DIY tsabtace famfo raga tsabtatawa
 

Abubuwa

Dangane da sanannen ingancin mai a gidajen mai na cikin gida, ya zama dole a sauya matatun mai sau da yawa, canza ko tsabtace raga na famfo mai. Duk yadda matattara masu inganci suka shirya motarka, suna tsabtace mai da dizal daga datti da ƙura mai inganci, amma dole ne a canza su fiye da yadda aka tsara a cikin ƙa'idodin masana'antun. 

Zamu gano yadda za'a tsaftace famfunan gas da kuma lalataccen raga, sau nawa ake bukatar a yi shi, kuma wadanne alamomi ne suke nuna bukatar wannan aikin. 

DIY tsabtace famfo raga tsabtatawa

Yaushe kuma me yasa ake buƙatar canza / tsaftace raga mai famfo

Don sabunta shawarar tsaftacewa ko maye gurbin raga mai famfo, ya kamata a nuna abubuwan da ke tafe:

 
  • Matsalar farawa injin ba tare da la'akari da yanayin yanayi da yanayin iska ba;
  • kuzarin kawo cikas ya ragu sosai, musamman jin lokacin da aka danna feda mai sauri;
  • jerks da jerks lokacin danna matatar gas;
  • rashin saurin gudu, jinkirin amsawa ga buɗe ƙwanƙwasa ƙwanƙwasa;
  • a cikin yanayin wucin gadi, injin na iya tsayawa.

Yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa irin wannan ɗabi'ar ta motar kamar saurin gudu, rashin iya wuce wasu motoci, buƙatar sauka yayin tuki ƙasa.

Matsalolin da ke sama suna nuna ɗayan dalilai da yawa kai tsaye da suka shafi tsarin mai. Bari mu saita hankalinmu kan famfon mai kuma tattauna wannan batun dalla-dalla. 

Matsalolin tsarin mai sun kasu kashi uku:

 
  • matatar mai ko grid ta toshe sosai, wanda ke rage yawan man da ake samu;
  • gazawar famfon mai;
  • akwai matsala game da kayan mai (injector).

Hakanan, bai kamata a hana fitar da iska daga tsarin mai ba, iska ne zai iya toshe hanyar samar da mai ga masu allura, musamman akan injunan dizal. Hakanan, mai sanya karfin mai zai iya kasawa, saboda shi za a samar da mai ga masu yin allurar wani bangare a karkashin matsi daban-daban, ko kuma a toshe wadatar gaba daya. Idan motarka ta kasance cikin filin ajiye motoci na dogon lokaci, kada ka cire yiwuwar iska ta shiga cikin famfon mai, wanda kuma ya sanya ba zai yiwu a fara injin ba tare da zub da jini ba, ta hanyar "watsar da" bututun mai daga layin mai.

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DIY tsabtace famfo raga tsabtatawa

Game da famfon mai, zai iya kasawa nan take kuma a hankali, kamar yadda aka nuna ta raguwar ƙarfi a cikin ƙarfi. 

Wani gogaggen ma'aikaci zai ba da shawara, a wannan yanayin, zai ba ku shawara ku maye gurbin famfon mai, haka nan ku kula da yanayin matattarar mugu (raga ɗaya) kuma maye gurbin matatar mai mai kyau. 

Dangane da ƙa'idodin ƙa'idodi, ana maye gurbin matatar mai kowane kilomita dubu 50-70, kuma ya dogara da ƙimar mai da kuma matatar kanta. A cikin sababbin motoci, ƙa'idar maye gurbin layin wutar ta kai kilomita 120, kuma mai kera motoci yana ƙoƙari don canza tashar mai, cikakke tare da famfo, wanda ke cikin tanki. 

Ya kamata a lura da cewa layin da aka toshe na famfon mai da matatar tana da mummunar illa ga injina tare da allurar mai kai tsaye, na iya haifar da toshewar allura masu tsada, da kuma fashewa saboda tsananin zafin jiki a cikin silinda (rashin isasshen mai ba ya sanyaya silinda).

Don haka, gwargwadon gaskiyar cewa layin famfon mai da matatar mai sauki ba su da tsada - ana ba da shawarar canza su aƙalla kowane kilomita dubu 50000, ko bin ƙa'idodin masana'anta. 

