwathunthu mpaka makilogalamu 1500.

Momwe ngolo yamagetsi imawonekera

Universal_Kuzov3 (1)

Makina opanga makina ambiri, popanga mzere watsopano, amagwiritsa ntchito wheelbase imodzi (mtunda pakati pa ma axel oyendetsa magudumu), momwe mitundu yamagulu osiyanasiyana imayikidwira: ngolo yamagalimoto, coupe, hatchback, liftback ndi sedan. Galimoto yamagalimoto nthawi zambiri imakhala mtundu wautali kwambiri pamndandandawu.

Galimoto imatha kusiyanitsidwa ndi denga lake lalitali, lomwe limatha nthawi zonse ndi chitseko chachikulu chomwe chimatsegukira kumtunda. Kumbali, mitundu yambiri ili ndi zitseko ziwiri mbali iliyonse. Nthawi zina pamakhala zosankha zazitseko zitatu (ziwiri mbali ndi imodzi ya thunthu). Ndikosowa kuwona mitundu yomwe chivindikiro cha thunthu chagawika magawo awiri, osatsegukira kumtunda, koma mbali.

Universal_Kuzov4 (1)

Matigari ena aku America amakhala ndi gawo logawanika, imodzi imatseguka ndipo inayo imatseguka. Kusinthaku kumakupatsani mwayi wonyamula katundu wautali popanda kufunika koti mutenge katundu. M'makina otere, lamba silimata.

Khomo lakumbuyo limatha kukhala lolunjika. Mumtundu uwu, galimoto ili ndi zothandiza kwambiri, chifukwa ndizotheka kunyamula katundu wochuluka wokhala ndi ngodya zabwino mkati mwake. Izi zitha kukhala makina ochapira, firiji, zinthu zodzaza ndi makatoni. Nthawi zina madalaivala amagwiritsa ntchito galimoto yoteroyo kunyamula zinthu zokulirapo kuposa thunthu la thunthu. Pankhaniyi, m'galimoto mu chipinda zonyamula ndi kuchuluka kwa fumbi ndi utsi mpweya.

Universal_Kuzov2 (1)

Pali zosintha ndi kumbuyo skid kumbuyo. Opanga amapanga magalimoto otere osati kungowoneka bwino. Mphamvu zamagetsi zamagalimoto otere ndizokwera kuposa magalimoto akale okhala ndi thunthu lamakona.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa thupi la wagon station

Universal_Kuzov5 (1)

Ma ngolo agalimoto ali mgulu la magalimoto othandiza. Nthawi zambiri amasankhidwa ndi oimira mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono omwe amakonda kupulumutsa ndalama potumiza katundu. Komanso, thupi lamtunduwu ndilobwino kwa mabanja akulu omwe akuyenda ulendo wautali.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Bosch amadalira luso laumisiri

Ma ngolo agalimoto ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi zovuta zina. Chifukwa chake, nthawi zina wogula amatha kusokoneza zosinthazi. Umu ndi momwe amasiyanirana wina ndi mnzake:

 WagonMahatchi
NsaluKutsetsereka, nthawi zambiri mosalalaMalo otsetsereka motsetsereka mpaka opumira kumbuyo kwa mpando wakumbuyo
ThunthuZazikulu kwambiri pamtundu wamtundu (mutha kunyamula firiji mpaka 2 mita kutalika.)Njira yaying'ono yonyamula katundu wochepa
Thupi mawonekedweNthawi zambiri kumakhala mizere yoonekeraKaso kokongola, kosasintha
KutalikaMtundu wautali kwambiri pamtundu uliwonseItha kukhala yofanana kapena yofupikitsa kuposa sedan

Galimoto yamagalimoto imasiyana ndi sedan, liftback ndi coupe chifukwa mkati ndi thunthu zimaphatikizidwamo. Mipando yakumbuyo ikapindidwa, galimoto yotere imagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyamula okwera. Kutengera mtundu wamagalimoto, thunthu lake mkati mwake limatha kufikira malita 600. Imakhala pafupifupi kawiri mzere wakumbuyo utambasulidwa.

