Adaptive cruise control ndi chiyani

Zamkatimu

Makina oyendetsa maulendo apamtunda (ACC) akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito m'galimoto zamakono kwamasiku opitilira chaka. Komabe, si aliyense ziziyenda amatha kufotokoza momveka bwino za cholinga chake. Pakadali pano, imapereka zabwino zambiri.

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa kuwongolera kosinthika komanso koyenda kwakanthawi

Cholinga cha kayendedwe ka maulendo oyendetsa sitimayo ndikuteteza kuti galimoto iziyenda mosasunthika, ikuchulukirachulukira ikathamanga liwiro, ndikucheperako liwiro likakwera (lomaliza limatha kuwonedwa, mwachitsanzo, pakubwera). Popita nthawi, makinawa adasinthirachulukira pakuwonjezera makina oyendetsa makina.

Adaptive cruise control ndi chiyani

Makina oyendetsa maulendo apamtunda ndiwosintha, omwe amalola, panthawi yomweyo, kuti achepetse ngati pangakhale ngozi yoti ingagundane ndi galimoto yakutsogolo. Ndiye kuti, pamasintha momwe msewu ulili.

Zida zamagetsi ndi mfundo zoyendetsera

Maulendo oyenda panyanja ali ndi zinthu zitatu:

  1. Masensa akutali omwe amayesa kuthamanga kwa galimoto kutsogolo ndi mtunda wake. Zili mu ma bumpers ndi ma radiator grilles ndipo ali amitundu iwiri:
    • ma radar akutulutsa mafunde akupanga ndi magetsi amagetsi. Kuthamanga kwa galimoto kutsogolo kumatsimikiziridwa ndi masensa awa pakusintha kwafupipafupi kwa funde lowonekera, ndipo kutalika kwake kumatsimikiziridwa ndi nthawi yobwerera kwa chizindikirocho;
    • ma lidars omwe amatumiza ma radiation a infrared. Amagwira ntchito mofanana ndi ma radar ndipo ndiotsika mtengo kwambiri, koma osalondola kwenikweni, chifukwa amatha kutengeka ndi nyengo.

Masensa amtundu wautali ndi mamita 150. Komabe, ma ACC abwera kale, omwe masensa amatha kugwira ntchito munthawi yochepa, kusintha liwiro lagalimoto mpaka itayimiliratu, komanso pamtunda wautali, kuchepetsa kuthamanga mpaka 30 km / h.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi mtengo wosinthira lamba wa alternator ndi wotani?
Adaptive cruise control ndi chiyani

Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri ngati galimoto ili pamsewu wamagalimoto ndipo imangoyenda pang'onopang'ono;

  1. Chipangizo chowongolera chomwe chili ndi pulogalamu yapadera yomwe imalandira chidziwitso kuchokera ku masensa amagetsi ndi magalimoto ena. Ndiye poyerekeza ndi magawo omwe adayikidwa ndi driver. Kutengera ndi izi, kutalika kwa galimoto yakutsogolo kumawerengedwa, komanso kuthamanga kwake komanso kuthamanga komwe galimoto yomwe ili ndi ACC ikuyenda. Amafunikiranso kuwerengera ngodya yoyendetsera, malo ozungulira, kuthamanga kwapambuyo. Zomwe adapeza zimakhala ngati maziko opangira chizindikiritso chomwe oyang'anira amatumiza kuzida zoyang'anira;
  2. Zida zoyang'anira. Mwambiri, ACC ilibe zida zoyang'anira motero, koma imatumiza chizindikiritso kumayendedwe okhudzana ndi gawo lowongolera: dongosolo losinthira kusinthasintha, kuyendetsa zamagetsi zamagetsi, kufalitsa kwazokha, mabuleki, ndi zina zambiri.

Ubwino ndi zovuta za ACC

Monga gawo lirilonse lagalimoto, makina oyendetsa maulendowa amakhala ndi zabwino zake komanso zovuta zake. Ubwino wake ndi:

  • mafuta chuma, chifukwa basi ulamuliro wa mtunda ndi liwiro limakupatsani musati kukanikiza ananyema kachiwiri;
  • potha kupewa ngozi zambiri, popeza dongosololi limayankha nthawi yadzidzidzi nthawi yomweyo;
  • pochepetsa dalaivala katundu wosafunikira, chifukwa kufunika kowunika nthawi zonse kuthamanga kwa galimoto yake kumazimiririka.

