Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki
 

Abubuwa

Masana'antar kera motoci ta zamani tana baiwa duniya masu sha'awar mota motoci iri-iri domin haduwa da duk wata matsalar sufuri. Bugu da ƙari, motoci sun bambanta da juna ba kawai a cikin bayyanar ba. Kowane mai mota yana da nasa ra'ayin game da abin da ya fi kyau mota ta kasance. Kuma mafi yawan lokuta bangaren sufuri yana da mahimman mahimmanci.

Arƙashin murfin, motar zamani tana samun injin ƙonewa na ciki wanda ke amfani da mai ko dizal. Tare da haɓakar ƙa'idodin muhalli, masana'antun ba kawai ke yin ƙarfin motsa jiki tare da hayaki mai tsafta ba, amma kuma suna haɓaka zaɓuɓɓuka daban-daban na motocin lantarki da na zamani. Koyaya, wannan batun ne don wani bita... Yanzu zamu maida hankali kan fasali daya na aikin mota, wanda karfin wutar lantarkin yake aiki akan mai.

Yawancin masu ababen hawa sun san cewa fetur yana bushewa da sauri. Koda man yana cikin rufaffiyar kwantena, da zaran ya bude, tururinsa yana sakin yanayi. A saboda wannan dalili, koda motar ba safai take tafiya ba, cikakken tanki a hankali zai zama fanko.

 
Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Domin man ya kasance a cikin tankin gas, kuma yawancin tururin mai ba su shiga sararin samaniya, an girka tsarin EVAP, ko kuma mai talla, a cikin tankin. Yi la'akari da dalilin da yasa ake buƙatarsa ​​a cikin mota, idan ba a cikin tsofaffin motoci ba. Hakanan zamuyi magana akan ƙa'idar aiki, yadda tsaftacewa ke gudana da kuma yadda za a gane matsalar rashin tsari.

Menene tsarin talla da kuma EVAP

Bari mu fara fahimtar kalmomin. Wani mai talla, ko tsarin EVAP, wani nau'in motar mota ne wanda yake tsabtace iska yana barin tankin gas daga tururin mai. Wannan na'urar tana hana saduwa da iska kai tsaye cikin tanki tare da yanayi. A cikin tsari mafi sauki, shine matatar gawayi ta yau da kullun, wanda wani ɓangare ne na tsarin dawo da tururin mai (EVAP).

Wannan tsarin wajibi ne ga kowane motar zamani. Wasu masu ababen hawa suna kuskuren kiranta abin a hankali. Kodayake tsarin waɗannan tsarin yayi kama, masu tallatawa ana amfani dasu don motoci. Dalilin ya ta'allaka ne cikin mahimmancin tsari na tsaftace iskar gas da ke shiga cikin tsarin.

 
Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Mai shanyewar yana shan warin da ba shi da kyau wanda ke ƙunshe a cikin rafin ta hanyar tacewa ta cikin wani abu mai ruwa wanda za'a bi da gas ɗin da za'a tsarkake shi. Irin wannan na'urar kuma an sanye ta da bututun ruwa da tsarin tsarkake ruwa don ci gaba da gudanar da tsarin. Bambancin irin wannan shigarwar shine tsaftacewa tana faruwa ne saboda shayar da magudanar ta hanyar dukkan girman matatar. Complexwarewar ƙirar da duk aikin tsarkakewa ya sa ba zai yiwu a yi amfani da abubuwan jan hankali a cikin motoci ba. Ana amfani dasu galibi a wuraren samarwa, wanda aikinsa yana da alaƙa da iska mai datti da iska mai yawa ke fitarwa zuwa sararin samaniya.

Har ila yau, mai talla yana cire iska daga iska, kawai yana yin hakan ne bisa la’akari da yanayin shaye shaye. Wannan yana nufin cewa dukkanin kayan aikin iskar gas suna haɗuwa a saman mai rarrabuwa kuma sun dawo cikin tankin gas. Ana tsabtace iska ta hanyar ciyar da shi a cikin mahaɗa mai yawa don cirewa a cikin silinda tare da haɓakar iska / mai. Asali, shine karamin mai raba tsabtace kai tare da matattarar daidaitawa.

