Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike
 

Abubuwa

Duk wata mota dole ne ta sami ikon juyawa, in ba haka ba irin waɗannan motocin zasuyi tafiya a kan layin dogo, kamar jirgin ƙasa ko tarago. Jagora na iya bambanta daga samfuri zuwa samfuri, amma ana buƙatar abubuwa masu mahimmanci. Daga cikinsu akwai ƙarshen sandar ƙulla.

Menene ƙarshen sandar ƙulla?

Kamar yadda sunan ya nuna, wannan ɓangaren an ɗora shi a kan sandar tuƙi. Ainihin, yana da ingarma mai kauri tare da zaren a gefe ɗaya da madogara a ɗayan. An sanya zaren waje a kan ingarman, don a sanya sashin a kan sandar tuƙin.

Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike

Fixedangaren ɓangaren ɓangaren ɓangaren ya kafe akan takalmin tuƙin jirgin ruwa. Karanta game da menene kuma aikin da yake yi. game daтlabarin mai amfani.

 

Menene ƙarshen sandar ƙulla?

Tsarin tuƙi a cikin ƙirar mota daban na iya zama daban. Misali, an shigar da kara karfin ruwa a cikin mota daya, da kuma analog na lantarki a dayan. Kuma motar kasafin kudi tana sanye da dogo na injiniya na yau da kullun. Koyaya, kayan aikin hannu iri iri ne. Bambanci kawai shine a cikin girma da ƙananan canje-canje a cikin sifa.

Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike

Kadarorin wannan bangare shine canza wurin karfi daga dirka zuwa dunkulallen hannu. Abubuwan da aka nuna na tip shine yana bawa sitiyarin juyawa koda ana motsa shi a jirage uku. Lokacin da motar ke motsawa a kan ƙwanƙwasa, ƙafafun gaba yana ɗagawa da faɗuwa, amma a lokaci guda kada ya rasa ikon amsawa ga sitiyarin.

Hakanan, motoci na iya samun lambobi daban-daban na irin kwalliyar.

 
🚀ari akan batun:
  Tukwici 7 Lokacin Siyan Motocin Wuta da Yayi Amfani

Matukar tuƙi na'urar

Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike

Akwai bangarori takwas a babban taron shugabanci:

  • Bodyungiya mai tsakiya tare da axle;
  • Fadada sashin jiki tare da zaren waje;
  • Teflon gasket da aka sanya a cikin kofin jiki. Yana hana sanyawa a kan fil ko a cikin lamarin;
  • Ruwan bazara yana ba da kwalliya ga tsarin ƙwallon ƙwallo;
  • Toshe na ƙasa, wanda abin bazara ya tsaya a ciki;
  • Yatsan ball. A babin sama, ana yin zaren zare akan sa kuma rami don girka mahimmin matashi wanda ke gyara goro. Partananan ɓangaren an yi su ne da siffar zobe kamar kan da ya dace da haɗin gwiwa a cikin kwarangwal na jikin mutum;
  • Filastik ko murfin silicone don hana danshi da datti shiga cikin jiki;
  • Kulle wanki wanda yake riƙe hular a wurin.

Ka'idar aiki da sandar tuƙi

Matakan tuƙi yana aiki bisa ƙa'ida ɗaya kamar haɗin gwiwa a jikin mutum. Gwargwadon yadda zai yiwu, tsarinta yana kama da haɗin gwiwa na hip ko kafada. Pinwallon ƙwallan-ƙwal yana zaune a cikin kwano na mahalli.

Yayin tuƙi, ƙafafun suna motsawa a cikin jirgin sama na tsaye da kwance, amma a lokaci guda kuma suna juyawa. Idan dan yatsan yatsan ya kafe sosai a kan dunkulen hannu, bangaren zai karye a wata karamar matsala.

Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike

Saboda motsi na fil wanda aka sanya abin da ke juyawa, sitiyari yana riƙe da matsayinta (ana iya gyara shi da tsayayye), amma wannan ba ya tsoma baki tare da ɗan motsawar motar.

Dogaro da wace hanya yake son juya motar, sai ya juya sitiyarin. Sandunan, waɗanda aka haɗa tukwici, suna matsawa ga juna, kuma tare da su, ana watsa ƙarfin zuwa rakiyar ƙafafun.

Me ke haifar da matsalar ƙarancin sanda?

