Mayeso pagalimoto Audi Q7 V12 TDI: locomotive

Mayeso pagalimoto Audi Q7 V12 TDI: locomotive

Pali anthu omwe nthawi zonse amafuna zabwino, ziribe kanthu mtengo wake. Kwa iwo, Audi angakonzekeretse galimoto yokhala ndi injini yapadera yamphamvu ya dizilo khumi ndi iwiri.

Kulemba ma V12 kumakongoletsa otetezera kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo. Kwa ambiri, ichi chitha kukhala chifukwa chonyadira, koma pamalo okwerera mafuta, wolemba mizereyi adatsutsidwa ndi mawu. "Muyenera kuchita manyazi ndi wakupha ameneyu padziko lapansi," adatero mwiniwake wa Volvo wachikulire yemwe chiphokoso chake chimapereka lingaliro la kaboni dayokisaidi.

Zokhumba zobiriwira

Chiwerengero chochepa cha ma V12 okwera mtengo sichitha kuwononga nyengo kwambiri - makamaka chifukwa gawo la Audi la malita asanu ndi limodzi limagwiritsa ntchito mafuta kwambiri kuposa injini ina iliyonse yamagetsi. Pafupifupi kuchuluka kwamafuta a SUV yayikulu pamayeso apano ndi ma malita a 14,8 okha pamakilomita 100, popeza pakadali pano ali ndi injini yamphamvu yokha ya 12 kutengera mfundo ya Rudolf Diesel. Poganizira mphamvu yayikulu ngati malo osungirako zinthu komanso kuyenda momasuka motsika pang'ono mpaka pang'ono, mutha kuchepetsa kugwiritsanso ntchito mpaka malita 11. Komabe, sitikusowa V12 pa izi ... Chess yokhala ndi chipolopolo, ena anganene, ndipo mwina azilondola ...

Injiniyi ndiyeso yoyeserera kwambiri. Tiyenera kusamala ngakhale chifukwa cha izi, ngakhale tili ndi ufulu wofunsa chifukwa chomwe Audi sanapange supercar mu miyambo ya Le Mans. Itha kukhala ndi liwiro lapamwamba la 320 km / h, mafuta okwanira 11 l / 100 km, ndipo imawombera m'manja kwambiri kuposa chidole chachikulu ichi chopatsira wapakati komanso cholemera matani pafupifupi 2,7. Mwina chimodzi mwazifukwa zomwe kampaniyo idasankhira njira ina ndi kukonda ma SUV athunthu m'maiko olemera achiarabu, omwe nzika zawo zimamanga mahema awo pamalo oyenera zaka zikwi zapitazo - m'minda yamafuta yayikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi.

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Awiri m'modzi

Injini yokongola ya twin-turbo dizilo ndi yofanana ndi 3.0 TDI V6 yodziwika bwino, ndipo ichi ndi chifukwa chachikulu chomwe injini ya Audi ili ndi digiri ya 12-degree m'malo mozungulira V60 pakati pa ma cylinders 90. Pisitoni yokhayo ndi yokhayo ndi yofanana ndi ya six-cylinder unit. Kuphatikiza kuchuluka kwa zonenepa ndi kusamutsidwa kumapangitsa magwiridwe antchito - ngakhale pa 3750 rpm 500 hp alipo. gawo., ndi 2000 rpm koyambirira kwake kuli kutalika kwa 1000 Nm. Ayi, palibe kulakwitsa, tiyeni tilembere m'mawu - mita newton mita ...

Mosadabwitsa, mphamvu zosaneneka zimasamalira kulemera kwa Q7 mosavuta. Mphutsi ikakanikizidwa mdzenje, ndipo ngakhale Quattro drivetrain ndi matayala pafupifupi 30 sentimita mulifupi, makina owongolera samayang'anitsitsa makokedwe a torque. Magalimoto ambiri amasewera amasilira magwiridwe antchito. Mathamangitsidwe kuchokera chilili 100 Km / h amatenga masekondi 5,5 okha, ndipo 200 - mu masekondi 21,5

Malire a zosatheka

Kuwonjezeka kwa liwiro lakumbuyo kwa okwera kumapitilizabe ngakhale atakwaniritsa izi, ndipo pa liwiro la 250 km / h pomwe magetsi amaonetsa "kutha". Kuchepetsa mphamvu za injini sikumangogwirizana ndi mgwirizano waulemu wa opanga aku Germany kuti achepetse kuthamanga kwambiri, komanso kupulumutsa matayala. Kupanda kutero, kufikira liwiro lalitali sikungakhale vuto pokhudzana ndi chitetezo cham'misewu, makamaka pokhazikika. Kenako, galimoto akupitirizabe kuyenda molunjika popanda kuzengereza, ndi zimbale ceramic ndi awiri a 42 cm kutsogolo ndi 37 cm pa mawilo kumbuyo si kupirira pazipita katundu chovomerezeka. Pakayimilira khumi atadzaza, Q7 idakhomerera pansi ngakhale mita kuposa kale.

