Gwajin gwaji Smart ED
 

Jamusawa sun kirkiro motar lantarki ta farko a duniya wacce ta fi tsayi ba tare da ta sake caji ba kamar yadda kamfanin ya yi ikirarin - yayin gwajin, Smart Electric Drive ya rufe fasfon mai nisan kilomita 160 a Toulouse cikin sauki. Shin hakan ba ta faru ba?

A kudancin Faransa, yanayin yanayi ya kasance kusa da waɗanda za su iya zama mai sauƙin yanayi, don haka Smart Electric Drive ya rufe kilomita 160 da aka ayyana ba tare da wata wahala ba, har ma da ya yi tafiya fiye da haka in ba don iyakar hanyar tuki ba. Amma a nan ya cancanci yin tanadi game da abubuwa biyu lokaci guda. Da fari dai, yawancin tafiya anyi su ne a kan titunan garin, kuma saurin da wuya ya wuce kilomita 50 a awa ɗaya. Abu na biyu, kuma wannan shine babban abu, da yawa ya dogara da yanayin tuƙin da aka zaɓa. Akwai su biyu anan: Na al'ada da Eco. Sunan na karshen yana magana ne don kansa, amma saboda tsarkin gwajin, na yi amfani da duka biyun. Duk da haka, ainihin ajiyar wutar lantarki a ƙarshen rana ya wuce wanda aka lissafa. Shin hakan ba ta faru ba?

Tunanin karamin motar birni a kan karyewar wutar lantarki sam ba sabon abu bane, amma a cikin shekarar da ta gabata ko biyu ya zama babban talla. Baya ga sauye-sauye tare da man gas na gargajiya da injunan dizal, masu kera motoci suna takara da juna don bawa masu amfani da matasan, ko ma duk nau'ikan lantarki masu aji daban-daban. Kuma idan cikakken SUV ko sedan kasuwanci tare da iyakantaccen ƙarfin batir har yanzu ana ɗaukarsa azaman na ɗabi'a kuma wani nau'I ne na son rai, to batun ƙaramar kujera mai kujeru biyu a kowace rana yana da ma'ana kuma mai yiwuwa.

Tabbas, sabon nisan kilomita na Smart Electric Drive shima an iyakance shi ta hanyar abun cikin kuzarin kwayoyin halitta. Bugu da ƙari, Daimler ya ci gaba har ma da gangan ya saukar da nisan kilomita. Manajan samfurin Ruven Remp ya ce "increasedarin ƙarfin batir idan aka kwatanta da wanda ya gabace ka zai iya rufe sama da kilomita 300 a caji guda," “Koyaya, mun yanke shawarar barin wannan adadi a daidai wannan matakin don kada masu amfani da ma su yi tunanin tuka wannan motar don yawon buɗe ido. Mun kirkiro wannan samfurin ne kawai a matsayin motar birni, kuma yana da kyau a gare mu idan za a yi amfani da shi wajen abin da aka nufa.

 
Gwajin gwaji Smart ED

A gefe guda, wannan tsarin na iya zama kamar ƙuntatawa ne ga ownersancin masu mallakar Smart Electric Drive, kuma a ma'anar hakan. Amma a gefe guda, shin wannan ba shine ainihin damuwar abokin ciniki ba? Bayan haka, akwai labarai da yawa game da yadda motar lantarki ta tashi "tare da tanki mara amfani" a cikin wannan jejin, inda za a kama siginar salula kuma a kira sabis na ƙaura tuni ana iya ɗaukar nasara. Kuma a sa'an nan masana'antun nan da nan suka kulla, ko kuma aƙalla gargaɗi mabukaci. Anan, sun ce, shine sabon kayan aikin ku na tsabtace muhalli, amma don birni kawai. Kuma idan wani abu yayi kuskure, to kayi hakuri dan uwa, munyi maka gargadi.

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A bayyane yake, halin da ake ciki tare da iyakance nisan mil na motocin lantarki zai tashi daga ƙasa ne kawai bayan ɗan lokaci da ci gaban ababen more rayuwa don irin wannan jigilar. Lokacin da wannan lokacin zai zo, kusan mawuyacin faɗi ne. A halin yanzu, bari mu fahimci abin da ya riga ya kasance ga masu bin salon rayuwa mai ladabi.

Gwajin gwaji Smart ED

Kamar man fetur Smart, sigar "koren" ta dogara ne akan dandamali Renault Twingo na zamani. Sabon batirin lithium-ion na LG ya fi wuta 60kg kuma yanzu ya yi ƙasa sosai, yana mai rage cibiyar ƙarfin motar da kuma samun ɗan sarari a cikin gidan. Hakanan yana da mahimmanci cewa abubuwan ajiyar suna cikin wani nau'in keji na aminci wanda membobin gefen suka ƙirƙira kuma suka ƙarfafa jikin. Injiniyoyin aikin fahariya suna faɗin cewa kusan ba zai yuwu a lalata abubuwan ajiyar abubuwan tasiri ba. Batirin kansa ya ƙunshi sel 96, ya kasu kashi uku, kuma ƙarfinsa ya ƙaru zuwa 17,6 kW ∙ h. A cikin yaren mabukaci, wannan yana nufin cewa yanzu motar zata iya rufe layin kilomita 160 ba tare da sake caji ba (kilomita 20 sama da wanda ya gabace ta).

