Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Zamkatimu

Dongosolo la chitetezo chagalimoto iliyonse limaphatikizapo zinthu zingapo. Ena mwa iwo adawonekera pafupifupi atangoyamba kupanga makina oyamba. Taganizirani chimodzi mwa izo - bampala yamagalimoto.

Ngakhale oyendetsa magalimoto osachita bwino alibe mafunso okhudza komwe bampala yamagalimoto ili. Tiyeni tiwone chifukwa chake ikufunika, komanso ntchito zina zowonjezera.

Kodi bampala wamagalimoto ndi chiyani?

Tisanadziwe bwino ntchito zowonjezera za zinthu zamthupi izi, tiyeni timvetsetse chomwe chimakhala chachikulu. Ili ndi gawo lolumikizidwa kapena lopangika m'thupi lagalimoto, lomwe nthawi zonse limakhala kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo kwagalimoto. Nthawi zambiri iyi ndiye njira yovuta kwambiri yamagalimoto, kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo.

Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Kutengera lingaliro lakapangidwe ka automaker, bampala mgalimoto amatha kuphatikizidwa m'thupi, kuwoneka kwathunthu ndi galimoto yonse. Nthawi zina, monga tawonera pachithunzichi, chinthuchi chimatha kukhala chowonjezera chokongola chomwe chimapatsa kuyambiraku galimoto.

Cholinga chachikulu

Oyendetsa magalimoto ambiri komanso oyenda pansi molakwika amaganiza kuti zophulika zamagalimoto zimafunikira ngati zokongoletsa. Pachifukwa ichi, ena mwa omwe ali ndi magalimoto amachotsa "zokongoletsa" zowonekera ngati "kukonza" koyamba.

M'malo mwake, zokongoletsera za chinthuchi zimakhala ndi gawo lina. Choyamba, ili ndi gawo lomwe lakonzedwa kuti anthu oyenda pansi azitetezedwa. Kuphatikiza apo, zopindika zolumikizira zimalepheretsa kuwonongeka kwa ziwalo zofunikira zomwe zili kutsogolo kwa chipinda chamagalimoto, komanso ziwalo zogwirizira za thupi. Kusintha izi ndikotsika mtengo kwambiri kuposa kuwongola galimoto yopotoka pangozi yaying'ono.

Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Bampala wamakono ndichinthu chokhazikika chomwe chimagwira ngati chododometsa ndikugunda. Ngakhale nthawi zambiri imaphulika ndipo imatha kuphwanyaphwanyaphwanya, idapangidwa kuti izizimitsa mphamvu zambiri zopangira kugunda.

Mbiri ya mawonekedwe a bumper

Kwa nthawi yoyamba, mawonekedwe amtundu wa Ford adawonekera pagalimoto pagalimoto. Magwero ambiri amalozera ku 1930 monga chaka cha mawonekedwe a bumper yagalimoto. Poyamba, inali mtengo wachitsulo wooneka ngati U womwe unkawotchedwa kutsogolo pansi pa hood.

Mapangidwe awa amatha kuwoneka pa Model A Deluxe Delivery, yomwe idapangidwa pakati pa 1930 ndi 1931. M'magalimoto apamwamba, mapangidwe amtundu wa bamper asintha pang'ono. Mabumper amakono ndi gawo lowoneka bwino la thupi lomwe limakomera kapangidwe kake ndi kayendedwe ka ndege.

Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Ngakhale kuti ali ndi ubwino woonekeratu, ma bumpers sanali ofunikira kwa nthawi ndithu. Chifukwa chake, zinthu zosungira izi zidadziwika kwambiri ku America ndi ku Europe. Kuyambira 1970, gawo ili laphatikizidwa pamndandanda wa zida zovomerezeka zamagalimoto. Bampuyo imawonjezera chitetezo ndi chitonthozo ponyamula okwera kapena katundu.

Pamene mabampu pamagalimoto adakhala gawo lofunikira pakupanga, lingaliro la "liwiro lotetezeka" lidawonekera. Ichi ndi chizindikiro cha liwiro la galimoto yomwe, pakagundana, bumper imatenga mphamvu zonse, ndipo nthawi yomweyo imalepheretsa kuwonongeka kwa galimotoyo.

