Kuyendetsa BMW 635 CSi: Nthawi zina zozizwitsa zimachitika

BMW 635 CSi: Zozizwitsa Zimachitika Nthawi Zina

Momwe mudalephera kuwononga nthano - kukumana ndi wachinyamata wachikulire wamagalimoto

Eni magalimoto akale komanso osonkhanitsa ndi amtundu wapadera. Ambiri mwa iwo ali ndi chidziwitso chambiri komanso kuthekera kolimba komwe kumafunikira kuwonetsetsa ndikulingalira bwino m'malo ambiri. Ndipo ali okonzeka kumvetsera nkhaniyo ndi nkhope zowala, zomwe zafotokozedwa m'mitundu masauzande - ngati kuti mwadzidzidzi, ngati chozizwitsa, galimoto, yosungidwa bwino kwazaka zambiri komanso makilomita angapo, ikuwoneka, yosungidwa bwino ndi okalamba omwe sanakonde kuyendetsa kwambiri ...

Kudziwa kufooka uku pakati pa okonda chitsulo chamtengo wapatali, ndichachilengedwe kukayikira nkhani ngati imeneyi mokayikira. Ndipo zowonadi, mungakonde bwanji nkhani ya bambo wazaka 35? BMW 635 CSi, yapezeka posachedwa ili bwino, osayendetsedwa m'zaka 14, koma okonzeka kupita? Palibe dzimbiri pathupi, ngakhale ndi matayala okalamba kuchokera kufakitole, zomwe sizosadabwitsa, chifukwa - chidwi! - chozizwitsa chamagalimotochi chili pamtunda wa makilomita 23!

Tiyerekeze kuti tikufuna kugawa nthano ngati nthano yamatawuni yomwe ili ndi chiwembu chagalimoto, ngati zidziwitsozo sizinachokere pagwero loopsa - Mr. Iskren Milanov, wokonda odziwika bwino kwambiri wamagalimoto komanso wapampando wa Autoclub. nyamazi-BG. Kwa owerenga achikulire a auto motor magazine magazine, wakhala akudziwana kwanthawi yayitali kuchokera ku malipoti oyenda omwe adakonzedwa ndi kilabu mu 2007 ndi 2008, komanso kuchokera pakupereka kwa Jaguar XJ 40 yake yokonzedwanso bwino. tikukambirana ndi a Milanov tsiku loti tikambirane ndi chiyembekezo kuti nthawi ino chozizwitsa chidachitikadi.

Poimikidwa mu garaja yapansi pafupi ndi Jaguar yathu yofiira yofiira ndi BMW yopepuka yokhala ndi siginecha ya Paul Braque. Chrome ndi zina zonyezimira zimawala chifukwa cha nyali ndikupanga kumverera kwa tchuthi chamagalimoto chomwe chikubwera. Tikafika pampando wachikopa, tikakwera pamwambamwamba, timayembekezera mosamvetsetsa fungo la zinthu zatsopano, zomwe timazizindikira kuchokera pagalimoto zoyesera. Izi, zachidziwikire, sizikuchitika, koma mkati mwathu sitikukhulupirirabe kuti galimoto yomwe timayendetsa idasiya chomera cha Dingolfing zaka zoposa 35 zapitazo.

Ichi ndi chimodzi mwazoyendetsa zoyambira "zisanu ndi chimodzi" zokonzedwanso, kotero Mr. Milanov amapewa kuyika 218 hp yamphamvu mkati mwake. Komabe, liwu lake lakuthwa limapanga mawonekedwe amasewera, ndipo panthawiyo amalemekeza ochita mpikisano wamphamvu kwambiri komanso okwera mtengo kwambiri. Mu kuyesa kwa Auto Motor und Sport (20/1978), 635 CSi molimba mtima imatenga injini yamphamvu eyiti. Porsche 928 ndi Mercedes-Benz 450 SLC 5.0 yokhala ndi 240 hp ndipo mu sprint mpaka 100 km / h ndiyofanana ndi Porsche ndi kutsogolo kwa Mercedes, ndipo mpaka 200 km / h imathamanga pafupifupi masekondi awiri kuposa omenyera a Stuttgart.