Kodayake kayan kwalliyar na tuƙin abin juyawa ne, ba sabon abu ba ne ya gaza. Akwai dalilai da yawa don wannan:

 
  1. Sakacin direba - rashin dacewar ganewar asali Abu ne mai sauqi a yi yayin canza roba a yanayi. Theafafun har yanzu suna cirewa. Wannan kyakkyawar dama ce don gudanar da duba gani na ɓangaren;
  2. Rashin aiki a cikin hanyar tuƙi na iya ƙara damuwa a kan waɗannan abubuwan;
  3. Saboda ƙarancin ingancin hanya, kayan aikin da ke kan wuyan takalmin ƙarfe ya ƙaru;
  4. Sawa da hawaye na al'ada na murfin filastik ko layin Teflon;
  5. Guguwar ta karye a ƙarƙashin yatsa.
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Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike

An gano matsalar matsalar ƙirar mara sauƙi cikin sauƙi. Yawancin lokaci ɓangarorin ɓarna suna haɗuwa da ƙwanƙwasawa lokacin da motar ke motsawa a kan kumbura ko juyawa. Galibi waɗannan sautunan suna fitowa ne daga gefe ɗaya, saboda yana da matukar wuya sassan su kasa a lokaci guda.

Idan sarrafawa ya lalace, wannan ma wani dalili ne na duban tukin tukin. A wannan yanayin, wasan motsa jiki na iya ƙaruwa (an yi la'akari da cikakken bayani game da wannan yanayin kadan a baya). Hakanan, fashewar ya bayyana a cikin ƙwanƙwasawa waɗanda ke ba da jagorancin motar yayin motsawa kuma suna tare da maɓallin keɓaɓɓu.

Yin watsi da waɗannan alamun haɗari ne da ba makawa a nan gaba, saboda wasa mai mahimmanci na tuƙi ko canje-canje na zahiri yayin juya shi yana dagula abin hawa da sauri.

Abin da kuke buƙatar maye gurbin tukwanen tuƙi

Na farko, maye gurbin jagorancin tuƙin yana buƙatar ƙwarewa tare da wannan aikin. Idan babu shi, to, kada a gwada.

Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike

Abu na biyu, koda zaka gudanar da aikin da kanka, har yanzu kana zuwa cibiyar sabis. Dalilin wannan shine saukar da camber-haɗuwa bayan maye gurbin ɓangaren. Idan hanyar zuwa sabis ɗin ta daɗe kuma tana da ramuka masu yawa, to ya fi kyau maye gurbin da daidaita su a cikin kwalaye waɗanda ba su da nisa da juna.

Abu na uku, a cikin lamura musamman waɗanda ba a kula da su ba, ana buƙatar bugun jini na musamman. Zai taimaka cire ɓangaren ba tare da buƙatar buga tare da guduma akan sassan sabis ba.

Maye gurbin tukin tuƙi

Jerin sauyawa kamar haka:

  • A kowane hali, dole ne a rataye inji don sauƙaƙe dabaran;
  • Kullin makullin da ke kusa da sandar ya kwance;
  • An cire bobbin, wanda ke hana sakin kwaya ba bisa ka'ida ba, kuma goron da kansa a yatsan ba a kwance ba;
  • An rarraba tip ɗin tare da abin bugawa. Kayan aiki yana tura ɓangaren daga wurin zama. Wasu suna yin wannan aikin da guduma biyu. Gentlyaya a hankali yana buga kunnen lefa, ɗayan kuma - kusa yadda ya yiwu zuwa hawa dutsen;Jagorar jagora: ƙa'idar aiki, ƙira da bincike
  • Kafin kwance ɓangaren daga sandar, yakamata a sanya alama akan sassan yadda sabowar sashin zai shiga cikin iyakar da ta dace. Wannan zai baku damar isa inda aka daidaita camber ɗin ba tare da wata matsala ba. Wasu, maimakon alama, suyi la'akari da juzu'i nawa aka shigar da tsohon ɓangaren. Wani sabon abu ya shiga cikin adadin adadin juyawa;
  • Idan akwai buƙatar maye gurbin sandunan (sau da yawa nasihun ya gaza saboda sandunan da suka lalace), to an cire anther kuma waɗannan abubuwan suma an maye gurbinsu.
🚀ari akan batun:
  Menene keken hawa huɗu kuma yaya yake aiki?

Kammala aikin ya zama tilas gyaran camber. In ba haka ba, za ku kashe kuɗi a kan sababbin tayoyi kuma ku ɗanɗana damuwa yayin tuƙi.

Anan hanya guda ce da zaka iya gano saurin gazawar ka kuma maye gurbin ta:

Maye gurbin tuƙi ya ƙare ba tare da camber ba, ba tare da camber Yi shi da kanka ba
LABARUN MAGANA
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