Poyamba, chiwerengerochi chinakhazikitsidwa pa malire a makilomita anayi pa ola (kapena mailosi atatu pa ola). Patapita nthawi, chizindikiro ichi chinawonjezeka kufika 8 Km / h. Masiku ano, galimoto yopanda bampu silingagwire ntchito (osachepera bumper iyenera kukhala kumbuyo kwagalimoto).

Kugwira ntchito kwa ma bumpers amakono

Kuphatikiza pa chitetezo chakunja chongotchulidwa pamwambapa, ma bumpers amakono agalimoto alinso ndi zina zowonjezera, ndichifukwa chake mitundu ina imatchedwa Front-End. Nazi zina zomwe kusinthidwa kwa chinthuchi kungakhale nako:

  1. Tetezani oyenda pansi kuvulala koopsa ngati mwangozi mwachitika. Pachifukwa ichi, opanga amasankha kukhazikika kwabwino, mawonekedwe ndikuwakonzekeretsa ndi zinthu zowonjezera, mwachitsanzo, ma cushion a mphira.
  2. Chitetezo mutagunda pang'ono. Zambiri mwa zosintha zakale zamabumpers zopangidwa ndi chitsulo, chifukwa cha kugundana ndi chopinga chosonyeza (mwachitsanzo, choimirira), kupunduka, kukhala ndi mawonekedwe owopsa (nthawi zina, m'mbali mwawo amatsogola kutsogolo, zomwe zimapangitsa galimoto kukhala yowopsa kwa oyenda pansi).
  3. Mbali zamakono zimapangidwa poganizira zomwe zimawulutsa minyewa yamagalimoto. Nthawi zambiri m'mbali mwake amapindidwa kuti awonjezere mphamvu. Zosintha zokwera mtengo zimakhala ndi zolowetsa mpweya zomwe zimapereka mpweya wokulirapo wolowa mchipinda cha injini kuziziritsa mayunitsi.
  4. Masensa a Parktronic atha kuyikika mu bampala (kuti mumve zambiri za chipangizochi, onani payokha), komanso kamera yakumbuyo.
  5. Kuphatikiza apo, ma bampu amafunikira mu bampala (ayenera kukhala pafupi kwambiri ndi nthaka) ndi zida zina zowunikira.

Momwe ma bumpers amawunika

Popeza bampala ndi gawo lofunikira pachitetezo chagalimoto, kusinthako kulikonse kusanathe kugulitsidwa, kapangidwe kake kamayesedwa kangapo, kutengera zotsatira zomwe mtundu wa mawonekedwewo watsimikizidwira, komanso ngati zida zenizeni zili zoyenera.

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  Mitundu, chipangizo ndi mfundo zoyendetsera kusamba kwa magetsi
Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Pali mayesero angapo omwe amadziwika ngati gawo lingayikidwe pamakina kapena ayi:

  1. Chipangizocho chokhazikika pamiyala chimakhudzidwa ndi cholemera (pendulum) ndi mphamvu inayake. Unyinji wa kapangidwe kake kamafanana ndi unyinji wa galimoto yomwe akufuna. Poterepa, mphamvu yazomwe zikuyenera kuyenderana ndi zovuta ngati galimotoyo imayenda pa liwiro la 4 km / h.
  2. Mphamvu ya bampala imayesedwanso mwachindunji pagalimoto yoyeserera. Galimoto yomwe ili ndi liwiro lomwelo imagwera pachovuta chokhazikika.

Cheke ichi chimachitika ndi onse kumbuyo ndi kumbuyo bumpers. Gawo limawerengedwa kuti ndi lotetezeka ngati silili lopunduka kapena losweka chifukwa chakukhudzidwa. Mayesowa amachitika ndi makampani aku Europe.

Ponena za miyezo yaku America, kuyesaku kukuchitika m'malo ovuta kwambiri. Chifukwa chake, kuchuluka kwa pendulum sikusintha (ndikofanana ndi kulemera kwa galimoto yoyesedwa), koma kuthamanga kwake ndikokwera kawiri, ndipo kumakhala 8 km / h. Pachifukwa ichi, pamitundu yamagalimoto yaku Europe, ma bumpers amawoneka osangalatsa, ndipo mnzake waku America ndiwambiri.

