Kodi kuyimitsa nyali zamagalimoto kumatanthauza chiyani?

Zamkatimu

Nambala yoyang'anira nyali malinga ndi muyezo wapadziko lonse ikuwonetsa mawonekedwe onse a Optics. Chindodo chololeza amalola dalaivala kusankha molondola komanso mwachangu gawo lina, kupeza mtundu wa nyali zogwiritsidwa ntchito popanda zitsanzo, komanso kufananizira chaka chopanga gawolo ndi chaka chopangira galimoto kuti zitsimikizire ngozi.

Kulemba tanthauzo ndi kutanthauza chiyani

Choyambirira, kuyika chizindikiro pakhomapo kumathandiza dalaivala kusankha mtundu wa mababu omwe angaikidwe m'malo motenthedwa. Kuphatikiza apo, chizindikirocho chimakhala ndi zambiri zowonjezera: kuyambira mchaka chopanga kupita kudziko lazovomerezeka, komanso chidziwitso chotsata miyezo.

Malinga ndi muyezo wapadziko lonse lapansi (UNECE Regulations N99 / GOST R41.99-99), zida zamagetsi zoyikika pamagalimoto oyenda (magalimoto) ziyenera kulembedwa molingana ndi mtundu wovomerezeka.

Code, yomwe ili ndi zilembo zachilembo chachi Latin, imasunga chidziwitso chonse chakuwala kwagalimoto:

  • mtundu wa nyali zomwe zimayikidwa kuti ziziikidwa mgawo linalake;
  • mtundu, mtundu ndi kusintha;
  • gulu;
  • magawo owunikira;
  • mayendedwe amtundu wowala (kumanja ndi kumanzere);
  • dziko lomwe lidapereka satifiketi yakutsata;
  • tsiku lopanga.

Kuphatikiza pa muyeso wapadziko lonse lapansi, makampani ena, mwachitsanzo, Hella ndi Koito, amagwiritsa ntchito zolemba zomwe zida zina zowonjezera zimayendetsedwera. Ngakhale miyezo yawo siyikutsutsana ndi malamulo apadziko lonse lapansi.

Kulemba kumasungunuka pambali ya pulasitiki ndikuwunikanso kumbuyo kwa mlandu pansi pa hobo ngati chomata. Chojambula chotetezedwa sichingachotsedwe ndikuyikidwanso pachinthu china popanda kuwonongeka, chifukwa chake ma optics otsika nthawi zambiri samakhala ndi cholemba chonse.

Ntchito zazikulu

Chodindirira chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti dalaivala kapena waluso azitha kudziwa zambiri zama optics omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito. Izi zimathandiza ngati mtundu womwewo m'magawo atatu osiyanasiyana uli ndi zosintha zingapo zowunikira.

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Kuchiritsa

Kalata yoyamba mu codeyo ikuwonetsa kutsata kwa optics ndi miyezo yabwino yamadera ena.

Kalata E imawonetsa kuti nyali yamagetsiyo ikukwaniritsa zida zamagetsi zamagalimoto aku Europe ndi Japan.

SAE, DOT - Ikuwonetsa kuti nyali yayikulu ikukwaniritsa muyeso wa American Technical Inspectorate wamagalimoto opezeka ku United States.

Chiwerengero chotsatira kalata yoyamba chikuwonetsa dziko lopanga kapena boma lomwe lidapereka chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito gulu ili la Optics. Satifiketi yovomerezera imatsimikizira kuti mtundu winawake ungagwiritsidwe ntchito m'misewu yapagulu mothandizidwa ndi mitundu yokhazikitsidwa (magetsi oyendetsa masana, mtanda wokwera, mtengo wotsika, ndi zina zambiri).

Gome ili m'munsiyi limapereka mndandanda wachidule wofananirana ndi mayiko.

Manambala a CodedzikoManambala a Codedziko
1Germany12Austria
2France16Norway
3Italy17Finland
4Netherlands18Denmark
5Sweden20Poland
7Hungary21Portugal
8Czech Republic22Russia
9Spain25Croatia
11United Kingdom29Belarus

Pazindikilo zapadziko lonse zamagetsi oyatsira magalimoto, zizindikilo zotsatirazi zimalandiridwa, zomwe zimatsimikizira mtundu ndi malo oyikapo nyali yamagetsi, nyali zamagulu, kuwala, magetsi.

Potengera magwiridwe antchito ndi magwiridwe antchito, Optics imadziwika ndi zizindikilo:

  • A - mutu Optics;
  • B - magetsi a utsi;
  • L - chiwalitsiro cha mbale;
  • C - nyali ya mababu owonera;
  • RL - masana magetsi;
  • R - chipika kwa nyali mkulu mtengo.

Ngati nyali yamagetsi ikupita pansi pa nyali zapadziko lonse lapansi ndikuphatikizira kosakanikirana ndi mtengo wokwera / wotsika, zotsatirazi zikugwiritsidwa ntchito mu code:

  1. HR - mtengo wokwera uyenera kupatsidwa nyali ya halogen.
  2. HC / HR - chowunikira chakapangidwira ma halojeni, chipangizocho chili ndi ma module awiri (okhala ndi nyali zazitali komanso zazitali. Ngati chizindikirochi cha HC / HR chikugwiritsidwa ntchito pamutu wa wopanga waku Japan, ndiye kuti ungasinthidwe kuti ugwiritse ntchito nyali za xenon.

