Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar
 

“Juya kai ka kalli inda zaka juya kawai. Idan ka kalli faren, za ka zo wurinsa, ”malamin ya kusan fasa ihu don ihu. Muna kan daskararren tafki kuma yana da ban tsoro a nan

A farkon 2000s, almara Niki Lauda, ​​tana jagorantar ƙungiyar Formula 1 Jaguar Racing yanke shawarar kaina shiga cikin jerin gwaje-gwaje. Gwarzon dan kwallon duniya karo uku ya yi mamakin yadda aka sauya tunanin tukin mota a cikin kwata na karni. Hannun, wanda a cikin 1970s ya yi canje-canje dubu da yawa a kowace tsere kuma aka sa masa jini a cikin Monte Carlo, yanzu haka yana da iska mai cike da iska a cikin wuri mai ƙarancin giya. Kwamfutar da kanta ta kiyaye saurin injin da ake buƙata, unchaddamar da ensaddamarwa ta tabbatar da cikakkiyar farawa, kuma an kunna sarrafa tarkon a kan juzu'i mai juyawa.

Sannan fitaccen matukin jirgin nan dan kasar Austriya ya lura da bakin ciki cewa kwanakin da direba ke sarrafa motar gaba daya ya tafi babu makawa. Gasar ta ƙarshe ta zama tsere ta manyan fasahohi da tsarin lantarki, waɗanda yanzu, a cikin wani nau'i ko wata, ana samun aikace-aikacen a cikin motoci na al'ada.

Kusan shekaru ashirin sun shude tun daga wannan lokacin. Shekaru da dama a jere, Rukuni na 1 yana karkashin ƙungiya ɗaya kaɗai ke mallake ta tare da wadatacciyar hanyar samun sabbin fasahohi kyauta, kuma farkon jerin wasannin tsere na mutum-mutumi - Roborace - ya kusa kusurwa.

 
Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

Motocin farar hula ma ba a baya suke ba kuma an cakuda su da kayan lantarki da yawa ta yadda tunanin "direba" zai zama ba da daɗewa ba. Haka kuma, mafi tsada ga motar, ya fi zama mai kutsawa da wayo da kwakwalwarta ta wucin gadi, wanda ke barin ɗan dama ga mutum don samun ainihin motsin rai daga tuki.

Kamfanin Jaguar bai yarda da wannan ba sosai, yana da'awar cewa ya samar kuma zai ci gaba da kera motocin da aka kera musamman don kawo wa direban nishadi. Kuma a lokaci guda ci gaba da zamani. Don tabbatar da wannan, mun shiga cikin gwajin gwajin tuka-tuka "Jaguars", wanda dole ne mu gwada shi a kan kankara mai daskarewa.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

“Yayi kyau da kazo yau. Guda bakwai ne kawai aka rage, ”mai koyarwar ya tabbatar. Dawn ta haskaka kan iyakoki a saman Ural da kuma "fentin" launuka masu jan launi akan fararen zane na Tafkin Baltym, kilomita 20 arewa da Yekaterinburg.

 

“Gobe zazzabi zai sauka kasa da 20, kankara zata yi tauri gaba daya ta zama mara tabbas. A irin wannan yanayin sanyi, babu kayan lantarki ko dabarun tukin mota, ”in ji mai ba da shawarar.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

Don haka, a kan dusar kankara na yanayin zagaye na hunturu a kan tabkin, akwai Jaguar guda huɗu daban-daban: Sed na kasuwanci na XF, F-Pace matsakaiciyar ƙetarewa, ƙirar ƙaramar XE da F-Type flagship supercar tare da injin mai karfin 550. Motoci masu nauyi daban-daban, girma, saitunan shasi da alamun farashin.

Motoci uku na farko, waɗanda aka fara gwada su a kan titunan yau da kullun, suna da alaƙa iri ɗaya. Yana da dandamali guda ɗaya wanda za'a iya daidaita shi da aluminum kuma mai tsabta, madaidaiciyar tuƙi. Kuma layi daya ne iri daya. Koda wani injin dizal mai karfin doki 180 wanda aka hada shi da ZF mai saurin takwas "kai tsaye" a yanayin wasanni yana baka damar keta layin manyan motoci da ke rarrafe a cikin kunkuntun hanyoyin yankin Sverdlovsk. Ba dole ba ne a ce game da motoci masu karfin doki 250 na mai mai lita biyu "turbo hudu" har ma fiye da haka game da lita uku na V6 compressor naúrar, mai tasowa 380.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

Ari da haka, wannan yana da tsada mai ban sha'awa tare da kowane yanayi mai ma'ana da wanda ba za a iya tsammani ba kamar kujerun tausa, nuni sama-sama, hadadden infotainment tare da babban nuni. Jira, kodayake. A yau mun zo ne kawai don tabbatar da cewa Jaguar ta zamani ba kawai kafofin watsa labaru ne kawai ba, amma magadan motoci ne kai tsaye da suka yi rikici a Le Mans a tsakiyar karnin da ya gabata.

Motocin motar suna haɗuwa tare da watsa atomatik mai saurin takwas da kuma tsarin toshe-duk-dabaran tare da Intelligent Driveline Dynamics (IDD). Ana aiwatar da shi ta hanyar amfani da lantarki mai ɗauke da takaddun lantarki, an tsara shi don inganta rarraba ƙwanƙwasa tsakanin ƙafafun gwargwadon matsayin riko a saman hanyar.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

A ƙarƙashin yanayin tuki na yau da kullun, ana sauya juzu'i zuwa ta ƙafafun baya kawai - kamar yadda yake al'ada ga motoci masu al'adun wasanni. A lokaci guda, kayan lantarki koyaushe suna kula da alaƙar tsakanin tayoyin da hanya, suna nazarin bayanan a mitar har zuwa sau 100 a kowane dakika, kuma, idan ya cancanta, yana canza mashin ɗin zuwa gaban goshin gaban.

