axle reducer

Zamkatimu

Kodi drive yomaliza ndi chiyani?

Zida zazikulu ndizoyendetsa galimoto, yomwe imasintha, kugawa ndi kutumiza makokedwe kumagudumu oyendetsa. Kutengera kapangidwe ndi magawidwe azida zamagulu awiriwo, kutsekeka komaliza ndi mawonekedwe othamanga atsimikizika. Chifukwa chiyani timafunikira kusiyanasiyana, ma satelayiti, ndi magawo ena a gearbox - tikambirana zambiri.

Momwe ntchito 

Mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito kusiyanasiyana: pomwe galimoto ikuyenda, injini imasintha makokedwe omwe amapezeka pa flywheel, ndipo kudzera pa clutch kapena torque converter imatumizidwa ku gearbox, kenako kudzera mu shaft propeller kapena helical gear (kutsogolo-wheel drive), pamapeto pake makokedwewo amapatsira awiriwo ndi mawilo. Chikhalidwe chachikulu cha GP (main pair) ndi chiŵerengero cha zida. Mawuwa amatanthauza chiŵerengero cha kuchuluka kwa mano a zida zazikulu ku shank kapena zida zama helical. Zambiri: ngati kuchuluka kwa mano a zida zamagalimoto ndi mano 9, oyendetsedwa ndi 41, ndiye pogawaniza 41: 9 timapeza magawano a 4.55, omwe pagalimoto yonyamula imapereka mwayi pakufulumizitsa komanso kutengera, koma zimakhudza liwiro lalikulu. Pama motors amphamvu, mtengo wovomerezeka wovomerezeka ungasiyane kuchokera ku 2.1 mpaka 3.9. 

Masiyanidwe ogwira ntchito:

  • makokedwewo amaperekedwa kwa zida zoyendetsa, zomwe, chifukwa cha kusungunuka kwa mano, zimasamutsira ku zida zoyendetsedwa;
  • zida zoyendetsedwa ndi chikho, chifukwa cha kusinthasintha, zimapangitsa ma satelayiti kugwira ntchito;
  • ma satelayiti amatha kufalitsa mphindiyo theka-chitsulo chogwira matayala;
  • ngati kusiyanako kuli kwaulere, ndiye kuti ndi katundu yunifolomu pa shaft shaft, makokedwewo adzagawidwa 50:50, pomwe ma satelayiti sagwira ntchito, koma amazungulira limodzi ndi zida, kufotokoza kusinthasintha kwake;
  • potembenuka, komwe gudumu limadzaza, chifukwa cha zida za bevel, shaft imodzi imazungulira mwachangu, inayo ikuchedwa.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Malangizo 7 ogulira galimoto yamagetsi yomwe idagwiritsidwa ntchito

Final galimoto chipangizo

chipangizo chakumbuyo

Mbali zazikulu za GPU ndi chida chosiyanitsira:

  • giya wamagalimoto - amatenga makokedwe molunjika kuchokera ku gearbox kapena kudzera mu cardan;
  • zoyendetsa - zimalumikiza GP ndi ma satelayiti;
  • chonyamulira - thupi la ma satelayiti;
  • magiya dzuwa;
  • ma satelayiti.

Gulu la zoyendetsa zomaliza

Pakukweza makampani azamagalimoto, kusiyanasiyana kumakonzedwa mosalekeza, mtundu wazida zikukwera, komanso kudalirika kwa chipangizocho.

Mwa kuchuluka kwa magulu awiri achitetezo

  • single (tingachipeze powerenga) - wagawo tichipeza galimoto ndi zida lotengeka;
  • awiri - awiri magiya amagwiritsidwa ntchito, pomwe gulu lachiwiri lili pamakina oyendetsa magudumu. Chiwembu chofananira chimangogwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto ndi mabasi kuti chiwonjezere kuchuluka kwamagiya.

Ndi mtundu wa kulumikizana kwa zida

  • cylindrical - amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto oyenda kutsogolo komwe kuli magalimoto oyenda, magiya amtundu wama helikopita ndi mtundu wa chevron wamagwiritsidwe ntchito;
  • chozungulira - makamaka choyendetsa kumbuyo, komanso chitsulo chakutsogolo cha galimoto yoyendetsa yonse;
  • hypoid - nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pagalimoto zoyenda kumbuyo

Mwa mawonekedwe

  • mu gearbox (yoyendetsa kutsogolo-gudumu yokhala ndi mota yopingasa), magulu awiriwo ndi kusiyanasiyana kwake kumakhala munyumba yamagiya oyendetsera ma gear, ma helical ndi helical kapena chevron;
  • mnyumba yokhayokha kapena malo osungira axle - ogwiritsidwira ntchito poyendetsa kumbuyo ndi magalimoto oyendetsa onse, komwe kutumiza kwa torque kupita ku gearbox kumafalikira kudzera mu shaft propeller.