Zojambula

Tsoka ilo, ma bumpers ambiri agalimoto amakono ataya cholinga chawo choyambirira. Chifukwa chake, pamagalimoto opepuka, chitetezo chakunja chimasandulika chitsulo chokongoletsera, chomwe chimasokonekera pakakhudza pang'ono zinthu zakunja.

Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Pankhani yamagalimoto, zimawoneka mosiyana kwambiri. Ambiri Mlengi unakhazikitsa mtanda wamphamvu, amene ali pafupifupi si kuonongeka ngakhale ndi mphamvu yaikulu ya galimoto zonyamula, chifukwa cha chimene chimakhala mpandadenga masekondi angapo.

Mitundu yambiri yamabampu ili ndi izi:

  • Gawo lalikulu. Nthawi zambiri, kapangidwe kameneka kamapangidwa kale ndi mtundu wa galimoto inayake. Pali mitundu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito poyambira. Woyendetsa galimoto ayenera kujambula pawokha gawo la mtundu wa galimotoyo.
  • Rediator yabodza grille. Sipupezeka muzosintha zonse. Ngakhale izi zimangokhala zokongoletsa zokha, zikagwidwa poyenda (mwachitsanzo, mbalame kapena mwala) zimachepetsa mphamvu pang'ono, kuti radiatoryo isavutike kwambiri.Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire
  • Mu zosintha zina, kapangidwe kamakhala ndi grille yotsika, yomwe idapangidwa kuti izitsogolera kutuluka kwa mpweya kulowa mchipinda cha injini.
  • Kuti muchepetse mphamvu yamagalimoto pachopinga cholimba, pali chidindo, kapena pamwamba pake, pamwamba pa ma bumpers. Kwenikweni, sizimasiyana ndi gawo lalikulu la nyumbayo.
  • Mitundu yambiri yamagalimoto amakono imakhala ndi ma bumpers okhala ndi mzere wapansi wopangidwa ndi pulasitiki wotanuka. Ndi utoto wakuda. Cholinga cha chinthuchi ndikuchenjeza dalaivala kuti wafika pachovuta chachikulu chomwe chitha kuwononga pansi pa galimoto kapena kumunsi kwa injini.Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire
  • Mkati, ma bumpers onse ali ndi cholumikizira chofananira.
  • Bumper amapangidwa dzenje lapadera kuchokera mbali yachingwe. Magalimoto ena alibe chinthu ichi chifukwa kachingwe kake kamakhala pansi pa bampala.
  • Opanga magalimoto ambiri amalola zinthu zingapo zokongoletsa pama bumpers. Izi zitha kukhala mapiritsi okhala ndi mphira womwe umateteza zokopa popanda kukhudzana pang'ono ndi chopinga chowoneka bwino kapena chrome.

Mosiyana ndi zosintha zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto azaka zam'ma 1960, ma bumpers amakono amaphatikizidwa m'thupi, ndikupatsa kukwanira kwathunthu.

Kuonetsetsa kuti bampala imapereka chitetezo chokwanira mkati mwa chipinda chama injini, mkati mwake mumalimbikitsidwa ndi chitsulo. Mitundu yambiri yakutsogolo ndi yakutsogolo imakhala ndi zinthu zowonera mothina.

Mitundu ya mabampa

Mosasamala kanthu za mapangidwe a bumper, chinthu ichi chimapereka chitetezo chokwanira. Ngati tilankhula za katundu wa aerodynamic, ndiye kuti m'magalimoto oyendetsa magalimoto amagwiritsa ntchito mabampu apadera, mapangidwe ake omwe amapereka ma ducts a mpweya kuti azizizira mabuleki ndi mapiko, omwe amawonjezera mphamvu kutsogolo kwa galimotoyo. Izi zikugwiranso ntchito pamabampa wamba.

Ngati gawo la mawonekedwe osakhala amtundu waikidwa (mkati mwa mawonekedwe owonera), ndiye kuti ma bumpers ena amakhala pachiwopsezo kwa oyenda pansi - pakugundana, m'mbali zakuthwa za buffer yotereyi kumawonjezera mwayi woti wovulalayo awonongeke kwambiri. .

