Kodi G12 antifreeze ndi chiyani - kusiyana ndi G11, G12 +, G13 ndi yomwe muyenera kudzaza

Zamkatimu

Ma antifreeze amafunika kuti aziziritsa injini yamagalimoto. Masiku ano, zoziziritsa kukhosi zimagawidwa m'magulu anayi, iliyonse imasiyana mosiyana ndi zowonjezera komanso zina. Ma antifreeze onse omwe mumawona m'mashelufu am'mashopu amapangidwa ndi madzi ndi ethylene glycol, ndipo ndipamene kufanana kumathera. Ndiye kuti zoziziritsa kukhosi zimasiyana bwanji, kuphatikiza mtundu ndi mtengo wake, sankhani mawonekedwe oyenera a galimoto yanu, kodi ndizotheka kusakaniza mitundu yozizira ndi kuyisakaniza ndi madzi - werengani.

Kodi G12 antifreeze ndi chiyani - kusiyana ndi G11, G12 +, G13 ndi yomwe muyenera kudzaza

Kodi zoletsa kuwuma ndi chiyani?

Antifreeze ndi dzina lodziwika bwino loti kuziziritsa galimoto. Mosasamala kanthu za mtunduwu, antifreeze imakhala ndi propylene glycol, kapena ethylene glycol, ndi phukusi lake lowonjezera. 

Ethylene glycol ndi chakumwa choopsa cha dihydric. Mwa mawonekedwe ake oyera ndimadzi amafuta, kukoma kwake ndi kotsekemera, malo ake owira ndi pafupifupi madigiri 200, ndipo malo ake ozizira ndi -12,5 °. Mwa njira, poizoni amachotsedwa ndi mowa wa ethyl.

Propylene glycol ndi mawu atsopano m'dziko lozizira. Ma antifreezes awa amagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto zonse zamakono zomwe zimafunikira kwambiri miyezo ya kawopsedwe, komanso, mafuta opangira mafuta a propylene glycol ali ndi mafuta abwino komanso odana ndi dzimbiri. Mowa wotere umapangidwa pogwiritsa ntchito mafuta ochepa.

Kumene komanso momwe ma antifreezes amagwiritsidwira ntchito

Antifreeze yapeza kuti ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pokha pamagalimoto. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri potenthetsera nyumba zokhalamo ndi malo. Kwa ife, ntchito yayikulu yoletsa kuyimitsa kutentha ndikuteteza kutentha kwa injini munjira inayake. Chozizira chimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu jekete yotsekedwa ya injini ndi mzere, imadutsanso mchipinda chonyamula anthu, chifukwa cha mpweya wofunda womwe umawomba chitofu chili. Pamagalimoto ena, pamakhala chosinthira chotenthetsera chopatsilira, pomwe zoletsa kuwuma ndi mafuta zimadutsana nthawi imodzi, kusinthasintha kutentha kwa wina ndi mnzake.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Umu ndi momwe mungatsegulire chitseko cha galimoto popanda kiyi

M'mbuyomu, chozizira chomwe chimatchedwa "Tosol" chimagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto, pomwe zofunika kwambiri ndi izi:

  • kukhalabe kutentha;
  • mafuta mafuta.

Uwu ndi umodzi mwamadzi otsika mtengo kwambiri omwe sangathe kugwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto zamakono. Ma antifreezes angapo apangidwa kale kwa iwo: G11, G12, G12 + (++) ndi G13.

Kodi G12 antifreeze ndi chiyani - kusiyana ndi G11, G12 +, G13 ndi yomwe muyenera kudzaza

Woletsa mphepo G11

Antifreeze G11 imapangidwa pamakina osakanikirana a silicate, ili ndi phukusi la zowonjezera zowonjezera. Chozizira ichi chidagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto omwe adapangidwa chaka cha 1996 chisanafike (ngakhale kulolerana kwa magalimoto amakono mpaka 2016 kumapangitsa kudzaza G11), ku CIS amatchedwa "Tosol". 

Chifukwa cha maziko ake osalala, G11 imagwira ntchito zotsatirazi:

  • Amateteza malo, kuteteza ethylene glycol kuti asawawononge;
  • imachedwetsa kufalikira kwa dzimbiri.

Mukamasankha antifreeze (mtundu wake ndi wabuluu ndi wobiriwira), mverani zinthu ziwiri:

  • alumali moyo satha zaka 3, mosasamala kanthu za mileage. Pogwira ntchito, zotchingira zimakhala zocheperako, zidutswa izi, zikafika poti zimaziziritsa, zimapangitsa kuti ziziyenda bwino, komanso kuwononga mpope wamadzi;
  • zotchingira sizimalekerera kutentha kwakukulu, kuposa madigiri a 105, kotero kutentha kwa G11 ndikotsika.

Zoyipa zonse zimatha kudutsika posintha zoletsa kuwuma ndikuletsa kutenthetsa injini. 

Kumbukiraninso kuti G11 siyoyenera magalimoto omwe ali ndi zotchinga za aluminiyamu ndi radiator chifukwa choziziritsa sichingathe kuwateteza pakatentha kwambiri. Samalani posankha opanga otsika mtengo, monga Euroline kapena Polarnik, funsani mayeso a hydrometer, nthawi zambiri zimachitika pomwe woziziritsa wotchedwa "-40 °" amatembenukira kukhala -20 ° kapena kupitilira apo.

