AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta

Zamkatimu

Mphamvu yosadukiza ndiyofunika kuposa kungoyambitsa sitata ndi kuyambitsa injini. Batiri limagwiritsidwanso ntchito pakuwunikira mwadzidzidzi, kuyendetsa kwa board momwe injini imazimitsidwa, komanso kuyendetsa kanthawi kochepa pomwe jenereta yatha. Mtundu wambiri wa batri womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto ndi asidi wotsogolera. Koma ali zosintha zingapo. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi AGM. Tiyeni tikambirane zosintha zamabatire awa, komanso kusiyana kwawo. Chofunika ndi chiyani ndi mtundu wa batri wa AGM?

Kodi AGM Battery Technology ndi chiyani?

Ngati timagawaniza mabatire, ndiye kuti amagawika m'mayendedwe osasamaliridwa. Gawo loyamba limaphatikizapo mabatire omwe ma electrolyte amasintha pakapita nthawi. Mwamaonekedwe, amasiyana ndi mtundu wachiwiri chifukwa amakhala ndi zivindikiro pamwamba pa chilichonse. Kudzera m'mabowo, kusowa kwa madzimadzi kumadzazidwanso. Mu mtundu wachiwiri wa mabatire, sikutheka kuwonjezera madzi osungunuka chifukwa cha kapangidwe kazinthu ndi zinthu zomwe zimachepetsa mapangidwe a thovu la mpweya mchidebecho.

Gulu lina la mabatire limakhudza mawonekedwe awo. Palinso mitundu iwiri ya iwo. Yoyamba ndiyoyambira, ndipo yachiwiri ndiyokopa. Mabatire oyambira ali ndi mphamvu yayikulu yoyambira ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyambitsa mainjini oyaka mkati. Batire lonyamula limasiyanitsidwa ndi kuthekera kwake kopereka magetsi kwa nthawi yayitali. Batiri yotere imayikidwa mgalimoto zamagetsi (komabe, iyi si galimoto yamagetsi yodzaza, koma makamaka magalimoto amagetsi a ana ndi ma wheelchair) ndi makina amagetsi omwe sagwiritsa ntchito magetsi oyambira pano. Ponena za magalimoto amagetsi athunthu monga Tesla, batire ya AGM imagwiritsidwanso ntchito mmenemo, koma monga maziko a board. Galimoto yamagetsi imagwiritsa ntchito batri lina. Kuti mumve zambiri zamomwe mungasankhire batri yoyenera pagalimoto yanu, werengani kubwereza kwina.

Batire ya AGM imasiyana ndi mnzake wakale chifukwa mlandu wake sungatsegulidwe mwanjira iliyonse, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ndi gulu lokhala opanda zosintha. Pofuna kupanga mabatire a AGM osasamalira, asayansi adakwanitsa kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa mpweya womwe umatulutsidwa kumapeto kwa kulipiritsa. Zotsatirazi zidatheka chifukwa chakuti ma electrolyte omwe ali mgululi ali ocheperako komanso olumikizana bwino ndi mbalezo.

AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta

Chodziwika bwino cha kusinthaku ndikuti chidebecho sichodzazidwa ndi ma elektroni aulere m'malo amadzimadzi, omwe amalumikizana molunjika ndi mbale za chipangizocho. Mbale yabwino ndi yoyipa imasiyanitsidwa ndi chinthu chopepuka chopyapyala (fiberglass ndi pepala lonyansa) chokhala ndi vuto la asidi.

Mbiri ya zochitika

Dzinalo AGM limachokera ku Chingerezi "absorbent glass mat", lomwe limamasulira ngati chinthu chomata chotsekera (chopangidwa ndi fiberglass). Ukadaulo womwewo udawonekera m'ma 70s azaka zapitazo. Kampani yomwe idalembetsa patent yachilendo ndi wopanga waku America Gates Rubber Co.