Kuphatikiza pa kusiyana kwa mawonekedwe, ma bumpers amasiyana wina ndi mzake pazinthu zomwe amapangidwira. Galimoto yamakono imatha kuikidwa bumper yopangidwa ndi:

  • Butadiene acrylonitrile styrene ndi ma polima aloyi (ABS / PC);
  • Polycarbonate (PC);
  • Polybutylene tereflora (RVT);
  • Plain kapena ethylenediene polypropylene (PP / EPDM);
  • Polyurethane (PUR);
  • Nylon kapena Polyamide (PA);
  • Polyvinyl kolorayidi (PVC kapena PVC);
  • Fiberglass kapena thermosetting pulasitiki (GRP / SMC);
  • Polyethylene (PE).

Ngati mumasankha bumper yosakhala yamtundu, ndiye choyamba muyenera kusankha zosankha zotetezeka, osati zokongola kwambiri. Chifukwa cha kugwiritsira ntchito zipangizo zamakono, opanga ma bumper amatha kupanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zinthu zazikulu m'malo mwazofanana. Mapangidwe a bumper yatsopano amatha kukhala ndi mipata yambiri yosiyanasiyana, yomwe sikuti imangowonjezera ma aerodynamics, komanso imaperekanso kuziziritsa kwina kwa injini kapena braking system.

Zoonadi, kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zina za polymeric kumabweretsa kuti bumper imakhala yosakhwima, chifukwa chake iyeneranso kutetezedwa (mwachitsanzo, kwa SUV yamakono, ikukonzekera kukhazikitsa kenguryatnik). Pamagalimoto okwera, masensa oimika magalimoto (masensa oimika magalimoto) nthawi zambiri amayikidwa kuti achite izi, ndipo kuti ngati mutagunda mwangozi pamzere, simuyenera kugula bumper yatsopano, mitundu yambiri yamakono imakhala ndi siketi yosinthika ya rabara pansipa.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mitundu ya nyali zamagalimoto

Zambiri pazinthu zama bumpers ophatikizidwa

Zinthu zazikulu zomwe amapangira ma bumpers ophatikizika ndi thermoplastic kapena fiberglass. Nthawi zina pamakhala mitundu yochokera polima ina. Zinthuzo zimakhudza kuchuluka kwa zomwe bampala amawononga.

Mwachinsinsi, zosinthazi zimatchedwa pulasitiki. Ubwino wawo waukulu ndi kupepuka, kukana kutentha kwambiri komanso kapangidwe kake kokongola. Zoyipa zama bumpers ophatikizidwa ndikuphatikizira kukonzanso mtengo komanso kuchepa kwa zinthu. Zosintha zotere zimayikidwa makamaka pagalimoto zonyamula, ma crossovers ndi ma SUV otchipa.

Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Ponena za ma SUV athunthu, nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mabampu achitsulo. Chifukwa cha ichi ndikuti magalimoto otere nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyenda m'malo ovuta, ndipo amatha kugunda mtengo kapena chopinga china.

Mutha kudziwa zomwe izi kapena gawo lawo limapangidwa kuchokera kuzipangizo za fakitole, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mkati mwa malonda. Zotsatirazi zikugwirizana ndi cholemba ichi:

  • Kwa thermoplastic - ABS, PS kapena AAS;
  • Kwa duroplast - EP, PA kapena PUR;
  • Kwa polypropylene - EPDM, PP kapena ROM.
Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Njira zosiyanasiyana zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kukonzanso chilichonse. Chifukwa chake, fiberglass siyingathe kugulitsidwa, chifukwa sichimafewetsa mukakwiya. Thermoplastic, m'malo mwake, imafewa mukatenthetsa. Mtundu wa polypropylene ndiosavuta kuwotcherera. Itha kubwezeretsedwanso ngakhale wophulitsayo awombedwa.

Mitundu ina imapangidwa ndi chitsulo komanso yokutidwa ndi ma chromium ions pamwamba. Komabe, zinthu zoterezi ndizosowa kwambiri mgalimoto zamakono. Zambiri mwazitsulo zopangidwa ndi chrome ndizopangidwa ndi polima, ndipo zimakonzedwa ndi electroplating kapena metallization (njira izi ndi ziti, zafotokozedwa payokha).

