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Zamkatimu

Chowonongera ndichinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakuimitsidwa kwa galimotoyo, yopangidwa kuti ichepetse kupsinjika komwe kumakhala pagalimoto mukamayendetsa misewu yosagwirizana. Talingalirani za chinthu chowotcha, momwe chimagwirira ntchito, ndi mitundu yanji komanso momwe mungasinthire m'malo mwake.

Kodi chowopsa ndi chiyani

Chojambulira chamakono ndichinthu chovuta chomwe chimachepetsa kunjenjemera, chimatengera zododometsa ndikuwonetsetsa kuti mawilo ali ndi msewu pomwe magalimoto akuyenda. Imaikidwa pafupi ndi gudumu. Mothandizidwa ndi lever system, mawotchi oyenda (zododometsa ndi kugwedezeka) amasamutsidwa kuchoka pagudumu loyenda kupita pamakinawo.

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Gawoli lili ndi kasupe, yemwe amapereka kubwerera mwachangu kwa tsinde pambuyo pakupanikizika mukamenya bampu. Ngati izi sizikuchitika mwachangu, ndiye kuti galimotoyi imakhala yosalamulirika panjira.

Mbiri ya Shock absorber

Pamene zoyendera zinasintha, okonzawo adafika pozindikira kuti kuwonjezera pa mphamvu yamphamvu komanso yogwira ntchito yokhala ndi thupi lolimba, galimotoyo imafunikira kuyimitsidwa kwabwino komwe kungachepetse kugwedezeka chifukwa cha zolakwika pamsewu. Zoyamba zochititsa mantha zinali ndi zotsatira zosasangalatsa - paulendo, zidagwedeza galimotoyo mwamphamvu, zomwe zinakhudza kwambiri kulamulira.

Spring mantha absorbers pang'ono kugwedera kugwedera kwa thupi chifukwa cha kukangana mphamvu pakati pa mapepala, koma zimenezi sizinathe kotheratu, makamaka ndi chidwi katundu zoyendera. Izi zinapangitsa opanga kupanga zinthu ziwiri zosiyana. Mmodzi anali ndi udindo wofewetsa kukhudzidwa kwa gudumu pathupi, ndipo winayo adabwezeretsanso chigamba cha gudumu, ndikuchitulutsa, ndikubweretsa chosungunulira pamalo ake oyamba.

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka zana zapitazi, chinthu china choyimitsidwa choyimitsidwa chinapangidwa. Chinali chowuma chowumitsa friction shock, chomwe chimaphatikizapo ma friction discs. Mafuta oyamba a pistoni a telescopic shock absorbers adawonekera m'ma 50s azaka zapitazi. Ntchito yawo inali yozikidwa pa mfundo ya kukangana kwamadzimadzi.

Mapangidwe a ma shock absorber awa adabwerekedwa kuchokera pamapangidwe a chassis yandege. Mapangidwe amtundu uwu wa shock absorber akugwiritsidwabe ntchito lero.

Shock absorber kapangidwe

Ma absorbers ambiri odabwitsa amakhala ndi mayunitsi awa:

  • Dzenje chubu zitsulo (yamphamvu). Kumbali imodzi, yasungunuka. Mbali iyi imalumikizidwa, yomwe imalola kuti strut ikwaniritsidwe pagudumu la mawilo. Posungira pamadzaza ndi madzi (osakaniza gasi ndi madzi kapena mpweya wokha), womwe umalipirira katunduyo pisitoni ikapanikizika. Mbali yotseguka, imayika tsinde lothandizira kuti madzi asatuluke m'mimbamo.
  • Ndodo yolowerera. Izi ndizitsulo zachitsulo, zomwe gawo lake limadalira mtundu wa makinawo. Ikugwirizana mu thanki. Kumbali imodzi, ndodoyo imalumikizidwa ndi zomwe akuponyera, ndipo mbali inayo, pisitoni imalumikizidwa nayo, imayikidwa mkati mwa silinda.
  • Pisitoni. Izi zimalowa mkati mwa silinda, ndikupangitsa kuti madzi kapena mpweya uzikhala mkati mwa chubu.
  • Cholowera vavu. Imaikidwa pisitoni ndipo ili ndi madoko angapo okhala ndi mavavu okhala ndi kasupe. Pisitoni ikasuntha, gulu limodzi lama valve limayambitsidwa, ndikupereka kusefukira kuchokera pamimbayo pansi pa pisitoniyo mpaka kumtunda kwake. Kuthamanga bwino kumatsimikiziridwa ndi kukana chifukwa cha mabowo ang'onoang'ono (madziwo alibe nthawi yosunthira mwachangu pakati pazimbudzi). Njira yofananayo imachitika pakayambanso kupweteka (pisitoni ikakwera), pokhapokha pankhaniyi ma valve amtundu wina amayamba.
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Zipangizo zamakono zogwiritsira ntchito damper nthawi zonse zimakonzedwa bwino, zomwe zimawonjezera magwiridwe antchito ndi kudalirika. Kamangidwe ka absorbers mantha amasiyana kwambiri kutengera kusinthidwa kwa makinawo. Komabe, mfundo yogwirira ntchito sinasinthe. Mukakankhidwa, ndodoyo imasunthira pisitoni mkati mwa silinda, momwe amapangiramo madzi kapena mpweya.

Nthawi zina absorbers mantha amasokonezeka ndi akasupe mpweya, amene anaika patsogolo pa thunthu kapena nyumba. Ngakhale amawoneka ofanana, iliyonse imakwaniritsa ntchito ina. Dampers amachepetsa kugwedezeka, ndipo akasupe amafuta amatsimikizira kutseguka kosalala ndi zikuto zolemera.

makina opangira magetsi ndi gazovaja pruzjina (1)

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa ma shock absorbers ndi struts?

The shock absorber ndi strut amamangiriridwa mosiyana. Mapangidwe a strut amathetsa kufunikira kwa mgwirizano wa mpira wapamwamba ndi mkono. Imamangiriridwa ku lever ndi mpira kokha pansi, ndipo pamwamba pake imayikidwa muzitsulo zothandizira.

The shock absorber palokha imamangiriridwa ndi midadada yopanda phokoso popanda kukakamiza. Ndodoyo imakhala ndi mainchesi akulu pa strut, pomwe chotsitsa chododometsa chimakhala ndi chaching'ono. Chifukwa cha njira yomangirira iyi, strut imatha kuzindikira katundu wosiyanasiyana, ndi chotsitsa chododometsa - pokha pokha. The shock absorber akhoza kukhala mbali ya strut.

Chifukwa chiyani mumafunikira ma absorbers odabwitsa

Popanga magalimoto, opanga oyambilira adakumana ndi vuto lalikulu. Akuyendetsa pamsewu, dalaivala adamva kuwawa chifukwa chonjenjemera nthawi zonse. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa cha katunduyo, magawo a chassis mwachangu adalephera.

Pofuna kuthana ndi vutoli, mapaipi a labala adayikidwanso pamayilo. Ndiye panali akasupe amene kuzimitsa monyanyira, koma mayendedwe analibe bata. galimoto idagwedezeka mwamphamvu pama bampu.

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Zoyeserera zoyambirira zidawonekera mu 1903, ndipo zidapangidwa ngati akasupe ophatikizidwa ndi levers pafupi ndi gudumu lililonse. Amayikidwa makamaka pamagalimoto amasewera, popeza magalimoto okokedwa ndi mahatchi sanafunikire dongosolo lotere chifukwa chothamanga kwambiri. Kwa zaka zambiri, chitukuko ichi wakhala bwino, ndi analogues hayidiroliki m'malo absorbers mikangano mantha.

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Mukamayendetsa pamavuto, mawilo a makinawo amayenera kulumikizana nthawi zonse ndi pamwamba. Ubwino wazoyeserera zimakhudzanso momwe galimoto imagwirira ntchito.

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Pakufulumira kwa galimoto, thupi limabwerera mmbuyo. Chifukwa cha ichi, kutsogolo kwamgalimoto kumatsitsa, zomwe zimachepetsa magwiridwe amateyala akutsogolo ndi msewu. Pa braking, njira yotsatana imachitika - thupi limayang'ana kutsogolo, ndipo tsopano kulumikizana kwa mawilo kumbuyo ndi nthaka kwasweka. Mukalowa pakona, katunduyo amapita mbali ina ya galimotoyo.