Lingaliro lenilenilo linachokera kwa wojambula zithunzi wina, yemwe amaganiza za momwe angachepetsere kuchuluka kwa kutulutsidwa kwa oxygen ndi haidrojeni kuchokera pamalo pafupi ndi mbale. Njira imodzi yomwe idabwera m'maganizo mwake idali kuyika maelekitirodi. Khalidwe ili limakupatsirani kusungika kwabwino kwa ma elektrolyte batire litatembenuzidwa.

Mabatire oyamba a AGM adachotsedwa pamsonkhano mu 1985. Kusinthidwa ichi makamaka ntchito ndege zankhondo. Kuphatikiza apo, magetsi awa adagwiritsidwa ntchito pamakina olumikizirana ndi matelefoni ndikuwonetsa makina omwe ali ndi magetsi.

AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta

Poyamba, mphamvu ya batri inali yaying'ono. Chizindikiro ichi chimasiyana pamitundu ya 1-30 a / h. Popita nthawi, chipangizocho chidalandira mphamvu zowonjezereka, kotero kuti kuyika kunatha kugwira ntchito kwakanthawi. Kuphatikiza pa magalimoto, batri lamtunduwu limagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi osadukiza ndi makina ena omwe amagwiritsa ntchito magetsi. Batire yaying'ono ya AGM itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamakompyuta a UPS.

Momwe ntchito

Batire lotsogola lotsogola-asidi limawoneka ngati mlandu, logawika m'magawo angapo (mabanki). Iliyonse ya iwo ili ndi mbale (zomwe amapangira ndizotsogolera). Amizidwa mu electrolyte. Madziwo amafunika kuphimba mbale nthawi zonse kuti zisagwe. Electrolyte yokha ndi yankho la madzi osungunuka ndi sulfuric acid (kuti mumve zambiri za zidulo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mabatire, werengani apa).

Pofuna kupewa mbale kuti zisalumikizane, pali magawano opangidwa ndi pulasitiki yayikulu pakati pawo. Zamakono zimapangidwa pakati pa mbale zabwino komanso zoyipa. Mabatire a AMG amasiyana ndi kusinthaku chifukwa zinthu zopangidwa ndi porous zopangidwa ndi electrolyte zili pakati pa mbale. Koma ma pores ake samadzazidwa kwathunthu ndi chinthu chogwira ntchito. Danga laulere ndi chipinda chamagesi chomwe chimatulutsa nthunzi yamadzi. Chifukwa cha izi, chosindikizidwa sichimathyola pomwe kulipiritsa kuli mkati (mukamayatsa batire yapakompyuta, ndikofunikira kuti mutsegule zisoti, chifukwa pamapeto pake thovu la mpweya limatha kusintha, ndipo chidebecho chimatha kupsinjika ).

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  Kodi mungasankhe bwanji mapulagi m'galimoto yanu?

Ponena za njira zamankhwala zomwe zimachitika m'mabatire awiriwa, ndizofanana. Kungoti mabatire omwe amapangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wa AGM amadziwika ndi kapangidwe kake ndi kukhazikika kwa magwiridwe antchito (safuna kuti eni ake azikweza ma electrolyte). M'malo mwake, iyi ndi batire lomweli lotsogolera-asidi, kokha chifukwa cha kapangidwe kabwino, zovuta zonse za analogue yamadzimadzi amachotsedwa mmenemo.

Chipangizo choyambirira chimagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo zotsatirazi. Pakadali pano magetsi, kuchuluka kwa ma electrolyte kumachepa. Zomwe zimachitika ndimankhwala zimachitika pakati pa mbale ndi ma electrolyte, zomwe zimapangitsa magetsi. Pamene ogula asankha ndalama zonse, njira yosungunulira mbale zotsogola imayamba. Sichingasinthidwe pokhapokha kuchuluka kwa ma elekitirodi kukawonjezeka. Ngati batri ngati iyi imayang'aniridwa, ndiye, chifukwa cha kuchepa kwake, madzi mumtsukowo amatenthedwa ndikungowira, zomwe zithandizira kuwonongeka kwa mbale zotsogola, chifukwa chake, patsogolo, ena amawonjezera asidi.

AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta

Ponena za kusinthidwa kwa AGM, saopa kutulutsidwa kwakukulu. Cholinga cha izi ndikupanga magetsi. Chifukwa cha kulumikizana kolimba kwa magalasi ophatikizidwa ndi ma electrolyte, ma mbale samasungunuka, ndipo madzi amzitini sawira. Chinthu chachikulu pakugwiritsira ntchito chipangizochi ndikuteteza kupitirira, komwe kumayambitsa mapangidwe owonjezera a gasi.

Muyenera kulipiritsa gwero lamagetsi motere. Nthawi zambiri, chizindikirocho chimakhala ndi malangizo a wopanga pama voltage ochepera komanso okwanira. Popeza batire yotereyi imakhudzidwa kwambiri ndikazipiritsa, izi muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito chojambulira chapadera, chomwe chimakhala ndi kusintha kwamagetsi. Ma charger amenewa amapereka ndalama zotchedwa "zoyandama", ndiye kuti magetsi amacheka. Choyamba, gawo limodzi mwa magawo anayi amagetsi amatchulidwa (pomwe kutentha kumayenera kukhala mkati mwa madigiri 35).

Pakompyuta yama charger itakonza ndalama zingapo (pafupifupi 2.45V pa cell), ma algorithm ochepetsa mphamvu amayamba. Izi zimatsimikizira kutha kwa njirayi, ndipo palibe kusintha kwa mpweya ndi haidrojeni. Ngakhale kusokonezeka pang'ono pantchitoyi kumatha kuchepetsa magwiridwe antchito a batri.

Batire ina ya AGM imafuna kugwiritsa ntchito mwapadera. Chifukwa chake, mutha kusunga zida m'malo aliwonse. Chodziwika bwino cha mabatire amtunduwu ndikuti amakhala ndi gawo lotsika lodzikanira. Kwa chaka chimodzi chosungira, kuthekera kumatha kutaya osapitilira 20 peresenti yamphamvu zake (bola ngati chipangizocho chidasungidwa m'chipinda chouma kutentha kotentha pamadigiri 5 mpaka 15).

Koma panthawi imodzimodziyo, m'pofunika kuti nthawi ndi nthawi muyang'ane kuchuluka kwake, kuwunika momwe zinthu ziliri ndi kuziteteza ku chinyezi ndi fumbi (izi zitha kupangitsa kuti chipangizocho chizipumira). Kuti muteteze mphamvu yamagetsi, ndikofunikira kupewa maseketi afupipafupi ndi ma voltage akudzidzimutsa mwadzidzidzi.

Chida cha batri cha AGM

Monga tawonera kale, mlandu wa AGM wasindikizidwa kwathunthu, chifukwa chake zinthu zotere ndizagulu la mitundu yopanda zosamalira. M'malo mophatikizana ndi pulasitiki, pali fiberglass mkati mwa thupi pakati pa mbale. Awa ndi olekanitsa kapena spacers. Izi sizilowerera magetsi komanso zimayenderana ndi zidulo. Ma pores ake ndi 95% odzaza ndi chinthu chogwira ntchito (electrolyte).

Fiberglass mulinso pang'ono zotayidwa kuchepetsa kukana mkati. Chifukwa cha ichi, chipangizocho chimatha kusungabe mwachangu ndikutulutsa mphamvu zikafunika.

Monga batiri wamba, kusinthidwa kwa AGM kumakhalanso ndi zitini zisanu ndi chimodzi kapena akasinja okhala ndi mbale imodzi. Gulu lirilonse limalumikizidwa ndi ma batire oyenera (abwino kapena olakwika). Banki iliyonse imatulutsa volt yama volts awiri. Kutengera mtundu wa batri, ma mbale sangakhale ofanana, koma okulungidwa. Pakapangidwe kameneka, batire limakhala ndi zitini zozungulira. Mtundu wa batri ndiwokhazikika komanso wosagwedezeka. Ubwino wina pakusintha kotere ndikuti kutulutsa kwawo kumatha kutulutsa osachepera 500, komanso kuchuluka kwa 900A (m'mabatire wamba, gawo ili lili mkati mwa 200A).

AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta
1) Pulagi ndi mavavu otetezera ndikuphimba ndi mpweya umodzi; 2) Wolimba komanso wamphamvu thupi ndi chivundikiro; 3) Kutchinga kwa mbale; 4) Theka-chipika cha mbale zoipa; 5) Wachisoni mbale; 6) Chingwe cholakwika; 7) Chidutswa cha zinthu zomwe zimalowa; 8) Zabwino mbale ndi olekanitsa fiberglass; 9) Zingwe zolondola; 10) Zabwino mbale; 11) Theka-chipika cha mbale zabwino.

Ngati tilingalira batire yaposachedwa, ndiye kuti kulipiritsa kumapangitsa kuti pakhale ma thovu ampweya pamwamba pa mbale. Chifukwa cha ichi, ma electrolyte samalumikizana kwambiri ndi lead, ndipo izi zimachepetsa magwiridwe antchito amagetsi. Palibe vuto lotere mu analogue yabwinoko, chifukwa galasi yamagalasi imathandizira kulumikizana kosalekeza kwa ma electrolyte ndi mbale. Pofuna kupewa mafuta ochulukirapo kuti asawonongeke chipangizocho (izi zimachitika pamene kubweza sikukuchitika moyenera), pali valavu mthupi kuti iwatulutse. Kuti mumve zambiri zamomwe mungapangire batiri bwino, werengani payokha.

Chifukwa chake, zomwe zidapangidwa ndi mabatire a AGM ndi awa:

  • Mlandu wotsekedwa ndi Hermetically (wopangidwa ndi pulasitiki wosagwiritsa ntchito asidi womwe umatha kupilira kugwedezeka kosalekeza ndikumagwedezeka pang'ono);
  • Mbale zolipiritsa zabwino ndi zoyipa (zimapangidwa ndi lead yoyera, yomwe ingaphatikizepo zowonjezera za silicon), zomwe zimalumikizidwa mofananira ndi malo omwe amatulutsa;
  • Microporous fiberglass;
  • Electrolyte (kudzaza 95% ya zinthu zopsereza);
  • Mavavu pochotsa owonjezera mpweya;
  • Malo abwino komanso olakwika.

Zomwe zikulepheretsa kufalikira kwa AGM

Malinga ndi kuyerekezera kwina, mabatire pafupifupi 110 miliyoni omwe amatha kuwonjezeredwa amapangidwa padziko lapansi pachaka. Ngakhale amachita bwino kwambiri poyerekeza ndi anzawo akale omwe amakhala ndi asidi, amakhala ndi gawo laling'ono pamsika wogulitsa. Pali zifukwa zingapo izi.

  1. Sikuti kampani iliyonse yopanga mabatire imapanga zamagetsi pogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo uwu;
  2. Mtengo wa mabatire otere ndiwokwera kwambiri kuposa mitundu yonse yazida (kwa zaka zitatu mpaka zisanu zogwira ntchito, sizikhala zovuta kuti woyendetsa galimoto atole madola mazana angapo kuti apeze batri yatsopano yamadzi). Nthawi zambiri amakhala okwera mtengo kawiri kapena kawiri ndi theka;
  3. Chida chofanana chimakhala cholemera kwambiri komanso chowoneka bwino kwambiri poyerekeza ndi analogue yakale, ndipo sikuti mtundu uliwonse wamagalimoto umakupatsani mwayi wokulitsa batiri pansi pake;
  4. Zipangizo zoterezi ndizovuta kwambiri pa charger, zomwe zimawononganso ndalama zambiri. Kutsatsa kwachikale kumatha kuwononga batiri ngati ili kwamaola ochepa;
  5. Osati woyesa aliyense amatha kudziwa momwe batire yotere ilili, chifukwa chake, kuti mugwiritse ntchito magetsi, muyenera kuyang'ana malo osungira apadera;
  6. Kuti jenereta atulutse mphamvu yofunikira pakutsitsiranso batire nthawi yogwira, makinawa amayeneranso kusinthidwa mgalimoto (kuti mumve zambiri za momwe jenereta amagwirira ntchito, werengani m'nkhani ina);
  7. Kuphatikiza pa zovuta zoyipa za chisanu, chipangizocho sichimalolanso kutentha kwakukulu. Chifukwa chake, chipinda chamajini chimayenera kukhala ndi mpweya wokwanira nthawi yachilimwe.
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  Momwe mungasinthire ma brake oyimika?

