Vani ndi chiyani

Zamkatimu

Mu 1896, apainiya awiri ogulitsa magalimoto adayamba mutu wofunika kwambiri m'mbiri yamagalimoto. Chaka chino, galimoto yoyamba yapadziko lonse yochokera ku Daimler, Motoren-Gesellschaft, idaperekedwa kwa kasitomala ku London.

Vani ndi chiyani

Galimotoyi inali ndi injini yamagetsi yamagetsi awiri a Phoenix yomwe idapanga liwiro lalikulu la ma 7 mamailosi pa ola limodzi ndipo inali ndi malipiro a 1500 kg. Pali mafunso ambiri okhudza ngati galimotoyo inali galimoto kapena galimoto, koma malinga ndi miyezo yathu masiku ano, ndiye kuti galimoto ingathe kunyamula.

Chaka chomwecho, Karl Benz adapanga galimoto yofanana ndi van yomwe idamangidwa pa chassis cha chonyamula chake chomwe adapanga. Ankagwiritsidwa ntchito popereka katundu ku sitolo ina ku Paris.

M'malo mwake, munali m'ma 1950 ndi 60 okha pomwe opanga zazikuluzikulu adayamba kupanga, kupanga ndikupanga ma vane omwe tikudziwa masiku ano, ambiri omwe akupangidwabe.

Mwachitsanzo, Volkswagen Type 2 (T1), yomwe idatulutsidwa mu 1950, inali m'badwo woyamba wamaveni a VW Transporter. Mtundu wamagalimotowu ukupangidwabe mpaka pano ndipo tsopano wafika poti iwuzenso T6.

Pakadali pano, Ford yoyamba kuvala baji yotchuka ya "Transit" inali galimoto yomwe idamangidwa pamalo opangira makina ku Cologne mu 1953. Komabe, van iyi sinatumizedwe kwambiri ndipo dzina la "Mark 1" limagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pagalimoto yaku Britain Ford Transit yopangidwa pakati pa 1965 ndi 1978. 

Vani ndi chiyani

Galimoto ndi mtundu wofala kwambiri wamagalimoto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyamula makamaka katundu kapena anthu. Nthawi zambiri imakhala pafupifupi cubic, yayitali komanso yayitali kuposa magalimoto koma yaying'ono kuposa magalimoto. Zotchinga katundu nthawi zambiri zimayikidwa kuseri kwa mipando yakutsogolo yamaveni ambiri kuti zisawonongeke zovulala zomwe zimabwera chifukwa chotsitsidwa mwadzidzidzi pagalimoto kapena rollover yonyamula. Nthawi zina zitseko zimakhala ndi zotchinga zomwe zimalola oyendetsa kudutsa m'galimotoyo. Mawu oti "galimoto" yamagalimoto adawoneka ngati otsutsana ndi "karavani". Malinga ndi tanthauzo loyambirira la vani, ndi ngolo yokutidwa yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyamula katundu.

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Magalimoto amenewa si akale. Komabe, anthu ambiri amasankha kugula maveni popeza amapereka malo ambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuyenda kuyenda bwino komanso njira zoyendera zosavutikira. Iyi ndi galimoto yabwino yamabanja akulu. Pali maveni ambiri pamsika kutengera zosowa za ogula: galimoto yathunthu, galimoto yonyamula anthu, minibus ndi ena ambiri. Maveni ena otchuka omwe amatha kuwona m'misewu pompano ndi Nissan Quest LE, Toyota Sienna XLE, Subaru 360 van.

Van: mawonekedwe apadera 

Vani ndi chiyani

Ngati munthu sadziwa zambiri zamagalimoto, koma akufuna kumvetsetsa galimoto pafupi ndi iye kapena galimoto wamba, ndikwanira kuti mumvetse momwe kapangidwe kake ndi mawonekedwe amtunduwu wamagalimoto amachokera.

Galimoto

Ngati banja lanu lili ndi sedan yokhazikika, ngolo yamagalimoto kapena hatchback, ndiye kuti iyi ndi galimoto yonyamula.