Me yasa kuke buƙatar mai talla?

Ci gaban farko na mai tallata motar mota ya bayyana a matsayin ƙarin tsarin wanda ya haɓaka ƙawancen muhalli na motar. Godiya ga wannan na'urar da kuma zamanantar da naúrar wutar, motar zata iya bin ka'idar Euro2. Da kanta, wannan tsarin ba'a buƙata don ingantaccen aikin motsa jiki. Idan an daidaita shi daidai allurar fetur, fallasa kunna wuta da kuma ba motar mai kara kuzari, to abin hawan zai bi ƙa'idodin tsaftace muhalli.

Ba a yi amfani da wannan tsarin a cikin injunan carburetor ba. Saboda wannan dalili, akwai ƙanshin man fetur kusa da tsohuwar motar. Idan an ajiye safarar akan titi, to da wuya ya zama sananne. Amma ya rigaya ba zai yuwu a zauna cikin garejin kusa da irin wannan motar na dogon lokaci ba tare da alamun alamun guba tare da tururin mai.

Tare da shigowar injunan ƙonewa na ciki, mai tallata ɓangare ne na kowace mota. Gaskiyar ita ce, ba wai kawai cire iskar gas ta sharar bututu ne ke ƙazantar da mahalli ba. Shima iskar gas ɗin yana shiga cikin iska, har ma injina mafi inganci tare da tsarin tsabtace iskar gas na zamani ba tare da wannan tsarin don tsabtace kumburin da aka samar a cikin tankin gas ba zai cika manyan buƙatun ladabi na muhalli.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

A gefe guda, zai iya yiwuwa a rufe tankin gas ta hanya, kuma an warware matsalar - hayakin ba sa shiga cikin mahalli. Koyaya, wannan ba yana nufin cewa mai zai daina danshin ruwa ba. A sakamakon haka, matsin lamba zai tashi a cikin tankin da aka rufe (musamman a lokacin zafi). Wannan tsari ba shi da kyau ga tsarin mai. Saboda wannan dalili, dole ne samun iska a cikin tanki.

 

Ya zama wata da'irar da ba ta da kyau: ba za a iya rufe tankin da kyau ba saboda tururin mai ba zai ƙara matsa lamba a ciki ba, amma idan an samar da iska a ciki, babu makawa irin wannan shiga cikin yanayi. Dalilin mai talla shine daidai don tabbatar da matsin lamba a cikin tankin a matakin yanayi, amma a lokaci guda mahaukacin ba shi da gurɓataccen yanayi.

Baya ga damuwar muhalli, masu kera motoci sun kara lafiyar motocin kansu. Gaskiyar ita ce lokacin da aka ajiye motar a cikin gareji, ba tare da mai talla ba, iska kusa da ita za ta cika da hayaki mai guba. Babu makawa, wannan iska ma tana shiga cikin abin hawa. Ko da tare da windows suna buɗe yayin tuƙi, zai ɗauki lokaci kafin waɗannan laulayin su watse. Saboda wannan, direban, da duk fasinjojin, suna shakar gurbatacciyar iskar kuma suna sakawa kansu guba.

🚀ari akan batun:
  Abin da jikin gawa ake yi

Ina mai talla?

A hankalce, tunda mai tallatawa yana hana saduwa kai tsaye na iskar gas daga tanki tare da iska mai tsabta, to yakamata ya kasance cikin tankin gas ɗin kanta ko kuma kusa da shi. A zahiri, mai kera kansa ya yanke shawarar kansa inda zai girka maɓallin keɓaɓɓen tsarin a cikin motar. Don haka, samfurin motar gida (Lada) an sanye su da mai talla, wanda a kusan dukkanin sifofin yana ƙarƙashin ƙirar kusa da hasken wutar dama.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

A cikin wasu nau'ikan, wannan rukunin na iya tsayawa a cikin alkuki tare da keken hawa, a kan tankin man fetur kanta, ƙarƙashin ƙirar ƙirar ƙafa, da dai sauransu. Dauki misali Audi, samfurin A4 da B5. A cikin su, gwargwadon shekarar da aka ƙera su, an shigar da mai talla a sassa daban-daban na motar. A CIKIN Chevrolet Lacetti, yana tsaye gabaɗaya ƙarƙashin akwati kusa da ƙafafun dama na dama. Don bayyana inda a cikin wani yanayi wannan asalin yake, ya zama dole a koma zuwa littafin aikin abin hawa.