Zifukwa izi zimapangitsa oyendetsa galimoto kuganiza: kodi kuli koyenera kugula batiri lovuta chonchi, ngati mutha kugula zosintha ziwiri zosavuta ndalama zomwezo? Poganizira zofunikira pamsika, opanga sakhala pachiwopsezo chotulutsa zinthu zambiri zomwe zingangosonkhanitsa fumbi mosungira.

Mitundu yayikulu yamabatire a lead-acid

Popeza msika waukulu wamabatire ndi msika wamagalimoto, amasinthidwa makamaka kukhala magalimoto. Njira yayikulu yomwe magetsi amasankhidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa magetsi onse ndi zida zamagalimoto (gawo lomweli limagwira pakusankhidwa kwa jenereta). Popeza magalimoto amakono amagwiritsa ntchito zamagetsi zamagetsi zambiri, mitundu yambiri sinakhale ndi mabatire wamba.

Nthawi zina, mitundu yamadzi siyimatha kuthana ndi katundu wotere, ndipo zosintha za AGM zitha kuthana ndi izi bwino, chifukwa kuthekera kwawo kumatha kupitilira kawiri kapena katatu kuposa mphamvu yofananira nayo. Kuphatikiza apo, eni magalimoto amakono sali okonzeka kuwononga nthawi yogwiritsira ntchito magetsi (ngakhale safuna kukonza zambiri).

AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta

Galimoto yamakono imatha kugwiritsa ntchito mitundu iwiri yamabatire. Yoyamba ndi njira yopanda madzi. Amagwiritsa ntchito mbale za calcium m'malo mwa ma antimoni. Chachiwiri ndi chiwonetsero chomwe tachidziwa kale, chopangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wa AGM. Ena oyendetsa galimoto amasokoneza batri yamtunduwu ndi mabatire a gel. Ngakhale amawoneka ofanana mawonekedwe, alidi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yazida. Werengani zambiri zamabatire a gel apa.

Monga fanizo labwino la batri wamadzi, pali zosintha zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wa EFB pamsika. Awa ndimagetsi omwewo amtundu wa lead-acid, kungoti ateteze kuphatikizika kwa mbale zowonjezera, zimakulungidwa ndi phulusa komanso poliyesitala. Izi zimawonjezera moyo wautumiki wa batri wamba.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mabatire a AGM

Mabatire a AGM nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto zokhala ndi makina oyambira / kuyimitsa, chifukwa ali ndi mphamvu zochititsa chidwi poyerekeza ndi zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi. Koma msika wamagalimoto siwo malo okha momwe zosintha za AGM zimagwiritsidwira ntchito.

Machitidwe osiyanasiyana odziyendetsa okha nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mabatire a AGM kapena GEL. Monga tanenera kale, mabatire otere amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati gwero lamagetsi pamagudumu oyenda okha komanso magalimoto amagetsi a ana. Mulimonsemo, kuyika magetsi ndi magetsi osadukaduka asanu ndi amodzi, 12 kapena 24 volts kumatha kutenga mphamvu pachida ichi.

Chizindikiro chofunikira chomwe mungadziwire batri yomwe mungagwiritse ntchito ndikuchita bwino. Zosintha zamadzimadzi sizigwirizana bwino ndi katundu wotere. Chitsanzo cha izi ndi magwiridwe antchito amawu m'galimoto. Batiri lamadzi limatha kuyambitsa injini mosamala kangapo, ndipo chojambulira chawailesi chiziwulutsa m'maola angapo (za momwe mungagwirizanitsire chojambulira ndi wailesi, werengani payokha), ngakhale magwiritsidwe amagetsi amtunduwu ndi osiyana kwambiri. Pachifukwa ichi, magetsi akale amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyambira.