Magalimoto ali ndi mipando yokhazikika kapena yopinda kumapeto, mawindo ndi zitseko zonyamula anthu, ndi ziboda zomwe zimakwera kuchokera pansi.

Van

Galimoto imawerengedwa ngati galimoto ngati ili ndi imodzi kapena zingapo mwa izi:

1. Malo opitilira asanu ndi atatu

2. Malo agalimoto awiri (malo osiyana oyendetsa ndi okwera kumbuyo kwa galimoto)

3. Katundu wonyamula kumbuyo, wopangidwira kunyamula katundu (wopanda kapena denga)

4. Ngati makina alibe mawindo kumbuyo kwake

5. Ngati galimoto itanyamula zonse kuposa 1000 kg

6. Ngati cholinga chake choyambirira chinali malonda komanso zoweta

Kulemba

Ma Vans tsopano akutchuka kwambiri mdziko lamakono. Makamaka, amafunidwa pakati pa anthu omwe amakhala kutali ndi mzindawo kuti agule katundu wambiri pazosowa zawo, kapena kuchokera kwa amalonda kuti athandizire kutumiza katundu. Vans itha kugawidwa m'mitundu ingapo:

Kutumiza maveni

Vani ndi chiyani

Magalimoto oterewa amapangidwa motengera magalimoto a "station wagon". Amasiyana poti nyumba yapadera imayikidwa pamakina otere, omwe amakhala kuseli kwa kasitomala.

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Zitsulo zonse zachitsulo 

Vani ndi chiyani

Mwa kapangidwe kameneka, malo omwe dalaivala amapezeka komanso chipinda chonyamula katundu sichinagawike m'magawo osiyana. Mitundu yambiri yazonyamula katundu imatha kukhala chifukwa cha kalasi iyi.

Ma veni a mabokosi

Vani ndi chiyani

Poterepa, pomwe katundu adasiyanitsidwa ndi kanyumba woyendetsa. Izi zimalola mabokosi osiyanasiyana kuti akhazikitsidwe pamakina pamafelemu omwe adakonzedweratu. Kwenikweni, maveni amtunduwu amapezeka pagalimoto zamalonda.

Magwiridwe a galimoto amasiyana malinga ndi momwe thupi limapangidwira. Ponena za mitundu yamapangidwe a van, zotsatirazi zitha kusiyanitsidwa:

Chingwe

Vani ndi chiyani

Kapangidwe ka van yamtunduwu ndi chimango cholimba kwambiri chachitsulo. Zipangizo zodumulira zimaphatikizidwanso pamenepo. Izi zitha kukhala awnings, chitsulo chosanjikiza, plywood yamitundu yosiyanasiyana, mapanelo a thovu, etc.

Opanda malire 

Vani ndi chiyani

Kupanga koteroko kwa maveni kumakhazikika pamapangidwe a sangweji, okhala ndi mapanelo awiri akunja ndi othandizira okhala ndi zigawo zingapo zamkati ndi zakunja. Zonsezi zimapereka chisindikizo chabwino komanso kutsika pang'ono kwamagalimoto. Kuti mupange dongosolo lotere, chimango sichifunika.

Mitundu

Ndi mitundu yanji yamaveni yomwe ilipo?

Tiyeni tiwone mitundu ina yotchuka kwambiri ndi mafotokozedwe a maveni, ophatikizidwa ndi kukula ndi mtundu:

Maveni ang'onoang'ono 

Vani ndi chiyani

Kukula ndichinthu chofunikira kwambiri pagalimoto, kotero kuti chitha kukhala chinthu chofunikira kwambiri kuposa mtundu wa vani. Maveni ang'onoang'ono ngati Citroen Berlingo ali ndi njinga yayifupi komanso kuyendetsa bwino, koma mwachidziwikire amapereka zochepa zolipira.