Universal_Kuzov6 (1)

Pazifukwa zachitetezo, munthawi zamakono, mauna olimba kapena ofewa amaikidwa pakati pa chipinda chonyamula ndi thunthu. Zimakupatsani mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito thunthu lonse popanda chiopsezo chovulaza okwera kumbuyo.

Ndi mitundu yanji ya station wagon

Ngakhale kuti station wagon ndi mtundu wosiyana wa thupi, ili ndi magawo angapo. Nthawi zambiri amapangidwa kuti akwaniritse zosowa zenizeni za oyendetsa magalimoto osiyanasiyana. Gulu lirilonse liri ndi mawonekedwe ake a stylistic, mlingo wa chitonthozo, ngakhale masewera.

Nawa magulu onse a generalists agawidwa m'magulu:

  1. Classic station wagon. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Galimoto yotere imakhala ndi chiwombankhanga chachikulu chakumbuyo, ndipo thupi limawoneka ngati aquarium (yokhala ndi glazing yambiri). Thupi limakhala ndi ma voliyumu awiri (hood ndi gawo lalikulu zimawonekera), ndipo chitseko chakumbuyo nthawi zambiri chimakhala chokhazikika. Mumitundu ina, khomo lakumbuyo limatha kulumikizidwa ndi masamba awiri. Nthawi zina kutalika kwa thupi la classic station wagon ndipamwamba poyerekeza ndi chitsanzo chofanana mu sedan thupi.
  2. Magalimoto a Hardtop. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Chodziwika bwino pakusintha kotereku ndi kuchuluka kwa ma struts m'thupi (makamaka, palibe zipilala za B, monga zosinthika). Kuwala kumbuyo kwamtundu wa panoramic. chifukwa cha zofunika kwambiri chitetezo cha magalimoto, zitsanzo zimenezi tsopano si opangidwa, monga rollover amene ali mu kanyumba satetezedwa kuvulala.
  3. Kuwombera Mabuleki station wagon. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Mu gulu, makamaka atatu khomo siteshoni ngolo. Sathandiza kwenikweni ndipo nthawi zambiri amachita zamasewera. Poyerekeza ndi classic station wagon, kusinthidwa uku kumafupikitsidwa pang'ono. Pankhani ya mapangidwe, zitsanzozi zimapeza tailgate yokhazikika chifukwa cha aerodynamics.
  4. Crossovers. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Ngakhale kuti thupi lamtunduwu limakhala ndi kagawo kakang'ono pakati pa mndandanda wamitundu yamagulu, malinga ndi malamulo a mayiko ambiri ndipo ali m'gulu la ngolo zamagalimoto (magawo awiri amagulu okhala ndi tailgate pafupifupi ofukula). Zitsanzo zoterezi zili m'gulu lapadera chifukwa cha chilolezo chawo chapamwamba.
  5. Ngolo zamasewera. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Nthawi zambiri, thupi loterolo limafanana ndi chitsanzo cha Gran Turismo kuposa galimoto yothandiza. M'malo mwake, awa ndi ma coupe ataliatali omwe ndi osavuta kunyamula anthu.
  6. Vans. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Chodziwika bwino cha mitundu iyi ya ngolo zama station ndikuti kusakhala ndi glaze kumbuyo kwa mipando. M'malo mwa galasi, mapanelo opanda kanthu amaikidwa. Chifukwa chake ndikuti mulibe mipando yokwera m'galimoto yotere. Nthawi zambiri, ma vani oterowo ndi amakono a ngolo yakale yama station, makamaka yonyamula katundu.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Momwe mungasankhire alamu pagalimoto

Station wagon ndi hatchback. Kodi pali kusiyana kotani?

Kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa station wagon ndi hatchback ndikokwanira kwa chipinda chonyamula katundu. Kwa ngolo zamagalimoto (nthawi zambiri amapangidwa pamaziko a sedan, koma ndi mtundu wosiyana wa katundu wonyamula katundu, kuphatikiza ndi mkati), kutalika kwa overhang kumbuyo sikunasinthe, zomwe sizinganene za ziswa. Chifukwa chake, hatchback ili ndi thunthu laling'ono ngakhale ndi sofa yakumbuyo idawululidwa.