Ubwino wa batri la AGM ndi ukadaulo

Monga tanenera kale, kusiyana pakati pa AGM ndi mabatire achikale kumangopangidwa. Tiyeni tione ubwino ndi kusinthidwa bwino.

AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta
  1. Osawopa kutulutsidwa kwakukulu. Batire iliyonse siyimalekerera kutuluka kwamphamvu, ndipo pazosintha zina izi zimangowononga. Pankhani yamagetsi wamba, kuthekera kwawo kumakhudzidwa kwambiri ndikutulutsidwa pafupipafupi pansi pa 50 peresenti. Ndizosatheka kusunga batri mderali. Malinga ndi mitundu ya AGM, amalekerera pafupifupi 20% yowonjezera mphamvu popanda vuto lililonse poyerekeza ndi mabatire akale. Ndiye kuti, kutulutsa mobwerezabwereza mpaka 30 peresenti sikungakhudze magwiridwe antchito a batri.
  2. Osawopa malo otsetsereka olimba. Chifukwa chakuti batiri limasindikizidwa, ma electrolyte samatsanulira mchidebecho akatembenuza. Zomwe zimayamwa zimalepheretsa zinthu zogwirira ntchito kuyenda mosavutikira motengera mphamvu yokoka. Komabe, batriyo siyenera kusungidwa kapena kuyendetsedwa mozondoka. Chifukwa cha ichi ndikuti pamalowo, kuchotsa kwachilengedwe mpweya wochuluka kudzera mu valavu sikungatheke. Mavavu otayira adzakhala pansi, ndipo mpweya wokha (mapangidwe ake ndiwotheka ngati njira yolipira yaphwanyidwa - kubweza kapena kugwiritsa ntchito chida chomwe chimapereka magesi olakwika) kusunthira mmwamba.
  3. Kukonza kwaulere. Ngati batire imagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto, ndiye kuti njira yobwezeretsanso voliyumu ya electrolyte siyotopetsa komanso yosavulaza. Zivindikiro za zitini zikasafufutidwa, mpweya wa sulfuric acid umatuluka mchidebecho pang'ono. Pazifukwa izi, kutumiziranso mabatire achikale (kuphatikizapo kuwalipiritsa, popeza panthawiyi mabanki ayenera kukhala otseguka) ayenera kukhala pamalo ampweya wabwino. Ngati batri imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo okhala, ndiye kuti chida choterocho chiyenera kuchotsedwa pamalo kuti chikonzedwe. Pali makina amagetsi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mabatire ambiri. Poterepa, magwiridwe antchito ndi kukonza m'chipinda chatsekedwa ndiwowopsa kuumoyo wa anthu, chifukwa chake, Zikatero, mabatire omwe amapangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wa AGM amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Electrolyte imasanduka nthunzi mwa iwo pokhapokha ngati njira yolipirira iphwanyidwa, ndipo safunikira kuthandizidwa m'moyo wonse wogwira ntchito.
  4. Osatengera sulfation ndi dzimbiri. Popeza maelekitirodi saphika kapena amasanduka nthunzi nthawi yogwira ntchito komanso kulipiritsa koyenera, mbale za chipangizocho zimalumikizana nthawi zonse ndi chinthu chogwirira ntchito. Chifukwa cha izi, njira zowonongera magetsi sizimachitika. Kupatula ndiko kubweza komweko kolakwika, pomwe kusinthanso kwa mpweya wosinthika ndi kutuluka kwa mpweya wa electrolyte kumasokonezeka.
  5. Osawopa kugwedezeka. Mosasamala kanthu momwe batire ilili, ma electrolyte amalumikizana nthawi zonse ndi mbale, popeza fiberglass imakanikizidwa molimba pamwamba pake. Chifukwa cha izi, kugwedera pang'ono kapena kugwedeza sikungayambitse kuphwanya kukhudzana kwa zinthu izi. Pachifukwa ichi, mabatirewa amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala pamagalimoto omwe nthawi zambiri amayenda m'malo ovuta.
  6. Kukhazikika kwambiri kutentha kozama komanso kotsika. Palibe madzi aulere mu batire ya AGM, yomwe imatha kuundana (nthawi ya crystallization, madziwo amakula, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala chifukwa chazinyumba zanyumba) kapena zimasanduka nthunzi panthawi yogwira ntchito. Pachifukwa ichi, mtundu wamagetsi wamagetsi umakhalabe wolimba pamafunde a -70 madigiri ndi kutentha kwa +40 madigiri Celsius. Zowona, nyengo yozizira, kutulutsa kumachitika mwachangu ngati mabatire achikale.
  7. Amalipira mwachangu ndipo amapereka mafunde apamwamba munthawi yochepa. Gawo lachiwiri ndilofunikira kwambiri poyambira kozizira kwa injini yoyaka yamkati. Mukamagwira ntchito komanso kulipiritsa, zida zotere sizitentha kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo: potchaja batire wamba, pafupifupi 20% yamagetsi amasandulika kutentha, pomwe mitundu ya AGM ili mkati mwa 4%.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Thorsen: mibadwo, zida ndi njira yogwirira ntchito

