Kuyanjanitsa magudumu: zimawononga kangati ndipo zimawononga ndalama zingati?

Zamkatimu

Mawu oti "kulinganiza" amadziwika bwino kwa oyendetsa galimoto, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kutanthauza magawo ambiri amgalimoto, koma nthawi zambiri akamasonkhanitsa ndikusokoneza gudumu lamagalimoto. Aliyense amene kamodzi "anasintha nsapato" m'galimoto yake pazifukwa zina, amakumana ndi izi zomwe zimawoneka ngati zovuta kwambiri komanso zantchito, ambiri anganene kuti: "Ndingachite bwino kuposa pamalo ogulitsira", izi sizowona kwathunthu. Kusayenerera kwa magudumu amgalimoto kumachitika pakakhala ma asymmetry chifukwa cha kusokonekera kwa matayala ndi / kapena zingerengere, kuyika kosayenera ndi / kapena kulinganiza ndipo kumatsagana ndi phokoso lowonjezera, kugwedera, kuvala matayala osayenera, kuvala mwachangu kwa kuyimitsidwa ndikuwongolera komanso kusayenda bwino kwa machitidwe monga ABS ndi ESP ... Kusintha kwamagalimoto, kuwonjezeka kwamphamvu zawo komanso kuwonjezerapo kwanthawi yayitali kwamakina atsopano ndi atsopano azamagetsi, ndi zina zambiri, zimakulitsa zofunikira zamatayala oyenera. Ena anganene kuti, “Chofunika ndi chiyani pokhudzana ndi kulingalira bwino?” Koma, monga tidzaonera pansipa, ndikofunikira kwambiri.

Osakhala opanda maziko, chifukwa chake tidzapereka chitsanzo ndikulola aliyense kuti amvere mfundo zawo. Kuwerengera kosavuta kumawonetsa kuti tayala la 14-inchi lokhala ndi magalamu 20 osagwirizana pa 100 km / h limalemera 3 kg. imagunda gudumu nthawi 800 pamphindi. Kuphatikiza pa kuvala kosayenera, gudumu limaperekanso mantha pakuyimitsidwa ndikuwongolera. Kumbali inayi, kusalinganika komweku kumabweretsa chifukwa choti gudumu siligwiranso pamisewu, ndipo mayendedwe ake ali ngati kubetcha ndipo amatuluka pang'ono, pansi pamikhalidwe yabwinobwino izi sizimamvekedwa ndi driver, zomwe zili wamphamvu kwambiri komanso wobisalira.

Ili si vuto lokhalo, lingalirani zomwe masensa azidziwitso amachitidwe monga ABS ndi ESP amatumiza ku gawo loyang'anira panthawi yolimba kapena skid pang'ono, imodzi mwamachitidwe amatha kugwira ntchito molakwika komanso mosagwira ntchito konse. Zoterezi ndi, mwachitsanzo, "kutayika kwa mabuleki" pomwe makina oletsa kutseka sanayendetsedwe molondola.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Ndi galimoto patchuthi kupita ku Italy? Onani zomwe muyenera kudziwa
Kuyanjanitsa magudumu: zimawononga kangati ndipo zimawononga ndalama zingati?

Mawilo amagetsi amatsegulanso zoyamwa, zomwe zimatha msanga kwambiri.


Ndipo zakuti kusalinganika kumamvekedwa ndi driver pa liwiro linalake sizitanthauza kuti imasowa nthawi yonseyi, ili ndiye vuto lonse, zotsatira zoyipa za kusalinganika kwamatayala "kumagwira ntchito" mosalekeza, ngakhale atangomvereredwa munthawi zina.

Pafupifupi kulikonse mdziko lathu, gudumu limakhala loyenda pakatikati pa nthitiyo pogwiritsa ntchito chosinthira, chomwe chili ponseponse komanso choyenera matayala osiyanasiyana. Ndizosavuta kwambiri, zilibe kanthu kuti ndi mabowo angati omwe ali pamphepete ndi komwe ali. Amayika chiwonetsero chazomwe zili, ndikukhazikitsa adapter (onani chithunzi chomaliza), "chimachotsa" mpata ndikuyika gudumu poyerekeza ndi kulumikizana kwa chipangizocho, tayala limazungulira, manambala ena amawonekera omwe akuwonetsa kuchuluka kwa asymmetry, mbuyeyo amawonjezera zolemera zochepa ndipo atawonekeranso kawiri ziro ndi zonse zili bwino. Dongosololi lidapangidwa kumbuyo ku 1969 ndi injiniya waku Germany Horst Warkosch, yemwe ndi amene adayambitsa HAWEKA, yemwe ndi mtsogoleri wodziwika pakupanga zida zoyendetsera magudumu amitundu yonse yamagalimoto. Mukayesanso gudumu loyenera kale pamilandu yayikulu kwambiri (pafupifupi 70%), zimapezeka kuti sizikudziwika komwe kusamvana kumachitika, zifukwa zake zimakhala zosiyana, koma zowona ndizowona.

Magalimoto ndiotsogola kwambiri, ovuta komanso othamanga masiku ano, chifukwa chake zofunikira pakulondola ndizokwera. Ma adapter opangidwa ndi chilengedwe chonse salinso okwanira kuwerengera molondola. Pakatikati pa nthambiyi tsopano imagwira ntchito yothandizira, mafelemuwo amangiriridwa ndi akapichi kapena mtedza wokhala ndi mbiri yomwe ili mkati mwa tayala poyerekeza ndi ma axles.