Kodi G12 antifreeze ndi chiyani - kusiyana ndi G11, G12 +, G13 ndi yomwe muyenera kudzaza

 Antifreeze G12, G12 + ndi G12 ++

Ma antifreeze a G12 ndi ofiira kapena pinki. Mulibenso ma silicates; zimakhazikitsidwa ndi mankhwala a carboxylate ndi ethylene glycol. Moyo wapakati wothandizira wozizira wotere ndi zaka 4-5. Chifukwa cha zowonjezera zosankhidwa bwino, zinthu zotsutsana ndi dzimbiri zimagwira ntchito mosankha - Kanemayo amangopangidwa m'malo owonongeka ndi dzimbiri. Antifreeze G12 imagwiritsidwa ntchito mu injini zothamanga kwambiri zomwe zimakhala ndi kutentha kwa madigiri 90-110.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi thanki yamafuta imakhala yotani?

G12 ili ndi vuto limodzi lokha: zotsutsana ndi dzimbiri zimangowoneka dzimbiri lili pomwepo.

Nthawi zambiri G12 imagulitsidwa ngati kusakanikirana ndi "-78 °" kapena "-80 °", chifukwa chake muyenera kuwerengera kuchuluka kwa zoziziritsa m'dongosolo ndikuisungunula ndi madzi osungunuka. Kuchuluka kwa madzi ndi zoletsa kuwuma kudzawonetsedwa pamalowo.

Za G12 + zoletsa kuwuma: sizosiyana kwambiri ndi zomwe zidakonzedweratu, mtunduwo ndi wofiira, wowongolerayo wakhala wotetezeka komanso wowononga zachilengedwe. Zikuchokera lili zina odana ndi dzimbiri, ntchito pointwise.

G12 ++: Nthawi zambiri zofiirira, mtundu wabwino wa zotsekemera zama carboxylated. Ma antifreeze a Lobride amasiyana ndi G12 ndi G12 + pomwe pali zowonjezera zowonjezera, chifukwa chake zida zotsutsana ndi dzimbiri zimagwira ntchito moyenera ndikuletsa kupanga dzimbiri.

Kodi G12 antifreeze ndi chiyani - kusiyana ndi G11, G12 +, G13 ndi yomwe muyenera kudzaza

Woletsa mphepo G13

Gulu latsopanoli limawombedwa kofiirira. Zophatikiza zosakanizika zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe ofanana, koma mulingo woyenera kwambiri wa silicate ndi zinthu zina zamagulu. Imakhalanso ndi zinthu zabwino zoteteza. Tikulimbikitsidwa kuti musinthe zaka zisanu zilizonse.

Kodi G12 antifreeze ndi chiyani - kusiyana ndi G11, G12 +, G13 ndi yomwe muyenera kudzaza

Antifreeze G11, G12 ndi G13 - pali kusiyana kotani?

Funso limabuka nthawi zambiri - kodi ndizotheka kusakaniza ma antifreezes osiyanasiyana? Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kusanthula mawonekedwe amtundu uliwonse wozizira kuti mumvetsetse kuyanjana.

Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu pakati pa G11 ndi G12 kulibe utoto, koma pamapangidwe ofunikira: woyambayo ali ndi maziko / ethylene glycol base. Mutha kuzisakaniza ndi zoletsa kuwuma zilizonse, chinthu chachikulu ndikuti pali kuyanjana kwamakalasi - G11.

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa G12 ndi G13 ndikuti chachiwiri chimakhala ndi propylene glycol base, ndipo gulu lachitetezo cha chilengedwe limakwera kangapo.

Posakaniza zoziziritsa kukhosi:

  • G11 siyisakanikirana ndi G12, mutha kungowonjezera G12 + ndi G13;
  • G12 imasokoneza G12 +.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi antifreeze imagwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji? Ndi madzimadzi ogwira ntchito a makina oziziritsira injini yagalimoto. Ili ndi malo otentha kwambiri ndipo imakhala ndi madzi ndi zowonjezera zomwe zimapaka pampu ndi zinthu zina za CO.

Chifukwa chiyani antifreeze amatchedwa choncho? Anti (motsutsa) Kuzizira (kuundana). Ili ndi dzina lamadzi onse oletsa kuzizira omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'magalimoto. Mosiyana ndi antifreeze, antifreeze imakhala ndi kutentha kochepa kwa crystallization.

Ndi antifreezes ati omwe alipo? Ethylene glycol, carboxylate ethylene glycol, hybrid ethylene glycol, lobrid ethylene glycol, propylene glycol. Amasiyananso ndi mtundu: wofiira, buluu, wobiriwira.

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Ndemanga ya 1

  1. Ndinali ndi izi. Ma antifreeze ndi mafuta osakanikirana, motero, thovu pansi pa hood. Kenako ndimayenera kutsuka kerechrome kwa nthawi yayitali. Sindikutenganso a deshmans. Ndidadzaza coolr qrr nditakonza (ndidasankha ndikuvomereza ndikuitanitsa zowonjezera), sipanakhale mavuto

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