Kodi aquaplaning ndi chiyani?

Zamkatimu

Zatsimikiziridwa kuti ngozi zambiri zimachitika nyengo yamvula, ndipo mfundoyi siyowoneka bwino, koma kuwopsa koopsa kwamadzi. Kenako, tiwunika zomwe aquaplaning ndi, momwe tingapewere, komanso momwe tingakhalire pankhani ngati izi.

 Kodi aquaplaning ndi chiyani?

Aquaplaning ndimomwe matayala amgalimoto samalumikizana pang'ono ndi msewu chifukwa chamadzi. Kutsetsereka pamwamba pamadzi kumachitika pa liwiro lalikulu, zomwe zimachepetsa kukoka, ndipo galimoto ikuwoneka kuti ikuyandama ngati sitima. Kuopsa kwa zotsatirazi ndikuti munthawi yomweyo dalaivala atha kulephera kuyendetsa galimoto, kusakhazikika kwa skid kumachitika ndi zotsatirapo zake zonse. Kulowa mu izi, aquaplaning amakhala ovuta kuposa kuyendetsa pa ayezi, popeza koyambirira, gudumu limangokhala mlengalenga. Kuphatikiza pa kuthamanga kwambiri, palinso zinthu zina zomwe zimapangitsa kuti musayendetse bwino galimoto.

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Zinthu Zomwe Zimakhudza Kuyenda Mlengalenga Magalimoto

Chifukwa chake, kuthamanga kwambiri ndi chimodzi mwazifukwa zazikulu zakulephera kuyendetsa galimoto ndipo, makamaka, ndiomwe amachititsa zoyipa zoposa 80%, komanso monga:

  • kulowa m'chithaphwi mwachangu;
  • mtsinje wamphamvu wamadzi panjira;
  • makulidwe osakwanira kapena mawonekedwe olakwika;
  • msewu wosagwirizana, zomwe zimabweretsa kugawa madzi mosagwirizana;
  • zovuta zosiyanasiyana za matayala;
  • kulephera kuyimitsidwa, seweroli, komanso kuchuluka kwa magalimoto.

Kachitidwe ka turo

Makulidwe otsalira omwe tayala limatsimikizika kuti ligwire ntchito yake ndi 8 mm. Ndikofunikira kuti kuvala matayala ndikufanana momwe zingathere, zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuti mugwire bwino ngakhale mutatsalira pang'ono. Kuyendetsa mphira wa "dazi" pamadzi kumawoneka motere: liwiro likadutsa 60 km / h, madzi amasonkhana patsogolo pa mawilo, funde limapangidwa. Chifukwa chakukhala kosakwanira kwa malo othamangitsira madzi, magudumu amasiya kulumikizana ndi mseu, ndipo pakati pake pamatuluka madzi. Galimotoyo "imayandama", chiwongolero chimakhala chopepuka, komabe, pakuyesayesa pang'ono pang'ono, galimotoyo imathamanga, ndipo skid yosalamulirika imachitika. Zoyenera kuchita pankhaniyi:

  • kuchepetsa liwiro bwino, kupatula kuyendetsa malo osalowerera ndale, ndikofunikira kuyimitsa ndi injini;
  • musapitirire liwiro la 40 km / h;
  • onjezerani kupanikizika kwa matayala ndi mpweya wokwanira 0.2-0.4 pamwambapa, fanizani kufunika kwamawilo onse;
  • kumasula chitsulo chogwira matayala kumbuyo kwa katundu.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Machimo 7 a eni magalimoto akale

Ngati mdera lanu kumakhala mvula yambiri, ndiye kuti muyenera kusankha matayala oyenera - othamangitsa madzi ndikupondaponda.

Makulidwe amakanema amadzi

Kutalika kwa madzi osanjikiza kumagwira ntchito mwachindunji. Msewu wonyowa umagwira bwino kwambiri, pomwe matope akuya ndi madzi amphamvu (mvula ndi mvula, kapena ngalande), limodzi ndi misewu yosagwirizana, zimangotsogolera ku aquaplaning. Nthawi yomweyo, ngakhale tayala labwino kwambiri silimatha kuyendetsa bwino galimoto. 

Ulendo wopita

Ngakhale ndi madzi osanjikiza, ma aquaplaning amayamba pa 70 km / h. Ndi kuwonjezeka kulikonse kwa khumi kwakuthamanga, koyefishienti yolumikizira ndiyotsutsana kotheratu. Kuti mukhale otetezeka kwambiri, ndibwino kuti liwiro lizikhala pa 50-70 km / h. Komanso, liwiro ili ndi lotetezeka ku injini, limachepetsa mwayi wamadzi olowera pamakina oyendera injini, kufupikitsa jenereta ndi magetsi.

Mkhalidwe woyimitsidwa

Zotsatira zoyimitsidwa molakwika ndizowonjezereka pakati pazigawo zosuntha. Chifukwa cha ichi, galimotoyo imapita mbali, kapena imaponyedwa pamsewu, kuyendetsa mosalekeza ndikofunikira, ndipo kuyendetsa mwadzidzidzi kwa chiwongolero kumatha kubweretsa skid. Komanso yesani kuswa mosamala, popanda kukanikiza mopondereza, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ma disc brake azigwira ntchito, apo ayi kusinthika kwawo sikungapeweke (madzi amafika pazitsulo zotentha).

