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Zamkatimu

Posachedwapa, magalimoto ambiri asinthidwa pamsika wamagalimoto, omwe amalandira mayina awo. Izi nthawi zambiri kumasulira kwa mawu achingerezi. Chifukwa chake, koyambirira wogula adazindikira kuti akufuna kugula sedan, wagon station, van kapena galimoto.

Lero m'malo ogulitsa magalimoto wogulitsa apereka mwayi wosankha hatchback, liftback kapena fastback. Sizosadabwitsa kusokonezeka m'mawu awa osagula zomwe mumafuna. Tiyeni tiwone chomwe liftback ndiyomwe ndi momwe imasiyanirana ndi hatchback.

Liftback ndi mtundu wamagalimoto. Ili ndi kufanana kwakunja ndi mtundu wa "sedan" ndi "hatchback". Kodi chapadera ndi mtundu wanji wa thupi?

Makhalidwe agalimoto

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Kusinthaku kudapangidwira gulu la oyendetsa galimoto omwe amafuna kupeza magalimoto otsogola komanso othandiza. Zobweza m'mbuyo ndizabwino kwa ogula awa. Kunja, amawoneka ngati galimoto yabwino, koma nthawi yomweyo ndi othandiza pamoyo watsiku ndi tsiku.

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Galimoto yonyamula itha kukhala yakutsogolo- kumbuyo ndi kumbuyo. Kuchokera kutsogolo, sikusiyana ndi sedan yakale. Izi ndizo zitsanzo zazitseko zinayi. Thunthu lawo limatuluka ngati sedan yapamtunda. Pali mitundu iwiri yazotengera zonyamula katundu:

  • khomo lokwanira lomwe limatsegukira m'mwamba;
  • chivundikiro cha thunthu.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kusinthaku kukuchitika chifukwa choti katundu wautali komanso wokulirapo amatha kunyamulidwa mgalimoto. Nthawi yomweyo, galimotoyo imawoneka bwino pamaulendo amabizinesi. Magalimoto oterewa amadziwika ndi amalonda am'banja. Galimoto ndiyabwino pamaulendo ataliatali.

Msika wa makampani ogulitsa magalimoto apanyumba, zopepuka sizachilendo. Nazi zitsanzo.

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  1. IL-2125. Malo oyamba okhala ndi Soviet 5-seap liftback, mwina okumbutsa mitundu yonse yamasiku ake. Kenako mtundu wamtunduwu udapatsidwa dzina loti "Combi".
  2. Lada Granta. Galimoto yokongola komanso yotsika mtengo yokhala ndi mawonekedwe a sedan komanso zothandiza pamagalimoto. Mu kanyumba, pamodzi ndi dalaivala, anthu 5 akhoza kukhala nthawi yomweyo.
  3. ZAZ-Slavuta. Mtundu wa bajeti womwe sugwirizana ndi ukadaulo wapamwamba. Imadziwika ndi oyendetsa omwe amapeza ndalama zapakati. Malo okonzera anthu asanu.
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Zitsanzo zamagalimoto akunja mthupi lonyamula:

  • Skoda Wopambana;
  • Skoda Octavia;
  • Skoda Mofulumira.
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Pali mitundu ingapo yazokweza. Chimodzi mwazomwezo ndizobwerera m'mbuyo. Nthawi zambiri, izi ndi oimira kalasi umafunika. Denga lao limatha kutsetsereka kapena kupitilira pang'ono chivindikiro cha thunthu. Zitsanzo zosintha motere:

  • BMW 6 Grand Touring;
  • BMW 4 Gran Coupes;
  • Porsche Panamera;
  • Mtundu wa Tesla S.
Fastback (1)

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa liftback ndi hatchback

The liftback itha kutchedwa kulumikizana kwakanthawi pakati pa sedan yokhazikika ndi hatchback. Izi ndiye kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa matupi amenewa.

