Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani
 

Abubuwa

Da farkon lokacin sanyi, masu ababen hawa suna fuskantar matsalar inji mai farawa kowace shekara. Matsalar ita ce, a cikin sanyi, iska ba ta da yawa kuma don ƙone cakudadden mai-iska, ana buƙatar fitowar mai ƙarfi daga kyandir.

A cikin injunan dizal, matsalar iri ɗaya ce, amma a can ƙonewa yana faruwa saboda tsananin ɗumi na iska a cikin silinda daga matse shi. Don magance wannan matsalar, injiniyoyi sun haɓaka matosai masu haske.

Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

Menene mafita ga injunan ƙona mai na cikin gida? Ya bayyana sarai cewa kana buƙatar yin wani abu tare da daidaitattun kyandirori. Fiye da shekaru goma, fasaha don ƙirƙirar SZ ta haɓaka, godiya ga abin da canje-canje iri-iri suka sami wadatar direbobi. Daga cikinsu akwai kyandir na iridium. Bari mu duba yadda suka bambanta da daidaitattun da yadda suke aiki.

 

Ka'idar aiki na kyandirori iridium

Fuskokin fitilar Iridium suna da tsari iri ɗaya kamar daidaitaccen sigar (don ƙarin bayani kan waɗannan abubuwan, duba a wani labarin). Ka'idar aiki kamar haka.

Ana kawo gajeren motsi na lantarki ta hanyar wayoyi masu ƙarfin lantarki ta hanyar kyandir zuwa goro na tuntuɓar. Kan shugaban lamba yana cikin insulatorin yumbu. Ta hanyar sa, bugun jini mai karfin gaske ya shiga cikin allurar da ke hada kan lambar sadarwa da wutan lantarki. Wannan halin gaskiya ne.

Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

Duk fitilu masu walƙiya an sanye su da zaren zaren jiki. Tana gyara na'urar sosai cikin walƙiyar injin injin. A cikin ƙananan ɓangaren jiki akwai ƙirar ƙarfe - wani gefen lantarki. Wannan sinadarin ya lankwasa zuwa tsakiyar lantarki, amma basa haduwa. Akwai 'yar tazara tsakanin su.

 

Adadin mai mahimmanci na halin yanzu yana tarawa a cikin ɓangaren tsakiya. Dangane da gaskiyar cewa duka wayoyin ba a keɓe suke ba kuma suna da mahimmin haɓakar magana, wata walƙiya ta tashi a tsakaninsu. Influencedarfin fitarwa ya rinjayi juriya wanda dukkanin abubuwan biyu ke da shi - ƙasa da shi, mafi kyawun katako.

Girman diamita na tsakiyar lantarki, ƙaramin ƙwayar plasma zai kasance. Saboda wannan, ba a amfani da karfe mai tsafta, amma iridium, mafi dacewa, gami da shi. Abun yana da haɓakar haɓakar lantarki mai yawa kuma ba mai saurin saukin kamuwa da shawar makamashi mai zafi wanda aka saki yayin samuwar katangar fitowar lantarki.

Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

Ba a warwatsa walƙiyar wutar lantarki a kan dukkanin fuskar wutar lantarki ta tsakiya; saboda haka, irin wannan filogin yana samar da dakin konewa da fitowar mai "mai". Wannan kuma yana inganta ƙonewar iska mai iska da mai (ko iskar gas, wanda ke da zafin jiki kusan -40 Celsius a cikin silinda).

Tsarin Kula da Kyandir na Iridium

Toshe mai iridium baya buƙatar kowane kulawa na musamman. A mafi yawan injina, waɗannan gyare-gyaren suna tafiyar sama da kilomita 160. Don ingantaccen aiki na injin konewa na ciki, masana'antun suna ba da shawarar canza kyandirori ba lokacin da suka gaza ba, amma lokaci-lokaci - a yawancin lokuta sau da yawa fiye da bayan dubu 000.

Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

Kodayake ajiyar carbon ba ta zama da yawa akan samfuran iridium ba, saboda rashin ingancin mai da mai sanyi mai saurin farawa, wannan alamar har yanzu tana bayyana. Saboda wadannan dalilan, ana ba da shawarar ka sanya mai a motarka a gidajen mai da aka tabbatar kuma ka rage tafiyar tafiya mai nisa.

Fa'idodin kyandir na iridium

Fa'idodin da wannan nau'in abubuwan ƙirar ƙirar ke da shi sun haɗa da abubuwan da ke tafe:

 
  • Injin yana aiki sosai. Ana nuna wannan alamar saboda ƙananan ƙaramin lambar sadarwa akan wayoyin. Hanyar fara rukunin wutar yana zama da sauri saboda katsewar katangar lantarki, don samuwar wacce ake amfani da karancin wuta;
  • Arfafa aiki ba tare da komai ba Lokacin da yawan zafin jiki na iska da ke shiga motar ba shi da kyau, ana buƙatar mafi kyawu. Tunda toshe iridium yana buƙatar ƙaramin ƙarfin wuta kuma yana haifar da kyalkyali mafi kyawu, har ma da injin da ba shi da wuta zai zama mai kwanciyar hankali a ƙananan gudu;
  • A wasu raka'a, amfani da wannan nau'in toshe ya haifar da raguwar nisan mil na gas har zuwa kusan kashi 7. Godiya ga mafi ƙonewa na BTC, yana ƙonewa sosai da ƙarancin gas mai cutarwa ya shiga tsarin shaye shaye;
  • Wutar motar tana buƙatar kulawa ta yau da kullun. Game da amfani da kyandirorin da aka tattauna, ana aiwatar da gyare-gyare bayan dogon lokaci. Dogaro da ƙirar injiniya, aikin kyandirori yana yiwuwa a cikin kewayon tsakanin kilomita dubu 120 da 160;
  • Kadarorin iridium sun baiwa wutan lantarki babban juriya ga narkewa, wanda hakan ke bada damar walƙiyar walƙiya ta iya jure yanayin zafi a cikin injin da aka haɓaka;
  • Kadan mai saukin kamuwa da lalata;
  • Garanti na daidaitaccen walƙiya a ƙarƙashin kowane yanayin aiki na motar.