Pakati pausiku mwayi

Pamene tikupitilizabe kukumana ndi ngwazi iyi, yemwe wawuka modzidzimutsa ndi chithumwa chake chonse, sitingathe kudikira kuti mudziwe zambiri za kupulumuka kwake kwamatsenga. Kuchokera pamalingaliro a eni ake, tikumvetsetsa kuti galimotoyo sinali mbali yazosonkhanitsira, ndipo mawonekedwe ake abwino chifukwa chongochitika mwangozi mosiyanasiyana. Ndipo, zachidziwikire, chifuniro, chidwi komanso kudzipereka kwamakani kwa munthu yemwe nkhani yake tifuna kumva.

"Mutu wamagalimoto sunandichokere," akuyamba a Mr. Milanov, "ndipo kuwonjezera pa chidwi cha mtundu wa Jaguar, nthawi zonse ndimafuna kupeza kalasi ina, yopezera ndalama osati ndalama zokha, komanso nthawi, mphamvu ndi chikhumbo. kumubweretsa iye mu chisangalalo ndi chisangalalo. Ndidapanga database yokhala ndi ogulitsa pafupifupi 350 ochokera padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo usiku umodzi, pafupifupi 11 koloko, ndikufufuza masamba awo pa intaneti, ndidakumana ndi BMW iyi. Ndinagona tulo tomwe! Adaperekedwa ndi kampani yaku Dutch - The Gallery Brummen, yomwe nthawi iliyonse imakhala ndi magalimoto pafupifupi 350 pamtundu wake ndipo imayimilidwa pazionetsero zazikulu zazikulu zamagalimoto achikale.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  kuyesa galimoto Land Rover Defender 2019: teaser yoyamba - chithunzithunzi

Ogulitsa adatsitsa zithunzi zambiri ndipo - kunena chilungamo - ena mwa iwo adawonetsa galimoto ili pansipa. Zithunzi zotere sizimakhala m'makampani nthawi zonse, koma zidandipambana. Ndinawafunsa kuti anditumizire zithunzi zowonjezera ndipo nditawawona, ndidangowafunsa kuti anditumizire mgwirizano.

Nditagula galimotoyi ndipo ifika ku Bulgaria, ndinayenera kusiya malingaliro anga ndikusintha zida zonse zovalira - ma brake pads, ma disc, ndi zina zambiri. Galimotoyo inali yosavuta, ngati sinali yabwino kwambiri, ndiye kuti inali yabwino kwambiri.

Galimotoyo inali pamtunda wa makilomita 23! Ali ndi zaka 538, ali ndi eni atatu omwe amakhala motalikirana kilomita imodzi kapena awiri, ndipo ma adilesi awo onse ali pafupi ndi Nyanja ya Como, koma ku Switzerland, amodzi mwa malo abwino kwambiri. Khalidwe lachigawochi ndiloti magalimoto sakhala pangozi pompo chifukwa nyengo ndiyambiri ku Italiya. Mwini womaliza yemwe adati BMW 35 CSi idachotsedwa mu kaundula mu Disembala 635 adabadwa mu 2002.

Pambuyo pochotsa kalembedwe, galimotoyo sinasunthe, sinatetezedwe. Ndinagula mu Januware 2016, ndiye kuti, galimotoyo inali m'galimoto zaka 14. Chaka chatha wogulitsa waku Dutch adagula ku Switzerland, ndipo ndidagula kale ku Netherlands ngati waku Europe, ndiye kuti, ndinalibe ngongole ya VAT. "

Mwamwayi adapewa mavuto

Wotilankhulira pang'onopang'ono amakulitsa mutuwo ndi zomwe adafufuza za mbiri ya 635 CSi model, yomwe idakhala tsogolo lake.