Ka'idar aikin mai talla a mota: tsarin EVAP

Duk da bambance-bambancen tsarin da banbancin wurin da abubuwan abubuwa masu mahimmanci, makircin tsarkake iska daga abubuwan mai mai illa a cikin dukkan injuna zaiyi aiki daidai da ka'ida daya. Babban mabuɗin da ke tsabtace iska daga ƙarancin ƙarancin ƙazamar ruwa shine akwati cike da carbon mai aiki.

Man gas bayan isasshen sanda ta hanyar bawul na jan nauyi ya shiga ramin tanki ta cikin tiyo. Yayinda injin motar baya aiki, matsin lamba a cikin tanki ya tashi, kuma vapors suna taruwa a cikin wani tafki na musamman a cikin tankin talla. A hankali, matsin lamba da yawa ya tura iska mai yawa ta cikin kwal ya tsere zuwa sararin samaniya. A lokaci guda, ana riƙe warin mai da abubuwa masu illa masu lalacewa ta hanyar wakilin mai tsarkewa.

Akwai sauran bawul a cikin na'urar talla, amma ya riga ya zama electromagnetic. Lokacin da injin konewa na ciki ya fara, microprocessor (naúrar sarrafa lantarki) ke sarrafa aikin wannan aikin. Kewaya na biyu na mai talla yana da alaƙa da kayan abinci da yawa ta hanyar ƙungiyar da aka haɗa da tankin mai ɗaya.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Lokacin da matsa lamba a cikin tanki ya tashi, ana kunna bawul din na lantarki. Tunda an ƙirƙiri wuri a cikin kayan abinci mai yawa, ana tsotse fam ɗin mai, amma a wannan yanayin ba za su ƙara ratsa matattarar carbon zuwa cikin yanayi ba, amma tare da hanya mafi sauƙi - cikin tsarin cin abinci (don ƙarin bayani kan yadda yake aiki) , an bayyana shi daban).

Don hana samuwar wuri a cikin tankin gas saboda aikin tsarin tsaftacewa, wanda zai rikitar da aikin famfon gas, akwai haɗin iska a cikin tankin talla. Ta hanyar sa, wani kogin iska mai sabo yake shiga mai raba idan an riga an cire duk tururin da ya wuce gona da iri. Wannan tsari ana kiransa tsarkakewa.

Amfanin irin wannan tsarin shine cewa yayin da motar ke gudana, matatar carbon ta kasance ba a amfani da ita. Lokacin da kuzarin mai ya shiga tsarin shan motar, abubuwa masu cutarwa suna konewa yayin aikin silinda. Sharar iskar gas ɗin daga nan an sanya ta cikin kwalliya. Godiya ga wannan, ba a jin ƙanshin man fetur wanda ba ƙonewa ba kusa da motar.

Na'urar Adsorber

Tsarin mai talla ya haɗa da abubuwa masu zuwa:

  • Akwatin roba da aka yi a sifar silinda. Yana aiwatar da aikin jiki da rami wanda ake kashe kumburin mai;
  • Carbon da aka kunna abu ne mai arha kuma a lokaci guda yana tasiri mai gurɓatar da abubuwa masu illa na hydrocarbon waɗanda ke samar da mai. Yana bayar da tarko da tsarkake iska tare da abubuwa masu cutarwa, amma a cikin tsada tsada, ana amfani da wasu abubuwa, har zuwa ma'adanai na halitta;
  • Mai firikwensin firikwensin ko bawul din taimako wanda ke amsawa ga matsi na tururi a cikin tankin gas kuma yana tabbatar da cire abin da ya wuce su idan mai tallata gidan ya toshe;
  • An haɗa tankin man fetur zuwa mai talla, wanda, bi da bi, an haɗa shi da kayan abinci ta amfani da bututu. Kowane bututu an yi shi ne da kayan da ba sa kaskantarwa yayin saduwa da mai - galibi bututun mai;
  • Nauyi da nafin lantarki;
  • Mai raba akan farfajiyar abin da mai yake takaita. An mayar da ruwan a cikin tankin.
Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Idan abin hawan ya shiga cikin haɗari kuma ya birgima, bawul ɗin nauyi yana hana man fetur gudu daga cikin wuyan filler. Wannan shine kawai dalilin wannan element.