 

A cikin yanayin al'ada, motar tana ɗaukar saurin da tabbaci. A kan titunan Turai matsattsu, akwai ma abubuwa da yawa masu ƙarfi, amma na tabbatar wa kaina da tunanin cewa kawai ya gan ni saboda ƙananan ƙananan matakan motar kanta. Tsarin fasfo na Smart an tabbatar dashi ta hanyar bayanan fasfo: hanzari zuwa 60 km / h yana ɗaukar sakan 4,9, kuma ana ba da “ɗari” na farko bayan daƙiƙa 11,5. Ga alama mara kyau a takarda, amma a zahiri ya bambanta.

Gwajin gwaji Smart ED

A cikin Yanayi na al'ada, inji ba ya tara komai, amma yana bayarwa kawai. Amma idan kun kunna maɓallin Eco, halayyar tuki ta ɗan canza kaɗan. Amsoshin hanzari zai zama mai santsi, kuma idan ka cire ƙafarka daga ƙafafun dama, maimakon ƙwanƙwasawa, raguwa nan da nan zai biyo baya. Kuma yana da ƙarfi sosai cewa zaku iya amfani da takalmin birki kawai don cikakken tsayawa. Don haka, motar tana canza makamashin kuzari zuwa makamashin lantarki, wanda motar lantarki ke amfani dashi. Addedarshen ɗan ƙarawa a cikin iko - har zuwa 82 hp. kuma karfin juyi - yanzu yakai mita Newton 160.

Baya ga dandamali na yau da kullun, wasu abubuwa a cikin cikin motar a bayyane suna tunatar da alaƙar da alamar Faransa. Misali, abin farin ciki don daidaita madubin waje, toshe maballan don rufe kofofi da "fitilun gaggawa", har ma da dabaru na kowane bangare na menu, mun riga mun lura a wasu samfuran Renault. Motar tuƙi yanzu tana daidaita, amma a karkace kawai. Koyaya, duk wannan ya riga ya saba mana daga saba, fasalin mai na Smart.

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Gwajin gwaji Smart ED

Babban abin kirkire-kirkire a cikin muhalli shine kin yarda da masu sauya fasakaurin jirgin ruwa, wadanda a da suke da alhakin sauyawa tsakanin hanyoyin tsarin farfadowa. An yanke shawarar sauƙaƙa na ƙarshen, kuma yanzu ya zama mara kyau, wanda, da yawa, ya fi ƙari. Direba baya bukatar yin tunani game da yadda motar ke amfani da ƙarfin birki a wani lokaci. Ya isa cewa kawai ta san yadda za a yi shi.

Amma mota, koda mafi kyawun zamani, ba zata iya cajin kanta koyaushe ba? Kamar yadda yake a baya, ana iya cajin Smart Electric Drive ko dai daga babban layi ko kuma daga akwatin bango da aka keɓe. A yanayi na farko, batirin da aka gama cirewa gaba ɗaya zai ɗauki daga awanni 8 zuwa 12 don murmurewa, kuma caji daga tashar mallakar kuɗi ba zai ɗauki awanni 3,5 ba. A lokaci guda, tashoshin da aka yiwa alama tare da na 22 kW na yanzu suna ba ka damar cajin batura ta 80% a cikin mintuna 45 kawai.

Gwajin gwaji Smart ED

Yana da kyau, tambaya kawai ita ce wa zai biya ya mai da garin "kore"? A cikin Turai, ayyukan raba mota sun riga sun mallaki wannan ra'ayin. Bugu da ƙari, Smart ya ƙirƙiri nasa sabis ɗin da ake kira Car2Go. A cikin Stuttgart, Madrid da Amsterdam, masu amfani da ita tuni sun yaba da fa'idodi na sifofin lantarki na ƙananan ƙofa biyu. A Rasha, bisa al'ada, abubuwa sun ɗan bambanta. Ee, za a siyar da Smart Smart a hukumance a nan, amma yaushe kuma a wane farashin ne har yanzu budaddiyar tambaya: za a sanar da farashi kusa da ƙarshen 2017.

 
Nau'in Jikin      Kamawa
Dimensions

(tsayi / nisa / tsayi), mm
2695 / 1663 / 1555
Gindin mashin, mm1873
Tsaya mai nauyi, kg1085
nau'in injinWutar lantarki, fasali iri uku yana aiki tare
Max. iko, h.p.81
Max karkatarwa. lokacin, Nm160
Nau'in tuki, watsawaNa baya, kayan duniya
Max. gudun, km / h130
Gaggawa daga 0 zuwa 100 km / h, s11,5
Amfani da mai (gauraye zagaye), l / 100 km
Farashin daga, $.Ba a sanar ba
 

 

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