Mtundu wa nyali chodetsa

Nyali zamagalimoto zimakhala ndi kutentha kosiyanasiyana, kufalitsa nyali yamphamvu, mphamvu inayake. Kuti mugwire bwino ntchito, mufunika ma diffusers, magalasi ndi zida zina zomwe zimabwera ndi chowunikira china.

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Mpaka 2010, zinali zoletsedwa ku Russian Federation kukhazikitsa nyali za xenon mu nyali zopangira halogen. Tsopano kusinthidwa kotereku ndikololedwa, koma kuyenera kuperekedwa pasadakhale ndi wopanga, kapena kutsimikiziridwa ndi matupi apadera.

Kuti mupeze lingaliro lolondola la chizindikiro cha nyali, kuphatikiza kumagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  1. HCR - nyali imodzi ya halogen imayikidwa mu chipindacho, chomwe chimapereka kuwunikira kwapamwamba komanso kutsika.
  2. CR - nyali yamayendedwe amiyeso yoyaka. Amawona ngati achikale ndipo amapezeka pagalimoto zopitilira zaka 10.
  3. DC, DCR, DR - zolemba zapadziko lonse lapansi zamagetsi a xenon, omwe ma OEM onse amatsatira. Kalata D imawonetsa kuti nyali yam'manja ili ndi chiwonetsero chofananira ndi magalasi.

    Magetsi a utsi okhala ndi code HC, HR, HC / R sanapangire xenon. Ndikuletsedwanso kukhazikitsa xenon poyatsa kumbuyo.

  4. PL ndichizindikiro china chomwe chimatanthawuza kugwiritsa ntchito chowunikira cha pulasitiki mu chipinda chamagetsi.

Kuphatikiza kowonjezera kwamakalata kuti muwonetse mawonekedwe a Optics:

  • DC / DR - xenon chowunikira ndi ma module awiri.
  • DCR - kutalika kwa xenon.
  • DC - xenon mtengo wochepa.

Pamtengo, nthawi zambiri mumatha kuwona muvi ndi zizindikiritso zosonyeza komwe mungayende:

  • LHD - kumanja kuyendetsa.
  • RHD - Dzanja Lamanja.

Momwe mungasankhire ma LED

Zipangizo zovomerezeka za nyali za LED zimadziwika kuti HCR. Kuphatikiza apo, magalasi onse ndi zowunikira pamagalasi oyatsira magalimoto ali ndi chizindikiro cha LED.

Kamangidwe kuwala kwa diode kumasiyana ndi midadada ya nyali za halogen pakupanga. Ma diode amakhala ndi kutentha kocheperako poyerekeza ndi ma halogen, ndipo ngati ma LED atha kukhala ndi chowunikira chopangira xenon ndi halogen, ndiye kuti kubwezeretsanso sikungakonzedwe, chifukwa nyali za halogen zimakhala ndi kutentha kwakukulu.

Kuphatikiza pa zilembo ndi manambala, pali chizindikiro cha mtundu pakulemba kwa chowunikira cha galimoto. Itha kukhala chizindikiritso kapena kuphatikiza kwa "Made in…".

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Magetsi oyendetsa masana sanayikebe chizindikiro. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwa nyali zamphamvu inayake ndi kalasi kumayendetsedwa mu SDA.

Kuletsa kuba

Zizindikiro zotsutsana ndi kuba pama nyali ndi nambala yapadera. Zokha kuchepetsa kuba kwa Optics m'galimoto, mtengo wake ndi wokwera kwambiri kwa mitundu yoyamba.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito polemba pazowunikira nyumba kapena mandala. Zotsatirazi zitha kusimbidwa mu code:

  • VIN-code yamagalimoto;
  • nambala yotsatana;
  • Mtundu wamagalimoto;
  • tsiku lopanga, ndi zina zambiri.

Ngati palibe chizindikiro choterocho, chitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi wogulitsa wanu. Izi zimachitika ndi chida chapadera pogwiritsa ntchito chosema cha laser.

Kanema wothandiza

Onani zambiri zamomwe mungapezere zolemba pamutu pa kanema pansipa:

Chizindikiro cham'mutu ndi njira yabwino yodziwira zonse zamagetsi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pagalimoto inayake, kuti musinthe mababu molondola, komanso kuti mupeze kuyatsa kwatsopano kuti musinthe kosweka.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Zomwe ziyenera kulembedwa pa nyali ya xenon? Nyali yakumutu yopangira halogen imalembedwa ndi H, ndipo mtundu womwe xenon ungayikidwe amalembedwa kuti D2S, DCR, DC, D.

Kodi zilembo zakutsogolo za xenon ndi ziti? D - nyali za xenon. C - mtengo wotsika. R - mtengo wapamwamba. Poyika chizindikiro cha nyali, zolembera zotsika zokha zitha kupezeka, ndipo mwina pamodzi ndi mtengo wapamwamba.

Kodi mungadziwe bwanji mababu omwe ali pamagetsi? Chizindikiro cha C / R chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuwonetsa mtengo wotsika / wapamwamba. Ma halojeni amadziwika ndi chilembo H, xenon - D kuphatikiza zilembo zofananira zamtundu wa kuwala kwa kuwala.

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