 Kubwerera kumbuyoMahatchi
Nsalukutsetserekakutsetsereka kapena kusalala
ThunthuKutuluka, kupatukana ndi chipinda chonyamula ndi magawano, monga m'ma sedankuphatikiza salon, monga ngolo zapamtunda
Kumbuyo kwa thunthuchivindikiro chosiyana kapena chitseko chonse chokhazikika padengachitseko chotsegukira kumtunda
Kukula kumbuyomalo otsetsereka okhala ndi chipinda chonyamula katundukufupikitsidwa, kumatha bwino kumbuyo kwa bampala wakumbuyo (nthawi zambiri owongoka, monga magalimoto apa station)
Thupi mawonekedwemavoliyumu awiri (amafanana ndi hatchback) ndi atatu voliyumu (amafanana ndi sedan)mavoliyumu awiri okha

Chifukwa cha njira zabwino zomwe zimapangitsa kugwirira ntchito kwagalimoto, zoterezi ndizodziwika kwambiri ndi oyendetsa magalimoto ambiri.

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kumanzere ndikunyamula; hatchback yakumanja

Nthawi zambiri makampani amgalimoto amagwiritsa ntchito thupi lamtunduwu kutsitsimutsa masanjidwewo osasintha magwiridwe antchito agalimoto. Kutsatsa kotereku nthawi zina kumasunga zingapo panthawi yakuchepa kwa chidwi cha ogula.

Zina mwazabwino zakuyenda bwino ndikofunikira kudziwa chitetezo cha okwera omwe ali ndi thunthu lokwanira. Zobwezeretsa kumbuyo zimayenera kukhazikitsa mpanda wowonjezerapo ngati ukonde kuti katundu wangozi asamawuluke kulowa munyumba.

Potengera kuchuluka kwa thunthu, kukweza kwake kumakhala kotsika poyerekeza ndi kotchinga, chifukwa m'mitundu yambiri malo omwe ali pamwamba pa thunthu la thunthu nthawi zambiri amakhala opanda anthu.

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Madalaivala ambiri amawona kunyamuka ngati njira yabwino kwambiri mthupi. Chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa tailgate, ndikosavuta (kuposa mu sedan) kukwanira katundu wambiri. Komabe, m'dera la danga la Soviet Union, zosinthazi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zofanana ndi zovuta.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Ndani ali ndi makampani otchuka agalimoto?

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa liftback ndi sedan

Tikaganiza zamagalimoto okhala ndi matupi amtunduwu, ndiye kuti mwina akhoza kukhala ofanana. Zosankha zonsezi zidzakhala voliyumu itatu (zinthu zitatu za thupi ndizodziwika bwino: hood, denga ndi thunthu). Koma kumbali yaukadaulo, kukweza kumasiyana ndi sedan yomwe ili pachivindikiro cha thunthu.

Liftback ndi chiyani
Kumanzere kuli sedan, ndipo kumanja ndikunyamula.

M'malo mwake, chonyamula chimodzimodzi ndi galimoto yofanana kapena hatchback, thunthu lokha limafotokozedwapo, ngati sedan. Kunja, galimotoyo imawoneka yokongola, koma nthawi yomweyo imagwira ntchito ngati ngolo. Cholinga chake ndikuti chivindikiro cha buti chimamangiriridwa padenga, ndipo chimatseguka ndi zenera lakumbuyo, ngati chosunthira kumbuyo. Mtundu wa thupi ulibe chopingasa pakati pazikwama zamagalimoto.

Mwachilengedwe, mtundu wamtunduwu uli ndi zabwino komanso zoyipa zonse. Mwachitsanzo, maubwino ake ndikukula kwa thunthu. Galimotoyo imatha kunyamula katundu wochuluka chonchi wosagwirizana ndi sedani yayikulu. Mwa zovuta - kulimba kwa thupi kumakhala kotsika pang'ono poyerekeza ndi kwa sedan, popeza palibe chopingasa pakati pamatumba. Koma izi sizofunikira, chifukwa kusiyana kwake ndikochepa.

