Kodi chotenthetsera Galimoto yamafuta Ndi Chiyani?

Zamkatimu

Dizilo wamafuta Galimoto chotenthetsera


Mafotokozedwe amoto a dizilo. Kuwonjezeka kwa mamasukidwe akayendedwe ndikuchepa kwa kutentha, komwe kumatsagana ndi mitambo, crystallization ndikuchiritsa kwina. Ndi kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa mamasukidwe akayendedwe, magwiridwe antchito abwinobwino a mafuta adzasokonezedwa kufikira pomwe mafuta a dizilo adzathetsedweratu. Zotenthetsera dizilo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto ndi magalimoto kuti athane ndi izi. Zowonjezera dizilo nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi zolinga ziwiri. Kutentha kwa mafuta dizilo poyambira injini, otchedwa Kutentha. Ndi kusunga kutentha kwakuthupi kwa dizilo pomwe injini ikuyenda, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti kuyambiranso. Ntchitozi zitha kuchitidwa payekhapayekha komanso mogwirizana.

Dizilo Kutentha dongosolo


Kumapeto kwake, ndi njira yotenthetsera dizilo. Omwe akutsogolera opanga ma heaters amadzi a dizilo ndi Alternative Technology Group e GmbH, ATG (Diesel Therm model), Parker (RAKOR model), Nomakon (KOMA amachokera ku MA under and KOH materials ndi malangizo). Zowonjezera dizilo. Zowonjezera dizilo zikuphatikiza. Zosefera zabwino, zotchinga malamba ndi zotenthetsera mafuta. Mtima wa zida izi ndizoyatsira magetsi. Fyuluta yabwino yamafuta ndiye gawo losatetezeka kwambiri lamafuta. Chifukwa mphamvu zake zimachepa chifukwa cha kutentha pang'ono. Zowotchera mabandeji (pulasitala) zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kutentha fyuluta yabwino. Chotenthetsera madzi chimayatsidwa ndi dalaivala kwa mphindi 3-5 ndipo chimapereka kutentha pamatenthedwe oyipa kuyambira 5 mpaka 40 ° C.

Momwe chowotcherera mafuta chimagwirira ntchito


Chifukwa cha kusinthasintha kwawo, ma heaters osunthika amatha kukhazikitsidwa m'malo osiyanasiyana pamafuta amafuta. Mizere yamafuta, fyuluta yamafuta. Amapereka zonse zotsegulira komanso kutentha kwa mafuta pakati paulendo. Zipinda zamafuta zopangira kale zimakhala ndi zotenthetsera zamagetsi. Injini ikathamanga, cholowetsa mafuta chimatha kutenthedwa ndi kusinthana kwa kutentha ndi kozizira kozizira. Zopangira dizilo zamagetsi. Mafuta a dizilo amatha kutenthedwa poyenda m'njira ziwiri - zamagetsi ndi zamadzimadzi. Zowonjezera zamagetsi zimaphatikizapo zotenthetsera pompopompo ndi zotenthetsera zosinthika. Monga lamulo, kutentha kwa magetsi kumayikidwa patsogolo pa fyuluta yabwino mu gawo lamafuta. Zipangizozi zimayendetsedwa ndi makina opanga magalimoto.

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Mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito chotenthetsera galimoto yamafuta dizilo


Pre-heaters amadzimadzi mafuta dizilo ndi mkangano polowera mpweya ndi koyilo. Koyilo ndi chubu chozungulira chomwe chimatseka mafuta ofanana. Zoyatsira zamagetsi zamagetsi komanso zazikulu zimatha kuphatikizidwa kukhala dizilo yotenthetsera. Makina oyang'anira zamagetsi amakhala ndi kutentha kwa dizilo wokwanira kutengera kutentha kwa mpweya. Mwa kuyambitsa ma heaters. Thanki mafuta ndi nyumba yomanga ya dongosolo mafuta. Amapangidwa kuti azisungira mosamala mafuta enaake. Mafuta, mafuta a dizilo, mafuta ndi zina. Izi zimalepheretsa kutayikira ndikuchepetsa kutuluka kwa mpweya.