Zambiri zama bumpers amagetsi

Kugwiritsa ntchito kwakukulu kwa gululi ndi ma SUV. Magalimotowa nthawi zambiri amasinthidwa kuti aziyendetsa kwambiri msewu. Pansi pa izi, pali mwayi woti kugundana ndi mtengo kapena galimoto ina, chifukwa chake makina ayenera kutetezedwa kuti asawonongeke.

Bumpers olimbikitsidwa sapangidwanso ndi ma polima. Kwenikweni ndi chitsulo chosanjikiza chokhala ndi makulidwe pafupifupi 4mm. Mitundu yamafakitole imapangidwa m'njira yoti kuyika kwawo pagalimoto sikutanthauza kusintha kwa kapangidwe ka thupi.

Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Mitundu iyi ndiyabwino pamayendedwe amsewu chifukwa amatha kupirira zovuta zina. Kuphatikiza pakuwoneka kwakukulu, zosinthazi zidzakhala ndi:

  • Zomangira zogwirizira winch;
  • Zida zolimbikitsidwa zomwe mutha kupumula jack;
  • Kutseka kuzungulira;
  • Malo oyika chopondera (amakulolani kubwereranso mwachangu chingwe kapena tepi);
  • Zomangira zokhazikitsira zowonjezera zowonjezera, mwachitsanzo, magetsi a utsi.
Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Ponena za ma bumpers olimbikitsidwa kumbuyo, pali zinthu zingapo zochepa kwambiri. Nthawi zambiri, padzakhala eyelet yokoka ndi cholimbitsa jacking amafotokozera. Bumper woyenera kapena wochotseka amatha kukhazikitsidwa kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo pa bampala yolimbitsa (werengani za mtundu wanji womwe ulipo ndi chifukwa chake ukufunika) osiyana review).

Mitundu yowononga ma bumpers

Nthawi zambiri, kutsogolo kwa galimoto kumavutika ndikulakwitsa kwa dalaivala: imagwidwa ndi galimoto yakutsogolo, sinawerengere kukula kwa galimotoyo, yolumikizidwa pamtengo, ndi zina zambiri. Koma bampala yakumbuyo siyotetezedwa kuwonongeka ngakhale: wowonera adatengedwa, ma sensa oyimitsa magalimoto sanagwire ntchito, ndi zina zambiri.

Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Kutengera kuthekera kwakomwe mwiniwake wamagalimoto, bampala wowonongeka atha kusinthidwa ndi watsopano kapena kubwezeretsedwanso. Poterepa, munthu ayenera kulingalira zomwe gawolo lapangidwa. Nawu mndandanda wazomwe zimawonongeka kwambiri pazinthu zachitetezo chakunja:

  • Zikande. Kutengera kuzama kwake, njira yochira ikhoza kukhala yosiyana. Kwa ena, kuyika ndiyeno kupenta ndi kupukutira kumafunika, pomwe kwa ena, kupukuta kokha ndi pastes okhakhala ndikokwanira. Kuphatikiza apo, momwe mungachotsere zokopa kuchokera pulasitiki zafotokozedwa apa.Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire
  • Mng'alu. Nthawi zina, kuwonongeka koteroko sikuwoneka. Kuwonongeka koteroko kumangokhudza zokongoletsera, ndipo nthawi zambiri pambuyo pazomwe zimachitika, pulasitikiyo imaphulika, koma imagwera. Chotumphuka chachitsulo chikaphulika, zimakhala zovuta kuchikonza. Nthawi zambiri kuwonongeka koteroko kumatsagana ndi kupindika kwa gawolo, chifukwa chake liyenera kupindika kaye (ndipo m'malo okhala ndi nthiti zolimba ndizovuta kwambiri kuchita izi), kenako ndikuwotcherera. Kukonza mitundu ya polima ndikosavuta pang'ono. Ngati kuwonongeka koteroko kwapezeka, sikoyenera kumangika ndikuchotsa, chifukwa kukhazikika kwa gawoli kumadalira kukula kwa mng'aluwo.Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire
  • Kusiyana. Uku ndiye kuwonongeka kovuta kwambiri, chifukwa kumatha kutsagana ndi kulekana kwathunthu kapena pang'ono kwa tinthu tating'onoting'ono. Katswiri yekha ndiye ayenera kukonza bamphuli. Poterepa, kugwiritsa ntchito ma meshes olimbikitsa, kulimba kwa fiberglass ndi polypropylene linings nthawi zambiri kumangopereka zokongoletsa za malonda, koma sizipangitsa kuti zikhale zolimba ngati kale.Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Werengani zambiri zakukonzanso kwa ma bumpers apulasitiki apa... Ponena za kukonzedwa kwa ma bumpers a polima, palibe malingaliro okayikitsa: ndiye gawo loyenera kukonzedwa kapena liyenera kusinthidwa. Zonse zimatengera kuchuluka kwa kuwonongeka, komanso mtengo wa gawo latsopanolo.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi parquet SUV ndi chiyani?

