Tsarin TSC, ABS da ESP. Ka'idar aiki
 

Abubuwa

Motocin zamani suna kara wayo da aminci. Ba shi yiwuwa a yi tunanin cewa sabuwar mota za ta kasance ba tare da ABS da ESP ba. Don haka, bari mu bincika abin da gajerun kalmomin da ke sama suke nufi, yadda suke aiki da kuma taimaka wa direbobi su tuƙa lafiya.

Menene ABS, TSC da ESP

Akwai maki na yau da kullun tsakanin tsarin ABS, TCS da ESP waɗanda ke da alaƙa da daidaita abin hawa a mawuyacin lokaci (taka birki mai ƙarfi, saurin hanzari da gudu). Duk na'urori suna lura da halayen motar a kan hanya kuma suna haɗuwa a kan kari a inda ya dace. Hakanan yana da mahimmanci cewa abin hawa wanda ke da mafi ƙarancin tsari na tsarin aminci na zirga-zirga yana rage yiwuwar samun haɗari sau da yawa. Detailsarin bayani game da kowane tsarin.

Tsarin TSC, ABS da ESP. Ka'idar aiki
Anti-Kulle birki System

Anti-kulle Braking System (ABS)

 

Tsarin birki na Anti-kulle shine ɗayan na'urorin taimakon lantarki na farko waɗanda ke hana ƙafafun ƙullewa a kan hanyoyin rigar da masu santsi, da kuma lokacin da aka danna birkin birki kwatsam. Mafi sauki
ABS ya ƙunshi abubuwa masu zuwa:

  • sashin sarrafawa tare da bangaren zartarwa wanda ke rarraba matsin lamba;
  • na'urori masu auna firikwensin sauri tare da giya.

A yau tsarin birki na hana-kulle yana aiki cikin hadewa tare da sauran tsarin kare lafiyar zirga-zirga.

Tsarin TSC, ABS da ESP. Ka'idar aiki

Yanke tsarin sarrafawa (TSC)

 

Arfin gogayya ƙari ne ga ABS. Wannan hadadden software ne da kayan masarufi wanda ke hana zamewar ƙafafun tuki a lokacin da ya dace. 

Tsarin TSC, ABS da ESP. Ka'idar aiki

Shirin kwanciyar hankali na lantarki (ESP)

ESP sigar lantarki lantarki kwanciyar hankali kula da tsarin. An fara sanya shi a cikin 1995 a kan Mercedes-Benz CL600. Babban aikin tsarin shine sarrafa lamuran motar na gaba, hana shi daga jirgi ko zamewa gefe. ESP yana taimakawa wajen kiyaye kwanciyar hankali na shugabanci, ba don barin hanya akan hanya tare da ɗaukar hoto mara kyau, musamman ma cikin babban sauri.

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Yadda yake aiki

ABS

Yayinda motar ke motsawa, firikwensin juyawa na ƙafafu suna aiki koyaushe, suna aika sigina zuwa sashin sarrafa ABS. Lokacin da kake latsa takalmin birki, idan ƙafafun ba a kulle suke ba, ABS ba zai yi aiki ba. Da zaran wata ƙafa ɗaya ta fara toshewa, sashin ABS wani ɓangare ya taƙaita samar da ruwan birki ga silinda mai aiki, kuma ƙafafun yana jujjuyawa tare da takaitaccen birki na yau da kullun, kuma wannan tasirin yana da kyau tare da ƙafa lokacin da muke danna kan birkin birki. 

Ka'idar aiki da tsarin taka birki na kariya ya dogara da cewa yayin birki mai kaifi akwai yiwuwar motsawa, saboda ba tare da ABS ba, lokacin da aka juya sitiyarin tare da cikakken birki, motar zata ci gaba da tafiya kai tsaye. 

 

Esp

Tsarin sarrafa kwanciyar hankali yana aiki ta hanyar karɓar bayanai daga na'urori masu juya juyawar ƙafafun, amma tsarin yana buƙatar bayani kawai daga mashin motar. Bugu da ari, idan motar ta subuce, akwai barazanar zamewa, ESP wani bangare ya taƙaita samar da mai, saboda haka rage saurin motsi, kuma zai yi aiki har sai motar ta ci gaba a madaidaiciya.

