Kuyendetsa BMW M1 ndi Mercedes-Benz C 111: Duel ya zimphona

BMW M1 ndi Mercedes-Benz C 111: Duel ya zimphona

Maloto awiri aku Germany kuyambira nthawi yonyamuka komanso chiyembekezo

Lero, titha kubwezera mwayi womwe wasowa ndi miyeso yakale ndikuyerekeza M1 ndi C111. Ma supercars aku Germany ochokera ku 70s akumenyera korona waukadaulo wapamwamba.

Chinali chiwonetsero chodabwitsa kuchokera kudziko latsopano labwino, chizindikiro cha mwayi wopanda malire waukadaulo. Mayina osavuta kumva a C 111 adalimbikitsa zamagetsi kuposa okonda a Mercedes okha. Umenewu unali mzimu wamasiku amenewo - malire oterewa pakati pa zaka makumi awiri ndi zaka ziwiri zophiphiritsira, 1969 ndi 1970, zomwe zimawoneka kuti zikuwunikira zonse ndi luso lawo lolonjeza. Chikhulupiriro chamtsogolo chidafika pachimake, kumangidwa kwa kampani yamagetsi yamagetsi ya Biblis, Concorde adakwera ndege kuchokera ku Paris kupita ku New York mothamanga kawiri, Apollo 11 adakocheza ndi anthu pamwezi, ndipo Munch-4-TTS ali ndi mphamvu 88 hp inali njinga yamoto yozizira kwambiri kuposa kale lonse. Pa 1969 ku Frankfurt Motor Show, a Mercedes C 111 adawonetsedwa, omwe injini ya Wankel ya 1800 cc inali ndi ma rotor atatu ndikufika 280 hp. pa 7000rpm motsimikizika idasweka ndikuchotsedwa koopsa kwa NSU Ro 80.

Supercar wapamwamba kwambiri wamakono wokhala ndi thupi la pulasitiki ndi injini yokwera pakati yatamandidwa ngati wolowa m'malo mwa 300 SL. Koma ngati sizinali zokwanira, miyezi isanu ndi umodzi pambuyo pake, mchaka cha 1970, chidwi chidafika pachimake. C 0,32-II, yopangidwa mwaluso kwambiri ndi wopanga Bruno Saco komanso wopangidwa mwanzeru ndi Cx = 111, adakweza bala kwambiri. Ngakhale mtundu wake wonyezimira wamalalanje ukhala chizindikiro cha zaka khumi zikubwerazi. Nthawiyi injiniyo inali ndi ma rotor anayi chifukwa, chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake, injini ya Wankel idawonjezera ma module ena.

Chifukwa chake, kuchuluka kwanyumba kwawonjezeka mpaka 2400 cm3, mphamvu - mpaka 350 hp. pa 7200 rpm, ndipo kukakamira mpaka ku 400 Nm pa 5500 rpm. Izi ndizofanana ndendende ndi 12-silinda Ferrari 365 GTB / 4 yotchedwa Daytona, yomwe idapangidwa nthawi yomweyo, koma chifukwa chakuwuluka bwino, C 111 pamapeto pake idafika "cholepheretsa mawu" cha 300 km / h .Koma loto labwino la mapiko a Mercedes wapamwamba kwambiri omwe adzaphulitse magalimoto onse padziko lapansi adasokonekera poyesa kukhalabe ndi mbiri yabwino ndi nyenyeziyo. Anthu okhala ku Stuttgart analibe kulimba mtima kupatsa makasitomala magalimoto opanda ungwiro monga masewera amitundu, amisili komanso abwino. C 111-II idadya pafupifupi malita 25 pa 100 km, yomwe inali 600 popanda kuchita khama, moyo wama injini udangokhala ma 80 km, omwe kenako amatchula 000 SE wamba ndimagawo ake olakwika. Ngakhale kukalamba komanso chitetezo mukamakumana ndi fiberglass inali vuto lalikulu. Ngakhale Lotus, Alpine-Renault ndi Corvette samadziwa zina.

C 111 idagunda mseu, koma ndi V8.