Ntchito yama absorbers yodzidzimutsa sikuti ichepetse zododometsa, zimapereka chitonthozo chachikulu kwa woyendetsa, komanso kukhalabe ndi thupi lokhazikika, yopewera kuti isasunthike (monga momwe zimakhalira mgalimoto yoyimitsidwa masika), zomwe zimapangitsa kuti magalimoto azigwira bwino ntchito.

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Mitundu ndi mitundu yama absorbers oyendetsa galimoto

Ma absorbers onse amagawika m'magulu atatu:

  1. Hayidiroliki. Mosungiramo mumakhala mafuta, omwe, pothandizidwa ndi pisitoni, amayenda kuchokera mundege ina kupita kwina.
  2. Gasi-hayidiroliki (kapena mafuta-gasi). M'mapangidwe awo, chipinda chobwezeretsa chimadzazidwa ndi mpweya, womwe umachepetsa mwayi wakugwa kwakanthawi chifukwa chotsitsa kwambiri.
  3. Mafuta. Mukusintha kumeneku, mpweya womwe umapanikizika ndi silinda yogwiritsira ntchito umagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati damper.
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Kuphatikiza apo, njira zopewera zidagawika:

  • chitoliro chimodzi;
  • mapaipi awiri;
  • chosinthika.

Kusintha kulikonse kuli ndi kapangidwe kake ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito kake.

Zowononga monotube (monotube)

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Kusintha kwa chubu limodzi ndi m'badwo watsopano wazida zosungira. Ali ndi kapangidwe kosavuta ndipo amakhala ndi:

  • botolo lodzazidwa pang'ono ndi mafuta ndi gasi (pakati pa mitundu ya mapaipi amodzi pali mpweya wonse);
  • ndodo yosunthira pisitoni yayikulu mkati mwa silinda;
  • pisitoni, wokwera pa ndodo, ali okonzeka ndi mavavu kulambalala kudzera mafuta akuyenda kuchokera M'mimbamo wina;
  • pisitoni yolekanitsa yomwe imalekanitsa chipinda chamafuta ndi chipinda chamagesi (ngati pali mitundu yodzaza ndi gasi, chinthuchi sichipezeka).
nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale ya monotrubnye 1 (1)

Zosinthazi zimagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo zotsatirazi. Mafuta akasungidwa akapanikizika, ma valve a piston amatseguka. Kupanikizika pansi pa silinda kumachepetsedwa ndi madzimadzi osefukira kudzera m'mabowo ang'onoang'ono mu pisitoni. Ndodoyo imatsitsidwa pang'onopang'ono kuti ibwezeretse zadzidzidzi pomwe galimoto ikuyenda.

Mpweyawu umadzaza ndi nayitrogeni. Chifukwa cha kuthamanga kwambiri (kupitirira 20 atm.), Pisitoniyo sichifika pansi pamiyala, yomwe imachepetsa mwayi wothandizila wodabwitsayo womwe umadutsa pamabampu akulu.

Mitundu iwiri yamachubu yamadzimadzi

Lero ndi gulu lofala kwambiri. Amakhala ndi zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • Thupi, lomwe limayikanso botolo limodzi. Pakatikati pa makoma a zotengera pali mpweya ndi chimbudzi.
  • Botolo (kapena silinda yogwira ntchito) ladzaza ndi madzi owopsa. Pansi pake pali mavavu olowera ndi kutulutsa.
  • Ndodo yokankhira pisitoni ndi yofanana ndi mtundu umodzi wa chubu.
  • Pisitoni yokhala ndi ma valve otsekemera. Ena amatsegula pisitoni ikatsika, pomwe ina imatseguka ikabwerera.
MacPherson strut (1)

Njira zotere zimagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo zotsatirazi. Ndodoyo imasindikiza pisitoniyo, ndikupangitsa mafuta kulowa pamwamba pamiyala yamphamvu. Kupanikizika kukachulukirachulukira (galimoto imadutsa bampu - kulimba kwakukulu kumachitika), ndiye kuti ma valve apansi a botolo logwirira ntchito amayamba.