 

Ana haɗa dukkan-dabaran motsa jiki tare da tsarin karfafa tsarin ƙarfafa DSC, wanda ke da halaye guda uku na aiki: daidaitacce, Trac DSC da DSC Off. Tare da na farko, komai a bayyane yake: lantarki ba ya aminta da direba kuma, a wata 'yar zamewa, yana kashe saurin injin, yana jinkirta ƙafafun kuma yana ƙirƙirar wasu dabaru, yana hana faruwar abin tudu. Wannan, kodayake, baya cire yiwuwar cewa motar za ta tura mayaudara ko, har ma da mafi muni, tashi daga waƙar.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

Amma idan kun riƙe maɓallin na ɗan lokaci, tsaka-tsakin yanayin Trac DSC yana aiki, bayan haka sarrafawar nan take ya zama mafi wahala kuma mafi ban sha'awa. Amsar maƙura an kara tsananta, an ba da izinin zirin kaɗan kuma tuni motar zata iya tsayawa a kaikaice lokacin da ake tafiya.

Wannan yanayin ne, kamar dai dai, shine mafi dacewa ga direba wanda bashi da ƙwarewar tukin tuƙin hunturu, amma a lokaci guda yana son fara rawa da motar. Abin farin ciki, babu ginshiƙai, bishiyoyi ko shinge akan waƙar. Abinda kawai zai iya faruwa ga motar da darajarta ta haura dala dubu ɗaya ita ce haɗuwa a cikin shingen kankara.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

Da kyau, a wannan yanayin, tsarin daidaitawa ba abin tsoro bane kuma nakasasshe ne gaba ɗaya, in ba haka ba, da alama, mai ƙirar da kebul ɗin ya riga ya gundure ba tare da komai ba. Kuna buƙatar kawai riƙe maɓallin da ya dace a kan na'ura mai kwakwalwa na tsakiya na dakika goma, kuma rubutun DSC Off ya bayyana akan allon, kuma motar za ta watsar da ɗaurin lantarki.

Tare da kawai dabarun ka'idoji na tukin hunturu mai tsananin gaske, yana da matukar wahala ka fin karfin tunanin ka ta hanyar juya sitiyarin cikin skid da kuma kara gyara lokacin da kafar dama ta isa ga birki.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

“Juya kai ka kalli inda zaka juya kawai. Idan ka kalli faren, za ka zo wurinsa, ”malamin ya kusan fasa ihu don ihu.

Saboda al'ada da tashin hankali, hannayena sun yi rawar jiki kaɗan, kuma T-shirt ɗin tana manne a bayana. Muna gudu a kan kankara mai duhu akalla aƙalla kilomita 80 / h, kuma ga alama zuciya tana bugawa sau biyu cikin sauri. Amma tare da kowane sabon gwiwa, ƙarfin gwiwa yana ƙaruwa, kamar yadda saurin kusurwa yake.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

"Madaidaiciya 100, madaidaiciya biyu, sannan 40 uku, kuma ƙofar matashin gashin yana da haɗari," in ji mai jirgin. Yanzu ina tuka F-Type flagship duk-wheel-drive supercar ta amfani da rubutaccen jerin gwanon kai tsaye. Ina latsa feda, kuma mai karfin 550 mai karfin lita 8 VXNUMX tare da supercharger nan take ya amsa tare da hayaniya, yana nutsar da sautin injina na duk sauran motocin da ke tekun.

Motar tuƙi a cikin inda aka lanƙwasa, sannan kuma nan da nan a wata hanya ta gaba - kuma yanzu shimfidar ya riga ya tafi gefe, yana tayar da gajimaren dusar ƙanƙara da ƙananan ƙwayoyin kankara. Ina daidaita ƙafafun, daɗa ƙara gudu da sauri, da motar, fitowa daga kan kan kan, sake sake ɗaukar sauri tare da ruri.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar

Wannan shi ne tsarkakakken yarda. Farin cikin sanin cewa har yanzu kuna taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen tuka motar da zata iya hanzarta daga sifili zuwa 20 a ƙasa da sakan huɗu. Zai ɗauki wasu shekaru 8, kuma manyan na'urori VXNUMX masu ƙarfi a ƙarshe zasu maye gurbin motsin lantarki mara motsi. Jaguar tuni yana aiki tuƙuru kan fasahohi da dama, gami da batun samar da motoci masu zaman kansu da kuma tsarin hasashen yanayi don ingantattun saitunan lantarki wanda zai rage shigar ɗan adam cikin tukin mota.

Amma wataƙila abubuwa ba su da kyau haka? Jaguar ba da daɗewa ba zai ƙaddamar da motarsa ​​ta farko-kore, I-Pace wutar lantarki. Haka ne, zai sami injina marasa lahani da rashin nutsuwa, gungun kayan lantarki da ci gaba da tuka kansu. Amma, a bayyane yake, ana iya haɓaka shi zuwa 100 km / h a cikin dakika huɗu kuma a ƙaddamar da shi a kan kankara ta gefe.

Gwajin gwajin gwajin motsa-motsawa Jaguar
 

 

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