Datsun gwajin gwaji akan-DO tare da "atomatik"
 

Alamar kasar Japan Datsun yana haɓaka aiki da kai: ban da karamin mi-DO hatchback, yanzu ana samun watsa atomatik don kan-DO sedan. An shigar da wannan akwatin don fitarwa Lada Granta da Kalina

Abubuwan da ake ji lokacin da babban aikin "BelAZ" girman gidan mashahuran gari ya hau ku, ba za'a iya misaltawa ba. Zaune kusa da wata katuwar motar dakon kaya, zai murkushe dansun kan-DO sedan ba tare da ya lura ba. Manyan motoci daga Zhodino, rabin karni da suka wuce, sun sami watsa ta atomatik, sannan suka zama manya, amma sabbin fasahohi suna da tushe kan motocin gida da wahala. Misali, don kiyaye shi, Lada dole ta juya zuwa baƙo, watau, zuwa Datsun.

Datsun gwajin gwaji akan-DO tare da "atomatik"

Jatco JF414E na Japan mai watsa atomatik ya fara sanyawa a Lada a cikin 2012. AvtoVAZ ya same shi da tsada sosai kuma ya maye gurbinsa da "robot" na ƙirar kansa. Alamar Datsun, a zahiri, ita ma ta Rasha ce - tare da motocin da aka kera bisa "Lad" kuma aka ƙera su a cikin Togliatti. Amma, akasin haka, yana haɓaka aiki da kai: ban da ƙuƙwalwar mi-DO, yanzu ana samun watsa atomatik don kan-DO sedan.

Datsun yana son farantawa matasa rai

 

A farkon shekarar da ta gabata, irin wannan akwatin ya bayyana akan samfurin na biyu na alamar Datsun - mi-DO hatchback, kuma sedan ya zuwa yanzu an wadata shi da "makanikai" kawai. Wakilan kamfanin sun bayyana wannan ta hanyar wasu masu sauraro daban-daban: masu sayen sedan sun girmi kuma sun fi kiyayewa. Saboda wannan dalili, an zana on-DO a cikin ruwan kasa mai kauri, kuma mi-DO a cikin ruwan hoda-mai-ruwan honi. 'Yan kasuwa suna da wata ɓoyayyiyar niyya: jikin hatchback ba shine mafi mashahuri a cikin Rasha ba, don haka mi-DO, wanda kuma aka yaba da tsada, yakamata ya sami fa'ida a kan sedan. Wannan fa'idar ita ce "inji".

Rarraba ta atomatik sanannen ne: kusan rabin mi-DOs da aka siyar an sanye su da shi, amma don buƙata hatchback ɗin har yanzu bai ƙasa da sedan ba, kuma tallace-tallace na samfurin biyu ya zama yayi nesa da kundin da aka tsara. Saurin "atomatik" mai sauri hudu, ban da Lada da Datsun, an kuma sanya shi a kan babbar kasuwar Maris ta watan Maris, wanda aka samar a hadin gwiwar Nissan da DongFeng. Da irin wannan ƙaramin kundin, babu ma'ana a ci gaba da watsa wannan aikin. Wannan shine ɗayan dalilan da yasa Datsun ya yanke shawarar sarrafa kansa akan-DO. Kodayake kamfanin yana dogaro ne da karamin kaso - kimanin kashi 20% na tallace-tallace - watsa ta atomatik ya kamata ya karu da bukatar sedan tsakanin matasa da mata. Bugu da kari, Datsuns na Rasha suma suna da damar fitarwa: ban da Kazakhstan da Belarus, inda aka gwada sedan tare da watsa kai tsaye, aka fara mi-DO da on-DO zuwa Lebanon.

on-DO yanzu bai zama kamar Lada Kalina ba

 

Jigilar atomatik ta Japan ta zama wataƙila mafi ƙarfi daga samfurin - tare da ita Datsun, wanda aka haifa daga Lada, ya sami fasalin motar baƙon. A cikin sigar tare da "makanikai" Kalina a bayyane take: ba a ci nasara da kuka game da jigilar kayan cikin gida ba. Ba "mashin" mafi ci gaba da zamani ba ya san aikin sa, yana matse duk abin da zai yiwu kuma ba zai yuwu ba daga injina mai raunin 8-bawul. Kuma har ma ya yi tsayayya da taka birki, yana tura motar gaba. Ya sake ba da labarin abubuwan da ke tattare da ma'ana da kuma hangen nesa fiye da "mutummutumi" na kasafin kudi tare da kamawa daya da kuma watsa makamashin lantarki ta "Logan".

