Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

A zahiri, tarihin mafi kyawun sifa daga Stuttgart ya fara ne tun kafin 1972. Kuma ya haɗa da ƙarin ra'ayoyi masu ban tsoro da sabbin abubuwa na fasaha fiye da kowane abin hawa. 

Mercedes Simplex 60 PS (1903-1905)

Wannan lamari ne mai rikitarwa, amma har yanzu masana da yawa suna nuna Simplex 60, wanda Wilhelm Maybach ya ƙirƙira don motar farko mafi daraja. An gabatar da shi a cikin 1903, yana dogara ne akan Mercedes 35, yana ba da injin mai 5,3-silinda mai nauyin lita 4 da kuma ƙarfin dawakai 60 da ba a taɓa gani ba (shekara guda bayan haka) Rolls-Royce ta gabatar da motarta ta farko mai karfin doki 10 kawai). Bugu da kari, Simplex 60 yana ba da dogon tushe tare da wadataccen sararin samaniya, ingantaccen ciki da kuma radiator na zamani. Mota a cikin Mercedes Museum daga tarin Emil Jelinek na sirri - wahayi don bayyanar wannan motar da mahaifinsa (Mercedes shine sunan 'yarsa).

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz Nurburg W 08 (1928 - 1933)

W08 ya fara aiki a cikin 1928 kuma ya zama samfurin Mercedes na farko tare da injin 8-cylinder. Sunan, ba shakka, don girmama almara Nurburgring, wanda har yanzu ba almara ba a lokacin - a zahiri, an gano shi ne shekara ɗaya da ta gabata. W08 ya cancanci a kira shi, don haka a yi magana, bayan kwanaki 13 na ci gaba da tsaka-tsalle a kan hanya, ya sami nasarar rufe kilomita 20 ba tare da wata matsala ba.

 
Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz 770 Grand Mercedes W 07 (1930-1938)

A cikin 1930, Daimler-Benz ya gabatar da wannan motar a matsayin cikakkiyar ƙimar fasaha da kayan alatu na wannan zamanin. A aikace, wannan ba abin hawan kerawa bane, saboda kowane rukuni ana yin oda kuma an haɗa shi ɗaya bisa buƙatun abokin ciniki a Sindelfingen. Wannan ita ce motar farko tare da injin kwampreso na 8-cylinder. Hakanan yana da tsarin wuta guda biyu tare da matosai biyu na walƙiya a kowane silinda, gearbox mai saurin gudu biyar, firam ɗin tubular da kuma irin axilin baya na De Dion.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz 320 W 142 (1937-1942)

An gabatar da shi a cikin 1937, wannan limousine ne na alatu na Turai. Dakatarwar mai zaman kanta tana ba da ta'aziyya ta musamman, kuma an ƙara haɓaka fiye da kima a cikin 1939, wanda ya rage farashin da hayaniyar injiniya. Hakanan an ƙara ginannen akwati na waje.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz 300 W 186 da kuma W 189 (1951-1962)

A yau an fi saninta da suna Adenauer Mercedes saboda daga cikin waɗanda suka fara sayen wannan motar akwai Konrad Adenauer, kansila na farko na Tarayyar Jamus. An gabatar da W 186 a bikin baje kolin motoci na kasa da kasa na Frankfurt na farko a cikin 1951, shekaru shida kawai bayan ƙarshen yaƙin.

 

Yana sanye take da injin zamani mai 6-silinda tare da camshaft na sama da allura na inji, dakatarwar daidaitawar lantarki wacce zata rama nauyi, da dumama fan, kuma tun 1958, kwandishan.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz 220 W 187 (1951-1954)

Tare da mashahurin Adenauer, kamfanin ya gabatar da wani samfurin ƙira a cikin Frankfurt a cikin 1951. Sanye take da irin wannan injin na 6-silinda amma kuma ya fi sauƙi, mai karɓar yabo ta 220 ya sami yabo da yawa don yanayin wasansa.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Marsandi-Benz W180, W128 (1954 - 1959)

Wannan ƙirar, tare da nau'ikan 220, 220 S da 220 SE, shine farkon babban canjin ƙira bayan yaƙin. A yau mun san shi a matsayin "Ponton" saboda murabba'in murabba'insa. An ɗaga dakatarwar kai tsaye daga motar Formula 1 mai ban mamaki - W196, kuma a bayyane ya inganta halayen akan hanya. Haɗe tare da injina 6-silinda masu ci gaba da birki masu sanyaya, wannan ya sa W180 ya zama abin mamakin kasuwa tare da sama da raka'a 111 da aka sayar.

Shine Mercedes na farko tare da tsarin tallafawa kai kuma farkon tare da kwandishan daban don direba da fasinja.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz W 111 (1959-1965)

Wannan samfurin, wanda mai zane mai zane Paul Braque ya zana, ya fara aiki a 1959 kuma ya shiga cikin tarihi a matsayin "Fan" - Heckflosee saboda layukansa na musamman. Koyaya, ba kawai suna da daɗin jin daɗi kawai ba amma suna aiki sosai - makasudin direba shine ya san girman lokacin da yayi parking a baya.

W111 da sigar da ta fi dacewa, W112, sune motoci na farko da zasu yi amfani da ingantaccen tsarin keji na Bella Bareny wanda ke kare fasinjoji a yayin da yake da tasiri kuma yana jan kuzarin tasiri daga gaba da na baya.