"Ndi mwayi kuti galimotoyo idamangidwa pamsika wofuna kutchuka ku Switzerland ndipo idakhala moyo wake kudera lotentha kwambiri mdziko muno, momwe mulibe mchere wambiri komanso lye m'misewu. Ichi ndi chimodzi mwazifukwa zomwe galimoto imapulumukira, ngakhale ndichimodzi mwazitsanzo zoyambirira za BMW Six Series yodziwika kuti ili pachiwopsezo cha dzimbiri. Zovuta kwambiri ndi mayunitsi 9800 omwe adapangidwa kwathunthu kuyambira Disembala 1975 mpaka Ogasiti 1977 pamalo opangira Karmann ku Rhine. Atazindikira kuti panali vuto la dzimbiri, adaganiza zosamutsa msonkhano womaliza kupita ku chomera cha Dingolfing. Makamaka, galimotoyi idabwera ndi chitsimikizo cha zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi chowotcha dzimbiri ndipo idatetezedwa ndi Valvoline Tectyl. Zikalatazo zikuwonetsa malo ogwira ntchito ku Switzerland komwe chitetezo ichi chiyenera kuthandizidwa.

Mu 1981, pomwe adalembetsa, 635 CSi iyi inali ndi mtengo wotsika wa ma 55, omwe anali pafupifupi katatu komanso osapitilira sabata yatsopano. Chifukwa chake, monga "zisanu ndi chimodzi" zamasiku ano, mtunduwu umakhala wokwera mtengo kwambiri.

Kusankha kwamitundu ndikodabwitsa - kofanana ndi mtundu wa taxi ku Germany; mwina zidathandizanso kuti galimotoyi isungidwe pakapita nthawi. Lero, zaka 35 pambuyo pake, utoto uwu umawoneka wosiyana ndi kalembedwe ka retro, ndipo kwa ine unali wosangalatsa chifukwa ndikutali ndi mafashoni azitsulo zamtambo ndi zofiira.

Malinga ndi gulu la Germany, momwe galimoto inali pafupifupi 2 - 2+. Koma ndidatsimikiza mtima kuti ndizikhala bwino, kuti ndichite zonse zomwe ndingathe kuti ndipeze 1 - Mpikisano, kapena Chiwonetsero cha American Classification. Makina otere amatha kuwonekera mosavuta pazowonetsa, kupikisana pamipikisano yokongola, ndikudzutsa chidwi ndi kuwombera m'manja. Ndikulimba mtima kunena kuti zidachitikadi.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kuyesa kwakanthawi: Mtundu wa Seat Leon ST 1.6 TDI (77 kW)

Chovuta kwambiri ndi mipando mkati.

Kubwezeretsa kumawoneka kupitirira zomwe zachitika; M'malo mwake, ndikukonzanso pang'ono, kuphatikiza kusintha kosintha kwakumbuyo kwakanthawi. Ntchito yayikulu yomwe yachitika mu Daru Car service ndikuti chassis chonsecho chidachotsedwa, kusungunuka, ndikuwombera mchenga. Zigawozo zidakongoletsedwa, kujambulidwa ndikusonkhanitsidwa ndi mabala atsopano amtchire kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo, ma cadmium bolts, mtedza ndi ma washer (makampani awiri akatswiri ku Germany amagulitsa zida zokonzera kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo). Chifukwa chake, chassis chatsopano kwambiri chidapezeka, pomwe palibe chinthu china chofunikira chomwe chidasinthidwa - m'mabokosi, maupangiri am'masika, etc.

Mizere ya mphira inkauma ndipo inalowedwa m'malo ndi upangiri wa makanema a Daru Car. Ndinalangizidwanso kuti ndisasinthe ma disc mabuleki ndi ma pads, ngakhale mapiritsi a mabuleki ndi a Januware 1981 ndipo akuwoneka bwino. Mahinji, zotsekemera ndi madera ena ovuta mthupi monga pansi pake alibe dzimbiri, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuti galimotoyo ili bwino. Palibe chilichonse chokhudza injini, kupatula m'malo mwa zosefera ndi mafuta, palibe kuthekera kodziwunikira molunjika, muyenera kuyisintha ndi stroboscope.