Sedan baya girgiza akan motsi

Komai kamar yake a cikin mi-DO: babban lever na atomatik, tsagi mai tsayi, saboda shi galibi kuna rasa matsayin D, amma kuma akwai ƙananan bambance-bambance. Hawan da aka yi iƙirarin na sedan tare da watsa atomatik shine kashi ɗaya cikin goma na sauri na biyu fiye da na hatchback, amma har yanzu lambobin ba su da ban sha'awa: 14,3 s zuwa 100 km a kowace awa. Logan tare da injin-bawul 8 da "mutum-mutumi", 16-bawul "mai sarrafa kansa" Granta, Solaris lita 1,4 tare da watsa ta atomatik mai saurin-4 - dukkansu sun fi sauri, da farko saboda injina masu karfi.

Datsun gwajin gwaji akan-DO tare da "atomatik"

A-DO yana jin tabbaci, musamman tare da overdrive a yayin da watsawa baya jujjuya kayan aiki na uku. Injin da gearbox a kan sabbin motocin suna aiki da jituwa: yanzu kuna buƙatar danna ƙarfi a kan feshin mai don kiyaye motar a cikin fitilun zirga-zirga, kuma sitiyarin da ke kan-DO wanda ke tsaye a cikin motsi ba ya girgiza kamar kan hatchback cewa mun gwada a baya.

on-DO gaskiya ƙone man fetur

Saboda gajeriyar babbar giya, matsakaicin saurin mota tare da “atomatik” an iyakance shi zuwa kilomita 140 a awa, amma a baya mai acoustic limiter ya shigo cikin wasa - motar mai hayaniya a babban sake dubawa. Kwamfutar da ke cikin jirgi an daidaita ta kuma a yanzu ya kamata ta nuna ƙimomin gaske, amma idan a baya ta yi ƙimar ragowar man a cikin tankin lita 50, yanzu da alama ba a raina shi ba. Koyaya, sanarwar da aka ayyana tana da girma - lita 7,7 a matsakaita kuma kusan lita 9 akan kwamfutar ta kan allo.

 

Ya shirya don birgima akan firamare

Tare da ƙaruwa cikin sauri, sitiyarin da ke dushewa a yankin da ke kusa da sifili ya zama mai nauyi, kuma motar tana daɗa tarawa. Gabaɗaya, sarrafa-kan-DO bashi da girman kai: yana jujjuyawa, yana girgiza tsananin a kan raƙuman ruwa, amma wata hanyar wucewa zata yi hassadar dakatarwar mai kuzari tare da masu ɗimbin gas. Don yanayi masu wahala, "atomatik" yana da tsayayyun giya: tare da taimakon na biyu na iya rage gudu kan gangarowar, na farkon zai taimaka don fita daga cikin dusar ƙanƙara mai zurfi. Duk da babban izinin ƙasa don saran aji na B, mai mallakar "Datsun" tare da watsa ta atomatik dole ne ya zagaya da manyan duwatsu daidai - gidajen watsawa suna ƙasa ƙasa kuma ba komai ke kiyaye su.

Datsun ya fi shuru kuma mafi kyau

Ana tsinkayar motar daban, ba kawai godiya ga "atomatik" ba, har ma da ƙananan canje-canje da yawa. Tare da taimakon man shafawa na silicone, ƙararraki a cikin dakatarwar gaba an ci nasara, ƙarar murhu da mai sanyaya iska ta ragu. Relay, danna cikin hanjin bangon gaba, sun yi shuru. Daidaita fankar da santsi aiki na damfara kwami ​​mai kamawa ya bada damar cire vibration. An kuma ba da hankali ga ingancin taron cikin gida: an shimfiɗa kujerun zama sosai, ratayoyi tsakanin sassan baya na sofa ta baya sun ragu. Yanzu, daidaitawa ko lankwasa akwatin baya baya buƙatar ƙara ƙoƙari. An tsabtace gangar jikin tare da sabbin siket na gefe da kuma kayan ado masu tsayi. Sun sanya sabon takalmin rhombic a cikin keken hawa, wanda yafi abin dogaro akan na Ladakh, kuma a sabon lamarin kayan aikin gaggawa sun daina rawar jiki.

on-DO tare da "atomatik" - mafi arha a cikin aji

Don "atomatik" yanzu dole ne ku biya $ 655 - irin wannan Datsun akan-DO ya kashe aƙalla $ 6. Wannan shine yawan abin da suke nema na sigar Dogara ba tare da kwandishan ba, tagogin wutar baya da jakar iska ɗaya. Matsakaicin cushe sedan tare da tsarin multimedia, jakunkuna na iska da ESP zai kashe $ 714 - babu Renault Logan, a'a Hyundai Solaris tare da "injunan atomatik" don wannan adadin ba za a iya saya ba.

