Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi
 

Abubuwa

Tsarin aminci na kowace mota ya haɗa da abubuwa da yawa. Wasu daga cikinsu sun bayyana kusan nan da nan bayan fara samar da injunan farko. Yi la'akari da ɗayansu - ƙwanƙwasa mota.

Ko da masu motoci marasa sana'a basu da tambayoyi game da inda motar take. Bari muyi la'akari da dalilin da yasa ake buƙatarsa, da kuma wasu ƙarin ayyukansa.

Menene abin damun mota

Kafin mu saba da ƙarin ayyukan waɗannan abubuwan jikin, bari mu fahimci abin da mai damina yake. Wannan wani shinge ne ko ginannen ɓangaren motar, wanda koyaushe yana cikin gaba da baya na abin hawa. Mafi yawancin lokuta wannan shine mahimmancin mahimmancin motar, gaba da baya.

 
Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Dogaro da ƙirar ƙirar mai kera motoci, ƙwanƙwasa cikin motar za a iya haɗa shi cikin jiki, yana yin ido ɗaya da dukan motar. A wasu lokuta, kamar yadda aka gani a cikin hoton, wannan abubuwan na iya zama kyawawan kayan haɗi waɗanda ke ba motar asali.

Babban manufar

Yawancin masu ababen hawa da masu tafiya a ƙasa suna kuskuren tunanin cewa ana buƙatar bumpers a cikin motoci kawai a matsayin kayan ado. A saboda wannan dalili, wasu daga cikin masu motocin suna cire abubuwan "ado" da suka fito a matsayin "kunna" farko.

A zahiri, kaddarorin kayan ado na wannan ɓangaren suna taka rawa ta biyu. Da farko dai, wannan bangare ne da aka tsara don kare lafiyar masu tafiya a kafa. Bugu da kari, daskararrun shinge masu shinge suna hana lalacewar mahimman sassan da ke gaban sashin injin, har ma da sassan jikinsu masu tallafi. Sauya abu mafi sauƙi ya maye gurbin wannan abu fiye da daidaita motar da aka jirkita a cikin ƙaramin hatsari.

 
Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Bumper na zamani abu ne mai juriya wanda ke aiki azaman damɓe a karo. Kodayake galibi yakan fashe kuma zai iya tashi zuwa kananan guda, an tsara shi ne don kashe wani kaso mai tsoka na kuzarin kuzarin da ya haifar yayin karo.

Aikin bumpers na zamani

Baya ga amincin waje na wucewa da aka ambata a sama, bumpers na zamani don motar suna da ƙarin ayyuka, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa ake kiran wasu ƙirar gaba-End. Waɗannan su ne halaye waɗanda gyaran wannan ƙirar zai iya samun:

  1. Kare masu tafiya daga mummunan rauni idan haɗuwa ta haɗari. Don yin wannan, masana'antun suna zaɓar mafi ƙarancin taurin, fasali da kuma ba su ƙarin abubuwa, alal misali, matashin roba.
  2. Tsaro bayan ƙaramar haɗuwa. Yawancin tsofaffin gyare-gyaren bumpers da aka yi da ƙarfe, sakamakon karo da matsala mai ƙyama (alal misali, a tsaye a tsaye), nakasa, samun sifa mai haɗari (a wasu lokuta, gefen gefensu yana gaba, wanda ya sa motar ta fi haɗari ga masu tafiya a kafa).
  3. Ana kerarre-kirkire na zamani da la akari da yanayin motsawar motar. A lokuta da yawa, gefunan suna lankwasa baya don ƙaruwa da ƙarfi. Arin gyare-gyare mafi tsada an sanye su da abubuwan sha na iska waɗanda ke ba da ƙaramin iska mai shiga sashin injin don sanyaya sassan.
  4. Ana iya saka firikwensin Parktronic a cikin damben (don ƙarin bayani game da na'urar, duba daban), kazalika da kyamarar gani ta baya.
  5. Bugu da ƙari, ana sanya fitilun hazo a cikin damina (ya kamata a same su kusa da ƙasa yadda zai yiwu) da sauran kayan aikin hasken wuta.