C 111-II adakhalabe chikondi chosakwaniritsidwa, bala losachiritsika, melodrama yopanda mathero osangalatsa. Ndi lero lokha, patatha zaka 45, zikuwoneka kuti vuto lakutaya loto lagalimoto latha. Galimoto yomwe yabweretsa chisangalalo kumibadwo yabwerera panjira. Koma m'malo mwa chopangira mphamvu champhamvu chonga ma rotor anayi, chimayendetsedwa ndi injini ya V8 yopanga 205 hp.

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Komabe, iwo omwe adakondana ndi C 111 panthawiyo, ndipo sizinali zovuta kwa zithumwa zake zonse, adatonthozedwa kokha ndi galimoto ina yoyendetsa mosanyinyirika, yomwe idangowonekera zaka zisanu ndi zitatu zokha zachisoni pambuyo pake. Kuyambira 1978 yakhala ikupezeka kwa DM 100. BMW M000. Galimoto iyi inali yeniyeni ndipo ingagulidwe, koma nthawi yomweyo inali yofanana kwambiri ndi utsogoleri wa C 1-II womwe sungadziwike: mtundu wamasewera wokhala ndi injini yamphamvu yapakatikati, thupi la pulasitiki lokhala ndi mawonekedwe osangalatsa , thupi lochepa kwambiri lokhala ndi mawonekedwe othamangitsidwa bwino ndi Cx = 111, lopangidwa makamaka ndi dzanja. Pambuyo pazithunzi 0,34 ndi 328 m'ma 507s, anthu a BMW anali ofunitsitsa mtundu wazithunzi wokhala ndi zokhumba zamphamvu za motorsport, galimoto yothamanga yokhala ndi chiphaso cha misewu. Pulojekiti yoyamba yoyimilira M - BMW 70 CSL - imawoneka yachilendo kwambiri, yokwanira kuti iwoneke ngati flagship yomwe imayatsa mzere wonsewo. Koma mu mtundu wa 3.0 wa 2 wothamanga, anali kale ndi injini ya M1974 mtsogolo, 1-lita pamwamba pa camshaft, ma valve anayi pa silinda ndi 3,5 hp. pa 440 rpm CSL idakhala yopereka injini, ndipo chotsegulira cha Turbo kuyambira 8500 chidali kale ndi chithunzi chonse chokhala ndi injini yapakati, chassis ndi thupi. Izi zidali kuyankha kwa Wankel supercar. Paul Braque, wakale wolemba kalembedwe ku Daimler-Benz, adapanga chiwonetserocho ndi dzina lanyumba E1972, monga Bruno Sako C 25 idaliri, ndimayendedwe amgalimoto yamaloto nthawiyo, zitseko zosakweza mosaletseka, nyali zowonda pang'ono ndi kumbuyo kwakutali, kodulira TSIRIZA.

Koma BMW M1 isanatuluke pa Paris Motor Show mu 1978, panali zopinga zingapo zoti muthe. Giugiaro anapatsa thupi lozungulira la Braque mawonekedwe owoneka bwino kwambiri omwe akadawonetsedwa pamitundu yama 80. Lamborghini adalamulidwa kuti apange banja lamasewera omwe anali ndi thupi la pulasitiki, koma mgwirizano ndi aku Italiya zidalephera.

Gulu logwira ntchito M1

Kupatula apo, M1 idapangidwa, monga ndege za Airbus, ndi gulu lonse logwira ntchito. BMW idapatsa injini ndi chassis, kufalitsa kwa ZF, ndi bokosi lamasewera lothamanga zisanu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu C 111-II. Mafelemu okhala ndi ma tubular adalumikizidwa ndi amisiri a Marchesi ku Modena, kampani ina yaku Italiya yotchedwa TIR, yomwe idalimba thupi la fiberglass. Italdesign idapereka matupi omalizidwa ku Stuttgart, komwe Baur adayika zida zonse zamkati, zotumiza ndi ma axles. Ndipo apa titha kupeza kufanana ndi C 111, yemwe thupi lake la fiberglass lidapangidwa ndi Wagonfabrik Rastatt. Komabe, adasungabe grille yotsika mtengo ya 300 SL ndi M1 - C 111 idakhazikika pamiyala yolimba ya 2,5mm yotulutsidwa pansi yokhala ndi zipilala ziwiri zotsutsana ndi rollover.