Njira zosankha zopepuka

Ngati asankha kuti asakonze zomwe zawonongeka, ndiye kuti njira izi zidzakuthandizani kuti muzisankhe bwino:

  • Kusankhidwa kwa magawo poyang'ana VIN-code yamagalimoto. Imeneyi ndiyo njira yotsimikizika kwambiri, popeza kuchuluka kwa manambala ndi zilembo zimaphatikizira zambiri kuposa kapangidwe ndi kayendedwe ka galimotoyo. Chizindikirochi chilinso ndi chidziwitso chofunikira pazosintha zazing'ono zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhudza makina ofanana. Zambiri pazomwe opanga ma encrypt amatha kudziwa mu code iyi ndi komwe angafotokozere apa.
  • Bumper kusankha ndi mtundu wamagalimoto. Magalimoto ena samasintha kwambiri, motero ndikokwanira kuuza wogulitsa izi, ndipo apeza kusintha koyenera kwa gawolo. Nthawi zina, kuti asalakwitse, wogulitsa atha kufunsa tsiku lomwe galimoto idatulutsidwa.
  • Kusankhidwa pamndandandanda wa intaneti. Njirayi imaphatikiza awiri am'mbuyomu, koma kufunafuna kumachitika ndi wogula yekha. Chinthu chachikulu pankhaniyi ndikulowetsa nambala yanu kapena zina zofunikira pakufufuza.
Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Ena ziziyenda amakhulupirira kuti muyenera kugula mbali choyambirira. Pankhaniyi, ziyenera kufotokozedwa ngati wopanga magalimoto akuchita nawo kupanga zida zopangira mitundu yake kapena amagwiritsa ntchito makampani ena. Poterepa, gawo "loyambirira" liziwononga ndalama zambiri chifukwa lili ndi cholembera cha wopanga.

Ulendo Wotsatsa

Pamsika wamagalimoto, nthawi zambiri mumatha kupeza mabumpers oyambira kuchokera ku automaker, koma pakati pazogulitsa zabwino palinso zofananira zomwe sizotsika kuposa zoyambirira.

Nayi mndandanda wawung'ono wopanga zomwe mungakhulupirire:

  • Zogulitsa zotsika mtengo zimatha kusankhidwa pakati pazogulitsa za Polish (Polcar), Danish (JP Group), Chinese (Feituo) ndi opanga Taiwan (Bodyparts);
  • Belgian (Van Wezel), Chinese (Ukor Fenghua), South Korea (Onnuri) ndi American (APR) bumpers atha kutchulidwa mgulu lazogulitsa "tanthauzo lagolide" pakati pamtengo ndi mtundu;
  • Makhalidwe apamwamba kwambiri, komanso nthawi yomweyo okwera mtengo kwambiri, ndi mitundu yopangidwa ndi opanga aku Taiwan TYG, komanso API. Ena ogwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa amadziwa kuti nthawi zina malonda awo amakhala apamwamba kwambiri kuposa ma analog omwe amagulitsidwa ngati choyambirira.
Galimoto bampala. Ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungasankhire

Nthawi zina oyendetsa galimoto amatenga zida zopumira zamagalimoto awo pakumasula. Ngati bampala yasankhidwa, muyenera kusamala osati momwe zilili, komanso mtundu wa kuwonongeka, chifukwa chomwe galimotoyo idafika patsamba lino. Izi zimachitika kuti galimotoyo idalandira zovuta zakumbuyo, zomwe zidapundula kwathunthu theka la thupi, koma kumapeto kwake kunalibe chovulala.