Zoyipa zama batri a AGM

Ngakhale maubwino angapo otere, mabatire amtundu wa AGM amakhalanso ndi zovuta zina, chifukwa zida zake sizinagwiritsidwe ntchito kwambiri. Mndandandawu muli zinthu monga izi:

  1. Ngakhale opanga ena ayambitsa kupanga zinthu zoterezi, mtengo wake ndiwokwera kawiri kuposa analogue wakale. Pakadali pano, ukadaulo sunalandirebe zolondola zomwe zingachepetse mtengo wazogulitsa osasokoneza magwiridwe ake.
  2. Kukhalapo kwa zida zowonjezera pakati pa mbale kumapangitsa mapangidwe kukhala okulirapo komanso nthawi yomweyo kulemera poyerekeza ndi mabatire amadzi ofanana.
  3. Kuti mulipire bwino chipangizocho, mukufunikira charger yapadera, yomwe imafunanso ndalama zabwino.
  4. Njira yoyendetsa iyenera kuyang'aniridwa kuti iteteze kuchuluka kwamagetsi kapena magetsi olakwika. Komanso chipangizochi chimawopa kwambiri maseketi afupikitsa.

Monga mukuwonera, mabatire a AGM alibe zinthu zambiri zoyipa, koma izi ndi zifukwa zazikulu zomwe oyendetsa magalimoto samayesera kuzigwiritsa ntchito mgalimoto yawo. Ngakhale m'malo ena samangobwezerezedwanso. Chitsanzo cha izi ndi magulu akuluakulu amagetsi okhala ndi magetsi osasunthika, malo osungira oyendetsedwa ndi ma solar, ndi zina zambiri.

Pamapeto pa kuwunikaku, timapereka kufanizitsa kwakanthawi kakanema kosintha ma batri atatu:

YA # 26: EFB, GEL, AGM zabwino ndi zoyipa zama batri amgalimoto!

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa AGM ndi batire yanthawi zonse? AGM ndiyolemera kwambiri kuchokera ku batri wamba wa asidi. Ndi tcheru kuchulutsa, muyenera kulipira ndi mtengo wapadera. Mabatire a AGM sakukonza.

Chifukwa chiyani mukufunikira batri ya AGM? Mphamvu imeneyi sikutanthauza kukonza, choncho ndi yabwino kugwiritsa ntchito pa magalimoto akunja. Mapangidwe a batri amalola kuti akhazikike molunjika (chosindikizidwa).

Kodi chizindikiro cha AGM pa batri chimatanthauza chiyani? Ndichidule chaukadaulo wamakono wa lead acid power supply (Absorber Glass Mat). Batire ili m'kalasi lomwelo ndi mnzake wa gel.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » Zida zamagetsi zamagalimoto » AGM batri - ukadaulo, zabwino ndi zovuta

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