Lero tikufunadi kuti tipeze mwayi wokhala duel pakati pa magalimoto awiri okha, ngakhale m'malo ovuta kwambiri. Tsopano okhala pakati-sikisi wamphamvu kwambiri azilimbana ndi trite pamwamba pa camshaft V8 popeza kuchuluka kwa zida ndi 205 mpaka 277 hp. mokomera M1. Voliyumu yokha yogwira ya malita 3,5 ndiyomweyi. Panthawiyo, mu 1978, duel pakati pa C 111-II ndi BMW M1 inali nkhani yotchuka kwa ampikisano wamuyaya a Mercedes ndi BMW. Ili ndiye korona waukadaulo waku Germany! Malingaliro awiri a injini amalimbana ndi magalimoto awiri osasunthika. Makina osintha, osavuta a Wankel omwe safuna mavavu ndi nthawi yama valve poyerekeza ndi injini ya pistoni yotsogola kwambiri, mwayi wake waukulu ndi mutu wovuta wokhala ndi ma valve anayi pa silinda.

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Pamsonkhano woyamba woyamba, C 111-II ndichodabwitsa. Galimoto yakunja yochokera kudziko la Utopia ikuwonekabe ngati maloto. Mtundu wake wa lalanje umakhala ndi sewero, mogwirizana ndi mizere ya thupi, yomwe yoyera yoyera M1 silingatsutse chimodzimodzi. Chitseko choboola mapiko chimakwera chimango choseketsa, ndipo wolemba, yemwe adakonda kugwiritsa ntchito C111 kuyambira ali mwana, akukwera m'kanyumbamo ngati kuti wakomoka. Amayendetsa mosadodometsa kwambiri pakhomo, lomwe pansi pake pali thanki yakumanzere, ndikukhala pampando wa tsabola, womwe umamupatsa ndikumukumbatira mwamphamvu. Gudumu limawoneka lodziwika bwino, kusintha pang'ono ndi wayilesi ya Becker Grand Prix yomwe ili ndi banal pine pin dashboard imadziwika kuchokera ku W 114/115. Ikangoyambitsidwa, V3,5 yaying'ono ya 8-lita imamvekanso - kunyumba, injini yomweyo imayendetsa SLC, koma ndimayendedwe, osati kungovutikira pang'ono koma kungogwira ntchito pamaulendo asanu othamanga.

Staccato m'malo mwa tchizi

Ndipo posunthira pamanja, yamphamvu zisanu ndi zitatu sikutentha kwambiri. Imaimbira likhweru mokwanira nthawi zina kuti iwonjezere kufunikira, koma pamayendedwe apamwamba omwe amakukankhirani kumalo othamangitsira masewera othamanga kasanu, zimamveka bwino ngati chiphaso cha V8. Pa 5000 rpm, injini ya Wankel yoyenda inayi imamveka ngati liwu lanyimbo, nyimbo yoopsa, yolira ya siren yomwe ipita patsogolo kwambiri. Malo okhala akuya mu C 111 amakhala ndi gawo la surreal: mukakhala ndi lamba wokhala ndi mfundo zisanu mumangokhala phee. Palibe chodzikongoletsera, ngakhale chiwongolero chamagetsi ndi zowongolera mpweya; Chilichonse chimapangidwa kalembedwe ka Spartan, mawonekedwe amtunduwu amatha kuwona kulikonse.

Ngakhale kuli kofewa, kuyendetsa galimoto kumawoneka ngati kosangalatsa chifukwa mawonekedwe olimba mtima, othamanga amakupangitsani kuganiza za nyimbo yosagwirizana ndi zenizeni. Mphamvu ndizabwino, koma sizikwaniritsa malonjezo amitundu yoyesa. Komabe, izi sizimachepetsa chisangalalo cha C 111. Apa mumakonda makamaka kuwona kwamaso, koma apo ayi galimoto ndi chithumwa chenicheni. Chassis yosalala yokhala ndi ma wheel wheel ofananira nawo awiri, yopatsidwa mtundu woyamba wa kuyimitsidwa kwamalumikizidwe olumikizana ndi mipiringidzo kumbuyo kwazitsulo, ikuwoneka kuti ili ndi malo osatheratu pamayendedwe amalire. Kuphatikiza apo, imapereka chitonthozo chabwino pakuyenda. Kunja, C 111 idakali yokongola mofanana ndi mu Meyi 1970. Mukamayendetsa, mumakhala ndi chidwi cha R 107 - chidaliro, chitetezo, koma osakhudzidwa kwambiri.