Kubwezeretsa ndi ziwalo zanu

Ku Daru Car, ndinalibe vuto ndi zogula, chifukwa ndiogwirizana ndi BMW. Ndinakumana ndikumvetsetsa kwambiri kuchokera pagulu lonse, ndinganene kuti anthu adalimbikitsidwa ndi ntchito yawo pamakinawa. Ndidapatsidwa chida chatsopano chakumbuyo cha E12 chomwe E24 imagawana zida ndi wheelbase. Ndinavomera, koma galimoto itasonkhanitsidwa, zidapezeka kuti mawilo akumbuyo anali otsetsereka ngati galimoto ya Tatra, chifukwa chake tidabwerera kumalo oyambilira a zida zoyeserera ndi akasupe. Tikhoza kunena kuti galimoto ili ndi ziwalo zake. Kwenikweni, awa ndi malamba atsopano, zosefera komanso zida zina zingapo zopumira, zachidziwikire, zoyambirira. Koma ndibwereza kamodzinso, pakhomo pomwe "asanu ndi mmodzi" anali bwino, ndipo zidachitikadi.

Chowonadi ndichakuti, chisangalalo chachikulu kugula mtundu wapamwamba ndikutha kuchita kena kake pagalimotoyo. Zachidziwikire, kuchokera pakubwezeretsa koyambirira kwa Jaguar, ndidazindikira kuti mkango uliwonse udagulitsa ndalama, ndidapanganso ma lev ena awiri kuti ndiyibwezeretse. Tsopano nkhaniyo ndiyosiyana pang'ono, ndipo ndinganene kuti mwa ma leva atatu omwe adayika kugula, ndidagwiritsa ntchito leva imodzi kuti ndichiritse. Ndikulangiza kwambiri aliyense amene akuyesetsa kuchita izi, ndiye kuti, atenge galimotoyo momwe ingathere, zomwe zingachepetse kuchira. Mtundu uliwonse ndi mtundu uliwonse, momwe zinthu ziliri ndi malo ogwirira ntchito ndi zida zopumira ndizapadera, ndipo mutha kukhala osavomerezeka osapeza gawo lililonse lomwe mungabwezeretsere galimotoyo pachimake choyambirira.

Chifukwa chakuti E24 idakhazikitsidwa ndi E12, ndinalibe vuto lililonse poyimitsidwa ndi zida zama injini - malamba, zosefera, ndi zina. Mavuto okhawo, ndipo izi zimadziwika pazinthu zonse zoperekedwa ku E24, zimayamba ndi zinthu monga Kuumba, kukonza, ndi zina zambiri. Pali makampani awiri apadera ku Germany, dipatimenti yoyeserera ya BMW ingathandizenso, koma mwatsatanetsatane mkati, patatha zaka 35 zatha.

Zina zovekera, monga khungwa pang'ono kuseli kwa mipando yakumbuyo, sindinapeze mumtundu wapachiyambi, kotero ndidaziyika zina. Komabe, ku Gorublyan ndidapeza mafakirs angapo omwe adalemba makhungwa mumtundu wofunidwa kutengera mtunduwo. Izi ndichifukwa cha miyambo yama Gorublians ngati msika wamagalimoto akale, komwe kukonzanso kwamkati ndi gawo la "kukonzanso". Amisiriwa adakopanso zophimba zapulasitiki pazida zosinthira mipando, zomwe zidabwera zakuda m'malo mwa bulauni. Ndine wokondwa kwambiri ndi ntchito ya anyamata ku Gorublyan.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kuyesa koyesa Kia ProCeed ndi Skoda Octavia. Dembel poyambira

Mwambiri, pali ambuye abwino, koma samagwira ntchito pamalo amodzi, chifukwa chake muyenera kuwayang'ana kudzera munkhani, kudzera mwa abwenzi, kudzera mumakalabu, komanso, kudzera pa intaneti. Chifukwa chake, sock yawululidwa - yolumikizidwa ndi ulalo - chifukwa palibe gwero lapadera lodziwitsa anthu onse omwe angatenge nawo gawo pantchito imeneyi. Ndikofunikira kupanga nthawi yokumana ndi aliyense, ndikutsatira kuyendera, zokambirana zamitengo, ndi zina zambiri.