Zoyipa amanama:

  • pazochita zamakono. Makina aliwonse alibe inshuwaransi pakulephera ndi kuwonongeka. Pankhani ya ACC, olumikizana nawo atha kusungunuka, ma sensa amatha kukhala osagwira bwino ntchito, makamaka ma lidar mvula kapena matalala, kapena ACC sikhala ndi nthawi yoyankha munthawi yake ngati galimoto yakutsogoloyo ichedwa pang'onopang'ono. Zotsatira zake, ACC mwabwino kwambiri idzafulumizitsa galimoto kapena kuchepetsa kuthamanga kwake, chifukwa chake palibe chifukwa cholankhulira zaulendo wabwino, koyipa kwambiri kumabweretsa ngozi;
  • muzochitika zamaganizidwe. ACC imayendetsa pafupifupi magwiridwe antchito agalimoto. Zotsatira zake, mwini wake amazolowera ndikumatsitsimuka, kuyiwala kuwunika momwe zinthu zilili panjira komanso alibe nthawi yoti achitepo kanthu zikadzakhala mwadzidzidzi.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Maganizo olakwika: "Kugwiritsa ntchito galimoto yamagetsi ndi mzinda wokha."

Momwe njira zowongolera pamaulendo zimagwirira ntchito

ACC imayendetsedwa mofananamo ndi kayendedwe kabwino kaulendo. Gulu lowongolera nthawi zambiri limakhala pa chiwongolero.

Adaptive cruise control ndi chiyani
  • Kusintha ndi kuzimitsa kumachitika pogwiritsa ntchito mabatani a On ndi Off. Kumene mabataniwa sapezeka, ingokanikiza Set kuti muyatse ndi kutseka mwa kukanikiza brake kapena clutch pedal. Mulimonsemo, ikatsegulidwa, mwiniwake wamagalimoto samva chilichonse, ndipo mutha kuzimitsa ACC popanda mavuto ngakhale ikugwira ntchito.
  • Khazikitsani ndi thandizo la Accel kukhazikitsa. Pachiyambi choyamba, dalaivala amathamangira patsogolo pamtengo woyenera, wachiwiri - amachepetsa kuthamanga. Zotsatira zimakhazikika mwa kukanikiza batani lolingana. Nthawi iliyonse mukasindikizanso, liwiro lidzawonjezeka ndi 1 km / h.
  • Ngati, atabwerera brake, akufuna kubwerera ku liwiro lapitalo, amakakamiza kuchepetsedwa kwa liwiro ndikuphwanya mabatani, kenako Kuyambiranso. M'malo mochotsa mabuleki, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito batani la Coact, lomwe, mukakakamizidwa, limakhala ndi zotsatira zofananira.

Kanema: chiwonetsero chazowongolera zamaulendo oyenda

Kodi adaptive cruise control ndi momwe imagwirira ntchito

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi ma adaptive cruise control amasiyana bwanji ndi ma cruise control wamba? Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu pakati pa machitidwewa ndikutha kusintha mosavuta ku khalidwe la msewu. Ulendo wapaulendo umathandiziranso mtunda wopita kugalimoto yakutsogolo.

Kodi ma adaptive cruise amagwira ntchito bwanji? Ndi dongosolo lamagetsi lomwe limayang'anira liwiro la injini kutengera liwiro la gudumu ndi ma presets. Imathanso kutsika pang'onopang'ono pamsewu woyipa komanso ngati pali chopinga patsogolo.

Kodi adaptive cruise control ndi chiyani? Poyerekeza ndi classic cruise control, adaptive system ili ndi zosankha zambiri. Dongosololi limapereka chitetezo ngati dalaivala akusokonezedwa pakuyendetsa.

Kodi ntchito yoyendetsa sitima zapamtunda ndi yotani? Msewu ukakhala wopanda kanthu, dongosololi limasunga liwiro lokhazikitsidwa ndi dalaivala, ndipo pamene galimoto ikuwonekera kutsogolo kwa galimotoyo, ulendowu udzachepetsa liwiro la galimotoyo.

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