Ma voti apakatikati

Vani ndi chiyani

Kulimbitsa bwino kusiyana pakati pa ma vani ang'onoang'ono ndi akulu, ma voti apakatikati amapereka malo ambiri osungira komanso maulendo abwino omwe sali osiyana ndi galimoto yonyamula wamba. Ma voti oyenda pamisasa komanso ma voya apakatikati monga Ford Transit Custom amadziwika kuti ndi ma vans apakatikati.

Maveni akulu

Vani ndi chiyani

Kupereka kulipira kokwanira, maveni akulu amakhala ndi njinga yayitali ndipo amayendetsa bwino chifukwa chokhala ndi malo ambiri pakati pama axles. Maveni akulu ngati ma Luton / maveni, ma Mercedes-Benz Sprinter ndiwo maveni akulu kwambiri.

Bokosi / 4 × 4 

Vani ndi chiyani

Zithunzi ndizodziwika mosavuta chifukwa ali ndi chipinda chotsegula kumbuyo kumbuyo kwa kanyumba, ngati Mitsubishi L200. Imawonanso ngati galimoto, mtundu wamtunduwu nthawi zambiri umabwera pagalimoto kapena mawilo anayi ndipo ndiwotchuka pakati pa anthu omwe amakonda kugula kamodzi.

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Ma vombi a Combi 

Vani ndi chiyani
mdima wotsogoleredwa +

Amatha kunyamula bwino anthu ndi / kapena katundu, ma combo kapena ma carbo okwera ambiri amaphatikizira mipando yopindira kuti iwonjezere malo okwera. Zitsanzo zamaveni ophatikizira ndi Renault Trafic.

Minibus 

Vani ndi chiyani

Zabwino kwambiri m'mabanja akulu, ma minibus ndi magalimoto osiyanasiyana amakhala ndi mipando yokwanira isanu ndi iwiri, iwiri yomwe iyenera kupindana pansi. Galimoto yamtunduwu iyenera kupereka chitonthozo ndikutambalala, monga momwe Volkswagen Caravelle imathandizira.

Luton / bokosi van 

Vani ndi chiyani

Vani wamtunduwu amaphatikizira thupi lotsekedwa - lokwera, lalikulu lokwera - lokhala ndi kanyumba kena ndipo nthawi zambiri limakhala lokulirapo kuposa galimotoyi. Chitsanzo cha galimoto ya Luton ndi Peugeot Boxer. Galimoto yamtunduwu imakonda kwambiri amtengatenga ndi oyendetsa makontena chifukwa mawonekedwe ake amakhala omasuka kuperekera phukusi lalikulu kapena katundu wochulukirapo. Ma van awa nthawi zambiri amangokhala ndi zitseko zakumbuyo ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi zikepe zonyamula kukweza, chifukwa nthawi zambiri zimakhala pansi.

Kutayira galimoto / van 

Kunena zowona, magalimoto otayira kapena ma vibe otsetsereka ndi gawo laling'ono lagalimoto, koma ndi nsanja yomwe imakweza kutsogolo kuti "igwedeze" zomwe zili kumbuyo. Magalimoto ena otayira amakulolani kuti muziyenda mbali zonse komanso kumbuyo, monga Ford Transit Dropside.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi magalimoto onyamula katundu otani? Pali ma vani okhala ndi awning, mafiriji, isothermal, "agulugufe" (mbali zimakwera, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kutsegula / kutsitsa galimoto).

Ndi ma vani amtundu wanji omwe alipo? Mtundu wa van umadalira cholinga chake. Pali mkate, isothermal, "sangweji", zinthu zopangidwa, firiji, awning, vani (otembenuzidwa magalimoto), zitsulo zonse, mabokosi (zochokera pa galimoto).

Kodi transport yonyamula katundu ndi chiyani? Awa ndi magalimoto omwe ali ndi chipinda chonyamula katundu, ndipo kutalika kwa galimoto kumaposa mamita 6. Gululi limaphatikizanso magalimoto opitilira 14 metres.

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