Zinali zovuta kwambiri kupeza khungwa pansi pazenera lakumbuyo kuseri kwa mipando yomwe idasintha mtundu pakapita nthawi. Ndalemba izi kumakampani 20 osiyanasiyana ku Germany, Switzerland ndi Austria, kuwauza mwatsatanetsatane zavutoli. Sizinali zotheka kuzipeza m'malo osungira BMW m'makampani onse apadera. Amisiri opanga zida zaku Bulgaria adakana kuchita izi chifukwa chadindocho chidali chosakanikirana ndi kapeti, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti pakhale matumba awiri kumbuyo kwa mipando yakumanzere ndi kumanja. Pomaliza, pafupifupi mphindi yomaliza ndisananyamule galimoto ku Daru Car, ndidagawana vutoli ndi katswiri wokonza utoto Ilya Hristov, ndipo adadzipereka kujambula gawo lakale. Pasanathe masiku awiri, utoto wofiirirawo, kapeti, yomwe idakhala yamagetsi kuchokera padzuwa, idabwerera ku mtundu wake wapachiyambi - kotero, ndichisangalalo changa chachikulu, kuti idapangidwanso popanda kusintha chilichonse ndipo ziwalozo zidakhala zomwezo. makina opangidwa.

Chowonongera chakumbuyo, chomwe chidakhazikitsidwa mu Julayi 1978 pomwe 635 CSi idayamba, chimapangidwa ndi thovu. Kwa zaka 35, yasintha kukhala chinkhupule chomwe chimayamwa ndikutulutsa madzi. Pozindikira kuti ndizosatheka kuchipeza pachiyambi, ndidakumana ndi amisiri omwe amapanga zinthu kuchokera ku fiberglass. Adabwera, adasindikiza, adasewera kwamasiku ochepa, koma pamapeto pake adapanga fiberglass spoiler, yomwe ndi yolimba, siyamwa madzi ndipo imawoneka bwino kuposa yoyambayo itatha kujambula. "

Mbiri ya zopotoza komanso kutembenuza nthano zomwe zakhala zenizeni zitha kupitilira kwanthawi yayitali. Ambiri mwina akudzifunsa kale ngati zozizwitsa ngati izi sizachilendo, msirikali wakale wazaka 35 ndizotsatira zangozi, kapena mphotho chabe. Mwina aliyense apereka yankho lake, ndipo timaliza ndi mawu ena ochepa ochokera kwa Mr. Milanov:

“Lero ndikukhulupirira kuti kugula ndikofunika, monga akunenera, ndalama iliyonse, chifukwa galimotoyo ndi yeniyeni. Zokonzanso zazing'ono zam'mbuyomu zidachitika ndi akatswiri osakwanira, monga ku Daru Kar, koma izi zidakhazikitsidwa ndikuwongoleredwa. Mapeto ake, gawo lina lachisangalalo ndikupereka kena kake mwa inu nokha, kuyesetsa kwanu kuti mukwaniritse zotsatira zomwe zimapangitsa kuti malonda anu akhale abwino kwambiri. Chifukwa ngati mutangogula galimoto, nkuti, yatsopano, ndikuyiyika pazenera, mukutenga nawo mbali bwanji pantchito imeneyi? Izi sizosangalatsa - makamaka kwa iwo omwe amachita ndi magalimoto apamwamba ndipo mwina angandimvetse bwino. "

Zolemba: Vladimir Abazov

Chithunzi: Miroslav Nikolov

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » Mayeso Oyendetsa » Kuyendetsa BMW 635 CSi: Nthawi zina zozizwitsa zimachitika

Kuwonjezera ndemanga