Poterepa, mutha kugula bampala yakutsogolo mwa kuchotsa mwachindunji m'galimoto. Pali zovuta zambiri pogula magawo omwe achotsedwa kale mgalimoto. Sizikudziwika ngati bampala wina adakonzedwa kapena ayi (amisiri ena adabwezeretsa bwino kotero kuti gawolo silingasiyanitsidwe ndi latsopano), ndiye kuti pali mwayi waukulu wogula gawo losweka pamtengo wothandiza.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa bumpers

Malingana ndi zovuta zowonongeka ndi zinthu zomwe bumper imapangidwira, gawo ili likhoza kukonzedwa. Koma kusintha kulikonse kuli ndi ubwino wake ndi kuipa kwake. Chifukwa chake, mabampu apulasitiki ndi a bajeti, koma izi ndizovuta kukonza. Koma ngakhale gawo lapulasitiki lobwezeretsedwa lapamwamba silikhalanso ndi katundu 100%, monga kusanachitike kuwonongeka.

Mabampa amphamvu amapangidwa ndi silikoni. Iwo samaswa kuzizira mofanana ndi anzawo a pulasitiki. Zimakhalanso zosavuta kukonzanso, pambuyo pake zimasunga katundu wake. Pankhaniyi, mtundu wa silicone udzakhala wokwera mtengo kwambiri.

Ngati tilankhula za zosankha zachitsulo, ndiye kuti ndizokhazikika kwambiri komanso zimateteza galimoto kuti isawonongeke ngakhale ndi mphamvu yamphamvu. Koma chifukwa cha kulemera kwawo ndi miyeso yochititsa chidwi, amaikidwa pa SUVs ndi injini yamphamvu.

Ponena za ubwino ndi kuipa kwa gawolo (bumper), sangathe kusiyanitsa makamaka. Chotsalira chokha cha chinthu ichi ndi kuwonjezeka kwa misa ya galimoto (chizindikiro ichi chidzakhala chogwirika ngati m'malo mwa bumper ya pulasitiki yaikidwa m'malo mwa analogue yachitsulo). Koma zomwezo zikhoza kunenedwa za galimoto, gearbox ndi zina zotero.

Pomaliza

Chifukwa chake, bampala wamagalimoto amakono atha kugwira ntchito zambiri zofunika, koma chachikulu chimatsalira - chitetezo chonyamula. Zogulitsa zonse zamakono zimayang'aniridwa moyenera ndikulandila ziphaso zoyenera, kuti muthe kusankha mitundu yazomwe zatchulidwazi.

Pomaliza, tikupereka kanema yayifupi yokhudza zida zokonzera ma polymer auto bumpers:

FULLEN POLYMER vs ma bumpers ndi zidutswa zama wheel wheel. Kodi akatswiri amasankha chiyani? | Kukonza magalimoto apulasitiki

Kanema pa mutuwo

Nayi kanema wachidule wamomwe mungagulitsire ming'alu mu bumper nokha:

⭐ Kukonza mabampu KWAULERE NDI WOKHULUPIRIKA Kugulitsa bumper yamagalimoto apulasitiki Crack mu bamper. 🚘

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi bumper yagalimoto ndi chiyani? Ndi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakugwira ntchito kwa thupi, cholinga chake ndikupereka mphamvu yofewa ndikunyowetsa mphamvu ya kinetic yomwe imachitika pakagundana kakang'ono.

Kodi mabampa ndi chiyani? Ndi thupi element kapena osiyana zitsulo mtanda membala. Amapangidwa ndi chitsulo (akale Baibulo), polycarbonate, fiberglass, carbon fiber kapena polypropylene.

Bwanji kusintha bumper? Pambuyo pa kugundana, bumper imatha kupunduka kapena kuphulika. Chifukwa cha izi, imataya kukhazikika kwake ndikusiya kupereka chitetezo chokhazikika pamagalimoto othamanga kwambiri.

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