Yadda ake duba ingancin bumpers

Tunda damin yana da muhimmiyar mahimmanci ga lafiyar mota, kafin kowane juzu'i ya fara saidawa, ƙirar ta ana yin jerin gwaje-gwaje, gwargwadon sakamakon wanda aka ƙayyade ingancin sifar da kuma takamaiman kayan aiki sun dace.

Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Akwai gwaje-gwaje da yawa wanda aka tantance ko za'a iya sanya wani ɓangare akan inji ko a'a:

  1. Abun da aka kafa akan tsayawar an buge shi tare da tsari mai nauyi (pendulum) tare da wani ƙarfi. Nauyin tsarin motsi yana dacewa da nauyin motar da aka yi niyya. A wannan yanayin, ƙarfin tasirin dole ne ya dace da tasirin idan motar tana tafiya cikin saurin 4 km / h.
  2. Hakanan ana gwada ƙarfin damina kai tsaye a kan motar gwajin. Motar ta fada cikin tsayayyar matsala a daidai wannan saurin.
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  Menene TRILON B kuma a ina zaku iya siyan shi?

Ana gudanar da wannan binciken tare da duka bumpers na gaba da na baya. Wani ɓangare ana ɗaukarsa mai aminci idan bai lalace ko ya karye ba sakamakon tasirin. Wannan gwajin ana yin sa ne daga kamfanonin Turai.

Game da ƙa'idodin Amurka, gwajin yana gudana a ƙarƙashin mawuyacin yanayi. Sabili da haka, nauyin pendulum ba ya canzawa (daidai yake da nauyin motar da aka gwada), amma saurinta ya ninka biyu, kuma ya kai 8 km / h. A saboda wannan dalili, a cikin samfurin motocin Turai, masu sana'ar bumpers suna da kyan gani, kuma takwaransu na Amurka ya fi girma.

 

Kayan siffofi

Abun takaici, yawancin masu fasa mota na zamani sun rasa asalin manufar su. Don haka, a cikin motocin haske, abin da ke kare aminci na wucewa na waje ya juya zuwa zirin ƙarfe na ado, wanda ke canza tasiri kaɗan akan abubuwan baƙon.

Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Dangane da motocin dakon kaya, akwai wani kuma. A kan mutane da yawa, masana'antun suna girka katako mai ƙarfi, wanda kusan ba ya lalace ko da tasiri mai ƙarfi ne daga motar fasinja, saboda abin da ya zama mai sauyawa cikin 'yan daƙiƙa.

Yawancin samfuran damina suna da abubuwa masu zuwa:

  • Babban bangare. Mafi sau da yawa, an riga an fentin tsarin a cikin launi na wata mota. Akwai samfuran da kawai ake amfani da takaddun share fage a kansu. Dole ne mai motar ya zana hoton kansa da launin jikin motar.
  • Radiator ƙarƙashin ƙarƙashi. Ba a samu a cikin duk gyare-gyare. Kodayake wannan abu yana aiki ne kawai na kwalliya, lokacin da aka buge shi yayin motsi (alal misali, tsuntsu ko dutse) yana ɗan laushi makamashi kaɗan, saboda radiator kansa baya wahala sosai.Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi
  • A wasu gyare-gyare, ƙirar tana da ƙyallen ƙarami, wanda aka tsara don jagorantar kwararar iska zuwa cikin sashin injin.
  • Don rage tasirin motar a kan matsala mai ƙarfi, akwai hatimin, ko kushin sama, a saman mashin ɗin. Ainihin, ba ya fita daga babban ɓangaren tsarin.
  • Yawancin samfuran mota na zamani suna da bumpers tare da tsiri na ƙasa da aka yi da filastik na roba. An zana fenti baki. Dalilin wannan sinadarin shine a fadakar da direban cewa ya kusanto wata babbar matsala da zata iya lalata kasan motar ko kuma kasan injin din.Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi
  • A ciki, duk masu tsalle suna da abin da aka makala daidai.
  • A gefen ƙugiyar jawo, ana yin rami na musamman a cikin dam ɗin. Wasu motocin ba su da wannan sinadarin saboda ƙyallen gashin ido yana ƙasa da damben jirgin.
  • Yawancin masana'antun mota suna ba da izinin abubuwa daban-daban na kayan ado akan bumpers. Waɗannan na iya zama gamammen roba waɗanda ke hana ƙwanƙwasawa tare da ɗan haɗuwa tare da cikas na tsaye ko abubuwan da aka ƙera Chrome.

