Gwajin gwajin Nissan GT-R
 

Zuwa shekaru goma Nissan GT-R ya fito da sihiri na zahiri - har yanzu yana da sauri fiye da yawancin manyan supercars a duniya, kuma yanzu kuma yana da kayan aiki sosai.

Ma'aunin zafi da sanyio da ke sama da ɗayan akwatinan Sochi Autodrom yana nuna +38 Celsius, kuma har yanzu tsakar rana ba ta yi ba. "A farkon tafiyar GT-R da karfe 40 na rana zafin zai wuce 45, kuma iska sama da kwalta mai zafin gaske na iya zama 46-XNUMX," in ji direban tsere kuma babban malamin Nissan R-days Alexey Dyadya.

"Don haka kuna buƙatar sa birki sosai?" - Na tambaya a cikin amsa, yayin duban birki na wasu GT-Rs a layin rami.

"Yana da kyau koyaushe sanya idanun birki, amma ba ni da wata shakka game da tsarin kamfanin Nissan, duk da cewa baƙin ƙarfe ne." Kuma, hakika, duk takaddun gwajin suna da birki na tushe. Carbon yumbu har yanzu zaɓi ne. Gabaɗaya, abin da kawai yake ɗaukar ido a cikin motar sake siyarwa shine sabon gishirin radiator tare da baka mai nau'in V mai fasalin V. Kwatankwacin irin wannan shine, misali, a cikin ikon mallakar doka-mai ƙarfi X-Trail da Murano.

 
Gwajin gwajin Nissan GT-R

Shin akwai canje-canje kaɗan a cikin bayyanar? Ba. Abinda yake shine GT-R shine lamarin da ba safai ake samun sa ba yayin da duk yanke shawara, harma da waɗanda aka ƙera, ana ƙarƙashin abin daya - saurin. Ya kasance koyaushe haka ne kuma yana da haka a cikin motar da aka sabunta na shekarar ƙirar 2017. Misali, akwai wata sabuwa ta gaba mai '' lebe '' mai yatsa da kuma siket na gefe da aka sake fasalta. Sun fi tasiri wajan hana iska shiga ƙarƙashin ƙasan, ta yadda zasu rage dagawa. Kuma kasan ita kanta yanzu ta gama shimfide. Bugu da kari, gill mai fasali daban-daban a cikin fenders, hade da manyan hanyoyin shigar iska a cikin dam, yana haifar da yanki mara matsi, yana ba da damar sanyaya injina da birki mai inganci.

Hakanan babban murfin baya a murfin akwatin yana haifar da ƙarfin aiki mai ban mamaki, yana ɗora jigon motar na baya tare da ƙarin kilogiram 160 cikin saurin da ya wuce kilomita 100 a awa ɗaya. Bugu da kari, injiniyoyin Japan din sun dan sauya fasalin ginshikai na baya da fenders, suna sanya gefensu ya zama mai santsi. An shigar da irin waɗannan akan GT-R mafi tsananin tare da Nismo (Nissan Motorsport) abin da aka makala. Waɗannan mafita sun ba da damar jinkirta jinkirin lokacin haɓakar iska kuma ya rage yawan fitowar iska mai rikitarwa. Af, ba za a isar da babban kursiyin Nismo kanta zuwa Rasha ba.

Gwajin gwajin Nissan GT-R

Bayan bayani da gwajin lafiya, an basu izinin tuki. Kuma a nan ya zama bayyananne dalilin da yasa aka fara sabuntawa a farkon wuri. A ciki, GT-R ta canza: yanzu gaban gaba ya lullub'e da fata, bututun iska da ke gefenshi har yanzu suna zagaye, amma ba la Logan ba. Suna buɗewa da rufewa tare da wanki mai juyawa mai dacewa, wanda, lokacin da aka kunna shi, shima yana fitar da sauti mai daraja.

 

A tsakiyar na'ura wasan bidiyo akwai masu karkatar da murabba'i na rectangular. Af, an cire su ne a ƙarƙashin nuni na tsarin multimedia, saboda "taba fuska" na rukunin kai tsaye ya zama ya fi girma girma. Koyaya, zaku iya sarrafa duk ayyukan ba kawai tare da maɓallan kama-da-wane ba akan allon ba, amma kuma tare da “live” analog wanher-joystick akan ramin da ke kusa da mai zaɓin “robot”.

Gwajin gwajin Nissan GT-R

Babu sauran lokacin dubawa. A hanyar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa "koren" ya haskaka, kuma tare da malamin muka tafi waƙar. Nan da nan nutsar da "gas" a ƙasa - saurin kan hanyar rami an iyakance shi zuwa kilomita 60 a awa ɗaya. Saboda haka, ba shi yiwuwa a ji hanzari mai ban mamaki, wataƙila don mafi kyau ne.