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Chifukwa chiyani kupanga ma aquaplan ndikuwopsa?

Kuopsa kwakukulu kochokera ku aquaplaning ndikulephera kuyendetsa galimoto, zomwe zimaphatikizapo ngozi zapamsewu. Ngozi yayikulu imapangidwa ndikuti kugwiritsa ntchito luso kwapamwamba sikungapulumutse kutsamba. Mwachitsanzo, galimoto yoyendetsa kutsogolo idatuluka mu skid mwa kukanikiza mwadzidzidzi cholembera cha accelerator, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti galimoto iimitsidwe. Pankhani yopanga aquaplaning, ndizovuta kwambiri: chifukwa chakusowa kwa cholumikizira, mawilo oyendetsa amangoyenda, zomwe zingabweretse zovuta zoyipa.

Kodi titani pamenepa?

Palibe dalaivala m'modzi yemwe sangatengeke ndi aquaplaning, ngakhale galimoto yotsika mtengo kwambiri komanso yotetezeka ingathe kuchita izi. Kufufuza:

  1. Zotsatira zake zikachitika, gwirani chiongolero mwamphamvu, osazungulira konse, kuyesera kuyendetsa galimotoyo, m'malo mwake, izi zidzakulitsa mkhalidwewo. Ngati mugwirizira chiongolero mwamphamvu, galimoto imangoyenda kuzungulira mbali yake, apo ayi "taxi" yogwira iponya galimotoyo mbali ndi mbali, yomwe ikudzaza ndi kugunda chopinga kapena galimoto yomwe ikubwera.
  2. Tulutsani kapena ikani pakhosi pang'onopang'ono pang'ono, mwachangu, mwachidule. Yesetsani kuyimitsa galimoto ndi injini pochepetsa magiya. Pogwiritsa ntchito Tiptronic basi, muchepetse magiya potengera "-".
  3. Khalani odekha. Kuchita mantha kulikonse kumakulitsa zotsatira zake, kumvetsetsa bwino momwe zinthu zilili ndikofunikira, komanso kuwerengera kozizira.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mabatire a magalimoto a haibridi ndi magetsi

Kodi mungapewe bwanji kupanga aquaplaning?

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Malamulo ofunikira olepheretsa kukonzekera:

  • onetsetsani liwiro, kuthamanga kwambiri sikuyenera kupitirira 70 km / h;
  • fufuzani matayala, ayenera kukhala ofanana paliponse;
  • makulidwe otsalira sayenera kukhala ochepera malire;
  • pewani mathamangitsidwe mwadzidzidzi, braking ndi chiwongolero chakuthwa;
  • musalemetse thunthu;
  • kuwona chithaphwi patsogolo panu, khalani pang'onopang'ono patsogolo pake.

Zizindikiro zamatayala agalimoto osagwedezeka

Sikuti tayala lililonse limatha kupereka madzi okwanira. Mwachitsanzo, kampani yotchuka kwambiri ku Continental ili ndi matayala apadera "amvula" amtundu wa Uniroyal Matayala. Kuyesedwa kwakanthawi kukuwonetsa kuyendetsa bwino kwa madzi m'madzi kuchokera pama mawilo, kulumikizana kwakukulu ndikuwongolera pagalimoto. Chinthu chachikulu ndichokumbukira, ngakhale tayala litakhala lapamwamba bwanji, momwe matekinoloje aposachedwa kwambiri otetezera galimotoyo - palibe amene ali ndi inshuwaransi motsutsana ndi aquaplaning. Kusunga kokha liwiro la liwiro, mtunda ndi nthawi, komanso kuyendetsa bwino galimoto, zomwe zingapewe zovuta zoyenda mumlengalenga. 

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi matayala ati omwe ali abwino kwambiri pa hydroplaning? Njira yabwino ndi matayala amvula. Mbali ya matayalawa ndi njira yozama yopondaponda yomwe imachotsa bwino madzi mu tayala, ndikumangirira mokhazikika pamalo olimba.

Kodi hydroplaning imakhudza chiyani? Izi zimakhudzidwa makamaka ndi mawonekedwe opondaponda komanso kuchuluka kwa kuvala kwa rabara. Kuti madzi azitha kuyenda bwino, kupondapo kuyenera kukhala ndi ma grooves pafupipafupi, owongoka, ozama.

Chifukwa chiyani kupanga ma aquaplan ndikuwopsa? Pamene hydroplaning (pa liwiro lalikulu galimoto amayendetsa mu chithaphwi), galimoto amachita ngati kugunda ayezi, kwambiri, chifukwa gudumu amataya kwathunthu kukhudzana chigamba ndi msewu.

Kodi makulidwe okhazikika a madzi osanjikiza pa mayeso aaquaplaning aatali? Kuya kosiyanasiyana kungafunike kuti mphamvu ya hydroplaning ichitike. Chinthu chachikulu si kuwulukira mmenemo pa liwiro la 40-70 Km / h, malingana ndi mmene matayala.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » nkhani » Kodi aquaplaning ndi chiyani?

Ndemanga za 2

  1. eya, ndinalowa mu aquaplaning))) bwino mu dzenje silinathawire kwina, sanapulumutse osati osati esp

  2. moni, ndingathetse bwanji vuto ili ndikuwonetsa tsambali? diso

Kuwonjezera ndemanga