 

A hankali, W111 ta karɓi wasu sabbin abubuwa - birki na birki, tsarin birki biyu, 4-saurin atomatik, dakatar da iska da kulle tsakiya.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz 600 W 100 (1963-1981)

Samfurin Mercedes na farko mai matukar tsada bayan yaƙin ya shiga tarihi a matsayin Grosser. Sanye take da Injin V6,3 mai lita 8, wannan motar tana zuwa saurin da ya zarce 200 km / h, kuma sigar ta na baya tana da kujeru 7 ko 8 Dakatar da iska tabbatacce ne, kuma kusan dukkan ababen hawa suna da ƙarfin lantarki, daga tuƙi zuwa buɗewa da rufe ƙofofi da tagogi, daidaita wuraren zama da buɗe akwati.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Marsandi-Benz W 108, W 109 (1965 - 1972)

Ofayan ɗayan kyawawan samfuran Mercedes. Kamar wanda ya gabace ta, tana da dogon tushe (+ 10 cm). Anan, a karo na farko, an gabatar da shafi mai juyawa don kare direba. Dakatarwar da aka yi wa aiki na baya-baya na hydropneumatic ne, Sigogin na SEL ana iya daidaita su sosai. A saman shine 300 SEL 6.3, wanda aka gabatar a cikin 1968 tare da injin V8 da horsepower 250.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz S-Class 116 (1972-1980)

A cikin 1972, samfurin ƙirar Mercedes a ƙarshe sun sami sunan S-aji (daga Sonder - na musamman). Mota ta farko tare da wannan sunan tana kawo sauye-sauye na fasaha da yawa lokaci guda - wannan ita ce motar samarwa ta farko tare da ABS, kazalika da motar farko a cikin kayan alatu tare da injin dizal (kuma tare da 300 SD tun daga 1978, motar samarwa ta farko tare da a turbodiesel.). Ana samun ikon sarrafa jirgin ruwa azaman zaɓi, kazalika da watsawa ta atomatik tare da ƙwanƙwasawa. Tun daga 1975, 450 SEL an kuma sanye shi da dakatarwar daidaita yanayin ruwa.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz S-Class 126 (1979-1991)

Godiya ga aerodynamics da aka haɓaka a cikin ramin iska, S-Class na biyu yana da juriya na iska na 0,37 Cd - ƙarancin rikodin ɓangaren a lokacin. Sabbin injina V8 suna da bulon aluminium. An samo mai haɓaka a matsayin zaɓi tun daga 1985 kuma mai haɓaka mai haɓaka tun 1986. 126 din ya kasance jakar iska tun daga 1981. Anan ne waɗanda suka fara ɗaukar bel ɗin suka fara bayyana.

Ita ce motar S-mafi nasara a cikin tarihi, tare da sigogi 818 da aka siyar a kasuwa cikin shekaru 036. Kafin fitowan BMW 750i a shekara ta 1987 kusan bai dace ba.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz S-Class W140 (1991 - 1998)

S-class na 90s ya karya ƙa'idodin magabata tare da siffofin baroque mafi ban sha'awa, waɗanda suka shahara sosai da Rasha da farkon Bulgaria oligarchs. Wannan ƙarni ya gabatar da tsarin sarrafa kwanciyar hankali na lantarki ga duniyar motoci, da windows biyu, injin ɗin V12 na farko da ya fara amfani da shi, da ƙananan sanduna ƙarfe da ba su da kyau da ke kan gaba a baya don yin sauƙin ajiye motoci. Hakanan shine S-Class na farko wanda lambar samfurin bai dace da girman injin ba.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz S-Class W220 (1998 - 2005)

Zamani na huɗu, tare da ƙarin siffofi mafi tsayi, sun sami daidaito na rikodin raguwa na 0,27 (don kwatanta, Ponton sau ɗaya yana da burin 0,473). A cikin wannan motar, an ba da birki na lantarki, Gudanar da keɓaɓɓiyar ƙirar jirgin ruwa, kuma an shigar da tsarin shigarwa mara lamba.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz S-Class W221 (2005 - 2013)

Zamani na biyar ya kawo tsaftataccen waje, mafi mahimmancin ciki, da zaɓin zaɓi na raka'a waɗanda ba a taɓa yin irin su ba - daga injin mai dizal lita huɗu-huɗu mai shahara a wasu kasuwanni, da kuma tagwayen lita 2,1 mai tagwayen-turbocharged V6 tare da 12 karfin doki.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes

Mercedes-Benz S-Class W222 (2013-2020)

Wannan ya kawo mu ga tsara ta yanzu na S-Class - 'yan makonni kaɗan kafin sabon W223 ya fara jigilar kaya. Za a tuna da W222 musamman tare da gabatar da manyan matakai na farko zuwa tuki mai zaman kansa - taimakon layin aiki, wanda zai iya bin hanyar da kusan wucewa a kan babbar hanya, da kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen ruwa, wanda ba zai iya ragewa ba kawai, amma kuma ya daina, idan zama dole, sannan kuma.ka buga hanya da kan ka.

Shekaru 117 na babban aji: tarihin mafi darajar marubuci Mercedes
LABARUN MAGANA
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