Rarraba masu talla

Lokacin da injin konewa na ciki ya sami injector da mai kara kuzari, wutar lantarki ta zama mai kawancen tsabtace muhalli, amma kamfanonin muhalli koyaushe suna haɓaka matakin da aka yarda da su, don haka injina da tsarinsu ana inganta su koyaushe. Kuma tsarin EVAP ba banda bane. Zuwa yau, akwai gyare-gyare da yawa na waɗannan na'urori.

Tunda aikin mai talla ko tsayin layin ba zai shafe aikin su ba, sun bambanta da juna ne kawai ta hanyar kayan tacewa. Flawaljin na iya ƙunsar:

  1. Talla mai matsakaicin matsakaici;
  2. Talla mai matsakaicin nauyi;
  3. Kyakkyawan talla mai talla, wanda koyaushe ke tafasa daga ƙasa.

Yawancin masana'antun mota suna amfani da gyare-gyare na farko. Wannan ita ce hanya mafi sauki don aiwatar da cire tururin mai. Zaɓuɓɓuka na biyu da na uku suma suna lalata abubuwa masu cutarwa, amma a cikin lamuran guda biyu, ana iya cire ɓangaren mai talla daga cikin akwatin tare da iska zuwa cikin yanayin. A saboda wannan dalili, ban da sauya mai da mai tacewa, gyaran motar da aka tsara har ila yau ya haɗa da bincika matakin abu mai aiki. Saboda wannan, an cire flask ɗin, kuma, idan ya cancanta, an ƙara talla.

🚀ari akan batun:
  Manyan samfuran birki

Bawul Adsorber

Babban maɓallin tsarin tsaka tsaki na ƙamshin gurɓataccen mai shi ne bawul na ƙafafu. Yana sauyawa tsakanin farfadowar tururi da tsarkakewa. Bari muyi zurfin duba yadda yake aiki, menene alamar rashin aikin sa, da kuma yadda za'a maye gurbin sa yayin faruwar matsala.

Menene bawul ɗin talla?

Lokacin da aka kashe injin, bawul din yana cikin rufaffiyar yanayi, sabili da haka, idan akwai matsin lamba da yawa a cikin tankin man, za a tilasta kumburin ta cikin matatar carbon cikin yanayi. Da zaran injin konewa na ciki ya fara, sigina na lantarki daga ECU ne ke haifar da electromagnet, kuma yana buɗe bawul din don tabbatar da iska ta rami.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Bawul ɗin gwangwani mai amfani yana sa tsarin mai gaba ɗaya amintacce. Ba a halicci matsi mai yawa na mai a layin ba, kuma lokacin da rukunin wutar ke aiki, ba a lura da yawan amfani da mai. Idan bututun layin sun daskare sosai ko kuma sun riga sun tsage saboda tsufa, to kasancewar bawul ɗin talla mai aiki zai hana malalar mai, saboda matsa lamba a cikin tsarin ba ya ƙaruwa.

Ta yaya bawul ɗin talla ke aiki

An yi imanin cewa wannan ɓangaren yana buɗewa ta atomatik tare da farkon rukunin wutar. A gaskiya, wannan ba haka bane. Ana haifar da shi lokacin da matsi ya bayyana a cikin tankin mai. Ana sarrafa wutar lantarki daidai da algorithms da aka saka a cikin microprocessor na sashin sarrafawa.

Dogaro da ƙirar mota, ECU tana rikodin alamun Na'urar haska bayanai mai yawa, zafin jiki na iska, a wasu yanayi da matsa lamba a cikin tanki. Dangane da duk waɗannan siginonin, lantarki yana ƙayyade buƙatar shigar da mai talla.