Datsun gwajin gwaji akan-DO tare da "atomatik"

Sedan kan-DO tare da watsa kai tsaye shine $ 524 mai rahusa fiye da hatchback tare da kayan aiki iri ɗaya - yanzu yana ɗaya daga cikin motoci mafi arha tare da watsa atomatik akan kasuwa. Farashi Ravon R2 tare da watsawa ta atomatik da Lada Granta tare da "robot" a ƙasa da $ 6, amma na farko ya gaza zuwa kan-DO tare da akwati mai lita 583 a cikin rukuni, kuma na biyu - dangane da santsi.

Datsun yana shirin yin takara tare da Hyundai Solaris

Idan tun da farko Renault Logan ne ke jagorantar masu kirkirar samfuran Datsun na Rasha, yanzu suna sa Hyundai Solaris mafi tsada kuma mafi inganci. Farashin farashi mai alama na Jafananci na ci gaba da tashi kuma fare akan mafi sauki samfurin ya zama ba daidai ba. Sabili da haka, farawa shekara mai zuwa, on-DO da mi-DO za su fara ba da kayan aiki masu ƙarfi 16-bawul na injunan AvtoVAZ (106 hp), waɗanda za a haɗu da Japan "injunan atomatik". Datsun har yanzu bai ga wasu hanyoyin canzawa ba na Jatco ta atomatik kuma tabbas basu shirya canza shi zuwa "robot" na Togliatti ba.

Motar bawai kawai bidi'a bane. Zai yiwu cewa sabbin zaɓuɓɓuka za su bayyana a kan Datsuns, misali, yanzu motocin ba su da takamaiman sitiyari, na'urori masu auna motoci na gaba da kyamarar hangen nesa. Jeren Datsun ba shi da hanyar wucewa don cikakken kunshin, amma samfurin na uku ana jita-jita cewa ya tsaya. Da farko, an tsara shi don ƙirƙirar shi bisa sabon Lada 4x4, amma sakamakon haka Jafananci sun ji cewa har yanzu suna buƙatar gicciye, ba SUV ba.

Na farko "na'ura ta atomatik" a cikin Rasha

A ƙarshen 1940s, mai zanen Vsevolod Bakhchivandzhi ya ɗauki ci gaban ƙaramar motar farko mai araha tare da watsa atomatik a cikin USSR. Raw, a kan gab da faɗuwa, an ba da aikin haske kawai saboda a kan tushe ɗaya mai zanen ya yi alƙawarin ƙirƙirar rundunar sojojin ƙasa. Mota ta farko mai arha ta atomatik ita ce Volga GAZ-21, amma irin waɗannan motocin kaɗan ne aka kera su. A cikin shekarun 1970, da yawa daga Zhigulis da aka fitar dasu an wadata su tare da jigilar motoci ta atomatik mai saurin jirgi ta General Motors. Af, ana ba da "Tallafi" da "Kalina" zuwa ƙasashen waje tare da watsa Jatco ta atomatik ta Japan.

Datsun on-DO              
Nau'in Jikin       Sedan
Girman (tsawon / nisa / tsawo), mm       4337 / 1500 / 1700
Gindin mashin, mm       2476
Bayyanar ƙasa, mm       174
Volumearar itace       530
Tsaya mai nauyi, kg       1160
Babban nauyi       1560
nau'in injin       Silinda hudu, fetur
Volumearar aiki, mita mai siffar sukari cm       1596
Max. iko, h.p. (a rpm)       87 / 5100
Max. sanyaya lokaci, nm (a rpm)       140 / 3800
Nau'in tuki, watsawa       Gaba, 4akp
Max. gudun, km / h       165
Gaggawa daga 0 zuwa 100 km / h, s       10,4
Matsakaicin amfani da mai, l / 100 km       7,7
Farashin daga, $.       6 714
 

 

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