kumbuyo3

Zamkatimu

Galimoto ikayenda, dalaivala amayang'anira momwe injini ndi gearbox zimayendera. Magalimoto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwadongosolo amagwiritsa ntchito rocker yomwe driver amayendetsa magiya. Kenako, tiona chida cha mapiko, mawonekedwe okonza ndi magwiridwe antchito.

 Kodi kumbuyo kwa bokosi lamagalimoto ndi chiyani?

Okonda magalimoto ambiri amachitcha kuti lever yamagiya, yomwe ili mu kanyumba, ngati rocker, koma ichi ndi lingaliro lolakwika. Rocker ndi makina omwe amapangira ndodo yolumikizira ndodo yomwe imasunthira foloko yamagalimoto. Ngati galimoto ikuyendetsa kutsogolo, ndiye kuti rocker ili pansi pa hood, pamwamba kapena mbali ya gearbox. Ngati galimoto ili ndi gudumu lakumbuyo, ndiye kuti kumbuyo kwake kumatha kufikiridwa kuchokera pansi. 

Makina osankha zida nthawi zonse amakhala ndi katundu: kugwedera, kudzera pamafoloko osunthira zida ndi mphamvu kuchokera m'manja mwa driver. Mwazina, kulumikizana sikutetezedwa ndi chilichonse, chifukwa chake, kusakwanira kwa zinthu zosunthira, kulowa kwa madzi ndi dothi kumadalira kumabweretsa kulephera koyambirira kwa makina onse. Chonde dziwani kuti rocker ili ndi ndalama zosachepera 80 km.

Kodi kumbuyo kwa bokosi la gear ndi kuti, kuli kuti

Chipangizo chakumbuyo

Pakapanga magalimoto, zida zonse ndi njira zimadutsira pakapangidwe kazatsopano komanso kapangidwe katsopano. Kusintha kwamagalimoto sikunadutse bokosi lamagalimoto, kumangosintha, koma machitidwe ake sanasinthe kwazaka zambiri. Kuti tifotokoze mosavuta zida zogwiritsa ntchito zida zosankhira zida, titenga ngati mtundu wakumbuyo wabizinesi wamba.

Chifukwa chake, sitejiyi ili ndi magawo anayi akuluakulu:

  • ndalezo kudzera amene dalaivala amayang'anira gearbox
  • tayi ndodo kapena chingwe;
  • ndodo-foloko ndi chala;
  • gulu la ndodo za hinge yothandiza ndi zinthu.

Mwazina, chingwe, thupi kapena akasupe atha kulowa pachipangizocho. Chifukwa cha ntchito yolumikizidwa bwino ya makinawo, dalaivala amatha kusintha magiya munthawi yake, nthawi yoyamba, chifukwa choti lever "amayenda" m'malo omwe apatsidwa.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Miyendo yolimbitsa: ndi chiyani, malo ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito

Kutengera kapangidwe kake, goli limatha kukhala ndi mitundu iwiri yoyendetsa:

  • chingwe;
  • kuponya ndege.

Makina opanga makina ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito chingwe chama rocker, popeza zingwe zimasewera pang'ono pazitsulo, ndipo kapangidwe ka rocker kameneka kamakhala kosavuta komanso kotsika mtengo kangapo. Kuphatikiza apo, kufalitsa kwadzidzidzi kumangogwiritsa ntchito chingwe.

Ponena za rocker, yomwe imalumikiza makina osankhira zida ndi giya yamagiya, chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito malumikizidwe a hinge, pamakhala zovuta pakusintha, komanso kuwoneka koyipa pakangoyenda pang'ono. Mwachitsanzo, mu kapangidwe ka Vaz-2108 backstage, ma cardan ndi ma jet amaperekedwa, omwe, akavala, amapangitsa kuti abwerere m'mbuyo.

Kodi malo oyang'anira amayang'aniridwa bwanji?

Kapangidwe ka makina osankhira zida kutengera kapangidwe kazinthu zazikuluzikulu. Poyamba, magalimoto anali ndi mapangidwe apamwamba, pomwe injini ndi zida zamagetsi zimayikidwa kotenga nthawi, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti palibe chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito zovuta. M'magalimoto ena, rocker ndiyowongoka, ndiye kuti, kumapeto kwake amalumikizana ndi mafoloko osankhidwa ndi zida, koma driver nthawi zonse amamva kugwedera kuchokera ku gearbox. Magalimoto amakono kwambiri amakhala ndi rocker yokhala ndi zidutswa za pulasitiki komanso zolumikizira, zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi giya ndi rocker.

Zingwe zachikale zimawoneka motere: pali kuzungulirazungulira mthupi, komwe kumamangiriridwa ndi tchire la pulasitiki, komwe kumayendetsa chogwirira mosunthika mosiyanasiyana, pomwe chipata sichingachotsedwe mthupi momwemo.