Mafuta olowa m'malo obwezera (danga pakati pamakoma a cholembera chogwirira ntchito ndi nyumba) limapanikiza mpweya kumtunda kwa chipinda. Kukhazikika kwamagulu obwerera kumachitika chifukwa cha kugwira ntchito kwa pisitoni ndi ma valve apansi, pomwe mafuta amabwerera kuchipinda chogwirira ntchito.

Ophatikiza (mafuta-gasi) osakanikirana

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Izi absorbers mantha m'malo mtundu yapita. Kapangidwe kazinthuzo ndi kofanana ndi zosintha zamagetsi. Kusiyana kwawo kokha ndikuti pamadontho ophatikizika a mpweya umapanikizika ndi 4-20 m'mlengalenga, komanso pama hydraulic - pansi pamavuto amlengalenga.

Izi zimatchedwa kubwerera mpweya. Kukweza uku kumalola opanga makina kukonza magwiridwe antchito agalimoto. Kubwezeretsa gasi kumakhala ngati cholumikizira chowonjezera chomwe chimapangitsa kuti pakhale poyenda bwino. Kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo kwa damper struts kungafune kuthamanga kwamagesi kosiyanasiyana mchipinda chokulitsira.

Makina osinthika osinthika

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Zoyeserera zoterezi zimayikidwa pagalimoto zodula zokhala ndi ntchito yosankha pamsewu. Njira zoterezi ndizofanana ndi mapaipi awiri, koma ali ndi nkhokwe yowonjezera. Ikhoza kukhala pafupi ndi positi, kapena imapangidwa ngati chubu china choyikidwa mkati mwa thupi (chimapanga gawo lina losokoneza).

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Zoyeserera zoterezi zimagwirira ntchito limodzi ndi malo opopera madzi, omwe amasintha kuthamanga kwa mpweya, ndikupatsa kuyimitsidwa mawonekedwe omwe angafune. Kusintha kwa magawo kumayang'aniridwa ndi zamagetsi. Kusinthaku kumachitika kuchokera mkati mwa galimotoyo pogwiritsa ntchito zofananira. Mitundu yofala kwambiri ndi iyi:

  • Zoyenera. Chowonongekera chimagwira bwino. Kuyimitsidwa kumakhala kofewa pamtunduwu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ulendowu ukhale wosavuta. Poterepa, kuyenda kwama absorbers odabwitsa ndikokulirapo kuposa momwe zimakhalira ndi zina. Maenje panjira ya kanyumba samamveka kwenikweni.
  • Kutonthoza Kuthamanga kwa mpweya mchipinda chobwezera kumawonjezeka pang'ono kuti kuonjezere kuuma kwa kubwereranso. Madalaivala ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito izi. Imadziwika kuti ndi "tanthauzo lagolide" pakati pakunyamula ndi kusamalira magalimoto.
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  • Msewu waukulu. Sitiroko mwa njirayi imakhala yofupikirako. Amatsegulidwa poyendetsa pamisewu yosalala. Zofooka zowongolera (ngati zilipo) zimawonekera pamakonzedwe awa. Makinawo azikhala ofewa polemetsa.
  • Masewera. Ngati mukuyendetsa pamisewu yabwinobwino motere, dalaivala angafunikire kuchipatala posachedwa. Thupi lagalimoto limafotokoza molondola bampu iliyonse yamsewu, ngati kuti galimotoyo sinayimitsidwe konse. Komabe, kupezeka kwa njirayi kumakuthandizani kuti muwone momwe galimotoyo imapangidwira. Kuyendetsa bwino kumamveka. Kutalika kochepa kwa thupi kumatsimikizira kukoka kwakukulu.
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Zoyeserera zotere zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira mitundu yamagalimoto odula. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pokonza akatswiri. Mothandizidwa ndi kuyimitsidwa koteroko, simungangosintha kuwuma kwachangu, komanso kusintha chilolezo chagalimoto.