Shin akwai rashin amfani ga irin wannan walƙiya?

Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

A dabi'ance, SZ tare da lantarki iridium shima yana da nakasa. Don zama daidai, akwai da yawa daga cikinsu:

  • Shin suna da tsada. Kodayake akwai "takobi mai kaifi biyu". A gefe guda, suna da mutunci, amma a ɗaya bangaren, suna da wadataccen kayan aiki. Yayin aiki na saiti ɗaya, direba zai sami lokaci don maye gurbin analogs na kasafin kuɗi da yawa;
  • Yawancin tsofaffin masu mallakar mota sun sami masaniya mai ɗaci da waɗannan SZs. Koyaya, matsalar yanzu ba ta cikin waɗannan kayan masarufin, amma a cikin gaskiyar cewa an fi ƙirƙira su ne don rukunin wutar lantarki na zamani. Mota tare da ƙarar har zuwa lita 2,5 ba za ta ji bambanci daga shigar SZ mara daidaituwa ba.

Kamar yadda kake gani, shigar da irin waɗannan abubuwan zai zama sananne akan injina masu inganci. Misali, ana amfani dasu a cikin motocin tsere: don haɗuwa, yawo ko wasu nau'ikan gasa.

Idan motar ta tsufa tare da ƙaramin motsi mai ƙonewa na ciki, to akwai wadatattun kyandirori da yawa. Babban abu shine canza su cikin lokaci saboda ƙirar ƙwanƙwasawa ba ta yi nauyi ba saboda samuwar ajiyar carbon (lokacin da za a yi haka, an gaya masa a nan).

Bambance-bambance tsakanin fulogi na iridium da matosai masu ƙyalli

Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

Anan ga karamin kwatancen kwatanta tsakanin iridium da SZ na gargajiya:

Nau'in kyandir:ПлюсыМинусы
StandardZa'a iya amfani da ƙarancin farashi akan kowane ɓangaren mai; Ba mai buƙatar ingancin mai baResourcearamar hanya saboda ƙarancin abu na lantarki; Farawar motar baya zama koyaushe tsayayye saboda yawan watsa katako; carbonarin carbon yana tarawa da sauri (adadinsa kuma ya dogara da yadda aka saita tsarin ƙonewa); Domin ingantaccen ƙonewar cakuda, ana buƙatar babban ƙarfin lantarki
Doped da iridiumIncreasedara rayuwar aiki mai mahimmanci; assembarin haɗuwa da katako mai ƙarfi saboda fasalin fasalin ɓangaren; Inganta kwanciyar hankali na motar; A wasu lokuta, ana samun ƙaruwa a cikin aikin naúrar saboda ƙonewar VTS mafi kyau; Wani lokaci yakan haifar da ƙaruwa cikin ingancin motarBabban farashi; Whimsical ga ingancin mai; Lokacin da aka sanya shi akan ƙaramin ƙaura, ba a lura da ingantattun ayyukanta; Saboda gaskiyar cewa sauye-sauyen kayan masarufi ba sau da yawa, yawancin ƙananan baƙi (ajiyar carbon) na iya tarawa a cikin injin din

Farashin fitilar Iridium

Kamar yadda muka riga muka gano, idan aka kwatanta da kyandirori na yau da kullun, ana amfani da masarufin iridium sau uku. Koyaya, idan muka kwatanta su da takwaransu na platinum, to, suna mamaye kayan masarufin a tsaka-tsakin farashin.

Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

Wannan zangon farashin ba shi da nasaba da inganci da ingancin samfurin, amma ga shahararsa. Sha'awa a cikin kyandirori na iridium yana ƙaruwa ta hanyar bita na ƙwararrun masu tsere, waɗanda galibi suna jin bambanci daga amfani da waɗannan kayan masarufin.

Kamar yadda muka saba, ana haifar da farashin ba ta hanyar inganci ba, amma ta hanyar buƙatu. Da zaran mutane sun canza zuwa nama mai rahusa, mai tsada nan da nan ya fadi cikin farashi, kuma tsarin yana canzawa tare da zaɓin kasafin kuɗi.

Kodayake iridium karfe ne mai matukar wuya (idan aka kwatanta shi da zinariya ko platinum), a tsakanin ɓangarorin mota, kyandirori tare da wayoyin da aka haɗa da wannan ƙarfe sun fi yawa. Amma farashinsu ya ƙayyade daidai da sanannen samfurin, saboda ana amfani da adadi kaɗan na wannan kayan don samar da wani ɓangare. Baya ga siyarwa a ƙarshen wayoyin, wannan galibi galibi ne.

Anan gajerar bidiyo akan manyan fursunoni na masu amfani da iridium:

Kyandirorin Iridium ko kuwa?
LABARUN MAGANA
main » Articles » Matakan Farkon Iridium - Fa'idodi da Rashin Amfani

1 комментарий

  1. Sanyi iska tayi siriri? Da kyau, da kyau, kimiyyar Soviet ta san irin waɗannan shari'o'in.

Add a comment