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Mu BMW M1, chilichonse chimagwirizana bwino, kupatula zomwe zidafotokozedwera komanso bolodi yotsika mtengo yotsika mtengo. Ngakhale mphamvu zonse za mseu, galimotoyo imakhalabe ndi mawonekedwe olonjezedwa olonjezedwa. Ndimagwira bwino kwambiri, kuyendetsa bwino kwambiri komwe kumasangalatsa malingaliro onse. Wokhala ndi injini yamphamvu yamphamvu zisanu ndi imodzi, imafikira nyenyezi za mitundu ya V12 yaku Italiya, ndipo izi sizokokomeza ayi. Makina osayendetsa magetsi amatitsimikizira kulumikizana mwachindunji komanso mwachangu ndi mseuwo. Kuyendetsa molimba mtima komanso mwamphamvu sikunali kokwanira kupangitsa kuti munthu azikhala modzidzimutsa mu chassis - mwamwambo wamasukulu apamwamba othamanga ndikukumbutsa modabwitsa ma axel a C 111 - ofananirako ndi mitundu yapakatikati. M1 ndi yovuta kwambiri kuposa C 111; Kutonthoza nthawi zonse kumakhala kofunika kwambiri kwa a Mercedes, ngakhale mu supercar. Ndizomvetsa manyazi kuti simungathe kuwona chilichonse pansi pa boneti yopapatiza yama XNUMX-silinda yomwe ili ndi ma camshafts awiri apamutu, zochulukitsa zapadera, mavavu apadera komanso manyazi olembedwa pamanja a Motorsport.

Mukamachita nawo mbali pazowonetsa zofunikira za injini - zomwe zimakupatsani chisangalalo chachikulu, nthawi ino ndikosavuta kosavuta kosunthira kwachangu kwachisanu. Pamwamba pa 5000 rpm, pali kudumpha modabwitsa - palibe chomwe chimagunda injini yachilengedwe yomwe ili ndi mzera wokoma kwambiri mpaka kumtunda wapamwamba kwambiri womwe umanyalanyaza mphamvu zoyambirira ndi zachiwiri za inertia. Ngakhale injini yamagetsi ya Wankel iyenera kuvutikira apa. Duel pakati pa M1 ndi C 111 ikuwonetsa bwino kuti nthawi zina zenizeni zimatha kukhala zokongola kuposa zimbalangondo.

Pomaliza

Mkonzi Alf Kremers: Fano lamagalimoto lapaunyamata wanga linali C 111. Ndinali ndi mtundu uliwonse wazing'ono - kuchokera ku Märklin mpaka ku Wiking. Ngakhale ndi injini ya V8, ndimasangalala nayo. Zowona kuti sizinapangidwe ndi anthu ambiri zimandimvetsa chisoni. M1 ndiyowona, idakhazikika pamalo apamwamba aku Germany modumpha kamodzi ndipo ngakhale popanda V12 idapulumutsa kunyada kwa fukoli.

Zolemba: Alf Kremers

Chithunzi: Arturo Rivas

Zambiri zaukadaulo

BMW M1, E26 (mwamuna 1979)Mercedes-Benz C 111-II (yopangidwa mu 1970)
Ntchito voliyumu3453 CC3499 CC
Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu277 hp (204 kW) pa 6500 rpm205 hp (151 kW) pa 5600 rpm
Kuchuluka

makokedwe

330 Nm pa 5000 rpm275 Nm pa 4500 rpm
Kupititsa patsogolo

0-100 km / h

6,5 s7,5 s
Ma braking mtunda

pa liwiro la 100 km / h

palibe detapalibe deta
Kuthamanga kwakukulu250 km / h220 km / h
Kuchuluka kwa mowa

mafuta pamayeso

17 malita / 100 km15 malita / 100 km
Mtengo Woyambapalibe detapalibe deta
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