Apo ayi, matupi amtunduwu ndi ofanana - ali ndi ndondomeko yofanana ya khomo lakumbuyo, mwayi wokwanira wosintha kanyumba kukhala thunthu lalikulu. Komanso, zosinthidwazi zimakhala ndi zovuta zomwezo.

Kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa mitundu iyi ya matupi ndi:

  • Hatchback ili ndi mapangidwe apamwamba kwambiri akumbuyo, chifukwa siwonoledwa kuti azitha kukwanitsa.
  • Ma hatchbacks nthawi zambiri amakhala amasewera.
  • Sitima yapamtunda ndiyocheperako.
  • Hatchback nthawi zambiri imakhala gulu losiyana la thupi mu mzere wachitsanzo, ndipo ngoloyo imakhala nthawi zambiri kuposa sedan yojambulidwa pang'ono yokhala ndi chivindikiro cha thunthu losinthidwa ndi mawonekedwe osiyana a C-zipilala. M'mitundu ya bajeti, station wagon imapezanso ma optics akumbuyo kuchokera ku sedan.

Station wagon vs hatchback. Chosankha chabwino kwambiri ndi chiyani?

Kusankhidwa kwa mtundu wabwino kwambiri wa thupi kwa woyendetsa galimoto makamaka kumakhudzidwa ndi zosowa zake. Ndikwabwino kusankha siteshoni ngati dalaivala akufuna:

  1. Galimoto yabanja ya chipinda;
  2. Nthawi zambiri amanyamula katundu wokulirapo;
  3. Kuteteza katundu wonyamula ku nyengo yoipa;
  4. Galimoto yodzaza ndi mphamvu yonyamula bwino chipinda chonyamula anthu ndi katundu kwa aliyense wa iwo;
  5. Galimoto ya Universal nthawi zonse;
  6. Gulani galimoto yogwiritsira ntchito bajeti.

Koma m'malo mwa station wagon, zingakhale bwino kugula hatchback ngati:

  1. Timafunikira galimoto yotakata yokhala ndi miyeso yaying'ono kuti ikhale yabwino kuyendetsa galimotoyo m'mizinda;
  2. Mufunika galimoto yotakata, koma osapeza chitonthozo (osati aliyense amene amayendetsa bwino pamene zinthu za thunthu zikulendewera pamitu yawo);
  3. Galimoto yodutsa kwambiri chifukwa cha kutsekeka pang'ono kumbuyo;
  4. Timafunikira galimoto yapamwamba, koma yosasinthasintha;
  5. Aerodynamics abwino kwambiri ndi mapangidwe amasewera akuyembekezeka kuchokera mgalimoto.

The angakwanitse kwambiri station ngolo

Galimoto yotsika mtengo kwambiri ndi galimoto yomwe ili m'gawo la bajeti (oyendetsa galimoto amatha kugula galimoto yotereyi muwonetsero). Pagawo la malo a post-Soviet, magalimoto atsopano, otsika mtengo kwambiri ndi awa a banja la Lada:

  • Grant. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Kuchokera kutsogolo, chitsanzo ichi ndi chofanana ndi mapangidwe a Kalina. Kutengera kasinthidwe ndi zopereka zapadera za ogulitsa magalimoto, mtengo wa Grants watsopano umayamba pa 16.3 madola zikwi.
  • Largus. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Mtunduwu udabwereka kapangidwe kake ndiukadaulo kuchokera ku Renault Logan, thupi lokhalo lokhala ndi Largus limakulitsidwa. Chitsanzo chodziwika kwambiri chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake othandiza. Malonda a galimoto yotere amayamba pa 20 zikwi USD.
  • Vesta SW. Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?Izi ndi zodziwa mu mzere wa zitsanzo za opanga zoweta. Chitsanzocho chidzapikisana ndi anzawo akunja, koma pamtengo wotsika kwambiri. Mutha kugula galimoto yotere mu salon kuyambira madola 23.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Injini ya Renault 2,0 dCi - M9R - Mpando wamagalimoto

Zoonadi, pamsika wamagalimoto ogwiritsidwa ntchito, mtengo wamitundu iyi ndi wocheperako, koma pali ngozi zambiri zofikira kwa wogulitsa wosakhulupirika.

