Kodi mpope wamagalimoto ndi chiyani?

Zamkatimu

Ma pump hydraulic amagwiritsidwa ntchito munjira zina zofunikira kwambiri zamagalimoto. Chifukwa cha iwo, ma braking system, chiwongolero ndi machitidwe ena ofunikira pakuyendetsa galimoto atha kugwira ntchito popanda zosokoneza, ndipo galimoto - popanda kuwonongeka.

Kodi mpope hayidiroliki ndi chiyani?

Popanda mpope wama hayidiroliki, chiwongolero sichingayende mosavuta
Ngati mudayendetsa galimoto popanda chiwongolero chamagetsi, mukudziwa momwe zimakhalira zovuta kutembenuza chiwongolero, makamaka pamayendedwe ochepa. Mwamwayi, magalimoto omwe timayendetsa lero alibe mavuto ngati awa ndipo chiwongolero chimazungulira mosavuta komanso popanda mavuto chifukwa cha ... mpope wama hayidiroliki.

Kodi ntchito?
Nthawi iliyonse yomwe mutembenuza chiwongolero chagalimoto yanu, ma hydraulic pump amapereka madzi (hayidiroliki) atapanikizika ndi ndodo yoyendetsa. Popeza ndodoyo imamangiriridwa ku chiwongolero chonse komanso magiya oyendetsa magudumuwo, ndizotheka kutembenuza chiwongolero popanda vuto ndikupangitsa kuyendetsa kukhala kosavuta.

Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito poyimitsa hayidiroliki
Kuyimitsidwa kwa hayidiroliki ndi mtundu wa kuyimitsidwa komwe kumagwiritsa ntchito zoyimira zokha. Kuyimitsidwa kotereku kumayang'aniridwa ndi gulu loyang'ana mkati mwagalimoto, koma koposa zonse, kuyimitsidwa kodziyimira pawokha kumagwiritsa ntchito mapampu amadzimadzi kuti achulukitse ndikuchepetsa kuthamanga.

Mpope hayidiroliki ndi chiyani?
Nthawi zambiri, mpope uwu ndi mtundu wa chida chomwe chimasinthira mphamvu zamagetsi kukhala mphamvu yamagetsi. Ikagwira ntchito, imagwira ntchito ziwiri nthawi imodzi:

ChoyambaKuchita kwake kumapangitsa kuti pakhale polowera, komwe kumalola kuthamanga kwamlengalenga kukakamiza madzi kuchokera mu thankiyo kupita pampu.
ChachiwiriApanso, chifukwa cha kupsinjika kwamakina, mpopeyo umatulutsa timadzi timeneti ndi kukakakamiza kuti "idutse" kudzera pama hydraulic system kuti igwire ntchito yake.
Mwa kapangidwe, mapampu amadzimadzi amagawika m'mitundu ingapo yayikulu:

  • Zida mapampu
  • Lamellar mapampu
  • Ofananira pisitoni mapampu
  • Pisitoni yoyenda mapampu
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire
Kodi mpope wamagalimoto ndi chiyani?

Chifukwa chiyani mapampu amadzimadzi amalephera kwambiri?

  • Mkulu katundu - katundu wapa mpope atakwera kwambiri, sungagwire bwino ntchito, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kinking kapena kusweka kwa shaft yolowera, kubereka mavuto ndi ena.
  • Dzimbiri - Pakapita nthawi, dzimbiri limatha kukula pampope, ndikupangitsa mavuto achitsulo ndi mavuto ampope.
  • Kuperewera kwa madzi - ngati mulibe madzi okwanira pampopu (mulingo wochepa kuposa momwe zimakhalira) kapena ma payipi sanakule molondola ndipo samapereka madzi abwino, izi zitha kuwononga mpope
  • Kupsinjika - makina osinthira asinthidwa. Ma pump a hydraulic samapanga zipsinjo, amapangitsa kuyenda ndikulimbana ndi kukakamizidwa. Pamene kupanikizika m'dongosolo kukupitirira kapangidwe ka mpope, kumawonongeka
  • Kupukuta - pakapita nthawi, madziwo amakhala owonongeka ndipo sangathe kugwira ntchito zake. Ngati hayidiroliki yamadzimadzi singasinthe pakapita nthawi, madipozowo amatha kuchuluka pakapita nthawi ndikusokoneza magwiridwe antchito a mpope ndikusiya kugwira ntchito moyenera.


Kodi mpope wama hydraulic uyenera kusintha liti?


Nkhani yabwino ndiyakuti mapampu oyambira a hydraulic ndiosavuta komanso olimba pakupanga ndipo amatha zaka. Nthawiyo ikafika zimatengera zinthu zingapo monga mawonekedwe oyendetsa, kuyendetsa mwamphamvu, mtundu wama pampu ndi mtundu, ndi zina zambiri, ndi zina zambiri.

Hayidiroliki mpope mavuto

Zizindikiro zosonyeza kufunika kosinthira mpope:

  • Potembenuka, galimotoyo imawoneka ngati ikukayikakayika ndi kutembenukira mbali imodzi
  • Kumveka kosazolowereka monga kugogoda ndi likhweru kumamveka potembenuka
  • Utsogoleri umakhala wovuta kwambiri
  • Valavu yamapampu imasiya kugwira ntchito moyenera komanso molondola
  • Pali mafuta kapena ma hydraulic fluid omwe amatuluka

Kukonza mpope wama hayidiroliki


Ngakhale, monga tanenera, pampu iyi ili ndi kapangidwe kosavuta, ngati mulibe chidziwitso chaukadaulo, yankho labwino kwambiri kwa inu ndikupempha thandizo kwa amakaniko oyenerera kuti azindikire ndi kukonza vutolo. Ngati vuto silokulira, ndiye kuti mpope ukhoza kukonzedwa ndikuthandizidwa kwakanthawi, koma ngati vutolo ndi lalikulu, mpope uyenera kusinthidwa.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kutuluka kwachisokonezo

Ngati mukuganiza kuti muli ndi chidziwitso ndipo mukufuna kuyesa, nazi momwe mungakonzere pampu yanu yoyendetsa nokha.