Zovuta zazikulu

ma satelayiti osiyanasiyana
  • Kulephera kwa masiyanidwe - m'mabokosi amiyendo, mayendedwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti athe kusiyanitsa. Ili ndiye gawo lotetezedwa kwambiri lomwe limagwira ntchito pansi pazovuta zambiri (kuthamanga, kutsika kwa kutentha). Ma roller odzigudubuza kapena mipira ikavala, chovalacho chimatulutsa phokoso, lomwe limakweza molingana ndi kuthamanga kwa galimoto. Kunyalanyaza kusintha kwakanthawi kwa zonyamulirako kukuwopseza kupanikizana kwamagiya a gulu lalikulu, pambuyo pake - m'malo mwa msonkhano wonse, kuphatikiza ma satelay ndi ma shafa;
  • kuyambitsa mano a GP ndi ma satelayiti. Malo opaka matayalawo amatha kuvala, ndimakilomita zikwi zana lililonse othamanga, mano a awiriwa afufutidwa, kusiyana pakati pawo kumakulirakulira, komwe kumabweretsa kugwedezeka komanso kunjenjemera. Pachifukwa ichi, kusintha kwa cholumikizira kumaperekedwa, chifukwa chowonjezera ma spacer washer;
  • kudula mano a GP ndi ma satelayiti - kumachitika ngati nthawi zambiri mumayamba ndikutuluka;
  • kunyambita gawo la spline pazitsulo zamagetsi ndi ma satelayiti - kuvala kwachilengedwe malinga ndi mtunda wa galimoto;
  • kutembenuza chitsulo chogwira matayala kutsinde - kumabweretsa chakuti galimoto iliyonse zida adzaima, ndi gearbox adzazungulira;
  • kutayikira kwamafuta - mwina chifukwa chakuchulukirachulukira kwa crankcase chifukwa chakupuma kotsekedwa kapena chifukwa chodontha kwa chivundikirocho.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Momwe ntchitoyi imagwirira ntchito

ma satelayiti osiyanasiyana

Bokosi lamagetsi silimathandizika kawirikawiri, nthawi zambiri chilichonse chimangokhala pakusintha mafuta. Paulendo wopitilira 150 km, mwina pangafunike kusintha mayendedwe, komanso malo olumikizirana pakati pa zoyendetsa ndi zoyendetsa. Posintha mafuta, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuyeretsa zinyalala (tchipisi tating'ono) ndi dothi. Sikoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito kuthamangitsidwa kwa chitsulo chochepetsera, ndikwanira kugwiritsa ntchito malita awiri a mafuta a dizilo, lolani kuti mayendedwe azithamanga kwambiri.

Malangizo amomwe mungatalitsire magwiridwe antchito a GPU ndikusiyanitsa:

  • sinthani mafuta munthawi yake, ndipo ngati mawonekedwe anu akuyendetsa masewera, galimoto imapilira katundu wambiri (kuyendetsa mwachangu, kunyamula katundu);
  • Posintha wopanga mafuta kapena kusintha mamasukidwe akayendedwe, tsutsani bokosi lamagetsi;
  • pamene mileage yapitilira 200 km, tikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito zowonjezera. Chifukwa chiyani mukufunikira zowonjezera - molybdenum disulfide, monga gawo lazowonjezera, zimakuthandizani kuti muchepetse kukangana kwa ziwalo, chifukwa chake kutentha kumachepa, mafuta amakhalabe ndi nthawi yayitali. Kumbukirani kuti awiriwa atatopa kwambiri, sizipanga nzeru kugwiritsa ntchito zowonjezera;
  • pewani kuterera.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

giya yayikulu ndi chiyani? Zida zazikulu ndi gawo la magalimoto otumizira (magiya awiri: kuyendetsa ndi kuyendetsa), omwe amasintha makokedwe ndikusamutsa kuchokera ku mota kupita ku gwero lagalimoto.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa drive yomaliza ndi yosiyana? Zida zazikulu ndi gawo la bokosi la gear lomwe ntchito yake ndi kusamutsa torque ku mawilo, ndipo kusiyana kumafunika kuti mawilo akhale ndi liwiro lawo lozungulira, mwachitsanzo, akamakona.

Kodi cholinga cha giya yayikulu pakupatsirana ndi chiyani? Bokosi la gear limalandira torque kuchokera ku flywheel ya injini kudzera pa dengu la clutch. Magiya oyamba kwambiri mu gearbox ndiye chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakutembenuza koyenda kupita ku gwero lagalimoto.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
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