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Zamkatimu

Kuwongolera maulendo apaulendo ndikofunikira kwambiri paulendo wautali. Chifukwa cha iye, ambiri truckers kugonjetsa zikwi makilomita tsiku popanda kutopa kwambiri. Tsopano, m'magalimoto ambiri amakono, ngakhale bajeti, dongosolo la "cruise" limaperekedwa. Chifukwa chake, ndizothandiza bwanji, momwe zimagwirira ntchito, chifukwa chake mukufunikira kuwongolera maulendo apanyanja - werengani!

Kodi kayendedwe ka cruise ndi chiyani?

Kuwongolera ma Cruise ndi njira yomwe imakupatsani mwayi wothamangitsa magalimoto mosasunthika, mosasamala mtundu wamisewu, osafunikira kuwongolera oyendetsa. Njirayi ikufunidwa kwambiri pamaulendo akutali akumayiko, komwe galimoto imayenda mwachangu nthawi zonse. Ma "cruise" oyamba anali ndi magalimoto aku America, chifukwa ndi komwe kunkakhala misewu yambiri yakumayiko. 

Kodi kuyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi chiyani?

Kuwongolera kwakanthawi kunayamba kukhalapo ndi dongosolo lokhalitsa, lomwe lili ndi:

  • kulamulira ndalezo;
  • zodziwikiratu Mtsogoleri;
  • kuyendetsa servo;
  • dongosolo loyendetsa solenoid valve;
  • kuyendetsa kwina ku valavu ya fulumizitsa.

Mfundo yogwirira ntchito: zobwezedwa zimayang'anira mavavu oyendetsa servo, omwe amatengera kusiyana pakati pa liwiro lenileni ndi liwiro. Pogwiritsa ntchito zingalowe muzakudya zambiri, servo diaphragm imatumiza chizindikiro ku valavu yampweya, kusintha kayendedwe ka mafuta. 

Chitetezo, dongosololi siligwira ntchito pama liwiro ochepera 40 km / h.

Chipangizo ndi ndondomeko ya ntchito

Kuwongolera ngalawa ndi chida cha servo chomwe chimalumikizana ndi kompyuta yomwe ili pabwalo. Imayang'anira kutsegula kwa valavu ya fulumizitsa. Kulumikizana kumachitika pogwiritsa ntchito chingwe (nthawi zina samatha), komanso mgalimoto zaposachedwa kwambiri - pamagetsi onyamula zamagetsi.

Kodi kuyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi chiyani?

Chikwamacho (zimatengera mtundu wa makina ndi wopanga) atha kuphatikiza:

  • Control chipika;
  • Woyendetsa malo owongolera;
  • Speed ​​sensor (kapena yolumikizira komwe kulipo);
  • Malo othamangitsira (kapena olumikizidwa ndi standard);
  • Fuse;
  • Gulu lowongolera (likuchitika pa chiwongolero kapena pa kontrakitala).
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Mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito kayendedwe ka maulendo apaulendo ndi awa. Woyendetsa galimoto akasindikiza batani, chowongolera chimaloweza pamalo pakhomapo ndikulemba zothamanga kwake. Pamene chipangizocho chikatsegulidwa, chizindikirocho chimayatsa (mwina pa dashboard, ngati makinawo ndi ofanana, kapena pa batani lotsegulira).

Kodi kuyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi chiyani?

Liwiro lagalimoto likasintha, chizindikiro chimatumizidwa kuchokera ku masensa kupita ku gawo lowongolera, ndipo chimatumiza lamulo ku servo kuti itsegule kapena kutseketsa fulumira. Wothandizira wotereyu amatha kumuthandiza mukamayendetsa pamsewu kapena mumsewu kwa nthawi yayitali. Zidzakhalanso zofunikira poyendetsa galimoto kumalo otsetsereka aatali (onse okwera ndi otsika).

Kutengera mtundu wa dongosololi, limatha kutsegulidwa ndikukanikiza batani la OFF, ndikukanikiza zowalamulira kapena kupumira.

Kodi adaptive cruise ndi chiyani?

ulendo

Adaptive cruise control (ACC) ndimadongosolo apamwamba a "cruise" omwe amakupatsani mwayi wosintha kuthamanga kwa kayendetsedwe kake, kutengera momwe msewu ulili. Mwachitsanzo, galimoto imatha kudziyimitsa yokha ngati ngozi yomwe ingachitike ikazindikira kutsogolo.

AAS ili ndi zigawo zikuluzikulu zitatu:

  • kukhudza masensa omwe amadziwa kutalika ndi kutalika pakati pa galimoto yanu ndi ogwiritsa ntchito ena mumsewu. Utali wozungulira wa kuyambira 30 mpaka 200 mita. Emitter imatha kukhala infuraredi, yamagetsi yamagetsi kapena akupanga;
  • unit control, yomwe imasonkhanitsa uthenga kuchokera ku masensa, imaganizira za mtunda wa galimoto yapita, liwiro lagalimoto yanu, kenako ndikusintha njira yothamangitsira kapena kuswa mabuleki;
  • zida zolumikizira kufalitsa, masensa oteteza (ABS + EBD), ndi mabuleki.

Mitundu yoyendetsa maulendo apanyanja

Pali mitundu iwiri yoyendetsa sitima zapamadzi:

  • Yogwira (kapena yosinthira kayendedwe kaulendo) - sikuti imangothamangitsa kuthamanga kwa galimotoyo, komanso imayang'anira momwe galimoto ikutsogola (muyenera kuyiyika pagalimoto inayake, pomwe kamera ya radar ndi kanema izitsogoleredwa). Njirayi imakuthandizani kuti muziyendetsa liwiro pamsewu waukulu kutengera kuchuluka kwa magalimoto.Kodi kuyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi chiyani?
  • Kuwongolera kwakanthawi koyenda kumangokhala ndi liwiro lokonzedweratu. Kuwongolera kumachitika kutengera kukhazikitsidwa kwa cholembera cha accelerator. Woyendetsa akuyenera kutsatira magalimoto kutsogolo ndikusintha kanjira kapena mabuleki moyenera.
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  Momwe mungatalikitsire moyo wama wipers agalimoto?