 
DIY tsabtace famfo raga tsabtatawa

Yadda zaka tsaftace famfo mai da kanka

Don haka, famfon mai yana cikin tankin mai. Motocin zamani suna sanye da tashar mai, inda babban “gilashi” na filastik, wanda aka ɗora famfo da firikwensin matakin mai, shima matattara ne. An haɗa matattarar mugu zuwa famfon, wanda ke riƙe da datti da sauran manyan ɗakunan ajiya. 

DIY tsabtace famfo raga tsabtatawa

Don haka, tsabtace famfo da raga kamar haka:

  • tunda famfon mai yana tsaye kai tsaye a cikin tankin gas, kuna buƙatar isa gare shi ta ɓangaren fasinja ko akwati. Dogaro da ƙirar, ana iya samun murfin tashar mai a ƙarƙashin kujerar gado mai matasai ta baya, ko a ƙarƙashin bene mai ɗauke da akwati. Don wannan aikin, dole ne ku ɗaure kanku da mafi ƙarancin kayan aiki;
  • to sai mu sami murfin, kuma kafin cire shi, tabbatar da tsabtace shi daga ƙura da datti, da kuma wurin da ke kewaye da shi don kada wani abu ya shiga cikin tankin gas;
  • to muna sakin matsin ta hanyar sakin mai. A kan murfin zaka ga mahaɗin wutar famfo mai buƙatar buƙatar cirewa. Yanzu muna aiki tare da mai farawa don 'yan sakan kaɗan har sai an tsoma dukkan mai a cikin silinda;
  • yanzu mun watsar da mummunan tashar daga baturin don cire masu haɗawa daga bututun mai (buto ɗaya shine samar da mai, na biyu shine dawowa). Yadda zaka cire matattarar bututu da kyau - koma zuwa umarnin don gyara da aikin motarka;
  • idan ƙyanƙyashe ku an tsara shi da ƙawan zoben dunƙulewa, to ba za ku iya kwance shi da hannu ba, don haka dole ne ku yi amfani da abin bugawa na musamman. Idan babu irin wannan na'urar, to za a iya jefa murfin ta hanyar haɗawa da lebur mai laushi da buga ta da guduma, babban abu ba ƙari ba ne don kar a ɓoye murfin. Yi ajiya a kan goge murfin a gaba;
  • kafin ka cire famfon mai, bari mai ya malale a cikin tankin, sannan ka rufe tankin don hana samfuran da ba'a so shiga cikin man;
  • ci gaba da rarraba fanfon. Don famfo, ya zama dole a cire ƙananan ɓangaren gidan, inda duk ƙazantar ta zauna;
  • sannan cire raga daga cikin famfon, saboda wannan ya isa isa ya sanya a karkashin zoben mai rikewa;
  • kimanta yanayin layin wutar, idan ya toshe gaba ɗaya - akwai yuwuwar za a canza matatar mai mai kyau, kuma yana da kyau a watsa masu allurar. Ka tuna cewa saboda matatar da aka toshe, famfon mai ya rinjayi juriya mai ƙarfi, daga abin da yake overheats kuma ya kasa;
  • idan raga ya zama datti ne, to sai mu tsabtace shi da wani feshi na musamman, kamar mai tsabtace carburetor, a wanke shi har sai bayan raga ɗin ya yi tsabta. Sannan a hura shi da iska mai matse iska. In ba haka ba, kawai muna canza layin wutar zuwa sabo, zai fi dacewa na asali;
  • matakin karshe shine haduwa da girka gidan mai a madadinsa. Mun sanya famfo a cikin tsari na baya, kuma idan ma'aunin matakin, bayan kunna wutar, ya fara nuna adadin man da ba daidai ba - kar a firgita, bayan ɗayan mai firikwensin ya daidaita kansa.
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DIY tsabtace famfo raga tsabtatawa

Har ila yau, bayan haɗuwa, motar ba zata fara nan da nan ba, don haka kunna wutar sau da yawa don fanfon ya ɗora mai a babbar hanya, sannan ya kunna injin.

Tips da Tricks

Don tabbatar da cewa tsarin mai koyaushe yana aiki daidai, yi amfani da waɗannan nasihu:

  • sake cika mai kawai da mai mai inganci;
  • canza matatun mai fiye da yadda ƙa'idodi ke ba da shawara;
  • tsaftace kullun a kowane kilomita dubu 50000 ta cire su, ko ƙara abubuwan tsaftacewa a cikin tankin a shekara - zai zama da amfani ga matatar;
  • Kada a zubar da tankin mai a ƙasan matakin so don kada datti ya tashi daga ƙasa ya toshe famfo.
LABARUN MAGANA
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