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Zida zina zosinthika zakale zimawoneka ngati zophatikizika zamapasa. Ulusi umadulidwa pakhomopo, pomwe poyimitsa kasupe. Kusinthaku kumatchedwa coilover. Kusinthaku kumachitika pamanja ndi wrench (potembenuza mtedza wothandizira, ndikusunthira mwina mmwamba kapena pansi).

Onaninso kanema wonena za chipangizocho ndi magawidwe azinthu zoyeserera:

Chojambulira chodabwitsa. Chipangizo, kusiyana, cholinga, mpweya, mafuta.

Omwe amalandira mantha ali bwino

Mtundu uliwonse wazowonjezera uli ndi maubwino ndi zovuta zake. Momwemo, sankhani ma stripe ndi akasupe malinga ndi zomwe wopanga makinawo akufuna. Mitundu "yofewa" idzakupatsani chitonthozo chowonjezeka paulendowu, koma nthawi yomweyo ichepetsa kuchepa kwamatayala. Ndi "zovuta", zotsatira zotsutsana zimawonedwa - kukhazikika kwa galimoto kumawongoleredwa ndikutsitsa kutonthoza kwa woyendetsa komanso okwera.

1. Chitoliro chimodzi. Ubwino wa zotumphukira zotere ndi:

  • Mkulu mwatsatanetsatane makina. Amateteza kuti galimoto isayendeyende ndikuchepetsa magudumu akafika pakona.
  • Amatha kukhazikitsidwa mozondoka. Gasi wakumbuyo ndi mafuta sizimasakanikirana chifukwa cha pisitoni yoyandama.
  • Chitsulo chogwirira ntchito chimakhazikika bwino kwambiri chifukwa mpweya umawomba molunjika pamakoma ake. Chifukwa chakusowa nyumba, kukula kwa pisitoni ndi malo osungira kumawonjezeka, chifukwa chake chowonjezera chodabwitsacho chimakulitsidwa poyerekeza ndi anzawo a mapaipi awiri.
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Zina mwazovuta ndi izi:

  • Angathe kuwonongeka. Popeza sakhala ndi chipolopolo, ngakhale kusintha pang'ono kwa babu kumabweretsa kulephera kwa makina onse - pisitoni silingathenso kuyenda momasuka mkati mwa thankiyo. Njira yokhayo yothetsera vutoli ndikubwezeretsanso rack.
  • Kutengeka kwakukulu pakusintha kwa kutentha kozungulira. Kutentha ndikutentha, kumawonjezera kuthamanga kwa gasi, komwe kumawonjezera kuuma kwa kuyimitsidwa.

2. Pipi ziwiri. Ubwino wa kusinthaku ndi:

  • Kupanga kosavuta, komwe kumapangitsa kutsika mtengo kuposa anzawo am'mbuyomu.
  • Chingwe cha akapolo chimatetezedwa ku kuwonongeka kwakunja. Thupi lomenyera limagwira ngati chosungira.
  • Omwe ali mgulu la zida zofewa "zofewa".
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Zoyipa zake ndi izi:

  • Mafuta apamwamba. Mpweya wa m'phimbamo mumakhala mpweya, motero zimakhala zosavuta kuti zakumwa zisakanikirane nawo. Vutoli limapitilirabe ngakhale m'malo mwa mpweya wabwinobwino ndi nayitrogeni.
  • Kuzizira koyipa. Cylinder ya akapolo, imakhala ndi chipolopolo chophatikizika, chifukwa chake, pamene mikangano ya pisitoni, mafuta amatenthedwa, madzimadzi ake amachulukirachulukira, ndipo chosakanizira chimakhala chofewa kwambiri.