Idan kayi zurfin zurfafawa cikin tsarin aikin bawul din daki daki, to zai fi daidaita matakan tsabtace adsorber da tsotse iskar mai. Ya dogara da yawan iskar da ake cinyewa a cikin kayan abinci mai yawa. A zahiri, ƙungiyar sarrafawa tana aika bugun jini wanda ke shafar tsawon lokaci da ƙarfin tsabtacewar.

Yadda ake bincika bawul din talla

Ayyukan adsorber valve sun hada da:

  • Rashin maganadisu mai amfani da lantarki (galibi karyewar iska);
  • Bawul makale a bude;
  • An rufe bawul din
  • Rashin motsin hankali.
Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Don aiwatar da bincike mai zaman kansa, da farko kuna buƙatar "ringi" da wayoyi tare da multimeter. Hakanan, ana iya samun matsalar aiki ta hanyar amfani da shirin bincike. Don wata mota ta musamman, maiyuwa akwai nata software. Kwamfutar bincike tana haɗe da inji ta hanyar haɗin sabis ɗin, kuma ana bincika raunin raguwa.

A yayin samar da siginar sarrafawa, bawul din dole ne ya latsa (bisa ga ƙa'idar dannawa a cikin farkon, tunda ana amfani da irin wannan aikin electromagnetic a wurin, kawai tare da manyan girma). Wannan shine yadda ake bincika kayan lantarki na da'irar.

Don tabbatar da cewa bawul din kanta ba a makale ba, dole ne a cire shi. Ana yin wannan a sauƙaƙe kamar yadda kawai aka saka shi cikin ramin aiki. Hoses biyu da wayoyi biyu sun dace da shi. Hakanan suna da sauƙin buɗewa, kafin hakan kuna buƙatar tuna abin da aka haɗa inda.

Kamar yadda aka ambata a baya, ana rufe bawul ta tsohuwa. Da zaran an kawo wutar lantarki ga abin juyawa, maganadisu zai kunna sai ya bude. A lokaci guda, ana jin alamar haruffa. Don bincika idan wannan abun yana rufe ba tare da samarda na yanzu ba, zaku iya cire haɗin daga layin. A gefe guda, ana saukar da kayan sawarsa (mai kauri) a cikin karamin akwati mai ruwa, kuma a dayan, ana saka bututu mai sirinji a madaidaicin (na bakin ciki). Idan, lokacin da kuka danna matattarar sirinji, babu kumfar iska da ke bayyana a cikin ruwa, to bawul din yana aiki.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Ana aiwatar da wani tsari iri ɗaya yayin gano aiki na bawul din ƙaran lantarki. Don wannan, ana haɗa wayoyi zuwa lambobin sadarwarta. Zane ya kasance iri ɗaya. Muna haɗa wayoyi zuwa baturin kuma latsa maɓallin sirinji. Idan, lokacin da aka yi amfani da halin yanzu, danna sauti da kumfa sun bayyana a cikin tankin ruwa, to na'urar tana aiki gaba ɗaya.

Kwayar cututtukan marasa talla

Tunda aikin mai talla yana da alaƙa da tsarin mai, rashin aikinsa kuma yana shafar aikin samar da mai zuwa silinda. Alamar farko wacce zata iya nuna lalacewar tsarin rashin daidaiton tururin mai shine baba da yake zuwa daga tankin mai.

Bawul din ingantaccen solenoid zai fitar da ɗan dannawa wanda za'a iya saurara ne kawai da saurin injin rashin aiki. Amma idan ba ya aiki daidai, waɗannan sautunan na iya ɓacewa gaba ɗaya, ko kuma akasin haka - zama da ƙarfi da ƙarfi. A yanayi na biyu, daidaitawa tare da ƙulli na musamman na iya taimakawa. Ya kamata a ambata anan cewa ana iya jin irin waɗannan sautunan daga tsarin rarraba gas. Don tabbatar da cewa matsalar tana cikin bawul din, matse matse mai ƙafafun mai zai taimaka. Idan akwai matsala tare da bel na lokaci a wannan lokacin, sautunan zasu canza.