Zitsanzo za kubwerera mmbuyo

Zitsanzo zamakono za zochotsera ndizo:

  • Mbadwo wachiwiri Audi S7 Sportback. Mtunduwo udawonekera mchaka cha 2019 pakuwonetsedwa pa intaneti;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Mbadwo wa Volkswagen Polo wachiwiri, womwe udawonetsedwa kudziko la okonda magalimoto nawonso kutali kumayambiriro kwa 2;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Polestar 2. Galimoto yamagetsi kumbuyo kwa C-class liftback idawonetsedwa koyamba koyambirira kwa 2019, ndipo yoyamba idachotsedwa pamsonkhano mu Marichi 2020;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Skoda Superb 3. Oletsedwa ndipo nthawi yomweyo galimoto yokoka yapakatikati idawoneka mu 2015;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Opel Insignia Grand Sport mtundu wabizinesi yakubadwa yachiwiri idawonekera mu 2;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Skoda Octavia wa m'badwo wachitatu ndikusinthidwa kwa RS 2013 ndikusindikizanso kwa 2016.Liftback ndi chiyani

Zosankha zambiri pamabizinesi ndi monga:

  • Lada Granta 2014, komanso mtundu wa restyled wa 2018;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Chery QQ6 inayamba kuonekera mu 2006, koma kupanga kunatha mu 2013;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • ZAZ-1103 wodziwika bwino "Slavuta" adapangidwa nthawi ya 1999-2011;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Mpando wa Toledo wachinayi udayambitsidwa mu 4;Liftback ndi chiyani
  • Toyota Prius wa m'badwo wachiwiri, womwe unapangidwa pakati pa 2003-2009.Liftback ndi chiyani
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Kuphatikiza apo, samalani kuwunikanso zolepheretsa poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina yodziwika ya thupi:

Liftback ndi chiyani

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa liftback thupi

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa liftback ndizofanana ndi za hatchback. Kuti mutenge chilichonse kuchokera muthunthu, muyenera kutsegula kwathunthu chipinda chokwera. Ngati ndi nyengo yozizira, ndiye kuti kutentha konse kwa galimoto kudzatha mumphindi.

Choyipa chinanso cha liftback ndi chakuti mawu otuluka kuchokera ku thunthulo samatengedwa ndi chilichonse, chifukwa palibe gawo lolimba pakati pa thunthu ndi chipinda chokwera. Zowona, mitundu ina yokweza kumbuyo ili ndi chivundikiro chamtundu wa Twindoor (chitseko chawiri). Pankhaniyi, dalaivala akhoza kutsegula gawo la chivindikiro (gawo lachitsulo lopanda galasi), monga sedan, kapena lyada lonse, ngati hatchback. Chitsanzo cha zitsanzo zoterezi ndi Skoda Superb.

M'nyengo yozizira, galimoto yotereyi m'nyengo yozizira, ngati hatchback, imatentha pang'onopang'ono kuposa sedan. Ngati pali zinthu zambiri m'chipinda chonyamula katundu, iwo, chifukwa cha kusamangirira bwino, akhoza kuvulaza okwera, makamaka ngati galimoto itachita ngozi.

Zowonjezera zimaphatikizapo kunja kwa sedan ndi kusinthasintha kwa hatchback. Mtundu uwu wa thupi ndi wabwino kwa dalaivala banja amene amakonda sedans, koma amene sakhutira ndi kakulidwe kakang'ono thunthu. Koma ngati mukufuna kunyamula katundu, ndiye liftback ndi otsika kwa hatchback ndi siteshoni ngolo.

Kanema pa mutuwo

Pomaliza, timapereka mwachidule za Lada Grants zatsopano mumitundu inayi ya thupi: sedan, station wagon, liftback ndi hatchback - zabwino ndi zovuta zake.

Grant Yatsopano. Ndi thupi liti loti musankhe? Sedan, Liftback, Hatchback, Wagon.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi galimoto yobwezera ikutanthauzanji? Ili ndi dzina la mtundu wa thupi womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito pachitsanzo. Mwa mbiri, galimoto yotere ili ndi mavoliyumu atatu (hood, denga ndi thunthu zimasiyanitsidwa bwino), koma chivindikiro cha thunthu chimatseguka kuchokera padenga, osati kuchokera ku jumper pakati pamiyala ya thunthu.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa hatchback ndi liftback? Zowoneka, kukweza kwake ndikofanana ndi sedan. Kawirikawiri hatchback imakhala ndi mavoliyumu awiri (denga limatha bwino kapena mwadzidzidzi ndi chitseko chakumbuyo, motero thunthu silimaonekera). Ngakhale pali kusiyana kwa mawonekedwe a tailgate, kwa onse hatchback ndi liftback, imatseguka limodzi ndi zenera lakumbuyo, ngati ma station station.

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