3. Kuphatikiza. Popeza ma absorbers oyambitsa mafuta-gasi ndi mtundu wabwino wamachubu amapasa, ali ndi maubwino ndi zovuta zomwezo. Kusiyanitsa kwawo kwakukulu ndikusowa kwa aeration chifukwa chapanikizika m'madzi am'mbuyo agasi.

gazomasljannyj shock absorber (1)

4. chosinthika. Gulu la dampers ndi gawo lotsatira pakusintha kwa kuyimitsidwa kwamagalimoto. Ubwino wawo:

  • Kusintha kwa ntchito yochepetsetsa pamsewu woyenera. Izi zikuthandizani kuti musankhe malo oyenera pakati pa kukhazikika kwamagalimoto ndikukwera chitonthozo.
  • Ma coilovers a bajeti ndiosavuta kusintha - ingotembenutsirani mtedza wosungunula kuti muchepetse kapena kumasula kasupe. Mitundu yotsika mtengo kwambiri imathandizira kukonza kuyimitsidwa. Poterepa, ndikokwanira kusunthira woyang'anira pamalo oyenera. Mitundu ina imalola kusintha kosiyana kwamizere yakutsogolo ndi kumbuyo.
reguliruemye amortization (1)

Ngati galimoto sinakonzedwe kuchokera kufakitole ndi kuyimitsidwa kosintha, kuyiyika kungawononge kukwera kwa strut. Kusintha mawonekedwe ampangidwe wamagalimoto kumatha kupititsa patsogolo magwiridwe antchito agalimoto, koma nthawi yomweyo, amachepetsa kwambiri moyo wakugwira ntchito zosiyanasiyana zoyimitsidwa ndi ma chassis.

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Mukamasankha pakati pamafuta odzazidwa ndi mafuta ndi gasi, muyenera kulabadira:

  1. mtengo - mpweya ndiwokwera mtengo kuposa mafuta;
  2. chitonthozo ndi kulimba - mtundu wamafuta ndi wolimba kuposa mafuta, chifukwa chake sioyenera kuyendetsa pamisewu yakumtunda, komabe, amatenga nthawi yayitali kuposa madzi;
  3. kuyendetsa galimoto - mtundu wodzazidwa ndi gasi ndiwofunikira pakuyendetsa masewera, chifukwa zimatsimikizira kukhazikika kwa galimoto pamapendekedwe ndi zopindika zazing'ono, komanso kumachepetsa ma braking mtunda... Mitundu yodzaza mafuta idapangidwa kuti iziyendetsa bwino, monga kuthamanga kwambiri, chifukwa cha kugwedezeka ndi kupindika, samatha kuwonongeka.

Nayi kanema wina wokuthandizani kudziwa kuti ndi mantha ati omwe ali abwino kwambiri:

Amene absorbers mantha bwino ndi odalirika - gasi, mafuta kapena gasi mafuta. Zovuta kwambiri

Momwe mungayang'anire zotsekemera zotsekemera

Kuti mudziwe kuwonongeka kwa poyimitsa, muyenera kutsatira njira yosavuta. Pa liwiro la 20-30 km / h. pezani mabuleki mwamphamvu. Ngati zida zogwiritsira ntchito zida zogwiritsa ntchito zida zawo, galimotoyo "imaluma" kutsogolo, kapena kumbuyo kwake kudumpha.

Muthanso kuyesa kuyimitsidwa pamisewu yokhotakhota komanso yokhotakhota. Makina akagwedezeka kuposa masiku onse, ma racks afika kumapeto kwa moyo wawo ndipo ayenera kusintha.

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Njira inanso yowunika kuti asatengeke ndi zotengera ndikugwedeza. Njira zoterezi zithandizira kudziwa momwe njirazo zilili, komanso momwe akufunikira kusintha mwachangu.

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Kufunika kosinthira kumawonekera chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwachilengedwe, komanso chifukwa cha katundu wambiri pamadampu (zochulukitsa pafupipafupi ndikuyendetsa mwachangu ma bampu).

Shock absorbers gwero

Gawo lililonse lagalimoto kapena njinga yamoto lili ndi zida zake zogwirira ntchito. Izi ndizowona makamaka pamakina omwe nthawi zonse amakumana ndi katundu wolemetsa. Moyo wautumiki wa zotsekemera zododometsa mwachindunji zimadalira kulondola kwa dalaivala (amayenda mozungulira mabampu kapena amathamangira nawo pa liwiro lalikulu), momwe misewu imakhalira komanso kulemera kwa galimotoyo.