"Nissan" bai sanya lokacin hanzari zuwa 100 km / h ba, amma, na tuna, a kan motar da aka yi kafin garambawul, ƙaddamarwa tare da ƙaddamar da ƙaddamarwa ta haɓaka motar zuwa "ɗaruruwan" a cikin dakika 2,7. Kuma ya firgita. Yana da wuya wani abu ya canza yanzu, saboda zamanintar da injin GT-R ya faru ne ta hanyar juyin halitta. Kaɗan kawai ya canza saitunan ɓangaren sarrafawa, yana ƙaruwa da matsakaicin ƙarfin tagwayen turbo "shida" zuwa 565 hp. (+ 15 HP), da ƙwanƙwasa karfin juzu'i har zuwa 633 Nm (+ mita 5 Newton).

Gwajin gwajin Nissan GT-R

Duk waɗannan ƙididdigar suna da inganci ga motocin da aka sayar a Turai. Babban kujera ya zo mana daidai daidai gwargwado, duk da haka, rashin ingantaccen mai mai octane ba ya ƙyale injin ya ci gaba da cikakken ƙarfinsa. Saboda haka, ga Rasha, Nissan ta yi iƙirarin dawo da dakaru 555. Koyaya, wannan ba batun batun GT-R bane - akwai motoci da suka fi ƙarfi ƙarfi.

Abilityarfafawa a cikin sauri shine katin ƙaho na Nissan. Kuma nan take ya shimfida shi akan zafin kwalta na Sochi Autodrom. Bayan layin dumi, lokacin da roba ta fara aiki daidai, malamin yana ba da izini, kamar yadda suke faɗa, “latsa”. Hanya madaidaiciya a ƙarshen layin farawa ana wucewa ba tare da taka birki ba, don haka a ƙarshen na biyu madaidaiciya, saurin yana kusan kilomita 180-200 a awa ɗaya.

Gwajin gwajin Nissan GT-R

Don haka dole ne ku zubar a gaban dama na biyu kuma ku shiga cikin dogon baka tare da wanda ke tsaye a gaban tashar Daniil Kvyat. Yana da mahimmanci a motsa tare da koda motsi a nan. Tare da bututun gas din da yake ta raguwa koyaushe zuwa rabin gudun ya wuce kilomita 130 / h, kuma GT-R ba ta da wata alamar skid. Godiya ga sabon yanayin sararin samaniya, motar tana da nutsuwa sosai, kuma mai wayoyi huɗu masu wayo suna zazzage kursiyin zuwa wani dogon gefe, mai taushi.

 

"Za ku iya ƙara ɗan ƙari kaɗan," in ji malamin. Amma ilhamar kaina na kiyaye kaina baya bada damar kara saurin. Bayan barin baka, wasu madaidaitan madaidaiciyar dama suna bi, sannan gungun dama-hagu-dama. Duk jujjuya 18 iska ce. Kuma babu ɗayansu yana yiwuwa a sami iyakar motar.

Gwajin gwajin Nissan GT-R

Haka ne, zaku iya yin korafin cewa akwai sau uku kawai don sanin waƙar, da kuma ƙarin uku don ƙoƙarin jin duk ƙwarewar Nissan GT-R da aka sabunta. Koyaya, idan suka bari na shiga nan na tsawon wata ɗaya ko biyu, da wuya zan iya sanin duk iyawar sa. A bayyane, wannan shine ainihin abin da ya raba ainihin masu tsere daga direbobi na yau da kullun, kuma abin da ke kiyaye Nissan GT-R a matsayin tsayayyar mota har tsawon shekaru goma.

RubutaMa'aurata
Girma: tsawon / nisa / tsawo, mm4710 / 1895 / 1370
Gindin mashin, mm2780
Bayyanar ƙasa, mm105
Volumearar gangar jikin, l315
Tsaya mai nauyi, kg1752
Babban nauyi2200
nau'in injinFetur da aka yi man fetur dashi
Volumearar aiki, mita mai siffar sukari cm3799
Max. iko, h.p. (a rpm)555 / 6800
Max. sanyaya lokaci, Nm (a rpm)633 / 3300-5800
Nau'in tuki, watsawaCikakke, RCP6
Max. gudun, km / h315
Gaggawa daga 0 zuwa 100 km / h, s2,7
Amfani da mai (gari / babbar hanya / gauraye), l / 100 km16,9 / 8,8 / 11,7
Farashin daga, $.54 074
 

 

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