Kukhazikitsa


M'galimoto zonyamula anthu, thanki yamafuta nthawi zambiri imayikidwa kutsogolo kwa chitsulo chakumbuyo pansi pa mpando wakumbuyo, kunja kwa malo osokonekera a galimoto kumbuyo. Kuchuluka kwa thanki yamafuta kuyenera kupereka mtunda wamagalimoto osiyanasiyana a 400-600 km. Malo osungira amatetezedwa ku thupi lagalimoto ndimabokosi omangira. Chitetezo chachitsulo pakuwonongeka chitha kukhazikitsidwa pansi pa thanki yamafuta. Zisindikizo zotetezera kutentha zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poletsa matenthedwe kuti asatenthe thanki yamafuta. Matanki a mafuta amapangidwa ndi chitsulo, aluminium, chitsulo kapena pulasitiki. Zinthu zotchuka kwambiri pakadali pano ndi pulasitiki, polyethylene wambiri. Ubwino wa akasinja apulasitiki ndikugwiritsa ntchito bwino malo opangira. Chifukwa popanga mutha kupeza thanki yamafuta amtundu uliwonse ndikufikira kuchuluka kwake kwakukulu.

Kodi akasinja amafuta ndi ati?


Pulasitiki siwononga, koma makoma a thankiyo amatha kulowa mu ma hydrocarboni molekyulu. Pofuna kupewa kutuluka kwa mafuta ang'onoang'ono, zotengera zapulasitiki ndizochulukitsa. M'mapangidwe ena, mkati mwa thankiyo mumakutidwa ndi fluorine popewa kutuluka. Matanki a mafuta achitsulo amawotchera papepala. Aluminium imagwiritsidwa ntchito kusungira mafuta, dizilo, chitsulo ndi gasi. Pofuna kukonza mutu wa galimoto yatsopano iliyonse, thanki yake yamafuta yapangidwa. Nthawi yomweyo, akasinja amafuta amgalimoto amasiyana kutengera mtundu wa thupi. Mtundu wa injini, kapangidwe ka mafuta, jakisoni ndi zowongolera mpweya. Kudzaza khosi. Thanki mafuta amadzazidwa kudzera filler khosi, limene lili kumanzere kapena pamwamba pa phiko kumbuyo.

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Thanki yamagalimoto ndi chotenthetsera dizilo


Dongosolo lamanzere lamanzere lazodzaza khosi la driver limakondedwa. Komabe, mafuta akamalizidwa, pamakhala mwayi wochepa woti mudzaze kukhosi kwanu ndikukusiyirani. Mapaipi amalumikizidwa kukhosi kwa thankiyo yamafuta. Gawo lamtanda lodzaza khosi ndi mapaipi azitha kudzaza thanki yamafuta pamlingo wokwana pafupifupi malita 50 pamphindi. Khosi lodzaza mafuta limatsekedwa ndi chipewa chomangira. Magalimoto a Ford amagwiritsa ntchito kapu yodzaza mafuta popanda kapu - dongosolo la Easy Fuel. Kunja, chitseko chatsekedwa ndi chivindikiro ndi loko. Chipewa chama tanki chimatsegulidwa mchipinda chonyamula. Pogwiritsa ntchito mota wamagetsi kapena makina oyendetsa. Mafuta amaperekedwa ku dongosololi kudzera mu mzere wamafuta. Mafuta owonjezera amabwezeredwa mu thanki kudzera pamzere wobwerera.

Chotenthetsera dizilo


Kwa magalimoto okhala ndi injini zamafuta, mpope wamafuta wamagetsi amaikidwa mu thanki yamafuta. Izi zimapereka jakisoni wamafuta m'dongosolo. Kapangidwe kagalimoto kumapereka mwayi wopezera mpope, kumbuyo kumbuyo. Mu thankiyo mumakhala sensa yoyenerera kuti muwone momwe mafuta akuyendera. Amapanga gawo limodzi lokhala ndi pampu yamafuta (injini zamafuta) kapena imayikidwa padera (injini za dizilo). Chojambuliracho chimakhala ndi kuyandama ndi potentiometer. Mafuta akachepa, kuyandama kumatsika, kulimbikira kwa potentiometer yolumikizidwa kumasintha, ndipo mphamvu yamagetsi imachepa. Singano ya chisonyezero cha msinkhu wamafuta pa dashboard imapatuka. Matanki amafuta ovuta okhala ndi mavoliyumu ambiri amatha kukhala ndi masensa awiri amtundu wamafuta omwe amagwirira ntchito limodzi.