Makina oyendetsera zida ndi achikale: kusunthira chiwongolero cha giya kumbali, kuyika ndodo mu poyambira, yomwe imakhazikika pagudumu. Kusuntha chogwirira mmbuyo ndi mtsogolo, ndodo imasunthira chotchingira foloko, chomwe chimagwira magiya, ndiye kuti zida zofunikira zikugwiridwa.

Pamagalimoto oyendetsa kutsogolo komwe kuli makina opingasa, zida zosankhira zida zili pansi pa hood, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti zida zamagalimoto zakutali zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pano. 

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kufotokozera ndi mitundu yazodzitchinjiriza zamthupi

Kapangidwe kameneka kali ndi dongosolo lonse lolumikizira ma levers ndi ndodo, zomwe pamapeto pake timazitcha "rocker". Apa, dalaivala, posuntha chofunda cha gearshift, kudzera mu ndodo yayitali kapena chingwe chachiwiri, akuyambitsa makina osankhira magiya omwe amaikidwa molunjika pa nyumba yamagiya.

Zizindikiro zolakwika kumbuyo

Ngakhale ulumikizowu ndiwodalirika - zovuta zomwe zimakhalapo pakatundu ndi mileage yonse, zimafunikira kukonza ndi kusintha kwa makinawo. Kupanda kutero, kuchepa kwa bwaloli kumabweretsa zotsatira zosafunikira, monga kuwonongeka kwamphamvu kapena kusakwanira kwathunthu kwa msonkhano. Zizindikiro zowoneka bwino ndi izi:

  • kusewera kwa lever (kuwonjezeka kwachangu);
  • zovuta zimabuka pakasunthira magiya (magiya amatsegulidwa ndi crunch, kapena kuyesayesa kwakukulu kumafunikira);
  • kosatheka kuyatsa imodzi yamagiya;
  • Kuphatikizidwa kolakwika kwa magiya (m'malo mwa 1, 3 imatsegulidwa, ndi zina zambiri).

Kubwerera m'mbuyo sikungasokoneze magwiridwe antchito athunthu, komabe, kunyalanyaza mphindi ngati iyi kumatha kubweretsa kuti panthawi yolakwika simudzatha kuyendetsa magiya ena. Ngati zoyambirirazo sizingathetsedwe munthawi yokonzanso, muyenera kusinthanitsa msonkhano wa rocker.

Kodi kumbuyo kwa bokosi la gear ndi kuti, kuli kuti

Kusintha kwamiyala yama gearbox

Ngati kwa inu ndizotheka kuchita ndikusintha mapikowo, ndiye kuti ntchitoyi itha kuchitika payokha, popanda thandizo la akatswiri. Pali njira ziwiri zosinthira chithunzichi:

  1. Kumbuyo zida. Timasinthira kogwirira kozungulira pagalimoto, kenako ndikofunikira kumasula kulumikizana kwa ulalo wamapiko, kenako ndikusamutsa cholembera cha gear kumalo amenewo a gear yoyang'ana kumbuyo, yomwe ili yolandirika komanso yabwino kwa inu. Tsopano tikonzekera bwino.
  2. Choyamba gear. Apa lever imasunthira kumalo oyambira, kenako timataya chingwecho. Tsopano ndikofunikira kusinthitsa rocker kuti ikhale motsutsana ndi bar yolinganiza kumbuyo. Monga ulamuliro, rocker amazungulira motsutsana wotchi.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mfundo yogwirira ntchito ndi chida chowongolera wamagetsi

Ndikofunika kumvetsetsa kuti njira zomwe tatchulazi ndizopangidwa ndipo ndizoyenera kusankha zida zopangidwa mwanjira inayake, chifukwa chake, musanapange mapiko pagalimoto yanu, muyenera kuphunzira chipangizocho komanso kuthekera kosintha mapikowo.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi bokosi la gear ndi chiyani? Uwu ndi njira yolumikizirana zambiri yomwe lever ya gearshift imalumikizidwa ndi ndodo yomwe ili m'bokosi. Wogwedezayo ali pansi pamunsi mwa galimotoyo.

Kodi ma backstage ndi chiyani? Pazonse, pali mitundu iwiri ya backstage: yokhazikika (yopangidwa ndi automaker) ndi yochepa-sitiroko (imapereka chiwopsezo chochepa cha lever ya gearshift).

Kodi nsalu yotchinga imachita chiyani? Ndi makina ophatikizika amitundu yambiri, dalaivala amatha kusintha magiya mu gearbox momwemo posuntha chowongolera cha gearshift pamalo oyenera.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » nkhani » Chipangizo chagalimoto » Kodi kumbuyo kwa bokosi la gear ndi kuti, kuli kuti

Kuwonjezera ndemanga