Za a iya jin sauti lokacin da ba a kwance fulogin filler ba. Wannan ya faru ne saboda gaskiyar yawan tururi da aka tara a cikin tankin, amma ba a cire su ba ta matattarar gawayin.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Ta bangaren fasaha, rashin ingancin tsarin EVAP ya bayyana ta hanzarin shawagi na rukunin wutar yayin da yake dumama. Tabbas, wannan alamar ita ce sakamakon wasu rashin aiki, alal misali, kurakurai a cikin sashin sarrafawa, a cikin tsarin ƙonewa, da sauransu. Wata alama ta kai tsaye ta rashin nasarar EVAP shine ƙara yawan amfani da mai, saurin tsomawa cikin yanayin tsauri. Sau da yawa, firikwensin matakin mai yana ba da karatu mara daidai - a kan dashboard, ana iya nuna matakin ƙarami, kuma bayan ɗan lokaci - babba da akasin haka.

Wasu lokuta matsaloli tare da mai talla suna shafar aikin famfon mai, kuma ya gaza. Valvearancin iska wanda bai yi nasara ba yana bayyana ta gaskiyar cewa wannan abun ya daina bugawa, ma'ana, layin tsarkake tsarin baya budewa.

🚀ari akan batun:
  Menene Cutar Mutuwar Mota?

Kuma mafi alamun alamun matsaloli tare da mai talla shine ƙanshin sabon mai kusa da mota ko kuma cikin gidan. Tabbas, wannan na iya faruwa saboda wasu dalilai, misali, malalar layin mai.

A cikin motocin zamani, binciken kwastomomi akan jirgi yana ba ku damar gano daidai ko matsalar ta kasance tare da lalacewar tsarin ƙarancin ƙarancin mai ko a'a.

Yi-da-kanka adsorber tsabtatawa, duba bawul din tallata shi da daidaita shi

Idan, yayin binciken tsarin, an gano fashewar bawul, dole ne a maye gurbinsa da sabo. Amma tacewar carbon, zaka iya tsaftace shi maimakon siyan sabo, kodayake kasuwancin zamani ya dage cewa irin waɗannan abubuwa ba a tsabtace su, amma kawai an canza su zuwa sabo ne saboda asarar dukiyoyin su.

Tabbas, babu wanda zaiyi jayayya cewa shine mafi kyawun siyan sabon mai talla. Amma idan mai motar ba shi da damar yin wannan har yanzu, zai iya ƙoƙarin tsabtace kansa da kansa. Ana aiwatar da aikin kamar haka.

An kwance kwalbar filastik daga motar kuma an rarrabata a hankali (don kar a zubar da hoda). Ana tsabtace mai talla ta hanyar harba shi a cikin tanda. Ba'a ba da shawarar yin hakan a cikin gida ba, saboda ana riƙe ƙwayoyin mai a cikin hoda. Yayin magani mai zafi, wani wari mai danshi zai bayyana, wanda za'a iya shigar dashi cikin kayan daki a cikin kicin. Gawayi zai sha taba yayin wannan aikin.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Da farko dai, a hankali ana yin foda a zafin jiki na gram 100. Ya kamata a bar foda a wannan zafin jiki na kimanin minti 60. Bayan haka, ana yin maganin zafi a digiri 300. A wannan yanayin, foda na ci gaba da tsayawa har sai warin mara daɗi ya ɓace. A yayin aiwatar da irin wannan aiki, dole ne a haɗu da foda. A ƙarshen aikin, ana barin tallan a cikin murhu don yayi sanyi.

Kafin zuba "gasashen" hoda a cikin leda, dole ne ku tsabtace auduga da hatimin. Idan ya cancanta, ana iya yin waɗannan abubuwan daga kayan da suka dace.

Sakamakon wargaza mai talla

Wasu masu ababen hawa suna da tabbaci cewa ƙaruwa a cikin yanayin yanayin muhalli na mota koyaushe yana cutar tasirin ƙwarewar ƙungiyar wutar lantarki da haɓaka abubuwan hawa. A saboda wannan dalili, suna cire duk abin da, kamar yadda suke tsammani, "ya tsoma baki" ga aikin sashin. A zahiri, mai talla baya shafar aikin injin konewa na ciki, amma rashin sa - eh, tunda tsarin tsarin mai ya tanadi kasancewar sa, kuma dole ne ya shigar da tankin ta wannan na'urar.