Kuti athetse vutoli m'misika yamagalimoto komanso mafakitale otukuka, pakhala pali chosinthira cha mtundu wa pini chomwe chimalumikiza nthiti ndi balancer molingana ndi mabowo omwe akukwera osati pakati pa dzenje. Zachidziwikire, izi ndizovuta pang'ono, ndipo ma adapter okha ndiokwera mtengo, koma ukadaulo ukupanga ndipo sitingapewe izi.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Osakakamiza, apo ayi mudzawononga! Chifukwa chiyani magalimoto amakono sakonda kuyatsa kunyada?
Kuyanjanitsa magudumu: zimawononga kangati ndipo zimawononga ndalama zingati?

Mwachidule, ngati mumalemekeza chitetezo chanu, galimoto yanu ndi chikwama chanu, yeretsani m'masitolo okonzanso okhala ndi ma adapter amakono ndipo ngati mukukhutira ndi zotengera zama kondomu ndikuganiza kuti zomwe zalembedwa mpaka pano ndi "zopeka zomwe zingakuthandizeni inu "ndalama zambiri ...", titero, mtundu wakale wa "Gumajia" uli pafupifupi kulikonse.

KODI MUYENERA KUGWIRA NTCHITO BWANJI?

Mosakayikira, ndikofunikira kuyendetsa magudumu amgalimoto pamsonkhano uliwonse (kuyika tayala pa disk), komanso kuyang'ananso mphira watsopano utayenda pafupifupi 500 km. Pali zinthu zambiri zomwe zimakhudza magudumu oyenda bwino. Izi zitha kukhala zosungira zosayenera komanso kuvala mphira, komanso kuwonongeka kwa kuyimitsidwa ndi kupindika kwa disc.

Madalaivala ambiri omwe amakhala ndi matayala angapo amakono pamakwerero awo safuna kuwononga nthawi ndi ndalama. Iwo "amaponya" mawilo ndi manja awo. Uku ndikulakwitsa, chifukwa kusungira kosayenera kwa mawilo kumatha kusokoneza magwiridwe ake.

Ndi zonsezi, ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti mawilo ayenera kukhala olingana osati nthawi yobwezeretsa, kukonza, komanso nthawi ndi nthawi pakugwira (pafupifupi, makilomita 5 zikwi zilizonse).

Kodi kugwirizanitsa magudumu kumawononga ndalama zingati?

Pafupifupi, mtengo wogwirizira gudumu limodzi la mainchesi 15 ndi nthiti yachitsulo, kutengera dziko ndi dera, ndi $ 5-10 rubles. Chifukwa chake, kuti muwone ndikuwongolera magudumu anayi, muyenera kulipira avareji ya $ 30.

Zofunikira zisanu ndi chimodzi zoyendetsera gudumu lamagalimoto:
Ngakhale zida zamakono komanso zapamwamba kwambiri sizingakupulumutseni ngati njira 6 zotsatirazi sizikutsatiridwa.

  • M'mphepete mwake muyenera kutsukidwa bwino musanayese. Dothi lonse lochokera mumsewu lomwe ladzikundikira mkati mwa nthiti limatsogolera ku asymmetry yowonjezera ndi kusakanikirana kosayenera.
  • Kuthamanga kwa tayala kuyenera kukhala pafupi ndi kuthamanga komwe kudavoteledwa.
  • Pre-kugwirizanitsa zachitika ndi adaputala tapered.
  • Chotsalira chomaliza chimachitika ndi adapter ya flange yokhala ndi zikhomo zosinthika zamabowo okwera.
  • Musanakhazikitse mkombero, ndibwino kuti muyang'ane ndikuyeretsa bwinobwino pakhomopo, ndipo zosayenerera pang'ono ndi dothi zimayambitsa zomwe zimatchedwa. kudzikundikira kwa kusamvana.
  • Zomangira kapena mtedza siziyenera kumangirizidwa "ndi dzanja", koma ndi pneumatic torque wrench, yomwe imasintha mkhalidwewo molingana ndi zomwe wopanga amapanga, ndipo njirayi ndikumangirira pang'ono ndikutsitsa galimoto kuchokera ku jack ndi kulemera kwake konse, kenako ndikulimanga molakwika ndikupangitsa kusalinganizana komanso ndi basi yabwino kwambiri.
  • Ngati mupeza malo ogwiritsira ntchito omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ma adapter amakono ndikuchita njira zonsezi zowoneka zazing'ono, mutha kumukhulupirira mosatekeseka, ngakhale zitakuwonongerani pang'ono kuposa ku Gumajianitsa microdistrict. Chitetezo chanu choyamba komanso ndalama zomwe mumasunga pakukonzekera kuyimitsidwa, chiwongolero komanso matayala osavomerezeka ndiokwera kwambiri poyerekeza ndi ma lev ochepa owerengera matayala.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Momwe mungayang'anire choyambira mugalimoto?
Kuyanjanitsa magudumu: zimawononga kangati ndipo zimawononga ndalama zingati?

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Momwe mungasinthire bwino gudumu pamakina osakanikirana? Chovalacho chimayikidwa kuchokera mkati, ndipo mtedza wotsekedwa mwamsanga uli kunja kwa gudumu. Zolemera zakale zimachotsedwa. Zigawo zamagudumu zimayikidwa. Chophimbacho chidzasonyeza komwe mungayikire zowerengera.

Chimachitika ndi chiyani ngati simukulinganiza mawilo? Izi zidzawononga chassis ndi kuyimitsidwa (chifukwa cha kugwedezeka) ndikuwonjezera kuvala kwa matayala (kudzakhala kosagwirizana). Ikathamanga kwambiri, galimotoyo imataya mphamvu.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » nkhani » Malangizo kwa oyendetsa » Kuyanjanitsa magudumu: zimawononga kangati ndipo zimawononga ndalama zingati?

Kuwonjezera ndemanga