Momwe thanki yamafuta imagwirira ntchito


Kuti mugwire bwino ntchito, thanki iyenera kukhalabe ndi mavuto mumlengalenga. Izi zimakwaniritsidwa ndi makina olowetsera akasinja omwe amalepheretsa kutulutsa mafuta kuchokera mu thanki. Zimathandizanso kuchotsa mpweya wochuluka mukamadzaza thanki yamafuta. Kulimbana ndi mavuto chifukwa cha kutentha kwa mafuta. Akapanikizika pang'ono, thanki yamafuta imatha kupunduka ndipo mafuta amatha, ndipo atapanikizika kwambiri, amatha kuphulika. Magalimoto amakono amagwiritsa ntchito mpweya wotsekedwa. Ndiye kuti, thanki yamafuta siyolumikizana mwachindunji ndi mlengalenga.

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Kutentha mafuta a dizilo m'galimoto zamakono


Makina amafuta oyendera ma tank yamafuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto amatha kusiyanasiyana. Komabe, ndizotheka kuzindikira zinthu zomwe zimayambitsa mpweya komanso kutulutsa mpweya wa mafuta kuchokera mu thanki yamafuta. Vuto loyamwa mpweya ngati zingalowe m'malo zimathetsedwa ndi valavu yachitetezo. Valve imayikidwa mu kapu yodzaza. Kwenikweni ndi valavu yowunikira yomwe imalola kuti mpweya uzilowera mbali imodzi ndikutchinga munjira inayo. Kuchuluka kwa kusamba kwa thanki kukuwonjezeka, kuthamanga kwakuthambo kumapanikiza kasupe wamagetsi. Zotsatira zake, mpweya umalowa mu thankiyo ndipo kuthamanga kwake kumakhala kofanana ndi kuthamanga kwamlengalenga. Mukadzaza thanki yamafuta, nthunzi zamafuta zochulukirapo zimakakamizidwa kutuluka kudzera pa chitoliro chotsatsira chofanana ndi mafutawo.

Chotenthetsera mafuta dizilo


Pakhoza kukhala thanki yobwezeretsa kumapeto kwa payipi. Momwe mpweya wochuluka wa mafuta umadziunjikira panthawi yamafuta. Thankiyo safika kukhudzana ndi mlengalenga, koma ndi yolumikizidwa ndi payipi osiyana kwa adsorber a mafuta dongosolo mpweya nthunzi. Valavu yokoka imayikidwanso kumapeto kwa ngalande yopumira. Izi zimalepheretsa mafuta kuti asatayike m'galimoto pamene galimoto idutsa. Valavu imatsegulidwa galimoto ikapendekeka kupitirira 45 °. Mitambo yamafuta yomwe imapangidwa pakatenthedwe imachotsedwa mu thanki yamafuta pogwiritsa ntchito mafuta obwezeretsa nthunzi. Njirayi ndi gawo limodzi lamafuta ampweya wama tanki. Chojambulira cha kutentha kwamafuta chitha kuikidwa mu thanki yamafuta kuti mugwire bwino ntchito pulogalamu yobwezeretsa nthunzi ya mafuta. Kapena kachipangizo kenakake ka mafuta m'thanki.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Momwe mungatenthetse injini ya dizilo? Mabowo ang'onoang'ono amapangidwa m'thupi la mesh yotengera mafuta. Waya wokana kwambiri umalumikizidwa kudzera mwa iwo. Chotenthetsera chimalumikizidwa ndi dongosolo lagalimoto lagalimoto kudzera pa fuse ndikutsitsidwa mu thanki.

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