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Mphamvu yochulukirapo yomwe ilipo mulimonse momwe zingakhalire ingatchedwe kukhala yabwino kwambiri, chifukwa chake sitingathe kuyankha funso loti tanthauzo lake ndi chiyani. Ndi injini iyi, Audi imationetsa malire pazomwe zingatheke mwaukadaulo, komanso zosatheka.

Ngati mukuganiza za V12 kukhala omasuka momwe mungathere popanda zoyimbira zakumayimbidwe kapena magwiridwe antchito a konsati, mudzadabwitsidwa mosayembekezeka ndi woyambitsa dizilo mayunitsi khumi ndi awiri. Ngakhale pa liwiro losachita chilichonse, chipangizocho chimatulutsa mkokomo womveka bwino, ngati boti lamphamvu lamayendedwe. Pansi pa katundu wathunthu, kumveka phokoso lodziwika bwino, lomwe msinkhu wake umangomaliza zokambirana munyumba. Kuyesa kwamayimbidwe kumatsimikizira izi - mokwanira, Q7 V6 TDI imapanga phokoso la 73 dB (A), pamwamba pamiyala yamiyala khumi ndi iwiri, 78 dB (A).

Makonda osamvera

Zina mwazomwe timayembekezera zinali zakuti ndi torque yayikulu ya 1000 Nm, zosintha zamagalimoto sizikhala zopanda phindu. Koma popeza mainjiniya a Audi amafuna kutsindika za masewera pamasewera agalimoto, maimidwe otengera okha ali ndi malingaliro osiyana. Ngakhale kukanikiza chopepuka cha accelerator nthawi yomweyo kumatsika ndikusunthira chisangalalo chakuchita ntchito zonse panjira ndi zida zapamwamba. Chinthu china chodetsa nkhawa ndi kusinthasintha kwa liwiro kosasintha, komwe nthawi zambiri kumatsagana ndi kukwiya kosasangalatsa. Chiyeso Q7, cholembetsedwa ngati makina oyesera, chikuwonetsa kuti chitukuko sichinathe panobe.

Chinthu chimodzi, komabe, sichisintha. Injini ya dizilo ya V12 ndichitsulo cholimba chomwe chimayika makilogalamu 3,0 owonjezera pa chitsulo chakutsogolo poyerekeza ndi 207 TDI. Kufulumira kwa kuyendetsa komwe kumadziwika ndi Q7 mumakalasi athunthu a SUV kwatsika ndikukhazikitsa V12. Mtunduwo umayankha pang'onopang'ono kulamula kuchokera pagudumu ndipo kumafuna kuyesetsa kuti mutembenuzire. Zonsezi zimakhudza kugonjera kwamphamvu.

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Komabe, izi sizimakhudza chitetezo chamsewu mwanjira iliyonse. Mtunduwu umalimbitsa chidaliro pakumangirira mwachangu, amakhalabe osalowerera ndale ndipo umakopa chidwi ndi cholakwika chomwe umagwira nawo mphamvu yayikulu pamalo achisanu. Mwamwayi dalaivala wanu ...

mawu: Pezani Getz Layrer

chithunzi: Hans-Dieter Zeifert

kuwunika

Zolemba za Audi Q7 V12 TDI

Kutulutsa kwakukulu kwa injini ya dizilo ndikodabwitsa ndipo mtengo wake siokwera kwambiri. Kuyamba kopanda mpumulo kwa injini ndi kulumikizana kwake kosakwanira ndi kufalikira kwadzidzidzi ndi ntchentche mumafuta mumtsuko wa uchi.

Zambiri zaukadaulo

Zolemba za Audi Q7 V12 TDI
Ntchito voliyumu-
Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu500 k. Kuchokera. pa 3750 rpm
Kuchuluka

makokedwe

-
Kupititsa patsogolo

0-100 km / h

5,5 s
Ma braking mtunda

pa liwiro la 100 km / h

39 m
Kuthamanga kwakukulu250 km / h
Kuchuluka kwa mowa

mafuta pamayeso

14,8 l
Mtengo Woyamba286 810 levov
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