TCS

Tsarin yana aiki bisa ga ka'idar ESP, duk da haka, ba zai iya iyakance saurin aikin injin ba kawai, amma kuma ya daidaita kusurwar ƙonewa.

Tsarin TSC, ABS da ESP. Ka'idar aiki

Me kuma wani "saitin zamewar" zai yi?

Ra'ayin cewa antibuks kawai yana ba ku damar daidaita motar da fita daga kan dusar ƙanƙara ba daidai ba ne. Koyaya, tsarin har yanzu yana taimakawa a wasu yanayi:

  • a farkon farawa. Musamman ma masu amfani ga motocin da ke gaba-da-layi tare da rabin igiya na tsayi daban-daban, inda da kaifin farawa motar take kaiwa zuwa gefen dama. Anan anti-skid ya shigo wasa, wanda ke taka ƙafafun, yana daidaita saurin su, wanda ke da amfani musamman a kan kwalta lokacin da ake buƙatar riko mai kyau;
  • waƙar dusar ƙanƙara Tabbas kun hau kan hanyoyi marasa tsabta fiye da sau ɗaya, don haka bayan masu ƙaddamar da hanyar dusar ƙanƙara, waƙa ta kasance, kuma idan babbar mota ce ko ma da SUV, to, zai bar hanya mai zurfi a cikin wani babban tsiri "tsiri" tsakanin ƙafafun. Lokacin da ya wuce mota, tsallaka irin wannan waƙar, nan take za a iya jefa motar zuwa gefen hanya ko murɗewa. Antibuks yana magance wannan ta hanyar rarraba madaidaiciya ga ƙafafun kuma mitar saurin injin;
  • kusurwa. Lokacin yin juyi, a kan wata hanya mai santsi, motar na iya juyawa a gefen durinta a halin yanzu. Hakanan ya shafi motsi tare da dogon juyawa, inda tare da ƙaramin motsi na sitiyarin za ku iya “tashi sama” cikin ramin. Antibuks ya shiga tsakani a cikin kowane shari'ar kuma yayi ƙoƙarin daidaita motar kamar yadda ya yiwu.
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Ta yaya watsa atomatik ke karewa?

Don watsawa, kasancewar yawancin tsarin aminci yana da sakamako mai amfani. Wannan gaskiyane don watsawar atomatik, wanda kowane zamewa, gurɓataccen mai tare da kayayyakin lalacewa na kayan ɗamara, ya rage albarkatun naúrar. Wannan kuma ya shafi mai sauya karfin juyi, wanda shima “yana wahala” daga zamewa.

A cikin watsa shirye-shiryen hannu, motocin da ke gaban-dabaran, banbancin ya kasa daga zamewa, wato, tauraron dan adam din ya “manne” ga abin da aka tuka, bayan haka karin motsi ba zai yiwu ba.

Abubuwan da ba daidai ba

Tsarin lantarki na lantarki shima yana da mummunan yanayin da ya bayyana yayin aiki:

  • iyakancewar karfin juyi, musamman ma lokacin da ake buƙatar hanzari, ko direba ya yanke shawarar gwada “ƙarfin” motarsa;
  • a cikin motocin kasafin kuɗi, tsarin ESP bai isa ba, inda kawai motar ta ƙi barin dusar ƙanƙara, kuma aka yanke karfin juzu'in zuwa mafi ƙarancin abin da ba zai yiwu ba.
Tsarin TSC, ABS da ESP. Ka'idar aiki

Zan iya kashe ta?

Yawancin motocin da aka tanada da antibux da sauran ire-iren waɗannan hanyoyin suna ba da damar tilasta aikin dakatar da aikin tare da maɓalli a kan kayan aikin kayan aiki. Wasu masana'antun ba sa ba da irin wannan damar, suna ba da hujja ga tsarin zamani na aminci mai aiki. A wannan yanayin, zaku iya samun fis ɗin da ke da alhakin aikin ESP kuma cire shi. Mahimmi: yayin kashe ESP ta wannan hanyar, ABS da tsarin da ke da alaƙa na iya dakatar da aiki, don haka ya fi kyau a bar wannan ra'ayin. 

LABARUN MAGANA
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