Ubwino ndi kuipa

Kudziwa zabwino ndi zoyipa zake ndi njira yofananira. Izi zimatengera zosowa ndi zomwe amakonda woyendetsa. Tikaganiza za mtundu uwu wa thupi kuchokera pakuwona kwa wogwiritsa ntchito wamba pamsewu, ndiye kuti maubwino ake ndi awa:

  • Chipinda chachikulu chonyamula katundu. Itha kukulitsidwa kwambiri chifukwa cha kanyumba kamene mipando yakumbuyo ikadapindidwa. Nthawi zambiri pamakhala ngolo zoyendera zomwe sizocheperako chifukwa chogona mpaka ma minivans apakatikati. Ngakhale ma sedan amakono ambiri amathanso kukulitsa kuchuluka kwa thunthu chifukwa chamipando yakumbuyo, ndi zinthu zazitali zokha zomwe zimatha kunyamulidwa, ndipo za zinthu zazikulu, mwachitsanzo, makina ochapira kapena firiji, ngolo yamagalimoto ndiyabwino izi;
  • Nthawi zambiri pamakhala mitundu yokhala ndi chilolezo chowonjezera kapena chosinthika. Ena m'banjamo ali ndi zida zamagalimoto;
  • Nthawi zina, masitima apamtunda amakhala ovuta kusiyanitsa ndi crossover, ngati wachiwiri analibe denga lotsetsereka losunthira kumbuyo (ngati thupi lonyamula). Ngakhale palinso ma crossovers pagalimoto yamagalimoto;
  • Zabwino kwambiri kumapeto kwa sabata labanja.
Kodi station wagon ndi chiyani?

Zoyipa zamagalimoto ophatikizira ndi awa:

  • Mtengo wapamwamba poyerekeza ndi mtundu wofananira, kokha mthupi la sedan;
  • Mitundu ina imakhala ndi mapangidwe olakwika - gawo lalikulu la thunthu liri kunja kwa chitsulo chakumbuyo, chifukwa chomwe thupi limakhala lolemera kwambiri mukamanyamula katundu wolemera (nthawi zina panali zochitika zina pomwe thupi limang'ambika pakati);
  • Mawonekedwe amtundu wamakona sakhala ndi mphamvu zochepa poyerekeza ndi kubwerera kumbuyo ndi ma sedan;
  • Aliyense amene anazolowera kuyendetsa galimoto amayenera kuzolowera kukula kwa galimoto, zomwe zingasokoneze kuchuluka kwa magalimoto m'misewu yampikisano komanso m'malo oimikapo magalimoto;
  • Zomwe zimawuluka pompopompo zimasewera motsutsana ndi galimoto yamtunduwu - zenera lakumbuyo limakhala lonyansa nthawi zonse, ndipo makina owotchera zenera lakutsogolo kapena kamera yakumbuyo sikuthandiza nthawi zonse.

Kuphatikiza apo, mutha kuphunzira za zabwino ndi zoyipa zamtunduwu kuchokera pavidiyo iyi:

Thupi lonse lagalimoto. Ubwino ndi zovuta zamagalimoto oyimira

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi station wagon yodalirika kwambiri ndi iti? Wodalirika ndi otetezeka siteshoni ngolo amatengedwa Volvo CX70 (opangidwa mu 2010-2014). Analogue yamphamvu kwambiri ndi Subaru Outback yanthawi yomweyi yopanga.

Kodi station wagon imawoneka bwanji? Iyi ndi galimoto yokhala ndi mitundu iwiri ya thupi (denga ndi hood zimafotokozedwa momveka bwino). Thunthulo ndi gawo la chipinda cha apaulendo. Imalekanitsidwa ndi alumali ndi backrest ya sofa yakumbuyo.

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