Wadanda ke jayayya da cewa wannan tsarin tsakaita wutar ko ta yaya zai iya shafar amfani da mai ta hanyar rage wannan ma'aunin, shima yana iya zama yaudara. Wannan saboda ƙananan man fetur ne kawai aka mayar cikin tanki, wanda a cikin mota ta al'ada kawai ya tsere zuwa cikin sararin samaniya. Koyaya, waɗannan tanadi ba su da yawa sosai don haka ba za a ji su yayin aikin abin hawa ba.

Amma game da mahimmancin muhalli na inji, to a wannan yanayin ana nuna wannan ma'aunin ne kawai a cikin kayan bincike. Idan aka kwatanta da mai haɓaka ko tsarin AdBlue ɗaya da aka bayyana daban, Ayyukan EVAP ba haka bane.

Adsorber. Mecece a cikin motar, menene don ta, abin da ta shafi kuma menene ainihin alamun alamun rashin aiki

Idan a yayin binciken an bayyana cewa matsalolin suna da alaƙa da tsarin EVAP, ba za ku iya cire mai talla ba kuma ku haɗa bututun da ke zuwa daga tankin gas da kuma yawan cin abinci kai tsaye ba tare da matatar ba. Mafi daidaito, yana yiwuwa a zahiri, duk da haka, ba tare da matatar tacewa da bawul ba, yayin aiwatar da tsotsa daga wani sashi na iska daga tankin, yana iya lalata tankin mai, kuma a wasu lokuta, tururin mai tare da ƙwayoyin mai suna samun a cikin ci da yawa.

A yanayi na biyu, na'urar sarrafa wutar lantarki ba za ta iya samar da VTS mai inganci ba, kuma motar za ta karɓi cakuda mai yawa. Tabbas wannan zai haifar da gaskiyar cewa iskar gas ɗin da ke sharar za ta ƙunshi abubuwa masu haɗari masu yawa. Irin wannan ɓarna ga aikin ƙungiyar wutar lantarki yana ƙaruwa lodi a kan mai samarda kayan, kuma wannan ɓangare ne mai tsada sosai a cikin motar.

Idan mai motar ya yanke shawarar cire tsarin kamar ba dole ba kuma bashi da amfani, kuma ya toshe bututun, to a wannan yanayin ba zai iya guje wa matsaloli tare da aikin motar ba. Adadin tururi mai yawa zai tara a cikin tanki, wanda zai haifar da rashin aiki na injin ƙonewa na ciki saboda matsin lamba na mai a cikin tankin.

Saboda wadannan dalilai, idan mai talla ba ya cikin tsari, ko dai share shi ko sauya shi da wani sabo zai taimaka (duk ya dogara da nau'in matsalar aiki).

Mun sanya sabon bawul din talla

Idan dole ne ƙwararren masani wanda ya fahimci rahotonn zane-zane da alamun da ake buƙata ya aiwatar da bincike na aikin EVAP, to maye gurbin bawul ɗin talla yana da sauƙi. Sabon bangare yana buƙatar zaɓar ba kawai don kamannin gani ba. Akwai alama a jikin na'urar - da waɗannan alamun ne kuke buƙatar zaɓar sabon tsari.

Sauyawa anayi kamar haka. Da farko kana buƙatar nemo inda aka sanya bawul din. An cire mara kyau mara kyau daga baturin. Wannan ya zama dole saboda tsarin jirgi baya yin rijistar kuskure, wanda hakan zai buƙaci sake saita shi, tunda a cikin wannan yanayin ECU zata shiga yanayin gaggawa.

Na gaba, an katse toshewar mahaɗin tare da wayoyi. Yawanci yana da sakata don hana haɗuwa da igiyar cikin haɗari. An cire tubes na talla, ba a kwance dutsen bawul, idan akwai. Haɗa sabon ɓangare an yi shi a cikin tsari na baya.

Kari akan haka, muna ba da gajeren bidiyo kan yadda mai talla ke aiki da yadda ake bincika shi:

Adsorber. Me yasa kuke buƙatar shi, yadda yake aiki, yadda za'a bincika shi.
LABARUN MAGANA
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