Musanayambe kukonza, ndibwino kuti muwone kuchuluka kwa madzimadzi mu thanki ndikukwera pang'ono. Chifukwa chiyani? Nthawi zina, poyang'ana, zimapezeka kuti mpope uli woyenera, ndipo samakhala ndi madzi okwanira, omwe amasokoneza magwiridwe antchito ake.

Ngati vutoli silimadzimadzi, ndiye kuti kukonza kuyenera kuyamba.

Njira zoyambira kukonza mpope wama hydraulic pa chiwongolero:

  • Kugula magawo nthawi zambiri kumakhala vuto ndi mayendedwe, ma washer kapena zisindikizo zamafuta, koma ngati simukufuna kulakwitsa, ndibwino kugula mpope wonse.
  • Zida - konzani ma wrenche ndi ma screwdriver, malamba omangirira, chidebe ndi payipi yotulutsa madzi kuchokera mosungira, chiguduli choyera chopukutira, chikatoni choyera, sandpaper yopyapyala
  • Pofuna kukonza, mpope uyenera kusokonezedwa. Kuti muchite izi, pezani pomwe ilipo, kumasula pang'ono bolt kuti muteteze ku kontena
  • Gwiritsani ntchito payipi kukhetsa madzi a hydraulic kuchokera pampu
  • Tsegulani ndikuchotsa mabatani onse ndi ma payipi olumikizidwa pampu ndikuchotsa
  • Sambani bwino mpopewo kuchokera ku dothi ndi mafuta onamatira. Pukutani ndi nsalu yoyera mpaka mutsimikizire kuti ndi yoyera mokwanira kuti muyambe kutulutsa.
  • Chotsani chosungira chosungira mphete
  • Masulani zomangira zomwe zili pachikuto chakumbuyo
  • Disassemble zigawo zonse mpope mosamala. Chotsani zigawozo m'modzi m'modzi, kukumbukira kuziwerenga ndi kuziyika padera kuti musalakwitse mukaziyika.
  • Onetsetsani ziwalo zonse mosamala ndikupaka mopepuka ndi sandpaper.
  • Yenderani zida zosalongosoka za pampu ndikuyika zina zosalongosoka ndi zatsopano.
  • Sonkhanitsani pampu mobwerezabwereza.
  • Bwezerani m'malo mwake, gwirizaninso ma hoses onse, onetsetsani kuti mwamangitsa mabatani onse ndi mtedza molondola, ndikudzaza ndimadzimadzi.
  • Mukapambana, muli ndi pampu yama hayidiroliki yogwira bwino ntchito.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi ndalama yosamutsira ndi chiyani?
Kodi mpope wamagalimoto ndi chiyani?

Ngati, mutachotsa mpope wama hayidiroliki, zikuwoneka kuti pali magawo ambiri oti asinthidwe, ingowonjezerani ina yatsopano. Ngati mwasankha kuchita izi, muyenera kukhala osamala posankha kwanu.

Khalani ndi nthawi yoyang'ana mitundu yosiyanasiyana, kuti muwone ngati ikugwirizana ndi mtundu wamagalimoto anu, ndipo ngati zikukuvutani kusankha nokha, funsani wopanga magalimoto kuti akuthandizeni uphungu kapena funsani makaniko woyenerera kapena wogwira ntchito m'sitolo yamagalimoto.

Sankhani ndikugula mosamala m'masitolo apadera omwe mwina amapereka ziwalo zabwino zamagalimoto. Mwanjira iyi, mutha kukhala otsimikiza kuti pampu yatsopano yomwe mwaika mgalimoto yanu ndiyabwino kwambiri ndipo ikutumikirani kwa zaka zikubwerazi.

Mpope ndi gawo lofunikira pa braking system
Mwina imodzi yamapampu ofunikira m'galimoto ndi yomwe ili mu silinda yamagalimoto. Cylinder ichi chimakakamiza kukankhira madzimadzi a mabuleki kupyola pamizere yolumikizira mpaka kwa omwe ananyema kuti galimoto iime bwinobwino.

Pampu yama hydraulic mu silinda iyi imapanga mphamvu zofunikira (kukakamiza) kulola oyendetsa mabuleki kuyendetsa ma disc ndi ma pads kuti ayimitse galimotoyo. Poterepa, mpope wama hayidiroliki umagwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri pakugwira bwino ntchito kwa mabuleki agalimoto.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi ma hydraulics ndi chiyani m'mawu osavuta? Iyi ndi njira yomwe imasamutsa mphamvu kuchokera pagalimoto kupita ku actuator (pedal - brake caliper) kudzera pamzere wotsekedwa wodzaza ndi madzimadzi ogwirira ntchito.

Kodi makina a hydraulic ndi chiyani? Chigawo choterechi chimatha kusuntha madzi kapena gasi ndipo nthawi yomweyo chimatulutsa mphamvu chifukwa cha zomwe zimasunthidwa pacholowa chake (mwachitsanzo, chosinthira makokedwe mumayendedwe odziwikiratu).

Kodi makina a hydraulic ndi chiyani? Makina a Hydraulic okhala ndi masamba kapena mbale, okhala ndi ma radial-plunger kapena axial-plunger mechanism, hydraulic motor, torque converter, screw supercharger, hydraulic cylinder.

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