Galimoto avareji yomwe ikugwira ntchito m'gawo la CIS iyenera kusinthidwa ndi zotulutsa mantha pambuyo pa makilomita 60-70 zikwi. Pankhaniyi, Ndi bwino kuchita diagnostics aliyense 20 zikwi.

Zolakwa ndi momwe mungadziwire?

Mwachiwonekere, vuto la shock absorber lingathe kudziwika ndi chikhalidwe cha damping pamene mukuyendetsa galimoto. Ngati galimoto imayamba kugwedezeka mopanda chibadwa poyendetsa misewu yosagwirizana, ndiye kuti zosokoneza ziyenera kuzindikiridwa. Kuti muchite izi, choyamba, muyenera kuyang'ana mkhalidwe wa ma shock absorbers ndi anthers awo.

Damper yolephera idzapakidwa ndi mafuta (madzi ogwirira ntchito atuluka mumtsuko). Kutaya kwamafuta panyumba kapena anthers ndi chifukwa cholowa m'malo mwa chotsitsa chododometsa. Kuchita kwa gawoli kumawunikiridwa poyesa kusuntha thupi lagalimoto molunjika (kanikizani ndikumasula kangapo, kuyesa kukulitsa kugwedezeka kwamphamvu, kugwiritsa ntchito khama nthawi iliyonse). Chotsitsa chothandizira chothandizira sichingalole kuti galimoto igwedezeke, koma imayimitsa kugwedezeka nthawi yomweyo.

Kodi m'malo absorbers mantha

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Ma absorbers amantha adasinthidwa motere.

  1. Kwezani makinawo ponyamula. Ngati itakwezedwa ndi ma jacks, ndiye kuti, posintha zoyimitsira zakutsogolo, galimotoyo iyenera kuyikidwa pa handbrake, ndipo mukakhazikitsa kumbuyo, zida ziyenera kuyatsidwa (m'magalimoto oyendetsa kumbuyo, mawilo akutsogolo ayenera kutsekedwa mwanjira ina, mwachitsanzo, gwiritsani choko).
  2. Tsegulani phirilo pachikwama chowongolera.
  3. Mukachotsa mabatani am'mbuyo, nsonga zowongolera zimachotsedwa.
  4. Chotsegula tsinde lolumikizira pachithandacho.

Choyikiracho chimayikidwa motsutsana.

Pogwiritsa ntchito chitsanzo cha VAZ 2111, zikuwonetsedwa momwe njirayi imagwirira ntchito:

M'malo absorbers mantha kutsogolo Vaz

Malangizo ochokera kwa akatswiri:

  • Musanakhazikike chingwe chatsopano (chosinthira mapaipi awiri), chowongolera chododometsa chimayenera kupopedwa kuti mpweya uchoke pamphamvu. Ngati izi sizinachitike, ndiye kuti poyendetsa adzawoneka "dips" wa pisitoni. Kupopera kumachitika motere: chowongolera chowongolera, chopendekera ndi tsinde pansi, chimakanikizidwa bwino, chokhazikika masekondi 2-3, m'boma lino chimasinthidwa ndikutha masekondi 3-5. kumasula bwino. Kenako chovalacho chimatembenuzidwira pansi, dikirani masekondi angapo, ndikubwereza ndondomekoyi katatu kapena kanayi. Pambuyo magazi, absorber mantha ayenera kusungidwa pamalo owongoka, monga adzaika pa galimoto.
  • Musagwiritse ntchito wrench yampweya kuti mumange tsinde. Izi zitha kupangitsa kuti tsinde lipotoze ndikuwononga chidindo cha mafuta. Ngati izi sizingachitike, kukulitsa kumabweretsa mavuto mu ndodo yolowetsa, yomwe imatha kuyipweteka kwambiri.
  • Sikuletsedwa konse kukonza tsinde ndi mapulojekiti ndi zida zina zomangirira. Izi zitha kuwononga kalilole wa ndodo. Makiyi apadera ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kukonza.
  • Galimotoyo iyenera kutsitsidwa ndi chikepe kapena jack isanamangitse mtedza. Chifukwa chake ndodoyo imapindika bwino ndipo siyingaswe kapena kuthyoka mukamayenda. osatseka.
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Ziziyenda sagwirizana za m'malo zovuta absorbers mantha. Ena amakhulupirira kuti zonse ziyenera kusinthidwa nthawi yomweyo, pomwe ena ali otsimikiza kuti ndikwanira kusintha gawo lowonongekalo.