Ba kamar gyare-gyaren da aka yi amfani da su a kan motoci na zamanin 1960 ba, ana haɗa bumpers na zamani cikin jiki, suna ba shi cikakkiyar ma'ana.

Don tabbatar da cewa kumfa tana ba da isasshen kariya ga cikin ɓangaren injin, ana ƙarfafa ciki da ƙarfe. Yawancin samfuran gaba da na baya suna da abubuwa masu motsa jiki.

Ari game da kayan haɗin haɗin haɗi

Babban kayan daga wanda ake hada bumpers shine thermoplastic ko fiberglass. Wani lokaci akan sami samfura daga polymer daban. Kayan yana shafar irin kudin da damina yake kashewa.

Ta hanyar tsoho, ana kiran waɗannan gyare-gyare filastik. Babban fa'idodin su shine haske, jure yanayin zafi mai kyau da ƙira mai kyau. Rashin dacewar hadewar bumpers sun hada da gyare-gyare masu tsada da kuma rauni. Irin waɗannan gyare-gyaren galibi an girka su ne akan motocin fasinja, gicciye da SUV masu tsada.

Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Amma ga SUVs cikakke, galibi an sanye su da bumpers na ƙarfe. Dalilin haka shi ne, ana amfani da irin waɗannan motocin don yin tafiya a kan ƙasa mai wuya, kuma suna iya fuskantar bishiya ko wata matsala.

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Kuna iya gano menene kayan wannan ko wancan ɓangaren da aka yi da alamomin masana'anta, waɗanda ake amfani da su a cikin samfurin. Abubuwan masu zuwa suna bin wannan alamar:

  • Don thermoplastic - ABS, PS ko AAS;
  • Don Duroplast - EP, PA ko PUR;
  • Don polypropylene - EPDM, PP ko POM.
Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Ana amfani da hanyoyi daban-daban don gyara kowane kayan. Don haka, ba za a iya sayar da fiberglass ba, tunda ba ya laushi lokacin da yake zafi. Thermoplastics, akasin haka, yana laushi lokacin dumi. Samfurin polypropylene shine mafi sauki ga walda. Ana iya dawo da shi koda kuwa an busa damin gunduwa gunduwa.

Wasu samfura an yi su da ƙarfe kuma an rufa su da ions chromium a saman. Koyaya, irin waɗannan abubuwan suna da ƙarancin gaske a cikin motocin zamani. Mafi yawan sassan chrome-plated an yi su ne da polymer, kuma ana sarrafa su ta hanyar zaban lantarki ko karafa (wadanne irin hanyoyi aka bayyana su daban).

Ari game da masu damun wuta

Babban aikace-aikacen wannan rukunin bumpers yana kan SUVs. Wadannan motocin galibi ana daidaita su ne don matukin tuƙi. A karkashin waɗannan yanayin aikin, akwai yiwuwar haɗuwa da itaciya ko wani abin hawa, don haka ya kamata a kiyaye mashin ɗin daga lalacewa.

Ba a ƙara yin amfani da bumpers daga polymer ba. Ainihin shi karfe ne mai kaurin kusan 4mm. Ana kera ƙirar masana'anta ta yadda hanyar shigar su akan motar baya buƙatar canji cikin tsarin jiki.

Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Waɗannan samfuran suna da kyau ga motocin da ke kan hanya saboda suna tsayayya da tasiri mai nauyi. Baya ga kyan gani, irin waɗannan gyare-gyare zasu sami:

  • Fasteners don hawa da winch;
  • Partsarfafa sassan da zaku iya kwantar da jack ɗin;
  • Jan layi;
  • Wuri don shigar da fayel fayel (yana ba ka damar sake juya kebul na jan kaya ko tef);
  • Azumi don shigar da ƙarin haske, misali, fitilun hazo.
Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Amma game da bumpers masu ƙarfin baya, an girka wasu ƙananan abubuwa akan su. Mafi yawan lokuta za a sami gashin ido mai jan ƙarfe da ƙara ƙarfin kayan aiki. Ana iya shigar da damina na yau da kullun ko na cirewa a gaba da bayanta a kan makarin da aka ƙarfafa (karanta game da wane irin ɓangare ne kuma me yasa ake buƙatarsa ​​a ciki raba bita).

Nau'ikan lalacewar bumpers

Mafi sau da yawa, saboda kuskuren direba, gaban motar yana shan wahala: ta kama tare da motar a gaba, ba ta lissafin girman motar, ƙira a kan sanda, da dai sauransu. Amma ba a kiyaye kariya ta baya daga lalacewa ba: mai kallo ya kama, masu auna firikwensin ba su aiki, da dai sauransu

Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Dogaro da ƙwarewar kayan abin mallakar mai motar, ana iya maye gurbin ɓarnar da aka lalata da sabuwa ko a maido da ita. A wannan yanayin, ya kamata mutum yayi la'akari da abin da ɓangaren ya yi. Ga jerin lalacewar da ta fi lalacewa ga abubuwa masu aminci na waje:

  • Karce. Dogaro da zurfinsa, hanyar dawowa na iya zama daban. Ga wasu, sanya kayan shafawa sannan zane tare da gogewa ana buƙata, yayin da ga waɗansu, gogewa kawai tare da manna abrasive ya isa. Bugu da ƙari, yadda za a cire ƙwanƙwasa daga filastik an bayyana a nan.Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi
  • Crack. A wasu lokuta, ba a lura da irin wannan lalacewar ba. Irin wannan lalacewar na iya shafar aikin fenti kawai, kuma galibi bayan tasirin, filastik ɗin kansa ya fashe, amma ya faɗi cikin wuri. Idan karfen karfe ya fashe, zai fi wuya a gyara shi. Sau da yawa irin wannan lalacewar yana tare da nakasawar ɓangaren, saboda abin da dole ne a fara lanƙwasa shi (kuma a cikin wurare tare da haƙarƙarin haƙarƙari yana da matukar wahalar yin wannan), sannan a walda shi ta hanyar walda. Gyara nau'ikan polymer ya dan fi sauki. Idan aka sami irin wannan lalacewar, ba shi da daraja a matsa shi tare da kawar da shi, tun da taurin ɓangaren kai tsaye ya dogara da girman ƙwanƙwasa.Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi
  • Ramin. Wannan ita ce lalacewa mafi wahala, tunda ana iya tare ta da cikakken ko rabuwa na barbashi daga babban tsari. Awararren mai sana'a ne kawai ya kamata ya gyara irin wannan damin. A wannan yanayin, yin amfani da raga, ƙarfafa fiberglass da kayan aikin polypropylene sau da yawa kawai yana ba da kwalliyar samfurin, amma ba ya sa ta dawwama kamar da.Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi
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  Me kuke buƙatar sani game da tsarin wutar motarku?

Kara karantawa game da gyaran bumpers na roba a nan... Dangane da gyaran bumpers polymer, babu wani shawarwarin da babu kokwanto: shine bangaren da ya cancanci gyara ko yake buƙatar maye gurbinsa. Duk ya dogara da matakin lalacewa, da kuma kuɗin sabon ɓangaren.

Bomper zabi dabaru

Idan an yanke shawarar kada a gyara abin da ya lalace, to waɗannan hanyoyin masu zuwa zasu taimaka don zaɓar shi daidai:

  • Zaɓin sashi ta hanyar bincika lambar VIN-ta mota. Wannan ita ce mafi tabbatacciyar hanya, kamar yadda saitin lambobi da haruffa ya ƙunshi fiye da kawai ƙirar abin hawa da ƙirar abin hawa. Wannan alamar kuma tana ƙunshe da mahimman bayanai game da ƙananan gyare-gyare waɗanda galibi ke shafar sassan injina. Cikakkun bayanai game da abin da masu kera bayanai na kera bayanai a cikin wannan lambar da kuma inda aka same ta aka bayyana a nan.
  • Bompa zaɓi ta abin hawa samfurin. Wasu motoci ba sa fuskantar manyan canje-canje, don haka ya isa ya gaya wa mai siyar wannan bayani, kuma zai sami ingantaccen ɓangaren. Wani lokaci, don kar a kuskure, mai sayarwa na iya tambayar ranar fitowar motar.
  • Zaɓi a cikin kundin yanar gizo. Wannan hanyar ta haɗu da waɗanda suka gabata, mai siye da kansa ne yake bincika. Babban abu a cikin wannan yanayin shine shigar da lambar daidai ko wasu bayanai masu mahimmanci cikin filin bincike.
Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Wasu masu motoci sunyi imanin cewa koyaushe zaku sayi sassan asali. A wannan yanayin, yakamata a fayyace ko mai kera motar yana tsunduma cikin kera kayayyakin gyara na samfuransa ko kuma yana amfani da sabis na kamfanoni na ɓangare na uku. A wannan halin, bangaren "asali" zai zama mafi tsada saboda kawai alamar kamfanin kera motoci a kanta.

Yawon Buɗe Ido

A kasuwar kayan keɓaɓɓu, galibi zaka iya samun bumpers na asali daga mai kera motoci, amma a cikin samfuran inganci, akwai kuma analogues masu dacewa waɗanda ba su ƙasa da inganci da asali ba.

Anan ga jerin samfuran masana'antar bumper da zaku iya amincewa dasu:

  • Za'a iya zaɓar samfura masu rahusa cikin samfuran Yaren mutanen Poland (Polcar), Danish (JP Group), Sinawa (Feituo) da Taiwan (Bodyparts) masana'antun;
  • Za a iya ambata 'yan Belgium (Van Wezel), Sinawa (Ukor Fenghua), Koriya ta Kudu (Onnuri) da Ba'amurke (APR) a cikin samfuran samfurin "ma'anar zinariya" tsakanin farashi da inganci;
  • Mafi inganci, kuma a lokaci guda mafi tsada, sune samfura waɗanda masana'antun Taiwan TYG, da API suke yi. Wasu masu amfani da waɗannan samfuran sun lura cewa wani lokacin samfuran su ma sun fi inganci a cikin analogs waɗanda ake siyarwa azaman asali.
Car damina. Menene don kuma yadda za'a zabi

Wani lokaci masu ababen hawa suna karbar kayayyakin gyara na motarsu yayin rugujewar. Idan aka zaɓi mai damina, to ya kamata ku kula ba kawai ga yanayinta ba, har ma da yanayin lalacewar, saboda abin da motar ta isa wannan rukunin yanar gizon. Yana faruwa cewa motar ta sami mummunan rauni na baya, wanda ya gurgunta rabin jiki gaba ɗaya, amma ƙarshen ƙarshen ya kasance mara lafiya.

A wannan yanayin, zaku iya siyan bugun gaban ta cire shi kai tsaye daga motar. Akwai matsaloli masu yawa a cikin siyan sassan da an riga an cire su daga motoci. Ba a san ko an gyara wata kwandon jirgi ko a'a ba (wasu masu sana'ar suna aiwatar da aikin gyara sosai ta yadda ba za a iya rarrabe bangaren da sabo ba), saboda haka akwai yiwuwar samun sashin da ya karye a farashi mai sauki.

ƙarshe

Don haka, jigon motar zamani na iya yin ayyuka masu mahimmanci da yawa, amma babban ya rage - amincin sufuri. Duk samfuran zamani suna wuce cak ɗin da ake buƙata kuma suna karɓar takaddun shaida masu dacewa, don haka zaku iya zaɓar samfuran masana'antun da aka ambata a cikin lissafin da ke sama.

A ƙarshe, muna ba da ɗan gajeren bidiyo game da kayan don gyaran bump auto auto polymer:

CIKAKKEN POLYMER vs bumpers da wheel baka trims. Menene masu sana'a ke zaɓa? | Gyara motocin roba
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