Njirayi imatha kukhazikitsidwa mgalimoto yokhala ndi bokosi lamagiya oyendetsa komanso mgalimoto yokhala ndi gearbox yodziwikiratu. Pankhani ya makina othamanga, kuwongolera kwakanthawi kanzeru kumangosintha makinawo. Pamodzi ndi izi, galimoto ingasinthe zida. Izi zidzakuthandizani mukamayenda mumsewu wokhala ndi ma pass ang'onoang'ono.

Pa zimango, dongosololi limagwira mosiyana pang'ono. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito ndiyofanana, kokha kuwongolera koyenda konsekonse ndimakina amagetsi omwe amafunikira kuyendetsa dalaivala. Mwachitsanzo, galimoto ikayamba kukwera phiri, makinawo samalembetsa katundu wobwera kuchokera kumagudumu, chifukwa chake kupindika kumatha kutseguka kokwanira kuti galimoto iziyenda bwino kwambiri.

Kodi kuyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi chiyani?

Kuphatikizidwa ndi makina oyendetsa sitimayo sikungathandize kusinthira kumagiya otsika, chifukwa chake, pakukwera, muyenera kuwonjezera mpweya kapena kuzimitsa makina ndikuyatsa zida zochepa.

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito kayendedwe kaulendo

fefge

Pofuna kuyendetsa sitima zapamadzi, batani lapadera limaperekedwa, lomwe nthawi zambiri limayikidwa pa chiwongolero kapena pa switch yolumikizira. Njira yoyang'anira:

  • kuti muyambe kugwiritsa ntchito pamafunika kukanikiza batani "Cruise ON / OFF", ngati palibe padzakhala chithunzi cholemba "SET", kuyambitsa dongosolo. Kuti muzimitse "cruise", ingokanikiza the accelerator kapena brake pedal;
  • makiyi a "SET +" ndi "SET -" amakulolani kusintha liwiro laulendo powonjezera kapena kuchepa.

Kuwongolera maulendo amayenda mpaka liwiro la 200 km / h, ndiye kuti makinawo ndi olumala, ndipo woyendetsa amayendetsa galimoto. 

Kusamala

Chida chilichonse chowonjezera chomwe chimathandizira kuyendetsa galimoto chimakhala ndi zovuta zina. Ikhoza kulepheretsa kukhala maso kwa dalaivala. Sizikuletsedwa kugwiritsa ntchito chipangizocho:

  • Ice panjira;
  • Njira yonyowa;
  • Chifunga, mvula, matalala kapena usiku.
Kodi kuyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi chiyani?

Ngakhale mutakhala ndi Intelligent Cruise Control yaposachedwa m'galimoto yanu, sichilowa m'malo moyankha ndi kukhala tcheru. Komanso, nthawi zonse muyenera kupereka mwayi woti pakhale vuto pamakina amagetsi amgalimoto, zomwe zitha kubweretsa kulephera kwa zida.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Momwe mungapangire phokoso pamakandulo agalimoto

Ubwino ndi zovuta zowongolera

Ubwino wosatsimikizika wa makina othandizira oyendetsa awa ndi awa:

  • Mwayi woti dalaivala apumule panthawi yolemetsa pamsewu wowongoka;
  • Ngati dalaivala wasokonezedwa pang'ono poyendetsa, ndiye kuti maulendowa amasintha ndikutsata momwe galimoto ili kutsogolo;
  • Njirayi imagwirizanitsidwa ndi makina ndi makina;
  • Paulendo wautali, dongosololi limasunga mafuta pafupifupi 7%.
  • Zimazimitsa mwachangu - ingokanikiza mabuleki kapena kupindika njira yonse;
  • Kuchuluka chitetezo kutsogolo;
  • Ngati dalaivala atachotsa manja pa chiwongolero, makinawo amalepheretsanso.
Kodi kuyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi chiyani?

Monga dongosolo lina lililonse, kuwongolera maulendo apaulendo kuli ndi zovuta zake:

  • Makinawa amangogwira ntchito pamaulendo ataliatali;
  • Dalaivala amayesedwa kuti asokoneze kuyendetsa kwake (ngati mtundu wabwino wam'badwo waposachedwa waikidwa);
  • Kukonzekera kwamtengo wapatali kwa zigawo zina
  • Pakakhala zida zamagetsi zochulukirapo, mwayi wokhala wolakwitsa umakulanso;
  • Sangagwiritsidwe ntchito nyengo yovuta.

Kuwunikira makanema 

Kanemayo muphunzira zambiri za kayendetsedwe ka maulendo apanyanja, komanso zosintha zawo.

Kodi kayendedwe ka cruise ndi chiyani? Lingaliro ndi mfundo yantchito

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi cruise control ndi chiyani? Ndi wothandizira pakompyuta kwa dalaivala. Cholinga cha dongosololi ndikuwonetsetsa kuyenda kwa magalimoto pa liwiro lomwe laperekedwa. Pamene galimoto / njinga yamoto pang'onopang'ono, dongosolo kumawonjezera liwiro mpaka malire.

Kodi cruise control yamanja imagwira ntchito bwanji? Pankhaniyi, chingwe chowonjezera cha gasi ndi bulaketi zimayikidwa. Zinthuzi zimalola kuti dongosololi lizitha kusintha liwiro lagalimoto.

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