Ngakhale woyendetsa galimoto aliyense amadzisankhira momwe angakonzere galimoto yake, akatswiri amaumirira kuti azisintha - ngakhale atakhala kuti alibe, sinthani mbali zonse ziwiri (kutsogolo kapena kumbuyo). Chifukwa cha kutopa, magawo akale ophatikizidwa ndi atsopano amatha kuchepetsa mphamvu ya msonkhano wonse. Mulimonsemo, kumbukirani kuti gawo limodzi lolakwika lingasokoneze magawo ena ofunikira kapena chisiki.

Kusintha liti

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Nthawi zina zimakhala zofunikira kusintha ma rack:

  • chifukwa cha kuwunika kowoneka bwino, zotsalira zamatayidwe amadzi zidawululidwa mthupi;
  • mapindikidwe thupi chikombole;
  • kuuma kwa kuyimitsidwa kwawonjezeka - ziphuphu zogwira thupi zimachitika m'maenje;
  • Galimoto idagundika mowonekera (nthawi zambiri cholembera chododometsa chimodzi chimalephera, motero galimotoyo imangoyenda mbali yomweyo).

Kanema wotsatira akuwonetsa imodzi mwanjira zomwe mungadziwire nokha kuyimitsidwa koyimitsidwa:

Malangizo Oyendetsa - Momwe Mungapezere Omwe Amanyamula Shock (Undercarriage)

Ngati kugogoda kukuwonekera poyimitsidwa, muyenera kulumikizana ndi malo operekera nthawi yomweyo. Kusintha koteroko m'galimoto sikunganyalanyazidwe, chifukwa chitetezo cha eni galimoto yowonongeka, komanso ogwiritsa ntchito ena mumsewu chimadalira iwo.

Kanema - momwe ma shock absorbers amagwirira ntchito

Nayi kanema wachidule wamomwe zotsekemera zamakono zimagwirira ntchito, komanso kapangidwe kake:

Momwe ma shock absorbers amagwirira ntchito

Video - momwe mungadziwire chotsitsa choyipa kuchokera ku chabwino

Kanema wotsatirawa akuwonetsa momwe mungadziwire nokha ngati zotsekemera zikadali zabwino mgalimoto kapena ndizoyipa kale, ndipo ziyenera kusinthidwa:

Momwe mungadziwire chotsitsa choyipa kuchokera ku chabwino

Video "Momwe mungasinthire kugwedeza kwamphamvu"

Magalimoto ena amakhala ndi ma shock absorbers. Umu ndi momwe angasinthire (pogwiritsa ntchito chitsanzo cha CITYCOCO mpweya / mafuta otsekemera a Skyboard scooter yamagetsi):

Momwe Mungasinthire CITYCOCO Air Oil Shock Absorbers 2020 Electric Scooters SKYBOARD Citikoko

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi chotchinga chamoto m'galimoto ndi chiyani? Ichi ndi chubu chakuda, chosindikizidwa mbali imodzi, ndipo mbali inayo pisitoni yachitsulo imalowetsedwamo. Mphepete mwa chitoliro chodzaza ndi chinthu chomwe chimachepetsa mphamvu kuchokera ku gudumu, yomwe imafalikira ku thupi.

Ndi mitundu yanji ya ma shock absorbers alipo? Pali zosintha zazikulu zitatu: mafuta, gasi ndi gasi-mafuta. Njira yoyesera ndiyo njira ya maginito. Gawolo likhoza kukhala ndi chitoliro chimodzi kapena ziwiri. Pakhoza kukhalanso posungira kutali.

Kodi mungadziwe bwanji ngati shock absorber ili ndi vuto? Chotsitsa chododometsa chosalongosoka chimazindikirika ndi kugwedera kwamphamvu. Ndikofunikira kukanikiza mbali yofananira ya thupi - ndi chotsitsa chogwira ntchito, galimoto sidzagwedezeka.

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